A report on Buenos Aires and Latin America

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Presencia de América Latina (Presence of Latin America, 1964–65) is a 300. sqm mural at the hall of the Arts House of the University of Concepción, Chile. It is also known as Latin America's Integration.
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
The four common subregions in Latin America
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Mayan UNESCO World Heritage Site of Chichén Itzá
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
A view of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu, a pre-Columbian Inca site in Peru.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
Surviving section of the Inca road system in Northwestern Argentina, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The road system linked the Andean empire
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Cristóbal de Olid leads Spanish soldiers with Tlaxcalan allies against Indigenous warriors during the European colonization of the Americas.
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Map of Brazil showing Indigenous men cutting brazilwood and Portuguese ships
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Areas claimed by the Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Potosí, the "cerro rico" that produced massive amounts of silver from a single site. The first image published in Europe. Pedro Cieza de León, 1553.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
Sugar processing by skilled black slave laborers. Sugar cane must be processed immediately once cut in order to capture the most sugar juice, so engenhos needed to be constructed near fields.
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Monument to Christopher Columbus, Buenos Aires before its 2013 removal and replaced by the statue of Juana Azurduy, a mestiza fighter for independence.
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Development of Spanish American Independence
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Ferdinand VII of Spain in whose name Spanish American juntas ruled during his exile 1808–1814; when restored to power in 1814, he reinstated autocratic rule, renewing independence movements
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
Constitution of 1812
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Dom Pedro I, emperor of Brazil
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Linguistic map of Latin America. Spanish in green, Portuguese in orange, and French in blue.
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Argentine caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Mexican strongman Antonio López de Santa Anna
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
American occupation of Mexico City
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
The Execution of Emperor Maximilian, Édouard Manet 1868. The execution ended monarchic rule in Mexico, and Mexican liberals triumphed
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
A poster used in Japan to attract immigrants to Brazil. It reads: "Let’s go to South America with families."
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
The Zimmermann Telegram as it was sent from Washington to Ambassador Heinrich von Eckardt (German ambassador to Mexico)
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho, Monterrey, Mexico 1943. Roosevelt sought strong ties between the U.S. and Latin America in the World War II era
MALBA
Agrarian reform poster, Guatemala 1952
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, 2 December 1956
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Cuba-Russia friendship poster, with Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Che Guevara Cuban revolutionary poster
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
The name Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan nationalist hero for his struggle against the United States, was taken by leftist guerrillas as the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Exhumation of corpses in the aftermath of the Guatemalan genocide
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Pope Paul VI and Salvadoran cleric Oscar Romero (now St Oscar Romero)
Teatro Colón.
Calls for justice in the wake of the Guatemalan genocide
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Comandanta Ramona of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Mexico
July 9 Avenue
UNASUR summit in the Palacio de la Moneda, Santiago de Chile
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Honduran demonstrator holding a banner with a "don't turn left" sign, 2009.
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Eighteenth-century Mexican Casta painting showing 16 castas hierarchically arranged. Ignacio Maria Barreda, 1777. Real Academia Española de la Lengua, Madrid.
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
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EcoBici.
The Las Lajas Sanctuary in the southern Colombia, Department of Nariño.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
World map indicating literacy rate by country in 2015 (2015 CIA World Factbook). Grey = no data.
Buenos Aires Underground map
2012 map of countries by homicide rate. As of 2015, the Latin American countries with the highest rates were El Salvador (108.64 per 100,000 people), Honduras (63.75) and Venezuela (57.15). The countries with the lowest rates were Chile (3.59), Cuba (4.72) and Argentina (6.53).
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Sumidero Canyon, located in Chiapas, Mexico.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws. Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
Sugarcane plantation in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 746 million tons. Latin America produces more than half of the world's sugarcane.
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Soybean plantation in Mato Grosso. In 2020, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 130 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's soybeans.
Luna Park
Coffee in Minas Gerais. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 3.5 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's coffee.
Oranges in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 17 million tons. Latin America produces 30% of the world's oranges.
Truck of a meat company in Brazil. Latin America produces 25% of the world's beef and chicken meat.
Chile is a first world producer of copper.
Cerro Rico, Potosi, Bolivia, still a major silver mine
Amethyst mine in Ametista do Sul. Latin America is a major producer of gems such as amethyst, topaz, emeralds, aquamarine and tourmaline
Iron mine in Minas Gerais. Brazil is the world's second largest iron ore exporter.
Braskem, the largest Brazilian chemical industry
EMS, the largest Brazilian pharmaceutical industry
Panama Canal expansion project; New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side)
Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Brazil
Ruta 9 / 14, in Zarate, Argentina
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge
Mexico City International Airport
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Itaipu Dam in Paraná.
Wind power in Parnaíba.
Angra Nuclear Power Plant in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro
Pirapora Solar Complex, the largest in Brazil and Latin America with a capacity of 321 MW.
Native New World crops exchanged globally: maize, tomato, potato, vanilla, rubber, cocoa, tobacco
Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Néstor Kirchner, Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Nicanor Duarte, and Hugo Chávez at the signing of the founding charter of the Bank of the South
Aerial view of Cancún. Mexico is the most visited country in Latin America and 6th in the world.
Roman Catholic Easter procession in Comayagua, Honduras
Nicaraguan women wearing the Mestizaje costume, which is a traditional costume worn to dance the Mestizaje dance. The costume demonstrates the Spanish influence upon Nicaraguan clothing.
Diego Rivera's mural depicting Mexico's history at the National Palace in Mexico City
Mural by Santiago Martinez Delgado at the Colombian Congress
The Guadalajara International Film Festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latin America.
In 2015, Alejandro González Iñárritu became the second Mexican director in a row to win both the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. He won his second Oscar in 2016 for The Revenant.
President Cristina Fernández with the film director Juan José Campanella and the cast of The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in 1772 by Andrés de Islas
Argentine Jorge Luis Borges in L'Hôtel, Paris in 1969
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, first Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude
Salsa dancing in Cali, Colombia
Traditional Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatío
Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda helped popularize samba internationally.
A couple dances tango.
Simón Bolívar, Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Panama
José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins, hero of Chilean independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, with the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Vicente Guerrero, insurgent hero of Mexican independence, who joined with Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide, former royal military officer who brought about Mexican independence and was crowned emperor

