A report on Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Marina da Glória
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Christ the Redeemer
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Barra da Tijuca
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
MALBA
Museum of Tomorrow
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Museum of Modern Art
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
National Museum of Fine Arts
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Brazilian Academy of Letters
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
Teatro Colón.
City of Arts
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
July 9 Avenue
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Maracanã Stadium
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Estádio São Januário
EcoBici.
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Buenos Aires Underground map
Children playing beach football
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
Port of Rio de Janeiro
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Public transport map
Luna Park
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro at night
Morro da Providência slum (favela)
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium

According to Global Language Monitor, the city is the 20th leading fashion capital in the world, ranking second in Latin America after Rio de Janeiro.

- Buenos Aires

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

- Rio de Janeiro

13 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

9 links

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Aw, bordering on Am)

Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa)

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

Paris

6 links

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

The most prestigious names of French and foreign sculptors, who made their reputation in Paris in the modern era, are Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World), Auguste Rodin, Camille Claudel, Antoine Bourdelle, Paul Landowski (statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro) and Aristide Maillol.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999

Lisbon

6 links

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.

With open arms, overlooking the whole city, it resembles the Corcovado monument in Rio de Janeiro, and was built after World War II, as a memorial of thanksgiving for Portugal's being spared the horrors and destruction of the war.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)

São Paulo

5 links

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

Founding of São Paulo, 1913 painting by Antonio Parreiras
Courtyard of the College, Pátio do Colégio, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the late 20th century, based on the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653
The Monument to the Bandeiras commemorates the 17th-century bandeiras
Domingos Jorge Velho, a notable bandeirante
Luz Station in 1900
Group of aviators from São Paulo at Campo de Marte Airport during the Constitutionalist Revolution
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo
Tietê River, with the Marginal Tietê
Billings Reservoir
Heavy rain and lightning in São Paulo, which has the largest number of lightning incidents amongst Brazilian state capitals
Sunny day in the People's Park
Italian immigrants in the Immigrant Inn, c. 1890
Italian restaurant at Bela Vista district
Arab immigrants in the city of São Paulo, 1940s
The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo
Training of soldiers of the Military Police of São Paulo State at the Military Police Academy of Barro Branco
Slum (favela) of Paraisópolis, in the district of Vila Andrade, with residential buildings in the background
Public housing in Heliópolis
Museum of the Portuguese Language
The 18th edition of the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in 2014
Matarazzo Building, the São Paulo city hall
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge aside of Centro Empresarial Nações Unidas
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins: side by side, vertical areas and low houses
The city view from Altino Arantes Building
Vale do Anhangabaú, in Downtown
Helicopter taking off from the São Paulo City Hall
Sala São Paulo, the home of the São Paulo State Symphony
Ibirapuera Auditorium
Saint Peter Theatre
Credicard Hall
Mário de Andrade Library
Livraria Cultura
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo
Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo
São Paulo Museum of Image and Sound
Globo São Paulo headquarters (left) and the Sede do BankBoston building at Marginal Pinheiros highway
Arena Corinthians
Morumbi Stadium
Allianz Parque
Saint Silvester Road Race in 2011
Kimi Räikkönen in the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where then-Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil
Formula One São Paulo Grand Prix is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos
Cathedral Square of São Paulo in 1880, during the reign of Emperor Pedro II by Marc Ferrez
Jaraguá Peak is the highest point in the city, at 1135 m
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo at night
University of São Paulo
Albert Einstein Hospital
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Ultraje a Rigor band playing at Rio de Janeiro
Headquarters of the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo on the Marginal Tietê

In an assessment carried out by the WHO among over a thousand cities around the world in 2011, the city of São Paulo was ranked 268th among the most polluted, with an average rate of 38 micrograms per cubic meter, a rate well above the limit imposed by the organization, but lower than in other Brazilian cities, such as Rio de Janeiro (64 micrograms per cubic meter).

