Buenos Aires

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Teatro Colón.
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
July 9 Avenue
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Buenos Aires Underground map
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Luna Park

Capital and largest city of Argentina.

- Buenos Aires

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São Paulo

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

City in the Southeast Region of Brazil.

Founding of São Paulo, 1913 painting by Antonio Parreiras
Courtyard of the College, Pátio do Colégio, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the late 20th century, based on the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653
The Monument to the Bandeiras commemorates the 17th-century bandeiras
Domingos Jorge Velho, a notable bandeirante
Luz Station in 1900
Group of aviators from São Paulo at Campo de Marte Airport during the Constitutionalist Revolution
Satellite view of Greater São Paulo
Tietê River, with the Marginal Tietê
Billings Reservoir
Heavy rain and lightning in São Paulo, which has the largest number of lightning incidents amongst Brazilian state capitals
Sunny day in the People's Park
Italian immigrants in the Immigrant Inn, c. 1890
Italian restaurant at Bela Vista district
Arab immigrants in the city of São Paulo, 1940s
The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo
Training of soldiers of the Military Police of São Paulo State at the Military Police Academy of Barro Branco
Slum (favela) of Paraisópolis, in the district of Vila Andrade, with residential buildings in the background
Public housing in Heliópolis
Museum of the Portuguese Language
The 18th edition of the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in 2014
Matarazzo Building, the São Paulo city hall
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge aside of Centro Empresarial Nações Unidas
Martinelli Building was the first skyscraper of Latin America and the tallest until 1947
Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins: side by side, vertical areas and low houses
The city view from Altino Arantes Building
Vale do Anhangabaú, in Downtown
Helicopter taking off from the São Paulo City Hall
Sala São Paulo, the home of the São Paulo State Symphony
Ibirapuera Auditorium
Saint Peter Theatre
Credicard Hall
Mário de Andrade Library
Livraria Cultura
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo
Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo
São Paulo Museum of Image and Sound
Globo São Paulo headquarters (left) and the Sede do BankBoston building at Marginal Pinheiros highway
Arena Corinthians
Morumbi Stadium
Allianz Parque
Saint Silvester Road Race in 2011
Kimi Räikkönen in the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix
Bandeirantes Palace, the seat of state government
Formula One São Paulo Grand Prix is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos

According to a study by MasterCard in 130 cities around the world, São Paulo was the third most visited destination in Latin America (behind Mexico City and Buenos Aires) with 2.4 million foreign travelers, who spent US$2.9 billion in 2013 (the highest among the cities in the region).

The rule of Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain was resisted by Spaniards, and cast doubts on the legitimacy of the Spanish viceroys.

May Revolution

The rule of Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain was resisted by Spaniards, and cast doubts on the legitimacy of the Spanish viceroys.
The US Declaration of Independence inspired similar movements in the Spanish colonies in South America.
William Carr Beresford surrenders to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
The coronation of Infanta Carlota Joaquina was considered an alternative to revolution.
Santiago de Liniers ruled as viceroy between 1807 and 1809.
Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, the last viceroy to rule in Buenos Aires.
Map of Cádiz during the French siege.
Secret meeting of the revolutionaries at the house of Nicolás Rodríguez Peña.
Juan José Castelli asks Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros for an open cabildo.
Invitation to the open cabildo of May 22
An open cabildo discussed the legitimacy of the viceroy and the new local government that replaced him.
The proposal of Cornelio Saavedra got the majority of votes.
The people gathered in front of the Buenos Aires Cabildo
Members of the Primera Junta
The Primera Junta ruled after the revolution.
Mariano Moreno was an influential member of the Primera Junta.
Bartolomé Mitre wrote one of the first historical interpretations of the May Revolution.
The revolutionaries of the May Revolution declared loyalty to Ferdinand VII of Spain.
The May Pyramid, commemorative monument at Plaza de Mayo

The May Revolution (Revolución de Mayo) was a week-long series of events that took place from May 18 to 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.


Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

Phoenician archaeological dig in a cloister of the Lisbon Cathedral.
Part of the Cerca Velha (Old Wall), originally built by the Romans.
The 1384 Siege of Lisbon in Froissart's Chronicles.
The oldest known panorama of Lisbon (1500–1510) from the Crónica de Dom Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvão
King Manuel I ordered Jerónimos Monastery to be built in Belém, to serve Portuguese discoverers.
Ribeira Palace and the Terreiro do Paço depicted in 1662 by Dirk Stoop.
The Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910.
The Palace of Ajuda was built as a residence for the King of Portugal following the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
Queen Maria II National Theatre was built in 1842.
The Treaty of Lisbon, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union, was signed at the Jerónimos Monastery in 2007.
Map of the 24 freguesias (administrative divisions of the city) of Lisbon grouped by zone:
View of the Lisbon metropolitan area, with the Portuguese Riviera to the west of Lisbon and the Setúbal Peninsula south of the Tagus River.
Alcântara from the Port of Lisbon.
Alfama, with the churches of S. Vicente de Fora, S. Engrácia, and S. Estêvão, and the Tagus river behind.
View from the São Jorge Castle, including the Praça do Comércio on the waterfront
Duke of Cadaval Square, bordering Bairro Alto and the Baixa Pombalina.
Facade of Teatro Ibérico, in Beato
Monument to Luís de Camões, considered the greatest poet of the Portuguese language, in Chiado.
The Parque das Nações district was initially built for the Lisbon World Expo.
Lisbon City Hall, the seat of Lisbon's municipal government.
Current composition of Lisbon city council (2021-2025): PSD / CDS / A / MPT / PPM (7) PS / L (7)  CDU (2)  BE (1)
The National Coach Museum has the largest collection of royal carriages in the world and is one of Lisbon's most visited institutions
The National Museum of Ancient Art has one of the largest art collections in the world
The Belém Tower, one of the most famous and visited landmarks in Lisbon and throughout Portugal.
Rossio Square, with Queen Maria II National Theatre in the background
Avenida da Liberdade is one of the most expensive shopping streets in Europe and famous as a popular destination for luxury goods shopping.
Lisbon is the home of Web Summit, the largest tech event in the world.
The Port of Lisbon is one of the busiest ports in Europe.
The Lisbon Metro is Portugal's oldest and largest subway system.
A Lisbon tram by Lisbon Cathedral and Santo António Church.
Gare do Oriente train station, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The 25 de Abril Bridge crosses the Tagus River from Alcântara to Almada.
The rectory and main campus of the New University of Lisbon.
Instituto Superior Técnico, which belongs to the University of Lisbon is based on the Alameda D. Afonso Henriques.

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Rio de Janeiro

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Second-most populous city in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565
Rio de Janeiro, then de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, as seen from the terrace of the Convento de Santo Antônio (Convent of St. Anthony), c. 1816
Map of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1820, then capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, with the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, ca.1910s
The Sugarloaf cable car between the 1940s and 1950s
A convoy of tanks along the streets of the city in 1968 during the military rule. At the time, Rio de Janeiro was a city-state, capital of Guanabara.
Satellite view of Greater Rio de Janeiro
Copacabana Beach in a sunny day
Marina da Glória
View of South Zone with Corcovado in the background
Sugarloaf Cable Car approaching the summit
Aerial view of Downtown Rio with the Rio–Niterói Bridge in the background
Aerial view of Fort Copacabana, with Copacabana (right) and Ipanema (left, background)
The iconic Maracanã Stadium
Aqueduct built in the 18th century, as was the entire historic complex of the Colônia Juliano Moreira inside Pedra Branca State Park in Taquara
Barra da Tijuca with Pedra da Gávea in background
Portuguese immigrant in Rio de Janeiro, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside Portugal.
Christ the Redeemer
Rocinha slum (favela) at night
Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 generated by DataViva
Downtown Rio, in the financial district of the city
Largo da Carioca, in Downtown Rio
Barra da Tijuca
Botafogo with the Sugarloaf Mountain
Museum of Tomorrow
Center for Human Science of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ)
Museum of Modern Art
National Museum of Fine Arts
Brazilian Academy of Letters
Tim Maia, the greatest representative of soul music in the country's history, from Rio de Janeiro.
Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
City of Arts
New Year's Eve fireworks at Copacabana Beach
The World Stage at the "Rock in Rio" music festival
Banda de Ipanema, one of the largest carnival blocks of the city
Maracanã Stadium
Nilton Santos Olympic Stadium
Estádio São Januário
Estádio Luso Brasileiro
Barra Olympic Park, built for 2016 Summer Olympics
Children playing beach football
Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont National Airport
Port of Rio de Janeiro
Public transport map
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail in Downtown Rio
TransOeste Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Rio de Janeiro ferry
The Santa Teresa Tramway is the oldest operating tram system in South America.
Rio-Niterói Bridge
Bike Rio rental station in Mauá Square, Downtown Rio

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Retiro, Buenos Aires

Aerial view of Plaza San Martín and its surroundings.
The northern end of Avenida Leandro N. Alem.
<center>Avenida del Libertador</center>
<center>Plaza Libertad</center>
<center>San Martín Palace</center>
Avenida 9 de Julio
<center>Avenida Leandro N. Alem</center>
<center>Plaza San Martín</center>

Retiro is a barrio or neighborhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)


Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris

🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, 1999


Capital and the largest city of Peru.

