A report on Paris and Buenos Aires

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Autumn in Paris
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Rue de Rivoli
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Place des Vosges
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
MALBA
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Musée d'Orsay
Teatro Colón.
Musée du quai Branly
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Victor Hugo
July 9 Avenue
Jean-Paul Sartre
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Olympia, a famous music hall
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Charles Aznavour
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
EcoBici.
Dining room of the Vagenende
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Buenos Aires Underground map
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Luna Park
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

At the beginning of the twentieth century, Buenos Aires was the second-largest Catholic city in the world after Paris.

- Buenos Aires

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999

- Paris
Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

10 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

8 links

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

Paris, France (Cfb)

Rio de Janeiro

6 links

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Marina da Glória
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
Christ the Redeemer
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Barra da Tijuca
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Museum of Tomorrow
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Museum of Modern Art
National Museum of Fine Arts
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
City of Arts
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Estádio São Januário
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Children playing beach football
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Port of Rio de Janeiro
Public transport map
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

Inspired by the city of Paris, Passos built the Municipal Theatre, the National Museum of Fine Arts and the National Library in the city's center; brought electric power to Rio and created larger avenues to adapt the city to automobiles.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Madrid

5 links

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Viaje de Amaniel
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Edificio España.
Retiro Park
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
Casa de Campo park
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Cuatro Torres Business Area
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Fitur fair in Ifema
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
The Prado Museum
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Interior of the National Library of Spain
Nightlife in the Centro District
The Teatro Real
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
The Las Ventas bullring
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Another ranking of European cities placed Madrid 5th among 25 cities (behind Berlin, London, Paris and Frankfurt), being rated favourably on economic factors and the labour market as well as transport and communication.

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Yerevan

5 links

Capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

The "birth certificate" of Yerevan at the Erebuni Fortress—a cuneiform inscription left by King Argishti I of Urartu on a basalt stone slab about the foundation of the city in 782 BCE
"YEREVAN" (ԵՐԵՒԱՆ) in an inscription from Kecharis, dating back to 1223
Mount Ararat, the national symbol of Armenia, dominates the Yerevan skyline
Foundations of Shengavit historical site (site settled 3200 BCE cal to 2500 BCE cal)
Erebuni Fortress founded by King Argishti I in 782 BCE
Foundations of Teishebaini building commenced in mid-7th century BCE
Achaemenid rhyton from Erebuni
The ruins of the 4th-century Holy Mother of God Chapel in Avan, north of Yerevan
Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan, 6th century
The 7th-century church of the Holy Mother of God, demolished in 1936
The remains of Surp Hovhannes Chapel, dating back to the 12–13th centuries
The Mausoleum of Kara Koyunlu emirs in Argavand near Yerevan
An illustration of Yerevan by French traveler Jean Chardin in 1673 while he was travelling through the Safavid Empire
Kond, a historic neighbourhood of Yerevan, formed during the 17th century
Yerevan in 1796 in the Qajar era, by G. Sergeevich. An Armenian church is seen on the left and a Persian mosque on the right
Franz Roubaud's 1893 painting of the Erivan Fortress siege of 1827 by the Russian forces under leadership of Ivan Paskevich during the Russo-Persian War (1826–28)
Dzoragyugh neighbourhood of old Yerevan in the 19th century
Saint Gregory Church opened in 1900 (later destroyed in 1939)
The Main Square of Yerevan, 1916
Government house of Armenia from where Aram Manukian declared independence in May 1918
Celebration of the first anniversary of the First Republic of Armenia in 1919
Map of Yerevan in 1920, made before the Soviet reconstruction of the city by Alexander Tamanyan in 1924. Taken looking west, with the Hrazdan River at the top rather than the left side
Mother Armenia erected in 1967, replacing the monumental statue of Joseph Stalin
Monument commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Sovietization of Armenia
Nighttime view of Yerevan in September 2013
The redeveloped Yerevan downtown is the commercial and business centre of the city
Panoramic view from the Kentron district
The monumental statue of the Armenian nationalist figure Garegin Nzhdeh at central Yerevan
Hrazdan River flowing through Yerevan
Yerevan is situated at the northeast of the Ararat plain.
Winter view of Yerevan
Traditional 19th-century buildings of Yerevan on Aram Street
Modern buildings on the Northern Avenue
The Lovers' Park
The Swan Lake
The National Assembly of Armenia on Baghramyan Avenue
Yerevan City Hall (right)
The twelve districts of Yerevan
Saint Nikolai Russian Cathedral, destroyed in 1931.
The 5th-century Saint Paul and Peter Church
Saint John the Baptist Church, consecrated in 1710
Surp Sarkis Church, consecrated in 1842
Holy Cross Russian Orthodox Church consecrated in 2017
Shengavit Medical Center
The National Gallery of Armenia
View from a garden terrace of the Cafesjian Museum of Art at the Cascade
Komitas Museum
Matenadaran library-museum of ancient manuscripts
Handmade Armenian rugs at the Yerevan Vernissage
Paintings exhibited at Saryan park
Yerevan Opera Theater
Komitas Chamber Music House
Moscow Cinema
People celebrating Vardavar water festival in downtown Yerevan
Yerevan TV Tower
Katoghike Church in downtown
Zoravor Surp Astvatsatsin Church
The Blue Mosque
Aerial view of Tsitsernakaberd memorial and the genocide museum
The main entrance to the Zvartnots Airport
A marshrutka
A trolleybus in Yerevan
The Republic Square underground station
Yerevan railway station, with the statue of David of Sassoun
Yerevan Ararat Brandy Factory
Yerevan Brandy Company
Yerevan Champagne Wines Factory
The Central Bank of Armenia
The Elite Plaza Business Center
A 19th-century building in downtown Yerevan, remodeled with modern additions
Cascade complex
Historical districts being demolished and replaced with modern buildings
Kanaker HPP of Yerevan
Vivacell-MTS headquarters in Yerevan
Grand Hotel Yerevan operating since 1926
Armenia Marriott Hotel Yerevan at the Republic Square, built in 1958 with traditional Armenian arch series at the façade
Crowded cafés near the Yerevan Opera House
Dalma Garden Mall
Yerevan State University
Tumo Center for Creative Technologies
Hrazdan Stadium
Tigran Petrosian Chess House
Armenia national basketball team at the Mika Arena
Olympavan, home and training complex of the Armenian Olympic Committee
The hands of friendship from Carrara to Yerevan
Place de France with the statue of Jules Bastien-Lepage by Auguste Rodin at the centre are among the symbols featuring the partnership between Yerevan and Paris

