Immigration to Argentina
Immigrants' Hotel, Buenos Aires. Built in 1906, it could accommodate up to 4,000.
Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Copy of a colonization contract in the history museum of San José, Entre Ríos
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Map of the city of Rosario c. undefined 1877
European-born Argentines by provinces and territories (1914 Argentine Census).
A large immigration was experienced all over the country (except for the Northwest), which consisted overwhelmingly by Europeans in a 9/10 ratio. However, Neuquén and Corrientes had a small European population but a large South American immigration (particularly the former), mainly from Chile and Brazil, respectively. The Chaco region (North) had a moderate influx from Bolivia and Paraguay as well.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Rosario port area in 1888
A statue honoring the immigrants, in Rosario
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Rosario's old Customs Office, on Belgrano Avenue
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
National Flag Memorial, downtown Rosario
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Palacio de los Leones (City Hall)
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Parroquia del Perpetuo Socorro, a church at Lisandro de la Torre district
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Bolsa de Comercio Rosario: The Rosario Stock Exchange
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Wood chips carrier Racer on the Paraná River, just coming under the Rosario-Victoria Bridge
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
El Círculo Theatre
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Planetarium of Rosario
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Museum of Contemporary Art of Rosario
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Municipal Museum of Rosario
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
Cine Monumental
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Argentine Flag Memorial
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
The Propylaeum (column gallery) of the National Argentine Flag Memorial
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
The Flag Memorial at night
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Rosario seen from the Flag Memorial
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Diagram of the Municipal Districts of Rosario, Centre District, North District, Northwest District, West District, Southwest District and South District
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Villa Hortensia, the seat of the North District
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Seat of the Center District, at the former Rosario Central railway station
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Night view of the luxury Dolfines Guaraní Towers, May 2010
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
Front entrance and clock tower of the Mariano Moreno Bus Terminal in Rosario
Trolleybus in the city centre
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
The city had a tramway network until 1963.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Nuevo Central Argentino (NCA) freight railway yards
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Rosario Sur Station, refurbished to run inter-city services on the General Mitre Railway
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
Rosario Norte
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
The Center Municipal District (former Rosario Central station)
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Tram tracks are still visible in parts of the city
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
The Rosario-Victoria Bridge
Teatro Colón.
Rosario International Airport
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
The Port of Rosario, c.1910
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Teachers' School, on Córdoba Avenue
July 9 Avenue
National University of Rosario Law School
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Lionel Messi, born in Rosario in 1987
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Participants carry the national colors on Flag Day (June 20).
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Rosario metropolitan area in the Province of Santa Fe
Climate chart
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Rosario offices of Telecom Argentina
Buenos Aires Underground map
Headquarters of La Capital newspaper
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Mercado Sud (c.1903)
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Palace of Justice (c.1905)
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
Hotel Savoy (c.1910)
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
San Martín Square (c.1920s)
Luna Park
Hipólito Yrigoyen on a train during an electoral campaign (1926)
Inauguration of the National Flag Memorial (1957)
Libertad Lamarque
Che Guevara
Ángel Di María
Lionel Messi
Luciana Aymar
Marcelo Bielsa
Valeria Mazza
Juan Imhoff
Felipe Martinez Carbonell

The city is located 300 km northwest of Buenos Aires, on the west bank of the Paraná River.

- Rosario, Santa Fe

Spanish colonization between the 16th and 18th century, mostly male, largely assimilated with the natives through a process called miscegenation. Although, not all of the current territory was effectively colonized by the Spaniards. The Chaco region, Eastern Patagonia, the current province of La Pampa, the south zone of Córdoba, and the major part of the current provinces of Buenos Aires, San Luis, and Mendoza were maintained under indigenous dominance—Guaycurúes and Wichís from the Chaco region; Huarpes in the Cuyana and north Neuquino; Ranqueles in the east of Cuyo and north from the Pampean region; Tehuelches and Mapuches in the Pampean and Patagonian regions, and Selknam and Yámanas in de Tierra del Fuego archipelago—which were taken over by the Mapuches; first to the east of Cordillera de los Andes, mixing interracially with the Pehuenches in the middle of the 18th century and continuing until 1830 with the indigenous Pampas and north from Patagonia, which were conquered by the Argentine State after its independence.

