An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Dry climate distribution
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Temperate climate distribution
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Continental climate distribution
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
The snowy city of Sapporo
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
Polar climate distribution
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
North America
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Europe
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Russia
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Central Asia
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
East Asia
Viaje de Amaniel
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
South America
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Africa
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Western Asia
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
South Asia
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Southeast Asia
The Edificio España.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Melanesia/Oceania
Retiro Park
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Australia
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
New Zealand
Casa de Campo park
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Tropical climate distribution
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
Cuatro Torres Business Area
MALBA
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Fitur fair in Ifema
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
The Prado Museum
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
Teatro Colón.
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
July 9 Avenue
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Interior of the National Library of Spain
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Nightlife in the Centro District
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
The Teatro Real
EcoBici.
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
Buenos Aires Underground map
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
The Las Ventas bullring
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
Luna Park
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Madrid has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with continental influences in the western half of the city transitioning to a semi-arid climate (BSk) in the eastern half.

- Madrid

Under the Köppen climate classification, Buenos Aires has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with four distinct seasons.

- Buenos Aires

Madrid, Spain (Csa, bordering on BSk)

- Köppen climate classification

Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid.

- Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

- Köppen climate classification

Buenos Aires, Argentina

- Madrid
An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Lima

4 links

Capital and the largest city of Peru.

Capital and the largest city of Peru.

"The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Peru" created in 1590 by Guamán Poma and Martín de Murúa. (J. Paul Getty Museum).
The colonial Lima's coat of arms official since 7 December 1537.
Pachacámac, built 3,000 years ago, was one of the most important pre-Columbian centres of pilgrimage on the Peruvian Coast.
"The City of the Kings of Lima, royal high court, principal city of the kingdom of the Indies, residence of the viceroy, and archbishopric of the church", painting of 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark.
Renaissance Lima Metropolitan Cathedral, built between 1602 and 1797.
Baroque Basilica of San Francisco, built between 1657 and 1672.
José de San Martín during the Declaration of Independence of Peru in the Plaza Mayor de Lima, on July 28, 1821.
Lima as seen from the International Space Station
Lima at night from space
220x220px
Government Palace of Perú
Palace of Justice, Lima
Lima City Hall
People of Lima.
Market in the Plaza of the Inquisition (Lima) by Johann Moritz Rugendas, ca. 1843.
Pueblos jóvenes on the outskirts of Lima in 2015. Today, many of them are consolidated.
Financial center of San Isidro
The Lima Stock Exchange building.
The Catacombs of the Basilica of San Francisco was the Old cemetery of the city during all the colonial times, until 1810. It contain bones of some 70,000 colonial people.
Huaca Pucllana, pre-Columbian archaeological site located in the district of Miraflores.
The Rococo Casa de Osambela completed in 1805.
Balconies were a common colonial architectural feature in the historic center. In the image the Palacio de Torre Tagle completed in 1735.
Causa limeña
Rococo Basilica of Santo Domingo, built between 1678 and 1766. It holds the tombs of the saints Rose of Lima, Martín de Porres and John Macias.
Northern Lima 
 Southern Lima 
 Eastern Lima
Colonial Casona and Chapel of the National University of San Marcos, it is the second oldest university in the Americas.
Edificio Ministerio de Educación (Ministry of Education), San Borja.
Jorge Chávez International Airport
The Port of Callao.
Sistema Integrado de Transporte Bus System in Arequipa Avenue (Route 301)
El Metropolitano.
Lima Metro.
Traffic Jam in Javier Prado Avenue
San Isidro, Lima from above.
Francisco Pizarro and Diego Almagro portrayed in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/44/en/text/?open=idm46287306358272|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=17|year=1615|author=Guamán Poma|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
Captain Luis de Ávalos de Ayala kills Manco Inca Yupanqui in the conquest of Lima. Chronicle made in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/394/en/text/?open=idm46287306144304|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=157|author=Guamán Poma|year=1615|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
View of Lima and the Tapada limeña (a colonial women fashion) in a painting of 1842 by d'Orbigny and Benoît. Museum of the Americas, Spain. <ref>{{cite book|url=https://bvpb.mcu.es/es/consulta/registro.do?id=469709|website=Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage (Spain) site|title=Viaje pintoresco a las dos Américas, Asia y África : resúmen jeneral de todos los viajes y descubrimientos de... (1842)|series=Viaje pintoresco alrededor del mundo, a las dos Américas, Asia y Africa,4-6|year=1842|publisher=Imprenta y libreria de Juan Oliveres}}</ref>
Lima as seem from the Rímac District, painting of 1850 by Batta Molinelli.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/blog/juanluisorrego/2010/04/09/la-flora-de-lima-introduccion/|title=La flora de Lima: introducción|date=9 April 2010|author=Juan Luis Orrego Penagos|publisher=Pontifical Catholic University of Peru}}</ref>
Colonial Calle de los Judíos (Jewish quarter) (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Colonial Calles de la Oca and de Bodegones (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Puente de Piedra Bridge, the former Arco del Puente Gate and the Walls of Lima in 1878 by El Viajero Ilustrado. Old Fund of the University of Seville.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puente De Piedra, Lima|website=Old Fund of the University of Seville|url=https://www.flickr.com/people/37667416@N04}}</ref>
The Museo de la Nación houses thousands of artifacts spanning the entire span of human occupation in Peru.
Museum of Italian Art It's the only European arts museum in Peru, under the administration of the National Culture Institute.
Larco Museum is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art that is housed in an 18th-century vice-royal building built over a 7th-century pre-Columbian pyramid.
National Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru is the largest and oldest museum in Peru.
Plaza de toros de Acho, the plaza is classified as a national historic monument. It is the oldest bullring in the Americas.
Estadio Nacional of Peru Its current capacity is 40,000 seats as stated by the Peruvian Football Federation.
Estadio Monumental "U" It is the highest capacity soccer stadium in South America and one of the largest in the world.
Lima Golf Club (San Isidro District)
Campo de Marte is one of the largest parks in the metropolitan area of Lima.
Lima City Hall