Buenos Aires' quality of life was ranked 91st in the world in 2018, being one of the best in Latin America.

- Buenos Aires

An example of the new consciousness was the dismantling of the Christopher Columbus monument in Buenos Aires, one of many in the hemisphere, mandated by leftist President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

- Latin America

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Mexico City

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Capital and largest city of Mexico, and the most populous city in North America.

Capital and largest city of Mexico, and the most populous city in North America.

The city was the place of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital.
Storming of the Teocalli by Cortez and his Troops (1848)
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral's (1571–1813) 18th century painting. The cathedral was built by the Spaniards over the ruins of the main Aztec temple.
Mexico City in 1628
Palacio de Mineria, Mexico City. The elevation of silver mining as a profession and the ennoblement of silver miners was a development of the eighteenth-century Bourbon Reforms
A painting of the American assault on the Chapultepec Castle.
Mexican President and later dictator Porfirio Díaz (second from right) commissioned many of the ornate European style buildings constructed from the 1890–1910 and hoped for Mexico City to eventually rival European cities like Paris in opulence
Corpses in front of the National Palace during the Ten Tragic Days. Photographer, Manuel Ramos.
Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera house in San Ángel designed by Juan O'Gorman, an example of 20th-century Modernist architecture in Mexico
Students in a burned bus during the protests of 1968
First ladies Paloma Cordero of Mexico (left) and Nancy Reagan of the United States (right) with U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, John Gavin observing the damage done by the 1985 earthquake.
Satellite image of Mexico City
Trajineras in the canals of Xochimilco. Xochimilco and the historic center of Mexico City were declared a World Heritage Site in 1987.
Air pollution over Mexico City. Air quality is poorest during the winter.
The Chapultepec was an important park during the Aztecs whose access had been limited to its nobility, was declared open to the public by a decree of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1530, it is one of the world's largest city parks.
Lightning in the background of the Torre Mayor
Growth of Mexico city's area from 1900 to 2000
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in La Villa de Guadalupe, the main Catholic pilgrimage site in the Americas. It houses the original image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Secretariat of Health building
Central Campus of the University City of the UNAM. Since 2007 the University City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The National Palace of Mexico
Senate of the Republic
Legislative Palace of San Lázaro
Offices of the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
Mexico City's Legislative Assembly building
The 16 boroughs of Mexico City
Federal Police headquarters in Mexico City
The Paseo de la Reforma is a wide avenue designed by Ferdinand von Rosenzweig in the 1860s and was modeled after the Champs-Élysées in Paris.
Palacio de Hierro store
The Turibus runs through many of the most important tourist attractions in the city.
The Art Nouveau/Neoclassical Palacio de Bellas Artes is the prominent cultural center in the city
Receptions Hall at the Museo Nacional de Arte
lReconstruction of the entrance to the Hochob temple in the National Museum of Anthropology
Museo Soumaya
The City Theatre built in 1918.
A guajolota, a tamale torta invention.
Televisa headquarters in Mexico City
Azteca Stadium, the 21st largest stadium in the world
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez
Mexico City Arena
Mexico City Metro
Metrobús rapid transit bus stop station at Indios Verdes
The Anillo Periférico and Paseo de la Reforma in Miguel Hidalgo
Bicycles available for rental in Zona Rosa
Mexico City International Airport
Felipe Ángeles International Airport
Santa Fe is one of the centers of greatest economic activity in the city.
Central de Abasto is one of the two large wholesale markets in Mexico City, along with the Nueva Viga market, which specializes in fish and seafood.
Biblioteca Vasconcelos
Street tacos in Mexico City
A pesero or microbús