According to a study by MasterCard in 130 cities around the world, São Paulo was the third most visited destination in Latin America (behind Mexico City and Buenos Aires) with 2.4 million foreign travelers, who spent US$2.9 billion in 2013 (the highest among the cities in the region).

Madrid

5 links

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Viaje de Amaniel
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Edificio España.
Retiro Park
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
Casa de Campo park
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Cuatro Torres Business Area
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Fitur fair in Ifema
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
The Prado Museum
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Interior of the National Library of Spain
Nightlife in the Centro District
The Teatro Real
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
The Las Ventas bullring
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Latin America

1 links

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Presencia de América Latina (Presence of Latin America, 1964–65) is a 300. sqm mural at the hall of the Arts House of the University of Concepción, Chile. It is also known as Latin America's Integration.
The four common subregions in Latin America
Mayan UNESCO World Heritage Site of Chichén Itzá
A view of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu, a pre-Columbian Inca site in Peru.
Surviving section of the Inca road system in Northwestern Argentina, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The road system linked the Andean empire
Cristóbal de Olid leads Spanish soldiers with Tlaxcalan allies against Indigenous warriors during the European colonization of the Americas.
Map of Brazil showing Indigenous men cutting brazilwood and Portuguese ships
Areas claimed by the Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Potosí, the "cerro rico" that produced massive amounts of silver from a single site. The first image published in Europe. Pedro Cieza de León, 1553.
Sugar processing by skilled black slave laborers. Sugar cane must be processed immediately once cut in order to capture the most sugar juice, so engenhos needed to be constructed near fields.
Monument to Christopher Columbus, Buenos Aires before its 2013 removal and replaced by the statue of Juana Azurduy, a mestiza fighter for independence.
Development of Spanish American Independence
Ferdinand VII of Spain in whose name Spanish American juntas ruled during his exile 1808–1814; when restored to power in 1814, he reinstated autocratic rule, renewing independence movements
Constitution of 1812
Dom Pedro I, emperor of Brazil
Linguistic map of Latin America. Spanish in green, Portuguese in orange, and French in blue.
Argentine caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas
Mexican strongman Antonio López de Santa Anna
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
American occupation of Mexico City
The Execution of Emperor Maximilian, Édouard Manet 1868. The execution ended monarchic rule in Mexico, and Mexican liberals triumphed
A poster used in Japan to attract immigrants to Brazil. It reads: "Let’s go to South America with families."
The Zimmermann Telegram as it was sent from Washington to Ambassador Heinrich von Eckardt (German ambassador to Mexico)
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho, Monterrey, Mexico 1943. Roosevelt sought strong ties between the U.S. and Latin America in the World War II era
Agrarian reform poster, Guatemala 1952
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, 2 December 1956
Cuba-Russia friendship poster, with Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
Che Guevara Cuban revolutionary poster
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
The name Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan nationalist hero for his struggle against the United States, was taken by leftist guerrillas as the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
Exhumation of corpses in the aftermath of the Guatemalan genocide
Pope Paul VI and Salvadoran cleric Oscar Romero (now St Oscar Romero)
Calls for justice in the wake of the Guatemalan genocide
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
Comandanta Ramona of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Mexico
UNASUR summit in the Palacio de la Moneda, Santiago de Chile
Honduran demonstrator holding a banner with a "don't turn left" sign, 2009.
Eighteenth-century Mexican Casta painting showing 16 castas hierarchically arranged. Ignacio Maria Barreda, 1777. Real Academia Española de la Lengua, Madrid.
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The Las Lajas Sanctuary in the southern Colombia, Department of Nariño.
World map indicating literacy rate by country in 2015 (2015 CIA World Factbook). Grey = no data.
2012 map of countries by homicide rate. As of 2015, the Latin American countries with the highest rates were El Salvador (108.64 per 100,000 people), Honduras (63.75) and Venezuela (57.15). The countries with the lowest rates were Chile (3.59), Cuba (4.72) and Argentina (6.53).
Sumidero Canyon, located in Chiapas, Mexico.
Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws. Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Sugarcane plantation in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 746 million tons. Latin America produces more than half of the world's sugarcane.
Soybean plantation in Mato Grosso. In 2020, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 130 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's soybeans.
Coffee in Minas Gerais. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 3.5 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's coffee.
Oranges in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 17 million tons. Latin America produces 30% of the world's oranges.
Truck of a meat company in Brazil. Latin America produces 25% of the world's beef and chicken meat.
Chile is a first world producer of copper.
Cerro Rico, Potosi, Bolivia, still a major silver mine
Amethyst mine in Ametista do Sul. Latin America is a major producer of gems such as amethyst, topaz, emeralds, aquamarine and tourmaline
Iron mine in Minas Gerais. Brazil is the world's second largest iron ore exporter.
Braskem, the largest Brazilian chemical industry
EMS, the largest Brazilian pharmaceutical industry
Panama Canal expansion project; New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side)
Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Brazil
Ruta 9 / 14, in Zarate, Argentina
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge
Mexico City International Airport
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Itaipu Dam in Paraná.
Wind power in Parnaíba.
Angra Nuclear Power Plant in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro
Pirapora Solar Complex, the largest in Brazil and Latin America with a capacity of 321 MW.
Native New World crops exchanged globally: maize, tomato, potato, vanilla, rubber, cocoa, tobacco
Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Néstor Kirchner, Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Nicanor Duarte, and Hugo Chávez at the signing of the founding charter of the Bank of the South
Aerial view of Cancún. Mexico is the most visited country in Latin America and 6th in the world.
Roman Catholic Easter procession in Comayagua, Honduras
Nicaraguan women wearing the Mestizaje costume, which is a traditional costume worn to dance the Mestizaje dance. The costume demonstrates the Spanish influence upon Nicaraguan clothing.
Diego Rivera's mural depicting Mexico's history at the National Palace in Mexico City
Mural by Santiago Martinez Delgado at the Colombian Congress
The Guadalajara International Film Festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latin America.
In 2015, Alejandro González Iñárritu became the second Mexican director in a row to win both the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. He won his second Oscar in 2016 for The Revenant.
President Cristina Fernández with the film director Juan José Campanella and the cast of The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in 1772 by Andrés de Islas
Argentine Jorge Luis Borges in L'Hôtel, Paris in 1969
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, first Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude
Salsa dancing in Cali, Colombia
Traditional Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatío
Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda helped popularize samba internationally.
A couple dances tango.
Simón Bolívar, Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Panama
José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins, hero of Chilean independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, with the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Vicente Guerrero, insurgent hero of Mexican independence, who joined with Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide, former royal military officer who brought about Mexican independence and was crowned emperor

