A report on Buenos Aires and Lisbon

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
MALBA
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
Teatro Colón.
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.
July 9 Avenue
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
EcoBici.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Buenos Aires Underground map
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Luna Park

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

- Lisbon

Lisbon, Portugal

- Buenos Aires

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

7 links

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Lisbon, Portugal (Csa)

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

Rio de Janeiro

6 links

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Marina da Glória
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
Christ the Redeemer
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Barra da Tijuca
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Museum of Tomorrow
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Museum of Modern Art
National Museum of Fine Arts
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
City of Arts
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Estádio São Januário
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Children playing beach football
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Port of Rio de Janeiro
Public transport map
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Madrid

6 links

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Viaje de Amaniel
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Edificio España.
Retiro Park
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
Casa de Campo park
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Cuatro Torres Business Area
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Fitur fair in Ifema
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
The Prado Museum
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Interior of the National Library of Spain
Nightlife in the Centro District
The Teatro Real
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
The Las Ventas bullring
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Lisbon, Portugal (1979)

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Montevideo

4 links

Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Cerro de Montevideo as seen from the city, in 1865.
17th century map of the Río de la Plata basin
"Monte Video from the Anchorage outside the Harbour" by Emeric Essex Vidal (1820). The earliest securely dated picture of the city.
Map of Montevideo during the Guerra Grande (1843–1851).
Plaza Independencia around 1900.
A street in Montevideo's Ciudad Vieja.
Map of Uruguay showing Montevideo on the Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Sunset in Montevideo.
Map of the barrios of Montevideo
Palacio Salvo
Pocitos is the most populous Montevideo neighborhood.
The Legislative Palace.
World Trade Center Montevideo
Telecommunication Tower.
Plaza de la Constitución in winter
Solís Theatre
Monumento La Carreta
Obelisk of Montevideo in the Parque Batlle
The Botanic Gardens of Parque Prado
Parque Rodó.
Fortaleza del Cerro
Punta Brava lighthouse.
Fishermen in Punta Carretas.
Playa de los Pocitos
Central Cemetery.
Palacio Municipal, headquarters of the Intendencia.
Solis Theatre in Montevideo
Painter shop in Montevideo
The poet Delmira Agustini.
The writer Eduardo Galeano.
Fountain in the entry of the Cabildo
Uruguayan officials conversing at a meeting at the Palacio Taranco, 6 November 2010
Museo Historico Nacional de Montevideo
Museo Torres García
Museo Naval de Montevideo
Montevideo Carnival: drummers
"Zonal queens"
Estadio Centenario
Rugby in Montevideo
Cathedral Interior
Punta Carretas Church
Montevideo's beach on the River Plate
Hotel Casino Carrasco
Libertador Avenue
TV reporter in Montevideo
Estación Central General Artigas.
View of the new railway station
Carrasco International Airport.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Montevideo to Argentina
Port of Montevideo
Kindergarten kids at a public school in Montevideo
A laundress girl in a school play in Montevideo

Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires.

Lisbon, Portugal

Asunción

3 links

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Cabildo of Asunción in 1854
View of the city of Asunción during the Paraguayan War.
Six districts of the city of Asunción
Neighborhoods of Asunción
Universidad Americana
Main access roads
Asunción's Línea 23 bus.
Silvio Pettirossi International Airport
Traditional buildings in Calle Palma
The National Pantheon of Heroes is one of the most significant buildings in Asunción
The Estadio Defensores del Chaco is the largest stadium in Paraguay
Asunción's Downtown in 1872
A tram in the city centre in 1986. The tram system closed in the late 1990s.
Asunción at night
Downtown Asunción. Being one of the oldest national capitals in the Americas, the Loma San Jerónimo neighborhood is the city's most traditional one.<ref>{{cite web|title=Barrio Loma San Jerónimo, Asunción|url=https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|website=bienvenidoaparaguay.com.py|publisher=Bienvenido a Paraguay|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Biografías de Asunción - Loma San Jerónimo|url=https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|website=asuncion.gov.py|publisher=Municipalidad de Asunción|language=es|date=2020-08-13|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=20 December 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Loma San Jeronimo|url=https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|website=tripadvisor.com|publisher=Tripadvisor|language=en|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=22 March 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
A picture of Microcentro de Asunción (Old town Asunción), featuring the port of the city, one of the most important in Paraguay.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto ASU|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto de Asunción, una conexión con nuestra historia|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2021-12-07|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|url-status=live}}</ref>
Asunción, seen from the International Space Station
Costanera Avenue, Asunción
Democracy Square, Asunción, Paraguay

From Asunción, Spanish colonial expeditions departed to found other cities, including the second foundation of Buenos Aires, that of other important cities such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and 65 more.

Lisbon, Portugal

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

Paris

4 links

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999

Lisbon, 1998

2010 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities

3 links

International, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.

International, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.