The 1687 earthquake marked a turning point in the history of Lima, since it coincided with a recession in trade due to economic competition with other cities such as Buenos Aires.

Lima's proximity to the waters of the Pacific Ocean leads to intense maritime moderation of the temperatures, thereby making the climate much milder than those to be expected for a tropical desert, and thus Lima can be classified as a desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with subtropical temperature ranges.

Madrid, Spain

Lisbon

4 links

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.

About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Iberian Peninsula, after Madrid and Barcelona.

Lisbon has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) with mild, rainy winters and warm to hot, dry summers.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

Paris

3 links

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

Paris has a typical Western European oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb), which is affected by the North Atlantic Current.

Paris is the fourth largest municipality in the European Union, following Berlin, Madrid and Rome.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999

Rio de Janeiro

3 links

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Marina da Glória
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
Christ the Redeemer
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Barra da Tijuca
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Museum of Tomorrow
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Museum of Modern Art
National Museum of Fine Arts
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
City of Arts
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Estádio São Januário
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Children playing beach football
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Port of Rio de Janeiro
Public transport map
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

On 2 October 2009, the International Olympic Committee announced that Rio de Janeiro would host the 2016 Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, beating competitors Chicago, Tokyo, and Madrid.

Rio has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) that closely borders a tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification, and is often characterized by long periods of heavy rain between December and March.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Warsaw

3 links

Capital and largest city of Poland.

Capital and largest city of Poland.

