A report on Buenos Aires and Lima

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
"The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Peru" created in 1590 by Guamán Poma and Martín de Murúa. (J. Paul Getty Museum).
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
The colonial Lima's coat of arms official since 7 December 1537.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Pachacámac, built 3,000 years ago, was one of the most important pre-Columbian centres of pilgrimage on the Peruvian Coast.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
"The City of the Kings of Lima, royal high court, principal city of the kingdom of the Indies, residence of the viceroy, and archbishopric of the church", painting of 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
Renaissance Lima Metropolitan Cathedral, built between 1602 and 1797.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Baroque Basilica of San Francisco, built between 1657 and 1672.
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
José de San Martín during the Declaration of Independence of Peru in the Plaza Mayor de Lima, on July 28, 1821.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Lima as seen from the International Space Station
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Lima at night from space
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
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Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Government Palace of Perú
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Palace of Justice, Lima
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Lima City Hall
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
People of Lima.
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Market in the Plaza of the Inquisition (Lima) by Johann Moritz Rugendas, ca. 1843.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Pueblos jóvenes on the outskirts of Lima in 2015. Today, many of them are consolidated.
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Financial center of San Isidro
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
The Lima Stock Exchange building.
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
The Catacombs of the Basilica of San Francisco was the Old cemetery of the city during all the colonial times, until 1810. It contain bones of some 70,000 colonial people.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Huaca Pucllana, pre-Columbian archaeological site located in the district of Miraflores.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
The Rococo Casa de Osambela completed in 1805.
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Balconies were a common colonial architectural feature in the historic center. In the image the Palacio de Torre Tagle completed in 1735.
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Causa limeña
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
Rococo Basilica of Santo Domingo, built between 1678 and 1766. It holds the tombs of the saints Rose of Lima, Martín de Porres and John Macias.
MALBA
Northern Lima 
 Southern Lima 
 Eastern Lima
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Colonial Casona and Chapel of the National University of San Marcos, it is the second oldest university in the Americas.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Edificio Ministerio de Educación (Ministry of Education), San Borja.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Jorge Chávez International Airport
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
The Port of Callao.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Sistema Integrado de Transporte Bus System in Arequipa Avenue (Route 301)
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
El Metropolitano.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Lima Metro.
Teatro Colón.
Traffic Jam in Javier Prado Avenue
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
San Isidro, Lima from above.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Francisco Pizarro and Diego Almagro portrayed in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/44/en/text/?open=idm46287306358272|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=17|year=1615|author=Guamán Poma|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
July 9 Avenue
Captain Luis de Ávalos de Ayala kills Manco Inca Yupanqui in the conquest of Lima. Chronicle made in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/394/en/text/?open=idm46287306144304|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=157|author=Guamán Poma|year=1615|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
View of Lima and the Tapada limeña (a colonial women fashion) in a painting of 1842 by d'Orbigny and Benoît. Museum of the Americas, Spain. <ref>{{cite book|url=https://bvpb.mcu.es/es/consulta/registro.do?id=469709|website=Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage (Spain) site|title=Viaje pintoresco a las dos Américas, Asia y África : resúmen jeneral de todos los viajes y descubrimientos de... (1842)|series=Viaje pintoresco alrededor del mundo, a las dos Américas, Asia y Africa,4-6|year=1842|publisher=Imprenta y libreria de Juan Oliveres}}</ref>
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Lima as seem from the Rímac District, painting of 1850 by Batta Molinelli.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/blog/juanluisorrego/2010/04/09/la-flora-de-lima-introduccion/|title=La flora de Lima: introducción|date=9 April 2010|author=Juan Luis Orrego Penagos|publisher=Pontifical Catholic University of Peru}}</ref>
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Colonial Calle de los Judíos (Jewish quarter) (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
EcoBici.
Colonial Calles de la Oca and de Bodegones (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Puente de Piedra Bridge, the former Arco del Puente Gate and the Walls of Lima in 1878 by El Viajero Ilustrado. Old Fund of the University of Seville.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puente De Piedra, Lima|website=Old Fund of the University of Seville|url=https://www.flickr.com/people/37667416@N04}}</ref>
Buenos Aires Underground map
The Museo de la Nación houses thousands of artifacts spanning the entire span of human occupation in Peru.
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Museum of Italian Art It's the only European arts museum in Peru, under the administration of the National Culture Institute.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Larco Museum is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art that is housed in an 18th-century vice-royal building built over a 7th-century pre-Columbian pyramid.
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
National Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru is the largest and oldest museum in Peru.
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Plaza de toros de Acho, the plaza is classified as a national historic monument. It is the oldest bullring in the Americas.
Luna Park
Estadio Nacional of Peru Its current capacity is 40,000 seats as stated by the Peruvian Football Federation.
Estadio Monumental "U" It is the highest capacity soccer stadium in South America and one of the largest in the world.
Lima Golf Club (San Isidro District)
Campo de Marte is one of the largest parks in the metropolitan area of Lima.
Lima City Hall