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (2000)

🇫🇷 Paris, France (2011)

São Paulo

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City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

Founding of São Paulo, 1913 painting by Antonio Parreiras
Courtyard of the College, Pátio do Colégio, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the late 20th century, based on the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653
The Monument to the Bandeiras commemorates the 17th-century bandeiras
Domingos Jorge Velho, a notable bandeirante
Luz Station in 1900
Group of aviators from São Paulo at Campo de Marte Airport during the Constitutionalist Revolution
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo
Tietê River, with the Marginal Tietê
Billings Reservoir
Heavy rain and lightning in São Paulo, which has the largest number of lightning incidents amongst Brazilian state capitals
Sunny day in the People's Park
Italian immigrants in the Immigrant Inn, c. 1890
Italian restaurant at Bela Vista district
Arab immigrants in the city of São Paulo, 1940s
The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo
Training of soldiers of the Military Police of São Paulo State at the Military Police Academy of Barro Branco
Slum (favela) of Paraisópolis, in the district of Vila Andrade, with residential buildings in the background
Public housing in Heliópolis
Museum of the Portuguese Language
The 18th edition of the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in 2014
Matarazzo Building, the São Paulo city hall
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge aside of Centro Empresarial Nações Unidas
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins: side by side, vertical areas and low houses
The city view from Altino Arantes Building
Vale do Anhangabaú, in Downtown
Helicopter taking off from the São Paulo City Hall
Sala São Paulo, the home of the São Paulo State Symphony
Ibirapuera Auditorium
Saint Peter Theatre
Credicard Hall
Mário de Andrade Library
Livraria Cultura
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo
Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo
São Paulo Museum of Image and Sound
Globo São Paulo headquarters (left) and the Sede do BankBoston building at Marginal Pinheiros highway
Arena Corinthians
Morumbi Stadium
Allianz Parque
Saint Silvester Road Race in 2011
Kimi Räikkönen in the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where then-Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil
Formula One São Paulo Grand Prix is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos
Cathedral Square of São Paulo in 1880, during the reign of Emperor Pedro II by Marc Ferrez
Jaraguá Peak is the highest point in the city, at 1135 m
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo at night
University of São Paulo
Albert Einstein Hospital
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Ultraje a Rigor band playing at Rio de Janeiro
Headquarters of the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo on the Marginal Tietê

According to Mercer's 2011 city rankings of cost of living for expatriate employees, São Paulo is now among the ten most expensive cities in the world, ranking 10th in 2011, up from 21st in 2010 and ahead of London, Paris, Milan and New York City.