- Immigration to Argentina

This is because since the 19th century, the city, and the country in general, has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the world, making it a melting pot where several ethnic groups live together.

- Buenos Aires

During the last 15 years of the 19th century, the city more than doubled its population, in part due to immigration.

- Rosario, Santa Fe

There are other celebrations of ethnic diversity throughout the country, such as the National Meeting and Festival of the Communities in Rosario (typically at the beginning of November).

- Immigration to Argentina

It is heavily influenced by the dialects of Spanish spoken in Andalusia and Murcia, and shares its features with that of other cities like Rosario and Montevideo, Uruguay.

- Buenos Aires
Immigration to Argentina

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Country in the southern half of South America.

Country in the southern half of South America.

The surrender of Beresford to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata
Portrait of General José de San Martin, Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
People gathered in front of the Buenos Aires Cabildo during the May Revolution
Julio Argentino Roca was a major figure of the Generation of '80 and is known for directing the "Conquest of the Desert". During his two terms as President many changes occurred, particularly major infrastructure projects of railroads; large-scale immigration from Europe and laicizing legislation strengthening state power.
Official presidential portrait of Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1948
Admiral Emilio Massera, Lieutenant General Jorge Videla and Brigadier General Orlando Agosti (from left to right) – observing the Independence Day military parade on Avenida del Libertador, 9 July 1978.
Two members of the Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers guarding the Constitution of the Argentine Nation inside the Palace of the Congress.
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America
Argentina features geographical locations such as this glacier, known as the Perito Moreno Glacier
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Provinces of Argentina.
G 20 leaders gathered in Argentina for the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit.
Diplomatic missions of Argentina.
Argentine destroyer ARA Almirante Brown (D-10)
A proportional representation of Argentina exports, 2019
The Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies.
Atucha Nuclear Power Plant was the first nuclear power plant in Latin America. The electricity comes from 3 operational nuclear reactors: The Embalse Nuclear Power Station, the Atucha I and II.
Buenos Aires Underground is the oldest underground railway in Latin America, the Southern Hemisphere and the Spanish speaking world.
"Estudio País 24, the Program of the Argentines" in Channel 7, the first television station in the country
SAC-D is an Argentine earth science satellite built by INVAP and launched in 2011.
President Macri in the INVAP with the SAOCOM A and B, two planned Earth observation satellite constellation of Argentine Space Agency CONAE. the scheduled launch dates for 1A and 1B were further pushed back to 2018 and 2020.
The cacique Qom Félix Díaz meets with then president Mauricio Macri.
Over 25 million Argentines have at least one Italian immigrant ancestor.
Dialectal variants of the Spanish language in Argentina
Francis, the first pope from the Americas, was born and raised in Argentina.
Argentina has historically been placed high in the global rankings of literacy, with rates similar to those of developed countries.
The University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, alma mater to many of the country's 3,000 medical graduates, annually
El Ateneo Grand Splendid was named the second most beautiful bookshop in the world by The Guardian.
Sun of May on the first Argentine coin, 1813
Four of the most influential Argentine writers. Top-left to bottom-right: Julio Cortázar, Victoria Ocampo, Jorge Luis Borges and Adolfo Bioy Casares
Martha Argerich, widely regarded as one of the greatest pianists of the second half of the 20th century
Andy Muschietti, director of It, the highest-grossing horror film of all-time.
Las Nereidas Font by Lola Mora
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical centre. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts, and modernist architecture.
Diego Maradona, one of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century
Lionel Messi, seven times Ballon d'Or winner, is the current captain of the Argentina national football team.
Argentine beef as asado, a traditional dish
The Cave of the Hands in Santa Cruz province, with artwork dating from 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.
Carlos Gardel, the most prominent figure in the history of tango
Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1947
Argentine Polo Open Championship.
Civilian casualties after the air attack and massacre on Plaza de Mayo, June 1955
Juan Perón and his wife Isabel Perón, 1973
Argentinians soldiers during the Falklands War
Néstor Kirchner and his wife and political successor, Cristina Kirchner
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
Argentina map of Köppen climate classification
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Provinces of Argentina
Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk operated by the Argentine Air Force
Fiat factory in Córdoba, Argentina
Rosario-Córdoba Highway
Passenger train near Mar del Plata
Argentine provinces by population (2010)
Faculty of Law of the University of Buenos Aires
Argentine beef as asado

Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires.

The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; over 60% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and Argentine culture has significant connections to Italian culture.

Next in importance are the Greater Buenos Aires area (food processing, metallurgy, motor vehicles and auto parts, chemicals and petrochemicals, consumer durables, textiles and printing); Rosario (food processing, metallurgy, farm machinery, oil refining, chemicals, and tanning); San Miguel de Tucumán (sugar refining); San Lorenzo (chemicals and pharmaceuticals); San Nicolás de los Arroyos (steel milling and metallurgy); and Ushuaia and Bahía Blanca (oil refining).

Córdoba, Argentina

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Monument to Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, depicting his 1573 foundation of Córdoba
Depiction of the first map of Córdoba (1577)
Rafael de Sobremonte, governor of Córdoba from 1784 to 1799
Colón Avenue, c. 1900.
Olmos Avenue (1943).
Topographical relief map of the city of Córdoba
Location of Córdoba.
1. Argentina
2. Córdoba Province
3. Córdoba City
Land use map of Córdoba
Córdoba, Argentina
Tejas Park at New Córdoba.
Córdoba Mitre station façade.
Tren de las Sierras.
A map of the future metro system.
The Patio Olmos Shopping Gallery.
Location of Universities in Córdoba. 1. National University of Córdoba. 2. National Technological University. 3. Catholic University of Córdoba. 4. Blas Pascal University. 5. 21st Century Business University. 6. Aeronautical Universital Institute.
La Cañada (an embanked stream), perhaps the most emblematic structure in Córdoba.
The Cathedral appeared as a project in the first map of Córdoba in 1577.
The Córdoba Gateway
Sarmiento Park
Yrigoyen Avenue and the Ecipsa Tower
Libertador Theatre
Los Capuchinos Church
Plaza España
Colón Avenue
San Jerónimo Street
Provincial courthouse
The Palacio Ferreyra Fine Arts Museum
Caraffa Fine Arts Museum
La Mundial, the "world's narrowest building"
Provincial Legislature
The Coral Building
Córdoba's Cathedral

Córdoba is a city in central Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about 700 km northwest of Buenos Aires.

This process is associated with the European immigration who began to settle the city, generally possessing the education and enterprising capacity appropriate for the development of industry.

The relative location of the municipal common land, is in the south hemisphere of the globe, to the south of the South American subcontinent, in the geographical centre – west of Argentina and of the province of Córdoba; to a distance of 702 km from Buenos Aires and 401 km from the city of Rosario

Approximate area of Rioplatense Spanish (Patagonian variants included).

Rioplatense Spanish

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Variety of Spanish spoken mainly in and around the Río de la Plata Basin of Argentina and Uruguay.

Variety of Spanish spoken mainly in and around the Río de la Plata Basin of Argentina and Uruguay.

Approximate area of Rioplatense Spanish (Patagonian variants included).
In this map of voseo countries, the spread of the dialect is clearly illustrated. Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Eastern Bolivia are represented by dark blue on the map, Rioplatense Spanish is spoken in these regions. Argentina is the largest country that uses the voseo.

Rioplatense is mainly based in the cities of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe, La Plata, Mar del Plata and Bahía Blanca in Argentina, the most populated cities in the dialectal area, along with their respective suburbs and the areas in between, and in all of Uruguay.

Until the massive immigration to the region started in the 1870s, the language of the Río de la Plata had virtually no influence from other languages and varied mainly by localisms.