During most of the 17th century, Spanish ships were menaced by pirates, so they developed a complex system where ships with military protection were dispatched to Central America in a convoy from Seville (the only port allowed to trade with the colonies) to Lima, Peru, and from it to the inner cities of the viceroyalty.

- Buenos Aires

The 1687 earthquake marked a turning point in the history of Lima, since it coincided with a recession in trade due to economic competition with other cities such as Buenos Aires.

- Lima

12 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

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One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Lima, Peru (BWh)

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

Asunción

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Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Cabildo of Asunción in 1854
View of the city of Asunción during the Paraguayan War.
Six districts of the city of Asunción
Neighborhoods of Asunción
Universidad Americana
Main access roads
Asunción's Línea 23 bus.
Silvio Pettirossi International Airport
Traditional buildings in Calle Palma
The National Pantheon of Heroes is one of the most significant buildings in Asunción
The Estadio Defensores del Chaco is the largest stadium in Paraguay
Asunción's Downtown in 1872
A tram in the city centre in 1986. The tram system closed in the late 1990s.
Asunción at night
Downtown Asunción. Being one of the oldest national capitals in the Americas, the Loma San Jerónimo neighborhood is the city's most traditional one.<ref>{{cite web|title=Barrio Loma San Jerónimo, Asunción|url=https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|website=bienvenidoaparaguay.com.py|publisher=Bienvenido a Paraguay|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Biografías de Asunción - Loma San Jerónimo|url=https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|website=asuncion.gov.py|publisher=Municipalidad de Asunción|language=es|date=2020-08-13|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=20 December 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Loma San Jeronimo|url=https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|website=tripadvisor.com|publisher=Tripadvisor|language=en|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=22 March 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
A picture of Microcentro de Asunción (Old town Asunción), featuring the port of the city, one of the most important in Paraguay.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto ASU|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto de Asunción, una conexión con nuestra historia|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2021-12-07|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|url-status=live}}</ref>
Asunción, seen from the International Space Station
Costanera Avenue, Asunción
Democracy Square, Asunción, Paraguay

From Asunción, Spanish colonial expeditions departed to found other cities, including the second foundation of Buenos Aires, that of other important cities such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and 65 more.

Being the third-oldest capital city of South America, after Quito and Lima, Asunción has plenty to offer, culturally-wise speaking, from Spanish colonial-era buildings (Baroque to neo-Gothic), museums or urban parks, this classic city also hosts several symphony orchestras, ballet, opera and theater companies.

Peru

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Country in western South America.

Country in western South America.