A paper engraving of 16th-century Warsaw by Hogenberg showing St. John's Archcathedral to the right. The church was founded in 1390, and is one of the city's ancient and most important landmarks.
Warsaw New Town in 1778. Painted by Bernardo Bellotto
Water Filters, designed by William Lindley and finished in 1886
Sea of rubble – over 85% of the buildings in Warsaw were destroyed by the end of World War II, including the Old Town and Royal Castle.
The Warsaw Uprising took place in 1944. The Polish Home Army attempted to liberate Warsaw from the Germans before the arrival of the Red Army.
A tourist standing beside the iconic Palace of Culture and Science, 1965
Warsaw, as seen from the ESA Sentinel-2
View of Grzybowski Square in the central district of Warsaw. The city is located on the mostly flat Masovian Plain, but the city centre is at a higher elevation than the suburbs.
Autumn in Warsaw's Royal Baths
Hotel Bristol is a unique example of Warsaw's architectural heritage, combining Art Nouveau and Neo-Renaissance designs.
Main Market Square in Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
New World Street, one of the main shopping promenades in Warsaw
Łazienki Palace, also referred to as the Palace on the Isle
Saxon Garden with the central fountain
A red squirrel in one of Warsaw's parks
The Lutheran Holy Trinity Church is an important landmark
Neoclassical Commission Palace, the house of the city's government
Embassy of the Netherlands
Hala Koszyki, a former market hall from the early 20th century
The Warsaw Stock Exchange is the largest in Central Europe.
Praga Koneser Center within the former Warsaw Vodka Factory
Main TVP headquarters at Woronicza street
The main gate of the University of Warsaw
Warsaw University Library
S8 in Warsaw
Warsaw Chopin Airport
The edifice of the Grand Theatre in Warsaw. It is one of the largest theatres in Europe, featuring one of the biggest stages in the world.
Warsaw Philharmonic is a venue for the International Chopin Piano Competition
Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened in 2013
The 17th-century Ostrogski Castle (left) houses the Chopin Museum.
Wuzetka chocolate cake originated in Warsaw and is an icon of the city
Interior of the Wedel Chocolate Lounge on Szpitalna Street
Annual procession of the Three Wise Men (Epiphany) at Warsaw's Castle Square
The 1659 coat of arms of Old Warsaw on the cover of one of Warsaw's accounting books
1855 bronze sculpture of The Warsaw Mermaid in the Old Town Market Place
The Interior of the National Stadium before the UEFA Euro 2012 semi-final match between Germany and Italy on 28 June 2012
Stadion Wojska Polskiego, the home ground of Legia Warsaw football club
St. Anne's Church
Holy Cross Church
Carmelite Church has an original 18th-century façade
Wilanów Palace, once a royal residence
Belweder Palace, official seat of the President
Castle Square with the Royal Castle and Sigismund's Column
Krasiński Palace, a branch of the National Library
Canon Square (Kanonia) with the narrowest townhouse in Europe
St. Kazimierz Church at New Town Market Square
Three Crosses Square marks the entry into Old Town
Barbican, a remaining relic of historic fortifications.
Poland's bicameral parliament, the Sejm and the Senate
Chancellery of the Prime Minister
The Presidential Palace, seat of the Polish president
Supreme Court of Poland
Supreme Administrative Court
The seat of the administration of the Masovian Voivodeship
Mostowski Palace, the seat of Warsaw's police headquarters
The main gate of the Ministry of Health
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Finance
Metro Line 2, Nowy Świat-Uniwersytet station
Buses
Tram car
Pendolino high-speed trains at Warszawa Centralna
Warsaw Suburban train
254x254px

Warsaw experiences an oceanic climate, denoted by Cfb by the Köppen climate classification.

Much like most capital cities in Europe, Warsaw boasts a foreign-born population that is significantly larger than in other cities, although not coming close to the figures representing the likes of Madrid or Rome.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

Asunción

2 links

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Cabildo of Asunción in 1854
View of the city of Asunción during the Paraguayan War.
Six districts of the city of Asunción
Neighborhoods of Asunción
Universidad Americana
Main access roads
Asunción's Línea 23 bus.
Silvio Pettirossi International Airport
Traditional buildings in Calle Palma
The National Pantheon of Heroes is one of the most significant buildings in Asunción
The Estadio Defensores del Chaco is the largest stadium in Paraguay
Asunción's Downtown in 1872
A tram in the city centre in 1986. The tram system closed in the late 1990s.
Asunción at night
Downtown Asunción. Being one of the oldest national capitals in the Americas, the Loma San Jerónimo neighborhood is the city's most traditional one.<ref>{{cite web|title=Barrio Loma San Jerónimo, Asunción|url=https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|website=bienvenidoaparaguay.com.py|publisher=Bienvenido a Paraguay|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Biografías de Asunción - Loma San Jerónimo|url=https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|website=asuncion.gov.py|publisher=Municipalidad de Asunción|language=es|date=2020-08-13|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=20 December 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Loma San Jeronimo|url=https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|website=tripadvisor.com|publisher=Tripadvisor|language=en|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=22 March 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
A picture of Microcentro de Asunción (Old town Asunción), featuring the port of the city, one of the most important in Paraguay.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto ASU|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto de Asunción, una conexión con nuestra historia|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2021-12-07|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|url-status=live}}</ref>
Asunción, seen from the International Space Station
Costanera Avenue, Asunción
Democracy Square, Asunción, Paraguay

From Asunción, Spanish colonial expeditions departed to found other cities, including the second foundation of Buenos Aires, that of other important cities such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and 65 more.

Asunción has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) that closely borders on a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), characterized by hot, humid summers (average of 27.5 °C in January), and mild winters (average of 17.6 °C in July).