According to a study by MasterCard in 130 cities around the world, São Paulo was the third most visited destination in Latin America (behind Mexico City and Buenos Aires) with 2.4 million foreign travelers, who spent US$2.9 billion in 2013 (the highest among the cities in the region).

Warsaw

4 links

Capital and largest city of Poland.

Capital and largest city of Poland.

A paper engraving of 16th-century Warsaw by Hogenberg showing St. John's Archcathedral to the right. The church was founded in 1390, and is one of the city's ancient and most important landmarks.
Warsaw New Town in 1778. Painted by Bernardo Bellotto
Water Filters, designed by William Lindley and finished in 1886
Sea of rubble – over 85% of the buildings in Warsaw were destroyed by the end of World War II, including the Old Town and Royal Castle.
The Warsaw Uprising took place in 1944. The Polish Home Army attempted to liberate Warsaw from the Germans before the arrival of the Red Army.
A tourist standing beside the iconic Palace of Culture and Science, 1965
Warsaw, as seen from the ESA Sentinel-2
View of Grzybowski Square in the central district of Warsaw. The city is located on the mostly flat Masovian Plain, but the city centre is at a higher elevation than the suburbs.
Autumn in Warsaw's Royal Baths
Hotel Bristol is a unique example of Warsaw's architectural heritage, combining Art Nouveau and Neo-Renaissance designs.
Main Market Square in Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
New World Street, one of the main shopping promenades in Warsaw
Łazienki Palace, also referred to as the Palace on the Isle
Saxon Garden with the central fountain
A red squirrel in one of Warsaw's parks
The Lutheran Holy Trinity Church is an important landmark
Neoclassical Commission Palace, the house of the city's government
Embassy of the Netherlands
Hala Koszyki, a former market hall from the early 20th century
The Warsaw Stock Exchange is the largest in Central Europe.
Praga Koneser Center within the former Warsaw Vodka Factory
Main TVP headquarters at Woronicza street
The main gate of the University of Warsaw
Warsaw University Library
S8 in Warsaw
Warsaw Chopin Airport
The edifice of the Grand Theatre in Warsaw. It is one of the largest theatres in Europe, featuring one of the biggest stages in the world.
Warsaw Philharmonic is a venue for the International Chopin Piano Competition
Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened in 2013
The 17th-century Ostrogski Castle (left) houses the Chopin Museum.
Wuzetka chocolate cake originated in Warsaw and is an icon of the city
Interior of the Wedel Chocolate Lounge on Szpitalna Street
Annual procession of the Three Wise Men (Epiphany) at Warsaw's Castle Square
The 1659 coat of arms of Old Warsaw on the cover of one of Warsaw's accounting books
1855 bronze sculpture of The Warsaw Mermaid in the Old Town Market Place
The Interior of the National Stadium before the UEFA Euro 2012 semi-final match between Germany and Italy on 28 June 2012
Stadion Wojska Polskiego, the home ground of Legia Warsaw football club
St. Anne's Church
Holy Cross Church
Carmelite Church has an original 18th-century façade
Wilanów Palace, once a royal residence
Belweder Palace, official seat of the President
Castle Square with the Royal Castle and Sigismund's Column
Krasiński Palace, a branch of the National Library
Canon Square (Kanonia) with the narrowest townhouse in Europe
St. Kazimierz Church at New Town Market Square
Three Crosses Square marks the entry into Old Town
Barbican, a remaining relic of historic fortifications.
Poland's bicameral parliament, the Sejm and the Senate
Chancellery of the Prime Minister
The Presidential Palace, seat of the Polish president
Supreme Court of Poland
Supreme Administrative Court
The seat of the administration of the Masovian Voivodeship
Mostowski Palace, the seat of Warsaw's police headquarters
The main gate of the Ministry of Health
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Finance
Metro Line 2, Nowy Świat-Uniwersytet station
Buses
Tram car
Pendolino high-speed trains at Warszawa Centralna
Warsaw Suburban train
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Exceptional examples of the bourgeois architecture of the later periods were not restored by the communist authorities after the war or were remodelled into a socialist realist style (like Warsaw Philharmonic edifice originally inspired by Palais Garnier in Paris).