In Brazil, coastal cities were founded: Olinda (1537), Salvador de Bahia (1549), São Paulo (1554), and Rio de Janeiro (1565).

An example of the new consciousness was the dismantling of the Christopher Columbus monument in Buenos Aires, one of many in the hemisphere, mandated by leftist President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

Brasília

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Federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.

Federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.

The foundation stone of Brasilia, Hill of the Centenary, erected in the year of the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of Brazil's independence in 1922
Urban planner Lúcio Costa was the winner of the competition for the construction project of Brasília and played a key role in the city's landmarking.
Plano Piloto
Brasília in 1958. Only Asa Sul is already leased, and Ministries Esplanade is also visible.
Construction of the Ministries Esplanade in 1959
Brasilia in 1964
Brasilia from Hodoyoshi 1 satellite
Brasilia at night from ISS
Residents of Brasília
View of the Cathedral of Brasilia
Buriti Palace, Seat of Government of the Federal District
Legislative Chamber of the Federal District building
South Banking Sector
South Hotel Sector
Brasília products treemap, 2020
Cultural Complex of the Republic
Cláudio Santoro National Theater
Brazilian Flag and the National Congress in spring
The Monumental Axis
Aerial view of South Wing (Asa Sul) district
Monumental Axis and Brasilia TV Tower
Praça dos Três Poderes (Three Powers Plaza)
The Palácio da Alvorada
Institute of Biological Sciences (IB) of the University of Brasilia
Brasilia International Airport (BSB)
Aerial view of the airport
The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge
Central Bus Station
Brasilia Metro
Estádio Nacional de Brasilia
Nilson Nelson Gymnasium

Brasília was a planned city developed by Lúcio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and Joaquim Cardozo in 1956 in a scheme to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (since 2002)

Kyiv

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Capital and most populous city of Ukraine.

