A report on Buenos Aires

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
MALBA
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Teatro Colón.
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
July 9 Avenue
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
EcoBici.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Buenos Aires Underground map
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Luna Park

Capital and primate city of Argentina.

- Buenos Aires

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Overall

Río de la Plata

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Estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay River and the Paraná River at Punta Gorda.

Estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay River and the Paraná River at Punta Gorda.

Río de la Plata in Argentina
Satellite image of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers emptying into the Río de la Plata. Due to the relatively calm surface of the estuary and the angle of the Sun relative to the satellite, the current of the river flowing out into the Atlantic is visible.
Discovery of the Río de la Plata by Juan Díaz de Solís. He would be attacked and killed by Charrúas later.
The city of Buenos Aires sits along the southern coast of the Río de la Plata.
The naval battle during the Argentine-Brazilian War, 1827

The name Río de la Plata is also used to refer to the populations along the estuary, especially the main port cities of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, where Ríoplatense Spanish is spoken and tango culture developed.

Oath of the Constitution of Buenos Aires, 1854.

Plaza de Mayo

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Oath of the Constitution of Buenos Aires, 1854.
The old colonnade, 1864.
1867 view of the Plaza.
The Cathedral and May Pyramid, c. 1880.
Fiestas Mayas, 1899.
Celebration of the May Revolution, 1910.
Rare snowfall on Buenos Aires, at the Plaza de Mayo, 1918.
¡El pueblo quiere saber de qué se trata!, the May Revolution of May 25, 1810
Famous Peronist demonstration of October 17, 1945, known as Loyalty Day
The Bombing of Plaza de Mayo, June 16, 1955
The second "March of Resistance" of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, December 9, 1982

The Plaza de Mayo (May Square) is a city square and main foundational site of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Asunción

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Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Capital and the largest city of Paraguay in South America.

Cabildo of Asunción in 1854
View of the city of Asunción during the Paraguayan War.
Six districts of the city of Asunción
Neighborhoods of Asunción
Universidad Americana
Main access roads
Asunción's Línea 23 bus.
Silvio Pettirossi International Airport
Traditional buildings in Calle Palma
The National Pantheon of Heroes is one of the most significant buildings in Asunción
The Estadio Defensores del Chaco is the largest stadium in Paraguay
Asunción's Downtown in 1872
A tram in the city centre in 1986. The tram system closed in the late 1990s.
Asunción at night
Downtown Asunción. Being one of the oldest national capitals in the Americas, the Loma San Jerónimo neighborhood is the city's most traditional one.<ref>{{cite web|title=Barrio Loma San Jerónimo, Asunción|url=https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|website=bienvenidoaparaguay.com.py|publisher=Bienvenido a Paraguay|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.bienvenidoaparaguay.com/showdata.php?xmlcity=9&xmldestino=108|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Biografías de Asunción - Loma San Jerónimo|url=https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|website=asuncion.gov.py|publisher=Municipalidad de Asunción|language=es|date=2020-08-13|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=20 December 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.asuncion.gov.py/campanas/biografias-de-asuncion/biografias-de-asuncion-loma-san-jeronimo|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Loma San Jeronimo|url=https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|website=tripadvisor.com|publisher=Tripadvisor|language=en|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=22 March 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g294080-d4454310-Reviews-Loma_San_Jeronimo-Asuncion.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
A picture of Microcentro de Asunción (Old town Asunción), featuring the port of the city, one of the most important in Paraguay.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto ASU|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2022-03-22|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/tag/puerto%20de%20asunci%C3%B3n|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Puerto de Asunción, una conexión con nuestra historia|url=https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|website=mopc.gov.py|publisher=Gobierno Nacional (Paraguay)|language=es|date=2021-12-07|access-date=2022-03-22|archive-date=17 December 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211217052915/https://www.mopc.gov.py/index.php/noticias/el-puerto-de-asuncion-una-conexion-con-nuestra-historia|url-status=live}}</ref>
Asunción, seen from the International Space Station
Costanera Avenue, Asunción
Democracy Square, Asunción, Paraguay

From Asunción, Spanish colonial expeditions departed to found other cities, including the second foundation of Buenos Aires, that of other important cities such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and 65 more.