If it were an independent country in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America.

Mexico City is the first Latin American city to host the Olympic Games, having held the Summer Olympics in 1968, winning bids against Buenos Aires, Lyon and Detroit.

São Paulo

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City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

Founding of São Paulo, 1913 painting by Antonio Parreiras
Courtyard of the College, Pátio do Colégio, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the late 20th century, based on the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653
The Monument to the Bandeiras commemorates the 17th-century bandeiras
Domingos Jorge Velho, a notable bandeirante
Luz Station in 1900
Group of aviators from São Paulo at Campo de Marte Airport during the Constitutionalist Revolution
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo
Tietê River, with the Marginal Tietê
Billings Reservoir
Heavy rain and lightning in São Paulo, which has the largest number of lightning incidents amongst Brazilian state capitals
Sunny day in the People's Park
Italian immigrants in the Immigrant Inn, c. 1890
Italian restaurant at Bela Vista district
Arab immigrants in the city of São Paulo, 1940s
The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo
Training of soldiers of the Military Police of São Paulo State at the Military Police Academy of Barro Branco
Slum (favela) of Paraisópolis, in the district of Vila Andrade, with residential buildings in the background
Public housing in Heliópolis
Museum of the Portuguese Language
The 18th edition of the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in 2014
Matarazzo Building, the São Paulo city hall
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge aside of Centro Empresarial Nações Unidas
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins: side by side, vertical areas and low houses
The city view from Altino Arantes Building
Vale do Anhangabaú, in Downtown
Helicopter taking off from the São Paulo City Hall
Sala São Paulo, the home of the São Paulo State Symphony
Ibirapuera Auditorium
Saint Peter Theatre
Credicard Hall
Mário de Andrade Library
Livraria Cultura
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo
Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo
São Paulo Museum of Image and Sound
Globo São Paulo headquarters (left) and the Sede do BankBoston building at Marginal Pinheiros highway
Arena Corinthians
Morumbi Stadium
Allianz Parque
Saint Silvester Road Race in 2011
Kimi Räikkönen in the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where then-Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil
Formula One São Paulo Grand Prix is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos
Cathedral Square of São Paulo in 1880, during the reign of Emperor Pedro II by Marc Ferrez
Jaraguá Peak is the highest point in the city, at 1135 m
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo at night
University of São Paulo
Albert Einstein Hospital
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Ultraje a Rigor band playing at Rio de Janeiro
Headquarters of the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo on the Marginal Tietê

Having the largest economy by GDP in Latin America and the Southern Hemisphere, the city is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange.

According to a study by MasterCard in 130 cities around the world, São Paulo was the third most visited destination in Latin America (behind Mexico City and Buenos Aires) with 2.4 million foreign travelers, who spent US$2.9 billion in 2013 (the highest among the cities in the region).

Argentina

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Country in the southern half of South America.

Country in the southern half of South America.

