A report on Rio de JaneiroMadrid and Buenos Aires

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Marina da Glória
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Viaje de Amaniel
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
The Edificio España.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Retiro Park
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Christ the Redeemer
Casa de Campo park
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Barra da Tijuca
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Cuatro Torres Business Area
MALBA
Museum of Tomorrow
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Fitur fair in Ifema
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Museum of Modern Art
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
National Museum of Fine Arts
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
The Prado Museum
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
Teatro Colón.
City of Arts
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
July 9 Avenue
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Maracanã Stadium
Interior of the National Library of Spain
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Nightlife in the Centro District
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Estádio São Januário
The Teatro Real
EcoBici.
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
Buenos Aires Underground map
Children playing beach football
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
The Las Ventas bullring
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
Port of Rio de Janeiro
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Public transport map
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
Luna Park
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Rio de Janeiro ferry
Students of the IE Business School
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

On 2 October 2009, the International Olympic Committee announced that Rio de Janeiro would host the 2016 Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, beating competitors Chicago, Tokyo, and Madrid.

- Rio de Janeiro

According to Global Language Monitor, the city is the 20th leading fashion capital in the world, ranking second in Latin America after Rio de Janeiro.

- Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid.

- Buenos Aires

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

- Rio de Janeiro

Buenos Aires, Argentina

- Madrid

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

- Madrid

5 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

3 links

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Aw, bordering on Am)

Madrid, Spain (Csa, bordering on BSk)

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

Paris

3 links

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

Paris is the fourth largest municipality in the European Union, following Berlin, Madrid and Rome.

The most prestigious names of French and foreign sculptors, who made their reputation in Paris in the modern era, are Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World), Auguste Rodin, Camille Claudel, Antoine Bourdelle, Paul Landowski (statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro) and Aristide Maillol.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999

Lisbon

3 links

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.

About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Iberian Peninsula, after Madrid and Barcelona.

With open arms, overlooking the whole city, it resembles the Corcovado monument in Rio de Janeiro, and was built after World War II, as a memorial of thanksgiving for Portugal's being spared the horrors and destruction of the war.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

Warsaw

2 links

Capital and largest city of Poland.

Capital and largest city of Poland.

A paper engraving of 16th-century Warsaw by Hogenberg showing St. John's Archcathedral to the right. The church was founded in 1390, and is one of the city's ancient and most important landmarks.
Warsaw New Town in 1778. Painted by Bernardo Bellotto
Water Filters, designed by William Lindley and finished in 1886
Sea of rubble – over 85% of the buildings in Warsaw were destroyed by the end of World War II, including the Old Town and Royal Castle.
The Warsaw Uprising took place in 1944. The Polish Home Army attempted to liberate Warsaw from the Germans before the arrival of the Red Army.
A tourist standing beside the iconic Palace of Culture and Science, 1965
Warsaw, as seen from the ESA Sentinel-2
View of Grzybowski Square in the central district of Warsaw. The city is located on the mostly flat Masovian Plain, but the city centre is at a higher elevation than the suburbs.
Autumn in Warsaw's Royal Baths
Hotel Bristol is a unique example of Warsaw's architectural heritage, combining Art Nouveau and Neo-Renaissance designs.
Main Market Square in Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
New World Street, one of the main shopping promenades in Warsaw
Łazienki Palace, also referred to as the Palace on the Isle
Saxon Garden with the central fountain
A red squirrel in one of Warsaw's parks
The Lutheran Holy Trinity Church is an important landmark
Neoclassical Commission Palace, the house of the city's government
Embassy of the Netherlands
Hala Koszyki, a former market hall from the early 20th century
The Warsaw Stock Exchange is the largest in Central Europe.
Praga Koneser Center within the former Warsaw Vodka Factory
Main TVP headquarters at Woronicza street
The main gate of the University of Warsaw
Warsaw University Library
S8 in Warsaw
Warsaw Chopin Airport
The edifice of the Grand Theatre in Warsaw. It is one of the largest theatres in Europe, featuring one of the biggest stages in the world.
Warsaw Philharmonic is a venue for the International Chopin Piano Competition
Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened in 2013
The 17th-century Ostrogski Castle (left) houses the Chopin Museum.
Wuzetka chocolate cake originated in Warsaw and is an icon of the city
Interior of the Wedel Chocolate Lounge on Szpitalna Street
Annual procession of the Three Wise Men (Epiphany) at Warsaw's Castle Square
The 1659 coat of arms of Old Warsaw on the cover of one of Warsaw's accounting books
1855 bronze sculpture of The Warsaw Mermaid in the Old Town Market Place
The Interior of the National Stadium before the UEFA Euro 2012 semi-final match between Germany and Italy on 28 June 2012
Stadion Wojska Polskiego, the home ground of Legia Warsaw football club
St. Anne's Church
Holy Cross Church
Carmelite Church has an original 18th-century façade
Wilanów Palace, once a royal residence
Belweder Palace, official seat of the President
Castle Square with the Royal Castle and Sigismund's Column
Krasiński Palace, a branch of the National Library
Canon Square (Kanonia) with the narrowest townhouse in Europe
St. Kazimierz Church at New Town Market Square
Three Crosses Square marks the entry into Old Town
Barbican, a remaining relic of historic fortifications.
Poland's bicameral parliament, the Sejm and the Senate
Chancellery of the Prime Minister
The Presidential Palace, seat of the Polish president
Supreme Court of Poland
Supreme Administrative Court
The seat of the administration of the Masovian Voivodeship
Mostowski Palace, the seat of Warsaw's police headquarters
The main gate of the Ministry of Health
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Finance
Metro Line 2, Nowy Świat-Uniwersytet station
Buses
Tram car
Pendolino high-speed trains at Warszawa Centralna
Warsaw Suburban train
254x254px

Much like most capital cities in Europe, Warsaw boasts a foreign-born population that is significantly larger than in other cities, although not coming close to the figures representing the likes of Madrid or Rome.

🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1997)

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

2010 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities

1 links

International, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.

International, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.

2010 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
2012 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Lisbon, Portugal.
2018 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in San José, Costa Rica.
2021 summit of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities in Madrid, Spain.

Founded in October 1982, the union is headquartered in Madrid.

Buenos Aires (capital of Argentina)

Rio de Janeiro (capital of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro - former capital of Brazil)