Capital and the largest city of Peru.

"The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Peru" created in 1590 by Guamán Poma and Martín de Murúa. (J. Paul Getty Museum).
The colonial Lima's coat of arms official since 7 December 1537.
Pachacámac, built 3,000 years ago, was one of the most important pre-Columbian centres of pilgrimage on the Peruvian Coast.
"The City of the Kings of Lima, royal high court, principal city of the kingdom of the Indies, residence of the viceroy, and archbishopric of the church", painting of 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark.
Renaissance Lima Metropolitan Cathedral, built between 1602 and 1797.
Baroque Basilica of San Francisco, built between 1657 and 1672.
José de San Martín during the Declaration of Independence of Peru in the Plaza Mayor de Lima, on July 28, 1821.
Lima as seen from the International Space Station
Lima at night from space
Government Palace of Perú
Palace of Justice, Lima
Lima City Hall
People of Lima.
Market in the Plaza of the Inquisition (Lima) by Johann Moritz Rugendas, ca. 1843.
Pueblos jóvenes on the outskirts of Lima in 2015. Today, many of them are consolidated.
Financial center of San Isidro
The Lima Stock Exchange building.
The Catacombs of the Basilica of San Francisco was the Old cemetery of the city during all the colonial times, until 1810. It contain bones of some 70,000 colonial people.
Huaca Pucllana, pre-Columbian archaeological site located in the district of Miraflores.
The Rococo Casa de Osambela completed in 1805.
Balconies were a common colonial architectural feature in the historic center. In the image the Palacio de Torre Tagle completed in 1735.
Causa limeña
Rococo Basilica of Santo Domingo, built between 1678 and 1766. It holds the tombs of the saints Rose of Lima, Martín de Porres and John Macias.
Northern Lima 
 Southern Lima 
 Eastern Lima
Colonial Casona and Chapel of the National University of San Marcos, it is the second oldest university in the Americas.
Edificio Ministerio de Educación (Ministry of Education), San Borja.
Jorge Chávez International Airport
The Port of Callao.
Sistema Integrado de Transporte Bus System in Arequipa Avenue (Route 301)
El Metropolitano.
Lima Metro.
Traffic Jam in Javier Prado Avenue
San Isidro, Lima from above.
Francisco Pizarro and Diego Almagro portrayed in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/44/en/text/?open=idm46287306358272|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=17|year=1615|author=Guamán Poma|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
Captain Luis de Ávalos de Ayala kills Manco Inca Yupanqui in the conquest of Lima. Chronicle made in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/394/en/text/?open=idm46287306144304|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=157|author=Guamán Poma|year=1615|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
View of Lima and the Tapada limeña (a colonial women fashion) in a painting of 1842 by d'Orbigny and Benoît. Museum of the Americas, Spain. <ref>{{cite book|url=https://bvpb.mcu.es/es/consulta/registro.do?id=469709|website=Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage (Spain) site|title=Viaje pintoresco a las dos Américas, Asia y África : resúmen jeneral de todos los viajes y descubrimientos de... (1842)|series=Viaje pintoresco alrededor del mundo, a las dos Américas, Asia y Africa,4-6|year=1842|publisher=Imprenta y libreria de Juan Oliveres}}</ref>
Lima as seem from the Rímac District, painting of 1850 by Batta Molinelli.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/blog/juanluisorrego/2010/04/09/la-flora-de-lima-introduccion/|title=La flora de Lima: introducción|date=9 April 2010|author=Juan Luis Orrego Penagos|publisher=Pontifical Catholic University of Peru}}</ref>
Colonial Calle de los Judíos (Jewish quarter) (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Colonial Calles de la Oca and de Bodegones (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Puente de Piedra Bridge, the former Arco del Puente Gate and the Walls of Lima in 1878 by El Viajero Ilustrado. Old Fund of the University of Seville.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puente De Piedra, Lima|website=Old Fund of the University of Seville|url=https://www.flickr.com/people/37667416@N04}}</ref>
The Museo de la Nación houses thousands of artifacts spanning the entire span of human occupation in Peru.
Museum of Italian Art It's the only European arts museum in Peru, under the administration of the National Culture Institute.
Larco Museum is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art that is housed in an 18th-century vice-royal building built over a 7th-century pre-Columbian pyramid.
National Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru is the largest and oldest museum in Peru.
Plaza de toros de Acho, the plaza is classified as a national historic monument. It is the oldest bullring in the Americas.
Estadio Nacional of Peru Its current capacity is 40,000 seats as stated by the Peruvian Football Federation.
Estadio Monumental "U" It is the highest capacity soccer stadium in South America and one of the largest in the world.
Lima Golf Club (San Isidro District)
Campo de Marte is one of the largest parks in the metropolitan area of Lima.