The surrender of Beresford to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata
Portrait of General José de San Martin, Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
People gathered in front of the Buenos Aires Cabildo during the May Revolution
Julio Argentino Roca was a major figure of the Generation of '80 and is known for directing the "Conquest of the Desert". During his two terms as President many changes occurred, particularly major infrastructure projects of railroads; large-scale immigration from Europe and laicizing legislation strengthening state power.
Official presidential portrait of Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1948
Admiral Emilio Massera, Lieutenant General Jorge Videla and Brigadier General Orlando Agosti (from left to right) – observing the Independence Day military parade on Avenida del Libertador, 9 July 1978.
Two members of the Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers guarding the Constitution of the Argentine Nation inside the Palace of the Congress.
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America
Argentina features geographical locations such as this glacier, known as the Perito Moreno Glacier
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Provinces of Argentina.
G 20 leaders gathered in Argentina for the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit.
Diplomatic missions of Argentina.
Argentine destroyer ARA Almirante Brown (D-10)
A proportional representation of Argentina exports, 2019
The Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies.
Atucha Nuclear Power Plant was the first nuclear power plant in Latin America. The electricity comes from 3 operational nuclear reactors: The Embalse Nuclear Power Station, the Atucha I and II.
Buenos Aires Underground is the oldest underground railway in Latin America, the Southern Hemisphere and the Spanish speaking world.
"Estudio País 24, the Program of the Argentines" in Channel 7, the first television station in the country
SAC-D is an Argentine earth science satellite built by INVAP and launched in 2011.
President Macri in the INVAP with the SAOCOM A and B, two planned Earth observation satellite constellation of Argentine Space Agency CONAE. the scheduled launch dates for 1A and 1B were further pushed back to 2018 and 2020.
The cacique Qom Félix Díaz meets with then president Mauricio Macri.
Over 25 million Argentines have at least one Italian immigrant ancestor.
Dialectal variants of the Spanish language in Argentina
Francis, the first pope from the Americas, was born and raised in Argentina.
Argentina has historically been placed high in the global rankings of literacy, with rates similar to those of developed countries.
The University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, alma mater to many of the country's 3,000 medical graduates, annually
El Ateneo Grand Splendid was named the second most beautiful bookshop in the world by The Guardian.
Sun of May on the first Argentine coin, 1813
Four of the most influential Argentine writers. Top-left to bottom-right: Julio Cortázar, Victoria Ocampo, Jorge Luis Borges and Adolfo Bioy Casares
Martha Argerich, widely regarded as one of the greatest pianists of the second half of the 20th century
Andy Muschietti, director of It, the highest-grossing horror film of all-time.
Las Nereidas Font by Lola Mora
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical centre. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts, and modernist architecture.
Diego Maradona, one of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century
Lionel Messi, seven times Ballon d'Or winner, is the current captain of the Argentina national football team.
Argentine beef as asado, a traditional dish
The Cave of the Hands in Santa Cruz province, with artwork dating from 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.
Carlos Gardel, the most prominent figure in the history of tango
Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1947
Argentine Polo Open Championship.
Civilian casualties after the air attack and massacre on Plaza de Mayo, June 1955
Juan Perón and his wife Isabel Perón, 1973
Argentinians soldiers during the Falklands War
Néstor Kirchner and his wife and political successor, Cristina Kirchner
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
Argentina map of Köppen climate classification
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Provinces of Argentina
Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk operated by the Argentine Air Force
Fiat factory in Córdoba, Argentina
Rosario-Córdoba Highway
Passenger train near Mar del Plata
Argentine provinces by population (2010)
Faculty of Law of the University of Buenos Aires
Argentine beef as asado

Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires.

A Major non-NATO ally, Argentina is a developing country that ranks 46th in the Human Development Index, the second-highest in Latin America after Chile.

Montevideo

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Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Cerro de Montevideo as seen from the city, in 1865.
17th century map of the Río de la Plata basin
"Monte Video from the Anchorage outside the Harbour" by Emeric Essex Vidal (1820). The earliest securely dated picture of the city.
Map of Montevideo during the Guerra Grande (1843–1851).
Plaza Independencia around 1900.
A street in Montevideo's Ciudad Vieja.
Map of Uruguay showing Montevideo on the Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Sunset in Montevideo.
Map of the barrios of Montevideo
Palacio Salvo
Pocitos is the most populous Montevideo neighborhood.
The Legislative Palace.
World Trade Center Montevideo
Telecommunication Tower.
Plaza de la Constitución in winter
Solís Theatre
Monumento La Carreta
Obelisk of Montevideo in the Parque Batlle
The Botanic Gardens of Parque Prado
Parque Rodó.
Fortaleza del Cerro
Punta Brava lighthouse.
Fishermen in Punta Carretas.
Playa de los Pocitos
Central Cemetery.
Palacio Municipal, headquarters of the Intendencia.
Solis Theatre in Montevideo
Painter shop in Montevideo
The poet Delmira Agustini.
The writer Eduardo Galeano.
Fountain in the entry of the Cabildo
Uruguayan officials conversing at a meeting at the Palacio Taranco, 6 November 2010
Museo Historico Nacional de Montevideo
Museo Torres García
Museo Naval de Montevideo
Montevideo Carnival: drummers
"Zonal queens"
Estadio Centenario
Rugby in Montevideo
Cathedral Interior
Punta Carretas Church
Montevideo's beach on the River Plate
Hotel Casino Carrasco
Libertador Avenue
TV reporter in Montevideo
Estación Central General Artigas.
View of the new railway station
Carrasco International Airport.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Montevideo to Argentina
Port of Montevideo
Kindergarten kids at a public school in Montevideo
A laundress girl in a school play in Montevideo