Remains of a Caral/Norte Chico pyramid in the arid Supe Valley
Moche earrings depicting warriors, made of turquoise and gold (1–800 CE)
The citadel of Machu Picchu, an iconic symbol of pre-Columbian Peru
Cusco, capital of the Inca Empire
Main façade of the Lima Metropolitan Cathedral and the Archbishop's palace, Lima
The Battle of Ayacucho was decisive in ensuring Peruvian independence.
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The Battle of Angamos, during the War of the Pacific.
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Areas where the Shining Path was active in Peru.
Palacio de Gobierno, in Lima
The Congress of Peru, in Lima
A map of Peru's region and departments
The headquarters of the Andean Community is located in Lima
Peruvian marines in the VRAEM in 2019
Map of Köppen climate classification zones in Peru
Andean cock-of-the-rock, Peru's national bird
Real GDP per capita development of Peru
A proportional representation of Peru exports, 2019
Casa de Osambela, headquarters of the Academia Peruana de la Lengua (APL) in Lima
Quri Kancha and the Convent of Santo Domingo, Cusco
National University of San Marcos, Lima
Moche Nariguera depicting the Decapitator, gold with turquoise and chrysocolla inlays. Museo del Oro del Peru, Lima
'Quipus' were recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures in the region of Andean South America.
Saint Joseph and the Christ Child, Anonymous, Colonial Cusco Painting School, 17th–18th century
Ceviche is a popular lime-marinated seafood dish which originated in Peru.
Marinera Norteña
Francisco Pizarro
Jorge Chávez International Airport, in Callao

Peru has a population of 34 million, and its capital and largest city is Lima.

The need to ease communication and trade with Spain led to the split of the viceroyalty and the creation of new viceroyalties of New Granada and Rio de la Plata at the expense of the territories that formed the Viceroyalty of Peru; this reduced the power, prominence and importance of Lima as the viceroyal capital and shifted the lucrative Andean trade to Buenos Aires and Bogotá, while the fall of the mining and textile production accelerated the progressive decay of the Viceroyalty of Peru.

Madrid

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Capital and most populous city of Spain.

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Viaje de Amaniel
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Edificio España.
Retiro Park
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
Casa de Campo park
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Cuatro Torres Business Area
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Fitur fair in Ifema
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
The Prado Museum
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Interior of the National Library of Spain
Nightlife in the Centro District
The Teatro Real
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
The Las Ventas bullring
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Lima, Peru

Mexico City

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Capital and largest city of Mexico, and the most populous city in North America.

Capital and largest city of Mexico, and the most populous city in North America.

The city was the place of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital.
Storming of the Teocalli by Cortez and his Troops (1848)
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral's (1571–1813) 18th century painting. The cathedral was built by the Spaniards over the ruins of the main Aztec temple.
Mexico City in 1628
Palacio de Mineria, Mexico City. The elevation of silver mining as a profession and the ennoblement of silver miners was a development of the eighteenth-century Bourbon Reforms
A painting of the American assault on the Chapultepec Castle.
Mexican President and later dictator Porfirio Díaz (second from right) commissioned many of the ornate European style buildings constructed from the 1890–1910 and hoped for Mexico City to eventually rival European cities like Paris in opulence
Corpses in front of the National Palace during the Ten Tragic Days. Photographer, Manuel Ramos.
Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera house in San Ángel designed by Juan O'Gorman, an example of 20th-century Modernist architecture in Mexico
Students in a burned bus during the protests of 1968
First ladies Paloma Cordero of Mexico (left) and Nancy Reagan of the United States (right) with U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, John Gavin observing the damage done by the 1985 earthquake.
Satellite image of Mexico City
Trajineras in the canals of Xochimilco. Xochimilco and the historic center of Mexico City were declared a World Heritage Site in 1987.
Air pollution over Mexico City. Air quality is poorest during the winter.
The Chapultepec was an important park during the Aztecs whose access had been limited to its nobility, was declared open to the public by a decree of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1530, it is one of the world's largest city parks.
Lightning in the background of the Torre Mayor
Growth of Mexico city's area from 1900 to 2000
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in La Villa de Guadalupe, the main Catholic pilgrimage site in the Americas. It houses the original image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Secretariat of Health building
Central Campus of the University City of the UNAM. Since 2007 the University City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The National Palace of Mexico
Senate of the Republic
Legislative Palace of San Lázaro
Offices of the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
Mexico City's Legislative Assembly building
The 16 boroughs of Mexico City
Federal Police headquarters in Mexico City
The Paseo de la Reforma is a wide avenue designed by Ferdinand von Rosenzweig in the 1860s and was modeled after the Champs-Élysées in Paris.
Palacio de Hierro store
The Turibus runs through many of the most important tourist attractions in the city.
The Art Nouveau/Neoclassical Palacio de Bellas Artes is the prominent cultural center in the city
Receptions Hall at the Museo Nacional de Arte
lReconstruction of the entrance to the Hochob temple in the National Museum of Anthropology
Museo Soumaya
The City Theatre built in 1918.
A guajolota, a tamale torta invention.
Televisa headquarters in Mexico City
Azteca Stadium, the 21st largest stadium in the world
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez
Mexico City Arena
Mexico City Metro
Metrobús rapid transit bus stop station at Indios Verdes
The Anillo Periférico and Paseo de la Reforma in Miguel Hidalgo
Bicycles available for rental in Zona Rosa
Mexico City International Airport
Felipe Ángeles International Airport
Santa Fe is one of the centers of greatest economic activity in the city.
Central de Abasto is one of the two large wholesale markets in Mexico City, along with the Nueva Viga market, which specializes in fish and seafood.
Biblioteca Vasconcelos
Street tacos in Mexico City
A pesero or microbús