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

Montevideo

2 links

Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Capital and largest city of Uruguay.

Cerro de Montevideo as seen from the city, in 1865.
17th century map of the Río de la Plata basin
"Monte Video from the Anchorage outside the Harbour" by Emeric Essex Vidal (1820). The earliest securely dated picture of the city.
Map of Montevideo during the Guerra Grande (1843–1851).
Plaza Independencia around 1900.
A street in Montevideo's Ciudad Vieja.
Map of Uruguay showing Montevideo on the Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Sunset in Montevideo.
Map of the barrios of Montevideo
Palacio Salvo
Pocitos is the most populous Montevideo neighborhood.
The Legislative Palace.
World Trade Center Montevideo
Telecommunication Tower.
Plaza de la Constitución in winter
Solís Theatre
Monumento La Carreta
Obelisk of Montevideo in the Parque Batlle
The Botanic Gardens of Parque Prado
Parque Rodó.
Fortaleza del Cerro
Punta Brava lighthouse.
Fishermen in Punta Carretas.
Playa de los Pocitos
Central Cemetery.
Palacio Municipal, headquarters of the Intendencia.
Solis Theatre in Montevideo
Painter shop in Montevideo
The poet Delmira Agustini.
The writer Eduardo Galeano.
Fountain in the entry of the Cabildo
Uruguayan officials conversing at a meeting at the Palacio Taranco, 6 November 2010
Museo Historico Nacional de Montevideo
Museo Torres García
Museo Naval de Montevideo
Montevideo Carnival: drummers
"Zonal queens"
Estadio Centenario
Rugby in Montevideo
Cathedral Interior
Punta Carretas Church
Montevideo's beach on the River Plate
Hotel Casino Carrasco
Libertador Avenue
TV reporter in Montevideo
Estación Central General Artigas.
View of the new railway station
Carrasco International Airport.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Montevideo to Argentina
Port of Montevideo
Kindergarten kids at a public school in Montevideo
A laundress girl in a school play in Montevideo

Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires.

🇫🇷 Paris, France

Lisbon

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Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

🇫🇷 Paris, France (1998)

Athens

2 links

Capital city of Greece.

Capital city of Greece.

Athena, patron goddess of Athens; (Varvakeion Athena, National Archaeological Museum)
Delian League, under the leadership of Athens before the Peloponnesian War in 431 BC
The Lycabettus Hill from the Pedion tou Areos park.
Snowfall in Athens on 16 February 2021
Changing of the Greek Presidential Guard in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Syntagma Square.
The entrance of the National Gardens, commissioned by Queen Amalia in 1838 and completed by 1840
View of Vila Atlantis, in Kifissia, designed by Ernst Ziller.
Beach in the southern suburb of Alimos, one of the many beaches in the southern coast of Athens
The former mayor of Athens Giorgos Kaminis (right) with the ex–Prime Minister of Greece, George Papandreou Jr. (left).
View of the Athens Urban Area and the Saronic Gulf.
View of Neapoli, Athens
View of Athens and the Saronic Gulf from the Philopappou Hill.
The Athens Urban Area within the Attica Basin from space
Athens population distribution
The seven districts of the Athens Municipality
Ermou street, the main commercial street of Athens, near Syntagma Square.
The 28-storey Athens Tower was completed in 1971, and in a city often bound by low-rise regulations to ensure good views of the Acropolis, is Greece's tallest.
Athens railways network (metro, proastiakós and tram)
Athens Metro train (3rd generation stock)
Suburban rail
Vehicle of the Athens Tram.
The new Athens International Airport, that replaced the old Hellinikon International Airport, opened in 2001.
Interchange at the Attiki Odos airport entrance
View of Hymettus tangent (Periferiaki Imittou) from Kalogeros Hill
Facade of the Academy of Athens
The National Library of Greece.
The Artemision Bronze or God of the Sea, that represents either Zeus or Poseidon, is exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum.
The Cathedral of Athens (Athens Metropolis).
The Caryatides (Καρυάτιδες), or Maidens of Karyai, as displayed in the new Acropolis Museum. One of the female sculptures was taken away from the Erechteion by Lord Elgin and is kept in the British Museum.
Interior of the Academy of Athens, designed by Theophil Hansen.
The Zappeion Hall
Two apartment buildings in central Athens. The left one is a modernist building of the 1930s, while the right one was built in the 1950s.
The inner yard, still a feature of thousands of Athenian residences, may reflect a tradition evident since Antiquity.
The Old Parliament House, now home to the National History Museum. View from Stadiou Street.
The National Archaeological Museum in central Athens
The Acropolis Museum
The National Theatre of Greece, near Omonoia Square
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre, home of the Greek National Opera and the new National Library.
10,000-meter final during the 2004 Olympic Games
Tondo of the Aison Cup, showing the victory of Theseus over the Minotaur in the presence of Athena. Theseus was responsible, according to the myth, for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens.
The earliest coinage of Athens, {{circa}} 545–525/15 BC
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Athens during the rule of the de la Roche family (13th century)
The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus with river Ilisos by Edward Dodwell, 1821
The Entry of King Otto in Athens, Peter von Hess, 1839.
The Stadiou Street in Central Athens in 1908.
thumb|Temporary accommodation for the Greek refugees from Asia Minor in tents in Thiseio. After the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 thousands of families settled in Athens and the population of the city doubled.
The Hellenic Parliament
The Presidential Mansion, formerly the Crown Prince Palace, in Herodou Attikou Street.
The Maximos Mansion, official office of the Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic, in Herodou Attikou Street.
The Athens City Hall in Kotzia Square was designed by Panagiotis Kolkas and completed in 1874.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/arxeio_more.aspx?id=39|title=ΑΡΧΕΙΟ ΝΕΟΤΕΡΩΝ ΜΝΗΜΕΙΩΝ - Δημαρχείο Αθηνών|website=www.eie.gr|access-date=26 February 2019|archive-date=26 February 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190226172829/http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/arxeio_more.aspx?id=39|url-status=live}}</ref>
The Embassy of France in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue.
The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue.
Fencing before the king of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
The Panathenaic Stadium of Athens (Kallimarmaron) dates back to the 4th century BC and has hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896.