The 1687 earthquake marked a turning point in the history of Lima, since it coincided with a recession in trade due to economic competition with other cities such as Buenos Aires.

Recoleta, Buenos Aires

Southwestward view of Recoleta in 2014, overlooking Floralis Genérica and the National Library.
Recoleta Plaza in 1867: the Recoleta Cemetery and the Church of Nuestra Señora del Pilar.
The Recoleta railway station in 1904. The rail line would be later deactivated and the station demolished.
Church of Nuestra Señora del Pilar.
Recoleta Cemetery.
The National Library of Argentina
Calle Junín, at the heart of the Recoleta neighborhood
Palacio Duhau.
Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez Children’s Hospital.
View of the northern portion of Plaza Francia
Buenos Aires Design Centre
"La Biela" Café-Bar on the corner of Quintana and Ortiz, is a place that represents the area well.
Libertador Avenue
Chapel of the Centro Cultural Recoleta
Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church
Recoleta Cemetery
Las Heras Avenue
Callao Avenue
The Pizzurno Palace (Ministry of Education)
Alvear Palace Hotel
La Biela Café
National Library
Monument to Bartolomé Mitre
Monument to Guillermo Rawson
Faculty of Engineering (Las Heras Ave. branch)
Plaza San Martín de Tours
Monument to General Carlos M. de Alvear

Recoleta is a barrio or neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina, located in the northern part of the city, by the Río de la Plata.

Oath of the Constitution of Buenos Aires, 1854.

Plaza de Mayo

Oath of the Constitution of Buenos Aires, 1854.
The old colonnade, 1864.
1867 view of the Plaza.
The Cathedral and May Pyramid, c. 1880.
Fiestas Mayas, 1899.
Celebration of the May Revolution, 1910.
Rare snowfall on Buenos Aires, at the Plaza de Mayo, 1918.
¡El pueblo quiere saber de qué se trata!, the May Revolution of May 25, 1810
Famous Peronist demonstration of October 17, 1945, known as Loyalty Day
The Bombing of Plaza de Mayo, June 16, 1955
The second "March of Resistance" of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, December 9, 1982

The Plaza de Mayo (May Square) is a city square and main foundational site of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Latin America

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken.

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken.