Three of Lima's Haute restaurants, serving Peruvian cuisine, have locations in Mexico City: La Mar, Segundo Muelle and Astrid y Gastón.

Mexico City is the first Latin American city to host the Olympic Games, having held the Summer Olympics in 1968, winning bids against Buenos Aires, Lyon and Detroit.

São Paulo

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City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

Founding of São Paulo, 1913 painting by Antonio Parreiras
Courtyard of the College, Pátio do Colégio, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the late 20th century, based on the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653
The Monument to the Bandeiras commemorates the 17th-century bandeiras
Domingos Jorge Velho, a notable bandeirante
Luz Station in 1900
Group of aviators from São Paulo at Campo de Marte Airport during the Constitutionalist Revolution
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo
Tietê River, with the Marginal Tietê
Billings Reservoir
Heavy rain and lightning in São Paulo, which has the largest number of lightning incidents amongst Brazilian state capitals
Sunny day in the People's Park
Italian immigrants in the Immigrant Inn, c. 1890
Italian restaurant at Bela Vista district
Arab immigrants in the city of São Paulo, 1940s
The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo
Training of soldiers of the Military Police of São Paulo State at the Military Police Academy of Barro Branco
Slum (favela) of Paraisópolis, in the district of Vila Andrade, with residential buildings in the background
Public housing in Heliópolis
Museum of the Portuguese Language
The 18th edition of the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in 2014
Matarazzo Building, the São Paulo city hall
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge aside of Centro Empresarial Nações Unidas
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins: side by side, vertical areas and low houses
The city view from Altino Arantes Building
Vale do Anhangabaú, in Downtown
Helicopter taking off from the São Paulo City Hall
Sala São Paulo, the home of the São Paulo State Symphony
Ibirapuera Auditorium
Saint Peter Theatre
Credicard Hall
Mário de Andrade Library
Livraria Cultura
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo
Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo
São Paulo Museum of Image and Sound
Globo São Paulo headquarters (left) and the Sede do BankBoston building at Marginal Pinheiros highway
Arena Corinthians
Morumbi Stadium
Allianz Parque
Saint Silvester Road Race in 2011
Kimi Räikkönen in the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where then-Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil
Formula One São Paulo Grand Prix is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos
Cathedral Square of São Paulo in 1880, during the reign of Emperor Pedro II by Marc Ferrez
Jaraguá Peak is the highest point in the city, at 1135 m
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo at night
University of São Paulo
Albert Einstein Hospital
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Ultraje a Rigor band playing at Rio de Janeiro
Headquarters of the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo on the Marginal Tietê

🇵🇪 Lima, Peru

According to a study by MasterCard in 130 cities around the world, São Paulo was the third most visited destination in Latin America (behind Mexico City and Buenos Aires) with 2.4 million foreign travelers, who spent US$2.9 billion in 2013 (the highest among the cities in the region).

Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

0 links

The last to be organized and also the shortest-lived of the Viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.

The last to be organized and also the shortest-lived of the Viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.

Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and de jure extension (light green)
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and de jure extension (light green)
Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and de jure extension (light green)
Viceroyalty of the Río de La Plata administrative divisions

Buenos Aires, located on the western shore of the Río de la Plata estuary flowing into the Atlantic Ocean, opposite the Portuguese outpost of Colonia del Sacramento, was chosen as the capital.

The Viceroyalty of Peru was requiring all commerce to go through the port of Lima, on the Pacific Ocean.

Havana

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Capital and largest city of Cuba.

Capital and largest city of Cuba.

A panoramic view of Havana, Cuba from atop the Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña.
Coat of arms of La Habana
French pirate Jacques de Sores looting and burning Havana in 1555
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, governor of Cuba who moved Havana's location in 1514
Detail of the plan of the city, port and castles of San Christobal de La Habana-1776
Havana Cathedral, 1748–1777
Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902.
Havana aerial view circa 1920
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, ca. 1957
Hill of the Castillo del Principe
Comite Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba (Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party).
Havana detailed Districts Map (2022-01)
Havana Cathedral view from side street. ca. 1880s
Royal Shipyard of Havana, crop from B. May Y Ca. map, 1853
Plan and explanation of the Royal Shipyard of Havana on the island of Cuba and its surroundings (Library of Congress, date and author unknown)
Frédéric Mialhe_Álbum pintoresco de la Isla de Cuba. Showing Alameda de Paula [1] with the Hospital and Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula. 1840. It was given the name Alameda de Paula because of its proximity to the old Hospital and Iglesia of San Francisco de Paula.
Alameda de Paula during 1940s renovation
Paseo de Tacón_Avenida Carlos III, La Habana, 1952
View of the entrance to the Tacon promenade (Havana)
Quinta de los Molinos
Residence of the Captains General in Quinta de los Molinos in the decades of 1850–1870, Havana, Cuba.
Map Quinta de los Molinos, 1841
El Malecon
El Malecon in 1925
Malecon before construction, ca 1900.
The Colón Cemetery concept-design diagram.
The Colón Cemetery, Havana NE Corner (Calle 18 and Calle N Calzada Zapata and San Antonio Chiquito and Calle 29. May 7, 1949
The Colón cemetery's main gate before 1901
Paseo del Prado
Forestier's master plan for Havana of 1924
Barrio Chino in Centro Habana
Castle of the Real Fuerza, 1577
Plaza del Vapor, Havana of 1835
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Plan of Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Havana, Cuba
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo_roof construction looking towards the front.
Iglesia y hospital San Francisco de Paula
Church San Francisco de Paula, Havana, Cuba
Palacio de Villalba
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, floor plan
1853 Map of Havana shows urban condition of the wall before demolition
Palace stair
Palacio de Aldama, south east corner. Havana, Cuba.
Royal Palm Hotel (Havana), entrance. ca. 1930
Edificio Bacardí
Bacardi Building, Ground Floor Plan
Bacardi Building, first floor
Lobby terrazzo floor
Hotel Habana Libre situado en la esquina más céntrica del Vedado
Fulgencio Batista with an architectural model of the Habana Hilton, c. 1956
Building characteristics advertisement. ca 1948
Edificio Radiocentro CMQ. Television studios entrance on Calle M.
Radiocentro CMQ Building floor plan showing Cinerama
[[:File:How Cinerama is projected.gif]] theater, domino frame structure office building and radio and television studios.
Cinerama using three projectors and curved screen.
Aerial view he FOCSA Building seen from the west showing the floating corridors, circa 1958.
FOCSA Building Typical Floor Plan
prefabricated panels
Antonio Quintana Simonetti Edificio del Seguro Médico, Havana, 1958
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
Federico Beltran Masses in 1914
Painting done in 1929 for the artist's London exhibition, oil on canvas
Víctor Manuel García Valdés, ca. 1940
Victor-manuel-garcia rio-san-juan-matanzas, ca. 1940
Wifredo lam in his studio, 1964
Ballet Nacional de Cuba performing at the Great Theatre
Alicia Alonso and Reyes Fernández in Giselle
Radiocentro CMQ Building, Havana
La-tremenda-corte-programa-radio. Radiocentro CMQ. Live radio tramsmission of La Tremenda Corte in one of the Radio CMQ Studio. From left to right: Erdwin Fernández, Mimí Cal, Adolfo Otero, Miguel Ángel Herrera, Aníbal de Mar y Leopoldo Fernández.
Sight-seeing busses at the Parque Central
Lonja del Comercio building
Interior of the Central Railway Station
Havana tramway
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Havana
Alicia Alonso
José Raúl Capablanca
Alejo Carpentier
Celia Cruz
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
El Caballero de Paris
Carlos Finlay
Wifredo Lam
Ernesto Lecuona
José Lezama Lima
Dulce María Loynaz
José Martí
Rita Montaner
Benny Moré
Antonio Quintana, Architect
Mario Romañach, Architect
Cirilo Villaverde
Capitolio floor plan. Havana, Cuba. 2-Entrance Portico, 3-Rotunda, 4-Apse, 5-Salon de Marti, 6-Library, 7-Committee room, 8-Stair of Honor, 9-Patio-garden, 10-Salon (pasos perdidos), 12-Secretary, 14-Senate, 15-Cámara, 16-Gallery.
Main gate Cementerio de Colón
Palacio de la Marquesa de Villalba, Havana
Satellite view of Havana in October 2005