2010 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
2012 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Lisbon, Portugal.
2018 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in San José, Costa Rica.
2021 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Madrid, Spain.

Buenos Aires (capital of Argentina)

Lisbon (capital of Portugal)

The T9 tramway in Paris was opened on the 10 April 2021.

Tram

1 links

Rail vehicle that travels on tramway tracks on public urban streets; some include segments on segregated right-of-way.

Rail vehicle that travels on tramway tracks on public urban streets; some include segments on segregated right-of-way.

The T9 tramway in Paris was opened on the 10 April 2021.
With more than 14,000 units built, Tatra T3 is one of the most widely produced tram models in history.
14,991 KTM-5 tram vehicles were manufactured in Russia from 1969 to 1992.
Siemens tram in Almada near Lisbon.
A horse-drawn tram operated by Swansea and Mumbles Railway, 1870. Established in 1804, the railway service was the world's first.
A horse-drawn tram in Sydney, 1894. The city saw Australia's first tram service open in 1860.
Horse-drawn trams continued to be used in New York City until 1917.
A steam tram engine from the Cologne-Bonn Railway, pulling a train through Brühl marketplace, c. 1900
Winding drums of the London and Blackwall cable-operated railway
The first cable car service in Melbourne, 1885. From its founding to 1940, Melbourne operated one of the largest cable car networks in the world.
A San Francisco cable car in 2008. The cable car's effectiveness in hilly environments partially explains its continued use in San Francisco.
Gross-Lichterfelde Tram in 1882. Early electric trams operated by the company lacked overhead wires, drawing current from the rails.
A tram in Budapest in 1908. The city established a network of electric trams in 1894.
Melbourne Tram system in 1979. Melbourne remained the only city to operate a tram network in Australia through the 1970s.
Streetcar in Toledo, Ohio, 1895
Recharging battery-powered trams of Paris and Seine Tramway Company, Pont de Puteaux, Paris, late 1890s
Until the 1930s a small number of tramways in Japan were operated by human power. Tramcar from Matsuyama Handcar Tramway, Osaki, Japan
The only petrol-driven tram of Stockholms Spårvägar, on line 19, in the 1920s.
A modern design Škoda Artic tram in Tampere, Finland, in 2022
Several trams in Toronto on a dedicated right of way lane. The tram in the left foreground is about to enter a portion of the tram network that operates in mixed traffic.
Overhead lines are used to provide power for most electric trams. Overhead wires are used for both trams and light rail systems.
A section of APS track in Bordeaux with powered and neutral sections.
The fragmented tram routes of Paris are slowly being joined up
Cross section of a grooved tram rail.
Produced in 1923 and 1924, the 900 Series tram is still used by the New Orleans tram system. Trams typically have longer service life than internal combustion buses.
A V3A tram running down tracks embedded in grass on the Timișoara Boulevard in Bucharest, Romania
A sign advising cyclists to dismount due to tram tracks. Tram tracks pose a hazard for cyclists, as their wheels may get caught in the track.
The driver's seat in the tram of the Russian model «Lionok»
Map of Melbourne's tram system in 2009 (with proposed extensions). The tram system is the largest the world.
Map of Saint Petersburg's tram system in 2022. The system was once the world's largest, before it was surpassed by Melbourne's system.
City Star tram at longest intracity tram route in Kazan.
At its peak, the Paris tram system was the world's largest, with over 1111 km of track in 1925.
A tram in Chengdu, whose line forms a part of the Chengdu Metro. The city is one of several in China to invest in tram systems in the early 21st century
Cologne Stadtbahn is the largest tram network in the European Union.
The Toronto streetcar system is the largest streetcar system in the Americas.
Opened in 2001, the Portland Streetcar was the first (non-heritage) tram network established in North America in decades.
A painting of Auckland in 1889 with horse-drawn trams on the roadway.
Construction of light rail in Canberra. The development of light rail became a major issue in the 2016 ACT general elections.
PreMetro line E2 is a tram network that has operated in Buenos Aires since 1987.
A model of a town with a tram model built into it.
A sign in Portland that reads "go by streetcar." Trams are typically called streetcars in North America.
Melbourne E-Class Tram. The Melbourne tram network is the largest in the world, with 250km of track
Tram networks around the world: 
Countries with tram networks
Countries without tram networks

The tram was developed in numerous cities of Europe (some of the most extensive systems were found in Berlin, Budapest, Birmingham, Saint Petersburg, Lisbon, London, Manchester, Paris, Kyiv).

Buenos Aires in Argentina once had one of the most extensive tramway networks in the world with over 857 km of track, most of it dismantled during the 1960s in favour of bus transportation. A new line, the PreMetro line E2 system feeding the Line E of the Buenos Aires Underground has been operating since 1987 on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.

Kyiv

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Capital and most populous city of Ukraine.

Capital and most populous city of Ukraine.