Presencia de América Latina (Presence of Latin America, 1964–65) is a 300. sqm mural at the hall of the Arts House of the University of Concepción, Chile. It is also known as Latin America's Integration.
The four common subregions in Latin America
Mayan UNESCO World Heritage Site of Chichén Itzá
A view of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu, a pre-Columbian Inca site in Peru.
Surviving section of the Inca road system in Northwestern Argentina, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The road system linked the Andean empire
Cristóbal de Olid leads Spanish soldiers with Tlaxcalan allies against Indigenous warriors during the European colonization of the Americas.
Map of Brazil showing Indigenous men cutting brazilwood and Portuguese ships
Areas claimed by the Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Potosí, the "cerro rico" that produced massive amounts of silver from a single site. The first image published in Europe. Pedro Cieza de León, 1553.
Sugar processing by skilled black slave laborers. Sugar cane must be processed immediately once cut in order to capture the most sugar juice, so engenhos needed to be constructed near fields.
Monument to Christopher Columbus, Buenos Aires before its 2013 removal and replaced by the statue of Juana Azurduy, a mestiza fighter for independence.
Development of Spanish American Independence
Ferdinand VII of Spain in whose name Spanish American juntas ruled during his exile 1808–1814; when restored to power in 1814, he reinstated autocratic rule, renewing independence movements
Constitution of 1812
Dom Pedro I, emperor of Brazil
Linguistic map of Latin America. Spanish in green, Portuguese in orange, and French in blue.
Argentine caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas
Mexican strongman Antonio López de Santa Anna
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
American occupation of Mexico City
The Execution of Emperor Maximilian, Édouard Manet 1868. The execution ended monarchic rule in Mexico, and Mexican liberals triumphed
A poster used in Japan to attract immigrants to Brazil. It reads: "Let’s go to South America with families."
The Zimmermann Telegram as it was sent from Washington to Ambassador Heinrich von Eckardt (German ambassador to Mexico)
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho, Monterrey, Mexico 1943. Roosevelt sought strong ties between the U.S. and Latin America in the World War II era
Agrarian reform poster, Guatemala 1952
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, 2 December 1956
Cuba-Russia friendship poster, with Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
Che Guevara Cuban revolutionary poster
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
The name Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan nationalist hero for his struggle against the United States, was taken by leftist guerrillas as the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
Exhumation of corpses in the aftermath of the Guatemalan genocide
Pope Paul VI and Salvadoran cleric Oscar Romero (now St Oscar Romero)
Calls for justice in the wake of the Guatemalan genocide
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
Comandanta Ramona of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Mexico
UNASUR summit in the Palacio de la Moneda, Santiago de Chile
Honduran demonstrator holding a banner with a "don't turn left" sign, 2009.
Eighteenth-century Mexican Casta painting showing 16 castas hierarchically arranged. Ignacio Maria Barreda, 1777. Real Academia Española de la Lengua, Madrid.
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The Las Lajas Sanctuary in the southern Colombia, Department of Nariño.
World map indicating literacy rate by country in 2015 (2015 CIA World Factbook). Grey = no data.
2012 map of countries by homicide rate. As of 2015, the Latin American countries with the highest rates were El Salvador (108.64 per 100,000 people), Honduras (63.75) and Venezuela (57.15). The countries with the lowest rates were Chile (3.59), Cuba (4.72) and Argentina (6.53).
Sumidero Canyon, located in Chiapas, Mexico.
Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws. Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Sugarcane plantation in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 746 million tons. Latin America produces more than half of the world's sugarcane.
Soybean plantation in Mato Grosso. In 2020, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 130 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's soybeans.
Coffee in Minas Gerais. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 3.5 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's coffee.
Oranges in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 17 million tons. Latin America produces 30% of the world's oranges.
Truck of a meat company in Brazil. Latin America produces 25% of the world's beef and chicken meat.
Chile is a first world producer of copper.
Cerro Rico, Potosi, Bolivia, still a major silver mine
Amethyst mine in Ametista do Sul. Latin America is a major producer of gems such as amethyst, topaz, emeralds, aquamarine and tourmaline
Iron mine in Minas Gerais. Brazil is the world's second largest iron ore exporter.
Braskem, the largest Brazilian chemical industry
EMS, the largest Brazilian pharmaceutical industry
Panama Canal expansion project; New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side)
Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Brazil
Ruta 9 / 14, in Zarate, Argentina
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge
Mexico City International Airport
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Itaipu Dam in Paraná.
Wind power in Parnaíba.
Angra Nuclear Power Plant in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro
Pirapora Solar Complex, the largest in Brazil and Latin America with a capacity of 321 MW.
Native New World crops exchanged globally: maize, tomato, potato, vanilla, rubber, cocoa, tobacco
Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Néstor Kirchner, Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Nicanor Duarte, and Hugo Chávez at the signing of the founding charter of the Bank of the South
Aerial view of Cancún. Mexico is the most visited country in Latin America and 6th in the world.
Roman Catholic Easter procession in Comayagua, Honduras
Nicaraguan women wearing the Mestizaje costume, which is a traditional costume worn to dance the Mestizaje dance. The costume demonstrates the Spanish influence upon Nicaraguan clothing.
Diego Rivera's mural depicting Mexico's history at the National Palace in Mexico City
Mural by Santiago Martinez Delgado at the Colombian Congress
The Guadalajara International Film Festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latin America.
In 2015, Alejandro González Iñárritu became the second Mexican director in a row to win both the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. He won his second Oscar in 2016 for The Revenant.
President Cristina Fernández with the film director Juan José Campanella and the cast of The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in 1772 by Andrés de Islas
Argentine Jorge Luis Borges in L'Hôtel, Paris in 1969
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, first Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude
Salsa dancing in Cali, Colombia
Traditional Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatío
Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda helped popularize samba internationally.
A couple dances tango.
Simón Bolívar, Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Panama
José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins, hero of Chilean independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, with the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Vicente Guerrero, insurgent hero of Mexican independence, who joined with Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide, former royal military officer who brought about Mexican independence and was crowned emperor

An example of the new consciousness was the dismantling of the Christopher Columbus monument in Buenos Aires, one of many in the hemisphere, mandated by leftist President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.