Capital and most populous city of Ukraine.

Detail of Sebastian Münster's [[:File:Polonia Et Ungaria XX Nova Tabula.jpg|Map of Poland and Hungary]], 1552, showing Kyiv labelled "Kyouia epatus" (Kyovia episcopatus)
A fragment of the New Universal Atlas by John Cary, London, 1808. The city was situated on the borderline between the former Polish (left) and Russian (right) zones of influence, with the name being presented as Kiev.
Legendary Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv and Lybid in the Radziwiłł Chronicle
Hungarians at Kyiv in 830 during the times of the Rus' Khaganate
The Baptism of Kyivans, a painting by Klavdiy Lebedev
The 1686 city map of Kyiv ("Kiovia")
Cossack Bohdan Khmelnytsky entering Kyiv after the Khmelnytsky Uprising against Polish domination. Painting by Mykola Ivasiuk.
Kyiv in the late 19th century
Kyiv's council chambers in 1930
Ruins of Kyiv during World War II
The Ukrainian national flag was raised outside Kyiv's City Hall for the first time on 24 July 1990.
A Copernicus Programme Sentinel-2 image of Kyiv and the Dnieper
A view of the left bank neighbourhoods of Kyiv
The Berezniaky neighbourhood in Dnipro Raion
The Kyiv National Opera House
The Kyiv Academic Puppet Theatre
A public concert held on Maidan Nezalezhnosti during Kyiv's 2005 Eurovision Song Contest
Lilacs in the National Botanical Garden, with the Vydubychi Monastery, Darnitskiy Rail Bridge and left-bank Kyiv visible in the background
The National Historical Museum of Ukraine
The annual 5.5 km "Run under the Chestnuts" is a popular public sporting event in Kyiv, with hundreds taking part every year.
The TsUM department store
The An-124, the largest aircraft ever mass-produced, designed by Antonov in Kyiv
The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences is based in Kyiv.
National Taras Shevchenko University
Trolleybus ElektroLAZ-301 at Sofia Square, passing by the statue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Zoloti Vorota Metro Station Central Hall.
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Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel.
Igor Sikorsky on Time magazine cover, 1953.
Pianist Vladimir Horowitz was born in Kyiv.
Milla Jovovich
Golden Gate
Holy Dormition Cathedral
St. Sophia Cathedral
St. Volodymyr's Cathedral
St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery
Intercession Convent
St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral
Saint Andrew's Church
Mariinskyi Palace
National Bank of Ukraine
"House with Chimaeras"
Brodsky Choral Synagogue - Moorish Revival architecture

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (2000)

🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2000)

Yerevan

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Capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