🇪🇸 Madrid, Spain

Miami

2 links

Major city and a coastal metropolis located in Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida, in the United States.

Major city and a coastal metropolis located in Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida, in the United States.

Approximately 400 men voted for Miami's incorporation in 1896 in the building to the left
The mouth of Miami River at Brickell Key, February 2010
View from one of the higher points in Miami, west of Downtown Miami. The highest natural point in the city of Miami is in Coconut Grove, near the bay, along the Miami Rock Ridge at 24 ft above sea level.
Typical summer afternoon thunderstorm rolling in from the Everglades
Map of racial/ethnic distribution in Miami, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Downtown is South Florida's main hub for finance, commerce and international business. Brickell Avenue has the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S.
As seen in 2006, the high-rise construction in Miami has inspired popular opinion of "Miami manhattanization"
Brickell Avenue in Downtown Miami's Brickell Financial District
PortMiami is the world's largest cruise ship port, and is the headquarters of many of the world's largest cruise companies
The Royal Caribbean International headquarters at the Port of Miami
Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States
Lowe Art Museum on the campus of the University of Miami
Hard Rock Stadium is the venue for the Miami Dolphins of the NFL, the Miami Hurricanes of college football, and College Football Playoff's (CFP) Orange Bowl
Casino Miami, known as "The Yankee Stadium of Jai Alai"
Bayfront Park on Biscayne Bay, February 2017
Miami City Hall at Dinner Key in Coconut Grove. The city's primary administrative offices are held here.
Florida International University, with its main campus in nearby University Park, is the largest university in South Florida and the fourth largest university by enrollment in the United States. It is also one of Florida's primary research universities
Founded in 1925, the University of Miami in nearby Coral Gables is Florida's top ranked private institution of higher education
Miami Senior High School, founded in 1903, is Miami's first high school
Former headquarters of the The Miami Herald
The Venetian Causeway (left) and MacArthur Causeway (right) connect Downtown and South Beach, Miami Beach.
State Road 886 (Port Boulevard) connects downtown and PortMiami by bridge over Biscayne Bay.
The Metrorail is the city's rapid transit system and connects the city's central core with its outlying suburbs.
Tri-Rail is Miami's commuter rail that runs north–south from Miami's suburbs in West Palm Beach to Miami International Airport.

Miami has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) with hot and wet summers and warm and dry winters.

Buenos Aires, Argentina (since 1979)

Madrid, Spain (since 2014)

Havana

2 links

Capital and largest city of Cuba.

Capital and largest city of Cuba.