By the middle of the 18th century Havana had more than seventy thousand inhabitants, and was the third-largest city in the Americas, ranking behind Lima and Mexico City but ahead of Boston and New York.

The Colón Cemetery is one of the most important cemeteries in the world and is generally held to be one of the most important in Latin America in historical and architectural terms, second only to La Recoleta in Buenos Aires.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.

Beijing

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Capital of the People's Republic of China.

Capital of the People's Republic of China.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.
One of the corner towers of the Forbidden City, built by the Yongle Emperor during the early Ming dynasty
Overlapping layout of Beijing during the Liao, Jin, Yuan and Ming dynasties
Summer Palace is one of the several palatial gardens built by Qing emperors in the northwest suburb area.
Chongwenmen, a gate to the inner walled city, c. 1906
A large portrait of Chiang Kai-shek was displayed above Tiananmen after WWII.
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949
A scene from the opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Landsat 7 Satellite image of Beijing Municipality with the surrounding mountains in dark brown
1940s Nationalist Beijing with predominantly traditional architecture
The sign of Doujiao Hutong, one of the many traditional alleyways in the inner city
Beijing average annual temperatures from 1970 to 2019 during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February). Weather station data from ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/. For comparison the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly rose by approximately one degree over the same time period.
Heavy air pollution has resulted in widespread smog. These photographs, taken in August 2005, show the variations in Beijing's air quality.
Houhai Lake and Drum Tower at Shichahai, in the Xicheng District
Xidan is one of the oldest and busiest shopping areas in Beijing.
Beijing products treemap, 2020
The Taikoo Li Sanlitun shopping arcade is a destination for locals and visitors.
The skyline of Beijing CBD
Zhongguancun is a technology hub in Haidian District
The Beijing Ancient Observatory
Qianmen Avenue, a traditional commercial street outside Qianmen Gate along the southern Central Axis
Inside the Forbidden City
Beijing Acrobatic Performance (10553642935)
A Temple of the Goddess in Gubeikou
Fire God Temple in Di'anmen
The tomb pagodas at Tanzhe Temple
Yonghe Temple of Tibetan Buddhism
Niujie Mosque
Church of the Saviour, also known as the Xishiku Church, built in 1703
The China Central Television Headquarters building in CBD
Fireworks above Olympic venues during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
Tai chi (Taijiquan) practitioners at the Fragrant Hills Park
Beijing Workers' Stadium at night as viewed from Sanlitun
Beijing railway station, one of several rail stations in the city
Badaling Expressway overpass near the Great Wall
Typical Beijing traffic signage found at intersections
Traffic jam in the Beijing CBD
Terminal 3 of the Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Two Line 1 trains on the Beijing Subway, which is among the longest and busiest rapid transit systems in the world
An articulated Beijing bus
Bicyclists during rush hour at the Chang'an Avenue, 2009
KJ-2000 and J-10s started the flypast formation on the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