The "birth certificate" of Yerevan at the Erebuni Fortress—a cuneiform inscription left by King Argishti I of Urartu on a basalt stone slab about the foundation of the city in 782 BCE
"YEREVAN" (ԵՐԵՒԱՆ) in an inscription from Kecharis, dating back to 1223
Mount Ararat, the national symbol of Armenia, dominates the Yerevan skyline
Foundations of Shengavit historical site (site settled 3200 BCE cal to 2500 BCE cal)
Erebuni Fortress founded by King Argishti I in 782 BCE
Foundations of Teishebaini building commenced in mid-7th century BCE
Achaemenid rhyton from Erebuni
The ruins of the 4th-century Holy Mother of God Chapel in Avan, north of Yerevan
Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan, 6th century
The 7th-century church of the Holy Mother of God, demolished in 1936
The remains of Surp Hovhannes Chapel, dating back to the 12–13th centuries
The Mausoleum of Kara Koyunlu emirs in Argavand near Yerevan
An illustration of Yerevan by French traveler Jean Chardin in 1673 while he was travelling through the Safavid Empire
Kond, a historic neighbourhood of Yerevan, formed during the 17th century
Yerevan in 1796 in the Qajar era, by G. Sergeevich. An Armenian church is seen on the left and a Persian mosque on the right
Franz Roubaud's 1893 painting of the Erivan Fortress siege of 1827 by the Russian forces under leadership of Ivan Paskevich during the Russo-Persian War (1826–28)
Dzoragyugh neighbourhood of old Yerevan in the 19th century
Saint Gregory Church opened in 1900 (later destroyed in 1939)
The Main Square of Yerevan, 1916
Government house of Armenia from where Aram Manukian declared independence in May 1918
Celebration of the first anniversary of the First Republic of Armenia in 1919
Map of Yerevan in 1920, made before the Soviet reconstruction of the city by Alexander Tamanyan in 1924. Taken looking west, with the Hrazdan River at the top rather than the left side
Mother Armenia erected in 1967, replacing the monumental statue of Joseph Stalin
Monument commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Sovietization of Armenia
Nighttime view of Yerevan in September 2013
The redeveloped Yerevan downtown is the commercial and business centre of the city
Panoramic view from the Kentron district
The monumental statue of the Armenian nationalist figure Garegin Nzhdeh at central Yerevan
Hrazdan River flowing through Yerevan
Yerevan is situated at the northeast of the Ararat plain.
Winter view of Yerevan
Traditional 19th-century buildings of Yerevan on Aram Street
Modern buildings on the Northern Avenue
The Lovers' Park
The Swan Lake
The National Assembly of Armenia on Baghramyan Avenue
Yerevan City Hall (right)
The twelve districts of Yerevan
Saint Nikolai Russian Cathedral, destroyed in 1931.
The 5th-century Saint Paul and Peter Church
Saint John the Baptist Church, consecrated in 1710
Surp Sarkis Church, consecrated in 1842
Holy Cross Russian Orthodox Church consecrated in 2017
Shengavit Medical Center
The National Gallery of Armenia
View from a garden terrace of the Cafesjian Museum of Art at the Cascade
Komitas Museum
Matenadaran library-museum of ancient manuscripts
Handmade Armenian rugs at the Yerevan Vernissage
Paintings exhibited at Saryan park
Yerevan Opera Theater
Komitas Chamber Music House
Moscow Cinema
People celebrating Vardavar water festival in downtown Yerevan
Yerevan TV Tower
Katoghike Church in downtown
Zoravor Surp Astvatsatsin Church
The Blue Mosque
Aerial view of Tsitsernakaberd memorial and the genocide museum
The main entrance to the Zvartnots Airport
A marshrutka
A trolleybus in Yerevan
The Republic Square underground station
Yerevan railway station, with the statue of David of Sassoun
Yerevan Ararat Brandy Factory
Yerevan Brandy Company
Yerevan Champagne Wines Factory
The Central Bank of Armenia
The Elite Plaza Business Center
A 19th-century building in downtown Yerevan, remodeled with modern additions
Cascade complex
Historical districts being demolished and replaced with modern buildings
Kanaker HPP of Yerevan
Vivacell-MTS headquarters in Yerevan
Grand Hotel Yerevan operating since 1926
Armenia Marriott Hotel Yerevan at the Republic Square, built in 1958 with traditional Armenian arch series at the façade
Crowded cafés near the Yerevan Opera House
Dalma Garden Mall
Yerevan State University
Tumo Center for Creative Technologies
Hrazdan Stadium
Tigran Petrosian Chess House
Armenia national basketball team at the Mika Arena
Olympavan, home and training complex of the Armenian Olympic Committee
The hands of friendship from Carrara to Yerevan
Place de France with the statue of Jules Bastien-Lepage by Auguste Rodin at the centre are among the symbols featuring the partnership between Yerevan and Paris

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (2000)

🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2007)

Warsaw

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Capital and largest city of Poland.