Detail of Sebastian Münster's [[:File:Polonia Et Ungaria XX Nova Tabula.jpg|Map of Poland and Hungary]], 1552, showing Kyiv labelled "Kyouia epatus" (Kyovia episcopatus)
A fragment of the New Universal Atlas by John Cary, London, 1808. The city was situated on the borderline between the former Polish (left) and Russian (right) zones of influence, with the name being presented as Kiev.
Legendary Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv and Lybid in the Radziwiłł Chronicle
Hungarians at Kyiv in 830 during the times of the Rus' Khaganate
The Baptism of Kyivans, a painting by Klavdiy Lebedev
The 1686 city map of Kyiv ("Kiovia")
Cossack Bohdan Khmelnytsky entering Kyiv after the Khmelnytsky Uprising against Polish domination. Painting by Mykola Ivasiuk.
Kyiv in the late 19th century
Kyiv's council chambers in 1930
Ruins of Kyiv during World War II
The Ukrainian national flag was raised outside Kyiv's City Hall for the first time on 24 July 1990.
A Copernicus Programme Sentinel-2 image of Kyiv and the Dnieper
A view of the left bank neighbourhoods of Kyiv
The Berezniaky neighbourhood in Dnipro Raion
The Kyiv National Opera House
The Kyiv Academic Puppet Theatre
A public concert held on Maidan Nezalezhnosti during Kyiv's 2005 Eurovision Song Contest
Lilacs in the National Botanical Garden, with the Vydubychi Monastery, Darnitskiy Rail Bridge and left-bank Kyiv visible in the background
The National Historical Museum of Ukraine
The annual 5.5 km "Run under the Chestnuts" is a popular public sporting event in Kyiv, with hundreds taking part every year.
The TsUM department store
The An-124, the largest aircraft ever mass-produced, designed by Antonov in Kyiv
The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences is based in Kyiv.
National Taras Shevchenko University
Trolleybus ElektroLAZ-301 at Sofia Square, passing by the statue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Zoloti Vorota Metro Station Central Hall.
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Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel.
Igor Sikorsky on Time magazine cover, 1953.
Pianist Vladimir Horowitz was born in Kyiv.
Milla Jovovich
Golden Gate
Holy Dormition Cathedral
St. Sophia Cathedral
St. Volodymyr's Cathedral
St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery
Intercession Convent
St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral
Saint Andrew's Church
Mariinskyi Palace
National Bank of Ukraine
"House with Chimaeras"
Brodsky Choral Synagogue - Moorish Revival architecture

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (2000)

Lisbon, Portugal

Miami

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Major city and a coastal metropolis located in Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida, in the United States.

Major city and a coastal metropolis located in Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida, in the United States.

Approximately 400 men voted for Miami's incorporation in 1896 in the building to the left
The mouth of Miami River at Brickell Key, February 2010
View from one of the higher points in Miami, west of Downtown Miami. The highest natural point in the city of Miami is in Coconut Grove, near the bay, along the Miami Rock Ridge at 24 ft above sea level.
Typical summer afternoon thunderstorm rolling in from the Everglades
Map of racial/ethnic distribution in Miami, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Downtown is South Florida's main hub for finance, commerce and international business. Brickell Avenue has the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S.
As seen in 2006, the high-rise construction in Miami has inspired popular opinion of "Miami manhattanization"
Brickell Avenue in Downtown Miami's Brickell Financial District
PortMiami is the world's largest cruise ship port, and is the headquarters of many of the world's largest cruise companies
The Royal Caribbean International headquarters at the Port of Miami
Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States
Lowe Art Museum on the campus of the University of Miami
Hard Rock Stadium is the venue for the Miami Dolphins of the NFL, the Miami Hurricanes of college football, and College Football Playoff's (CFP) Orange Bowl
Casino Miami, known as "The Yankee Stadium of Jai Alai"
Bayfront Park on Biscayne Bay, February 2017
Miami City Hall at Dinner Key in Coconut Grove. The city's primary administrative offices are held here.
Florida International University, with its main campus in nearby University Park, is the largest university in South Florida and the fourth largest university by enrollment in the United States. It is also one of Florida's primary research universities
Founded in 1925, the University of Miami in nearby Coral Gables is Florida's top ranked private institution of higher education
Miami Senior High School, founded in 1903, is Miami's first high school
Former headquarters of the The Miami Herald
The Venetian Causeway (left) and MacArthur Causeway (right) connect Downtown and South Beach, Miami Beach.
State Road 886 (Port Boulevard) connects downtown and PortMiami by bridge over Biscayne Bay.
The Metrorail is the city's rapid transit system and connects the city's central core with its outlying suburbs.
Tri-Rail is Miami's commuter rail that runs north–south from Miami's suburbs in West Palm Beach to Miami International Airport.

Buenos Aires, Argentina (since 1979)

Lisbon, Portugal