A panoramic view of Havana, Cuba from atop the Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña.
Coat of arms of La Habana
French pirate Jacques de Sores looting and burning Havana in 1555
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, governor of Cuba who moved Havana's location in 1514
Detail of the plan of the city, port and castles of San Christobal de La Habana-1776
Havana Cathedral, 1748–1777
Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902.
Havana aerial view circa 1920
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, ca. 1957
Hill of the Castillo del Principe
Comite Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba (Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party).
Havana detailed Districts Map (2022-01)
Havana Cathedral view from side street. ca. 1880s
Royal Shipyard of Havana, crop from B. May Y Ca. map, 1853
Plan and explanation of the Royal Shipyard of Havana on the island of Cuba and its surroundings (Library of Congress, date and author unknown)
Frédéric Mialhe_Álbum pintoresco de la Isla de Cuba. Showing Alameda de Paula [1] with the Hospital and Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula. 1840. It was given the name Alameda de Paula because of its proximity to the old Hospital and Iglesia of San Francisco de Paula.
Alameda de Paula during 1940s renovation
Paseo de Tacón_Avenida Carlos III, La Habana, 1952
View of the entrance to the Tacon promenade (Havana)
Quinta de los Molinos
Residence of the Captains General in Quinta de los Molinos in the decades of 1850–1870, Havana, Cuba.
Map Quinta de los Molinos, 1841
El Malecon
El Malecon in 1925
Malecon before construction, ca 1900.
The Colón Cemetery concept-design diagram.
The Colón Cemetery, Havana NE Corner (Calle 18 and Calle N Calzada Zapata and San Antonio Chiquito and Calle 29. May 7, 1949
The Colón cemetery's main gate before 1901
Paseo del Prado
Forestier's master plan for Havana of 1924
Barrio Chino in Centro Habana
Castle of the Real Fuerza, 1577
Plaza del Vapor, Havana of 1835
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Plan of Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo_roof construction looking towards the front.
Iglesia y hospital San Francisco de Paula
Church San Francisco de Paula, Havana, Cuba
Palacio de Villalba
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, floor plan
1853 Map of Havana shows urban condition of the wall before demolition
Palace stair
Palacio de Aldama, south east corner. Havana, Cuba.
Royal Palm Hotel (Havana), entrance. ca. 1930
Edificio Bacardí
Bacardi Building, Ground Floor Plan
Bacardi Building, first floor
Lobby terrazzo floor
Hotel Habana Libre situado en la esquina más céntrica del Vedado
Fulgencio Batista with an architectural model of the Habana Hilton, c. 1956
Building characteristics advertisement. ca 1948
Edificio Radiocentro CMQ. Television studios entrance on Calle M.
Radiocentro CMQ Building floor plan showing Cinerama
[[:File:How Cinerama is projected.gif]] theater, domino frame structure office building and radio and television studios.
Cinerama using three projectors and curved screen.
Aerial view he FOCSA Building seen from the west showing the floating corridors, circa 1958.
FOCSA Building Typical Floor Plan
prefabricated panels
Antonio Quintana Simonetti Edificio del Seguro Médico, Havana, 1958
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
Federico Beltran Masses in 1914
Painting done in 1929 for the artist's London exhibition, oil on canvas
Víctor Manuel García Valdés, ca. 1940
Victor-manuel-garcia rio-san-juan-matanzas, ca. 1940
Wifredo lam in his studio, 1964
Ballet Nacional de Cuba performing at the Great Theatre
Alicia Alonso and Reyes Fernández in Giselle
Radiocentro CMQ Building, Havana
La-tremenda-corte-programa-radio. Radiocentro CMQ. Live radio tramsmission of La Tremenda Corte in one of the Radio CMQ Studio. From left to right: Erdwin Fernández, Mimí Cal, Adolfo Otero, Miguel Ángel Herrera, Aníbal de Mar y Leopoldo Fernández.
Sight-seeing busses at the Parque Central
Lonja del Comercio building
Interior of the Central Railway Station
Havana tramway
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Havana
Alicia Alonso
José Raúl Capablanca
Alejo Carpentier
Celia Cruz
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
El Caballero de Paris
Carlos Finlay
Wifredo Lam
Ernesto Lecuona
José Lezama Lima
Dulce María Loynaz
José Martí
Rita Montaner
Benny Moré
Antonio Quintana, Architect
Mario Romañach, Architect
Cirilo Villaverde
Capitolio floor plan. Havana, Cuba. 2-Entrance Portico, 3-Rotunda, 4-Apse, 5-Salon de Marti, 6-Library, 7-Committee room, 8-Stair of Honor, 9-Patio-garden, 10-Salon (pasos perdidos), 12-Secretary, 14-Senate, 15-Cámara, 16-Gallery.
Main gate Cementerio de Colón
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, Havana
Satellite view of Havana in October 2005

Under the Köppen climate classification, Havana has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) that closely borders on a tropical rainforest climate (Af) and a tropical monsoon climate (Am).

The Colón Cemetery is one of the most important cemeteries in the world and is generally held to be one of the most important in Latin America in historical and architectural terms, second only to La Recoleta in Buenos Aires.

Lining the boulevard are important buildings such as the Gran Teatro de La Habana, hotels (including the Hotel Sevilla), cinemas such as the Fausto, theaters, and mansions imitating styles from Madrid, París and Vienna.

Berlin

1 links

Capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.

Capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.