Capital and largest city of Poland.

A paper engraving of 16th-century Warsaw by Hogenberg showing St. John's Archcathedral to the right. The church was founded in 1390, and is one of the city's ancient and most important landmarks.
Warsaw New Town in 1778. Painted by Bernardo Bellotto
Water Filters, designed by William Lindley and finished in 1886
Sea of rubble – over 85% of the buildings in Warsaw were destroyed by the end of World War II, including the Old Town and Royal Castle.
The Warsaw Uprising took place in 1944. The Polish Home Army attempted to liberate Warsaw from the Germans before the arrival of the Red Army.
A tourist standing beside the iconic Palace of Culture and Science, 1965
Warsaw, as seen from the ESA Sentinel-2
View of Grzybowski Square in the central district of Warsaw. The city is located on the mostly flat Masovian Plain, but the city centre is at a higher elevation than the suburbs.
Autumn in Warsaw's Royal Baths
Hotel Bristol is a unique example of Warsaw's architectural heritage, combining Art Nouveau and Neo-Renaissance designs.
Main Market Square in Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
New World Street, one of the main shopping promenades in Warsaw
Łazienki Palace, also referred to as the Palace on the Isle
Saxon Garden with the central fountain
A red squirrel in one of Warsaw's parks
The Lutheran Holy Trinity Church is an important landmark
Neoclassical Commission Palace, the house of the city's government
Embassy of the Netherlands
Hala Koszyki, a former market hall from the early 20th century
The Warsaw Stock Exchange is the largest in Central Europe.
Praga Koneser Center within the former Warsaw Vodka Factory
Main TVP headquarters at Woronicza street
The main gate of the University of Warsaw
Warsaw University Library
S8 in Warsaw
Warsaw Chopin Airport
The edifice of the Grand Theatre in Warsaw. It is one of the largest theatres in Europe, featuring one of the biggest stages in the world.
Warsaw Philharmonic is a venue for the International Chopin Piano Competition
Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened in 2013
The 17th-century Ostrogski Castle (left) houses the Chopin Museum.
Wuzetka chocolate cake originated in Warsaw and is an icon of the city
Interior of the Wedel Chocolate Lounge on Szpitalna Street
Annual procession of the Three Wise Men (Epiphany) at Warsaw's Castle Square
The 1659 coat of arms of Old Warsaw on the cover of one of Warsaw's accounting books
1855 bronze sculpture of The Warsaw Mermaid in the Old Town Market Place
The Interior of the National Stadium before the UEFA Euro 2012 semi-final match between Germany and Italy on 28 June 2012
Stadion Wojska Polskiego, the home ground of Legia Warsaw football club
St. Anne's Church
Holy Cross Church
Carmelite Church has an original 18th-century façade
Wilanów Palace, once a royal residence
Belweder Palace, official seat of the President
Castle Square with the Royal Castle and Sigismund's Column
Krasiński Palace, a branch of the National Library
Canon Square (Kanonia) with the narrowest townhouse in Europe
St. Kazimierz Church at New Town Market Square
Three Crosses Square marks the entry into Old Town
Barbican, a remaining relic of historic fortifications.
Poland's bicameral parliament, the Sejm and the Senate
Chancellery of the Prime Minister
The Presidential Palace, seat of the Polish president
Supreme Court of Poland
Supreme Administrative Court
The seat of the administration of the Masovian Voivodeship
Mostowski Palace, the seat of Warsaw's police headquarters
The main gate of the Ministry of Health
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Finance
Metro Line 2, Nowy Świat-Uniwersytet station
Buses
Tram car
Pendolino high-speed trains at Warszawa Centralna
Warsaw Suburban train
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🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1997)

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina (1992)