Montevideo is the seat of the administrative headquarters of Mercosur and ALADI, Latin America's leading trade blocs, a position that entailed comparisons to the role of Brussels in Europe.

Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires.

Mauricio Macri

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Argentine businessman and politician who served as the President of Argentina from 2015 to 2019.

Argentine businessman and politician who served as the President of Argentina from 2015 to 2019.

Mauricio Macri and Martín Palermo, football player of Boca Juniors.
Macri in 2007
Macri (center) with President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (left) and Buenos Aires Governor Daniel Scioli (right) in 2008
Macri on a 200 Series train on Line A of the Buenos Aires Underground, January 2013
Macri with President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner during the inauguration of Autopista Illia in 2014
Macri inspecting Metropolitan Police graduates
Macri and Archbishop Jorge Bergoglio (now Pope Francis)
Macri's 2015 presidential campaign logo
Macri campaigning in Cordoba, in August 2015
Macri receives the presidential sash from acting president Federico Pinedo.
Macri at the World Economic Forum, January 2018.
Argentine delegation to the World Economic Forum in Davos, in 2016. It was the return of the country to the conference after 11 years of absence.
Macri with former president Bill Clinton, Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi, economist Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and London mayor Sadiq Khan at the Clinton Global Initiative
Macri negotiating the loan with Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF.
Macri announcing an investment deal for the Vaca Muerta shale deposit in Patagonia
Mauricio Macri, US president Donald Trump and their respective first ladies, at the White House in the United States
Macri and German chancellor Angela Merkel during the 2017 G20 Summit in Hamburg
Macri acknowledged Juan Guaidó as president of Venezuela during the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis.
Mauricio Macri during the electoral campaign of 2017
Demonstration in support of Maldonado during the Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice.
Arms of Mauricio Macri as member of the Order of Isabella the Catholic

He previously served as 5th Chief of Government of Buenos Aires from 2007 to 2015, and was a member of the Chamber of Deputies representing Buenos Aires from 2005 to 2007.

In 2016, Macri was named one of the world's 100 most influential people and the most powerful president in Latin America by US news magazine Time.

Rio de Janeiro

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Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Marina da Glória
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
Christ the Redeemer
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Barra da Tijuca
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Museum of Tomorrow
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Museum of Modern Art
National Museum of Fine Arts
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
City of Arts
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Estádio São Januário
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Children playing beach football
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Port of Rio de Janeiro
Public transport map
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

In the first decade, several educational establishments were created, such as the Military Academy, the Royal School of Sciences, Arts and Crafts and the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the National Library of Brazil – with the largest collection in Latin America – and The Botanical Garden.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Havana

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Capital and largest city of Cuba.

Capital and largest city of Cuba.