Map of Berlin in 1688
Berlin Cathedral (left) and Berlin Palace (right), 1900
Berlin became the capital of the German Empire in 1871 and expanded rapidly in the following years.
Berlin in ruins after World War II (Potsdamer Platz, 1945)
The Berlin Wall (painted on the western side) was a barrier that divided the city from 1961 to 1989.
The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989. On 3 October 1990, the German reunification process was formally finished.
The coat of arms proposed in the state contract
Satellite image of Berlin
The outskirts of Berlin are covered with woodlands and numerous lakes.
Aerial photo over central Berlin showing City West, Potsdamer Platz, Alexanderplatz and the Tiergarten
Panorama of the Gendarmenmarkt, showing the Konzerthaus Berlin, flanked by the German Church (left) and French Church (right)
The Berlin Cathedral at Museum Island
Charlottenburg Palace
Hackesche Höfe
Breitscheidplatz with Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is the center of City West.
Berlin's population, 1880–2012
Rotes Rathaus (Red City Hall), seat of the Senate and Mayor of Berlin
Berlin's 12 boroughs and their 96 neighborhoods
Berlin is a UNESCO "City of Design" and recognized for its creative industries and startup ecosystem.
Deutsche Bahn, the world's second-largest transport company, is headquartered in Berlin.
The European Film Academy (logo pictured) was founded in Berlin.
The new building of Axel Springer SE which is heardquarted in Berlin
Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe.
The Berlin U-Bahn (Metro) at Heidelberger Platz station
Berlin Brandenburg Airport
Flights departing from Berlin serve 163 destinations around the globe.
Airports in Berlin, including those that are no longer used (as of November 2020)
Typical cycle street in Prenzlauer Berg
Heizkraftwerk Mitte power plant
The Charité university hospital
Café customers in Berlin Mitte using Wi-Fi devices
The Humboldt University of Berlin is affiliated with 57 Nobel Prize winners.
The Free University is one of Germany's eleven "Universities of Excellence".
The WISTA Science and Technology Park in Adlershof is home to several innovative businesses and research institutes.
The Alte Nationalgalerie is part of the Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The alternative Holzmarkt, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
The Jewish Museum presents two millennia of German–Jewish history.
The reconstructed Ishtar Gate of Babylon at the Pergamon Museum
The Berlinale is the largest international spectator film festival.
The French Cathedral during the annual Festival of Lights
Hanukkah festival at the Brandenburg Gate
Sir Simon Rattle conducting the renowned Berlin Philharmonic
The Elephant Gate at the Berlin Zoo
The Victory Column in Tiergarten
The Olympiastadion hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics and the 2006 FIFA World Cup Final.
The Berlin Marathon is the world record course.
The Federal Chancellery building, seat of the Chancellor of Germany
The Reichstag, seat of the Bundestag
Schloss Bellevue, seat of the President of Germany
Prussian House of Lords, the seat of the Bundesrat of Germany
Headquarters of the Federal Intelligence Service

Berlin has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb); the eastern part of the city has a slight continental influence (Dfb), one of the changes being the annual rainfall according to the air masses and the greater abundance during a period of the year.

Madrid, Spain (1988)

Buenos Aires, Argentina (1994)

Santo Domingo

1 links

Capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.

Capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.

Tomb that housed the remains of Christopher Columbus until 1795 (at the cathedral).
The Ozama Fortress is one of the surviving sections of the Walls of Santo Domingo, which is recognized by UNESCO as being the oldest military construction of European origin in the Americas.
Destruction of Santo Domingo after the hurricane
View of Santo Domingo from space, 2010.
View of the skyline in Central Santo Domingo, financial district of Dominican Republic (2021).
View of the flag monument during the 2020 Dominican Republic municipal elections protests.
Parque Colón.
Church and Convent of los Dominicos, is the oldest Catholic building in continuous use in the Americas, and also, according to the UNESCO, it was the headquarters of the first university in the Americas.
Plaza de España.
Neighborhoods of Santo Domingo.
The National Palace, in Santo Domingo
Acropolis center, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Silver Sun Gallery mall and hotel, 2012.
Reserve Bank of Santo Domingo.
The Palace of the Viceroy of Santo Domingo was the first (oldest) headquarters of Spanish power in the New World. Now houses the Museo de las Casas Reales
Alcázar de Colón is the only known residence of a member of the Christopher Columbus' family: his first-born son Diego Columbus.
Museo del Ámbar
National Botanical Garden
Entrance of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD)
Santo Domingo Metro.
Metro Station.
Don Diego terminal.
27 de Febrero av.
Estadio Quisqueya baseball stadium in Santo Domingo
Estadio Quisqueya baseball stadium
Edificio Baquero
Edificio Diez
Edificio Cerame
Santo Domingo's modern architecture
Statue of Antonio de Montesino
John F. Kennedy Avenue, Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo at night
Anacaona Avenue in Santo Domingo. Mirador del Sur park
Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor
National pantheon

Thanks to these trade winds, Santo Domingo has a borderline tropical rainforest (Köppen Af)/tropical monsoon climate (Am), as its driest month is very close to 60 mm. However, the city seldom experiences the heat that one may expect to find.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

🇪🇸 Madrid, Spain