🇫🇷 Paris, France (2000)

Prior to this round, the cities of Buenos Aires, Stockholm and Cape Town had been eliminated from competition, having received fewer votes.

Santiago

2 links

Capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.

Capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.

Municipality of Santiago Commune
1541 founding of Santiago. Painting by Pedro Lira, the portrait of Pedro de Valdivia and Juan Martín de Candia; proclaiming the City of Santiago de Chile, c. 1541
Inés de Suárez, successfully defending Santiago against a Mapuche attack in 1541
Map of colonial Santiago at the beginning of the 18th century.
The Calicanto bridge over the Mapocho river was the main symbol of the city of Santiago after its inauguration in 1779.
Battle of Maipú, 1818
La Alameda, Santiago in 1860
Map of Santiago in 1895.
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The Plaza de Armas in 1906.
View of Ahumada, in the city center, in the late 1920s.
Women prepare soup kitchens in 1932.
View of Alameda in 1930.
Extension of Greater Santiago, in 1965.
The expansion to the periphery forced the Santiago metro extension to the commune of Maipú and Puente Alto. here an Alstom NS 74 (center) begins to leave a metro station, while an Alstom NS 93 (far lower right) is nearing the same metro station.
The Gran Torre Santiago (Great Santiago Tower), part of the Costanera Center complex, is the second tallest building in Ibero-America
Northwestern Las Condes From Sky Costanera at dusk, Oct. 2018
Satellite image of Santiago taken by Landsat 8 on 24 October 2014.
Population of Santiago from 1820 to 2020 (projected).
Santiago by Human Development Index on a commune-basis in 2017.
Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport
Estación Central railway station, with an X'Trapolis trainset
Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado
Costanera Norte Expressway
Vicente Valdés station
Santiago Metro map as January, 2019
Los Leones station
Transantiago bus, with original color scheme (2005–2012)
Map of Santiago depicting main streets and airport.
Map of Santiago communes
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The statue of the Virgin Mary at San Cristobal Hill is one of the main symbols of the city.
Municipal Theatre of Santiago
Interior from Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center.
Estadio Nacional de Chile
Universidad de Chile
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Ski Center La Parva
Santiago Metropolitan Park
Santiago in the winter
Santiago in the summer
Palacio de La Moneda
Contemporary Art Museum of Santiago
Fine Arts Museum
Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Former Congress Building
Chemamull statues at Precolumbian Art Museum of Santiago
Club de La Unión
Façade of the Santiago Stock Exchange
Basílica del Salvador
Paseo Bulnes, downtown Santiago
Paseo Ahumada, downtown Santiago
Entel Tower
A street in Santiago

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

🇫🇷 Paris, France