A panoramic view of Havana, Cuba from atop the Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña.
Coat of arms of La Habana
French pirate Jacques de Sores looting and burning Havana in 1555
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, governor of Cuba who moved Havana's location in 1514
Detail of the plan of the city, port and castles of San Christobal de La Habana-1776
Havana Cathedral, 1748–1777
Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902.
Havana aerial view circa 1920
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, ca. 1957
Hill of the Castillo del Principe
Comite Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba (Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party).
Havana detailed Districts Map (2022-01)
Havana Cathedral view from side street. ca. 1880s
Royal Shipyard of Havana, crop from B. May Y Ca. map, 1853
Plan and explanation of the Royal Shipyard of Havana on the island of Cuba and its surroundings (Library of Congress, date and author unknown)
Frédéric Mialhe_Álbum pintoresco de la Isla de Cuba. Showing Alameda de Paula [1] with the Hospital and Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula. 1840. It was given the name Alameda de Paula because of its proximity to the old Hospital and Iglesia of San Francisco de Paula.
Alameda de Paula during 1940s renovation
Paseo de Tacón_Avenida Carlos III, La Habana, 1952
View of the entrance to the Tacon promenade (Havana)
Quinta de los Molinos
Residence of the Captains General in Quinta de los Molinos in the decades of 1850–1870, Havana, Cuba.
Map Quinta de los Molinos, 1841
El Malecon
El Malecon in 1925
Malecon before construction, ca 1900.
The Colón Cemetery concept-design diagram.
The Colón Cemetery, Havana NE Corner (Calle 18 and Calle N Calzada Zapata and San Antonio Chiquito and Calle 29. May 7, 1949
The Colón cemetery's main gate before 1901
Paseo del Prado
Forestier's master plan for Havana of 1924
Barrio Chino in Centro Habana
Castle of the Real Fuerza, 1577
Plaza del Vapor, Havana of 1835
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Plan of Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo_roof construction looking towards the front.
Iglesia y hospital San Francisco de Paula
Church San Francisco de Paula, Havana, Cuba
Palacio de Villalba
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, floor plan
1853 Map of Havana shows urban condition of the wall before demolition
Palace stair
Palacio de Aldama, south east corner. Havana, Cuba.
Royal Palm Hotel (Havana), entrance. ca. 1930
Edificio Bacardí
Bacardi Building, Ground Floor Plan
Bacardi Building, first floor
Lobby terrazzo floor
Hotel Habana Libre situado en la esquina más céntrica del Vedado
Fulgencio Batista with an architectural model of the Habana Hilton, c. 1956
Building characteristics advertisement. ca 1948
Edificio Radiocentro CMQ. Television studios entrance on Calle M.
Radiocentro CMQ Building floor plan showing Cinerama
[[:File:How Cinerama is projected.gif]] theater, domino frame structure office building and radio and television studios.
Cinerama using three projectors and curved screen.
Aerial view he FOCSA Building seen from the west showing the floating corridors, circa 1958.
FOCSA Building Typical Floor Plan
prefabricated panels
Antonio Quintana Simonetti Edificio del Seguro Médico, Havana, 1958
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
Federico Beltran Masses in 1914
Painting done in 1929 for the artist's London exhibition, oil on canvas
Víctor Manuel García Valdés, ca. 1940
Victor-manuel-garcia rio-san-juan-matanzas, ca. 1940
Wifredo lam in his studio, 1964
Ballet Nacional de Cuba performing at the Great Theatre
Alicia Alonso and Reyes Fernández in Giselle
Radiocentro CMQ Building, Havana
La-tremenda-corte-programa-radio. Radiocentro CMQ. Live radio tramsmission of La Tremenda Corte in one of the Radio CMQ Studio. From left to right: Erdwin Fernández, Mimí Cal, Adolfo Otero, Miguel Ángel Herrera, Aníbal de Mar y Leopoldo Fernández.
Sight-seeing busses at the Parque Central
Lonja del Comercio building
Interior of the Central Railway Station
Havana tramway
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Havana
Alicia Alonso
José Raúl Capablanca
Alejo Carpentier
Celia Cruz
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
El Caballero de Paris
Carlos Finlay
Wifredo Lam
Ernesto Lecuona
José Lezama Lima
Dulce María Loynaz
José Martí
Rita Montaner
Benny Moré
Antonio Quintana, Architect
Mario Romañach, Architect
Cirilo Villaverde
Capitolio floor plan. Havana, Cuba. 2-Entrance Portico, 3-Rotunda, 4-Apse, 5-Salon de Marti, 6-Library, 7-Committee room, 8-Stair of Honor, 9-Patio-garden, 10-Salon (pasos perdidos), 12-Secretary, 14-Senate, 15-Cámara, 16-Gallery.
Main gate Cementerio de Colón
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, Havana
Satellite view of Havana in October 2005

The revolution also heralded an era of Cuban medical internationalism and Cuban intervention in foreign conflicts in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East.

The Colón Cemetery is one of the most important cemeteries in the world and is generally held to be one of the most important in Latin America in historical and architectural terms, second only to La Recoleta in Buenos Aires.

Punta del Este

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City and seaside resort on the Atlantic Coast in the Maldonado Department of southeastern Uruguay.