🇵🇪 Lima, Peru

Bogotá

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Capital of Colombia, and one of the largest cities in the world.

Capital of Colombia, and one of the largest cities in the world.

The Bogotá savanna is the high plateau in the Andes where Bogotá is located. The flatlands are clearly visible in the topography and the result of a Pleistocene lake; Lake Humboldt, that existed until around 30,000 years BP
The Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, founder of the city
Iglesia de San Francisco is the oldest church standing in Bogotá, built between 1557-1566, located in La Candelaria (the city Oldest part)
Bolívar Square and the cathedral
The Plateresque Colonial Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé, built between 1604-1622.
The Royal Street (in 1869), today known as Seventh Avenue (Carrera Séptima)
Bogotá La Sabana railway station
Bogotazo
Bogotá is the third largest city within city limits in South America by population, after São Paulo and Lima
International Business Center, Bogotá, D.C.
Hailstorm in Bogotá
Eastern Hills
Sumapaz Páramo
Street arrangement of Bogotá based on the Cartesian coordinate system: North is to the right. (Typical maps for the city place the north on the left.)
View of Bogotá from the mountain Monserrate
Bogotá Future Population (Medium Variant)
The Centro Andino
Parque La Colina Shopping Mall
An old house in the Teusaquillo locality, near downtown Bogotá (Estrato 4)
Map of the TransMilenio system
El Dorado International Airport
Ciclovía in Bogotá
BD Bacatá, under construction, will be the city's tallest building.
Colombian National Museum
Ibero-American Theater Festival
Teatro de Cristóbal Colón (Christopher Columbus Theater)
Estadio El Campín
Monserrate Sanctuary at top of the mount
Atlantis Plaza Mall, featuring the Hard Rock Cafe
La Candelaria, the historical district of the city
Maloka Museum
Bi-articulated TransMilenio bus
Urban (SITP) bus, part of the integrated public transport system
Bikepath in central Bogotá
Traffic on the Northern Highway (Autopista Norte)
"El Claustro" at the Del Rosario University
Luis Carlos Sarmiento Building of Science and Technology at the National University of Colombia
Centro Ático at Pontifical Xavierian University
Mario Laserna Building at the University of the Andes
Liberators Building at El Bosque University
Sergio Arboleda University
Main Cloister at Saint Thomas Aquinas University
Santa Barbara business district
Victorian architecture in Teusaquillo
Torres del Parque
Santa Maria bullring
National Library of Colombia
Julio Mario Santo Domingo Public Library
Virgilio Barco Public Library
El Tintal Public Library
Church of Our Lady of Lourdes
El Lugar de Su Presencia
Bogotá Colombia Temple
Abou Bakr Al-Siddiq Mosque
Ajiaco is one of the city's most representative dishes
"Chocolate santafereño" (Santafe hot chocolate), almojábana, cheese and pandebono
Simón Bolívar Park
Journalists' park
93 Park
Santander park
El Virrey park
Santa Clara Church Museum built between 1629 and 1647. It has a large collection of colonial Colombian paintings.
Colonial Art Museum of Bogotá
Gold Museum of Bogotá
Archaeology Museum of Pasca
Botero Museum

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

🇵🇪 Lima, Peru