City and seaside resort on the Atlantic Coast in the Maldonado Department of southeastern Uruguay.

Chiverta Ave. from Playa Brava (Rough Sea Beach) to Playa Mansa (back). Gorriti Island.
Playa El Emir.
Manantiales Beach at the sunset
The fingers of Punta del Este.
Lighthouse of Punta del Este
Sea lions on Isla de Lobos (Isle of Wolves)
Capitán de Corbeta Carlos A. Curbelo International Airport.
The 2014 Punta del Este ePrix was the first race of the Formula E history in the Americas.

Once abundant, southern right whales are re-colonizing in the area, which helped create a whale sanctuary off Latin America, whose establishment had been prevented for near a decade by whaling nations like Japan.

Punta del Este can be reached from Buenos Aires by ferryboat to Montevideo (the capital city), 140 km from Punta del Este, and then by car or bus.

John Paul II in 1984

Pope John Paul II

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The head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in 2005.

The head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in 2005.

John Paul II in 1984
The wedding portrait of John Paul II's parents, Emilia and Karol Wojtyła Sr.
Painting of Saint John Paul II painted by Zbigniewa Kotyłły, 2012
Karol Wojtyła (second from right) in a Baudienst forced labor work crew during the German occupation of Poland in WWII, circa 1941
The Pontifical International Athenaeum Angelicum in Rome, Italy
Karol Wojtyła pictured during a kayaking trip to the countryside with a groups of students, circa 1960
19 Kanonicza Street in Kraków, Poland where John Paul II lived as a priest and bishop (now an Archdiocese Museum).
First appearance of Pope John Paul II following his election on 16 October 1978
John Paul's first papal trip to Poland in June 1979
John Paul II with the president of Italy Sandro Pertini in 1984
John Paul II during a visit to West Germany, 1980
US President Ronald Reagan meeting with Pope John Paul II during a visit to the Vatican City, 1982
Graffiti showing John Paul II with quote "Do not be afraid" in Rijeka, Croatia
John Paul II was the first Pope to enter and pray in a mosque, visiting the tomb of John the Baptist at Umayyad Mosque, Damascus.
John Paul II moments after being shot during an assassination attempt by Mehmet Ali Ağca in St. Peter's Square, 13 May 1981
An ailing John Paul II riding in the Popemobile in September 2004 in St. Peter's Square
(l-r) George W. Bush, Laura Bush, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, Condoleezza Rice, and Andrew Card, US dignitaries paying respects to John Paul II on 6 April 2005 at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
The tomb of John Paul II in the Vatican Chapel of Saint Sebastian within St. Peter's Basilica where it has been since 2011.
1.5 million St. Peter's Square attendees witness the beatification of John Paul II on 1 May 2011 in Vatican City
Statue of John Paul II outside the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Tepeyac, Mexico City
Candles around monument to John Paul II in Zaspa, Gdańsk at the time of his death
The canonisation of John Paul II and John XXIII
The tomb of the parents of John Paul II at Rakowicki Cemetery in Kraków, Poland
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
Karol Wojtyła (1958)

John Paul II presided over nine of them: Rome (1985 and 2000), Buenos Aires (1987), Santiago de Compostela (1989), Częstochowa (1991), Denver (1993), Manila (1995), Paris (1997), and Toronto (2002).

At that time, Guatemala was one of only two countries in Latin America (the other being Cuba) to apply capital punishment.

Portrait of Gardel made by José María Silva in 1933.

Carlos Gardel

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French-born Argentine singer, songwriter, composer and actor, and the most prominent figure in the history of tango.

French-born Argentine singer, songwriter, composer and actor, and the most prominent figure in the history of tango.

Portrait of Gardel made by José María Silva in 1933.
Gardel in gaucho clothes, 1923
The coffin of Gardel moves down Florida Street in Buenos Aires
Carlos Gardel's grave at La Chacarita Cemetery
Museo Carlos Gardel, a museum about the artist, located in Valle Edén, Tacuarembó
Statue of Carlos Gardel in Toulouse
José Razzano (left) and Gardel in Gardel's mother's house, 1926
Gardel in New York promoting 1934's El Tango en Broadway

Gardel died in an airplane crash at the height of his career, becoming an archetypal tragic hero mourned throughout Latin America.

Gardel's mother settled at the western edge of the central San Nicolás district of Buenos Aires, at Calle Uruguay 162.