Retiro, Buenos Aires

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Aerial view of Plaza San Martín and its surroundings.
The northern end of Avenida Leandro N. Alem.
<center>Avenida del Libertador</center>
<center>Plaza Libertad</center>
<center>San Martín Palace</center>
Avenida 9 de Julio
<center>Avenida Leandro N. Alem</center>
<center>Plaza San Martín</center>

Retiro is a barrio or neighborhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Latin America

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Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Presencia de América Latina (Presence of Latin America, 1964–65) is a 300. sqm mural at the hall of the Arts House of the University of Concepción, Chile. It is also known as Latin America's Integration.
The four common subregions in Latin America
Mayan UNESCO World Heritage Site of Chichén Itzá
A view of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu, a pre-Columbian Inca site in Peru.
Surviving section of the Inca road system in Northwestern Argentina, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The road system linked the Andean empire
Cristóbal de Olid leads Spanish soldiers with Tlaxcalan allies against Indigenous warriors during the European colonization of the Americas.
Map of Brazil showing Indigenous men cutting brazilwood and Portuguese ships
Areas claimed by the Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Potosí, the "cerro rico" that produced massive amounts of silver from a single site. The first image published in Europe. Pedro Cieza de León, 1553.
Sugar processing by skilled black slave laborers. Sugar cane must be processed immediately once cut in order to capture the most sugar juice, so engenhos needed to be constructed near fields.
Monument to Christopher Columbus, Buenos Aires before its 2013 removal and replaced by the statue of Juana Azurduy, a mestiza fighter for independence.
Development of Spanish American Independence
Ferdinand VII of Spain in whose name Spanish American juntas ruled during his exile 1808–1814; when restored to power in 1814, he reinstated autocratic rule, renewing independence movements
Constitution of 1812
Dom Pedro I, emperor of Brazil
Linguistic map of Latin America. Spanish in green, Portuguese in orange, and French in blue.
Argentine caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas
Mexican strongman Antonio López de Santa Anna
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
American occupation of Mexico City
The Execution of Emperor Maximilian, Édouard Manet 1868. The execution ended monarchic rule in Mexico, and Mexican liberals triumphed
A poster used in Japan to attract immigrants to Brazil. It reads: "Let’s go to South America with families."
The Zimmermann Telegram as it was sent from Washington to Ambassador Heinrich von Eckardt (German ambassador to Mexico)
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho, Monterrey, Mexico 1943. Roosevelt sought strong ties between the U.S. and Latin America in the World War II era
Agrarian reform poster, Guatemala 1952
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, 2 December 1956
Cuba-Russia friendship poster, with Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
Che Guevara Cuban revolutionary poster
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
The name Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan nationalist hero for his struggle against the United States, was taken by leftist guerrillas as the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
Exhumation of corpses in the aftermath of the Guatemalan genocide
Pope Paul VI and Salvadoran cleric Oscar Romero (now St Oscar Romero)
Calls for justice in the wake of the Guatemalan genocide
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
Comandanta Ramona of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Mexico
UNASUR summit in the Palacio de la Moneda, Santiago de Chile
Honduran demonstrator holding a banner with a "don't turn left" sign, 2009.
Eighteenth-century Mexican Casta painting showing 16 castas hierarchically arranged. Ignacio Maria Barreda, 1777. Real Academia Española de la Lengua, Madrid.
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The Las Lajas Sanctuary in the southern Colombia, Department of Nariño.
World map indicating literacy rate by country in 2015 (2015 CIA World Factbook). Grey = no data.
2012 map of countries by homicide rate. As of 2015, the Latin American countries with the highest rates were El Salvador (108.64 per 100,000 people), Honduras (63.75) and Venezuela (57.15). The countries with the lowest rates were Chile (3.59), Cuba (4.72) and Argentina (6.53).
Sumidero Canyon, located in Chiapas, Mexico.
Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws. Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Sugarcane plantation in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 746 million tons. Latin America produces more than half of the world's sugarcane.
Soybean plantation in Mato Grosso. In 2020, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 130 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's soybeans.
Coffee in Minas Gerais. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 3.5 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's coffee.
Oranges in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 17 million tons. Latin America produces 30% of the world's oranges.
Truck of a meat company in Brazil. Latin America produces 25% of the world's beef and chicken meat.
Chile is a first world producer of copper.
Cerro Rico, Potosi, Bolivia, still a major silver mine
Amethyst mine in Ametista do Sul. Latin America is a major producer of gems such as amethyst, topaz, emeralds, aquamarine and tourmaline
Iron mine in Minas Gerais. Brazil is the world's second largest iron ore exporter.
Braskem, the largest Brazilian chemical industry
EMS, the largest Brazilian pharmaceutical industry
Panama Canal expansion project; New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side)
Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Brazil
Ruta 9 / 14, in Zarate, Argentina
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge
Mexico City International Airport
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Itaipu Dam in Paraná.
Wind power in Parnaíba.
Angra Nuclear Power Plant in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro
Pirapora Solar Complex, the largest in Brazil and Latin America with a capacity of 321 MW.
Native New World crops exchanged globally: maize, tomato, potato, vanilla, rubber, cocoa, tobacco
Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Néstor Kirchner, Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Nicanor Duarte, and Hugo Chávez at the signing of the founding charter of the Bank of the South
Aerial view of Cancún. Mexico is the most visited country in Latin America and 6th in the world.
Roman Catholic Easter procession in Comayagua, Honduras
Nicaraguan women wearing the Mestizaje costume, which is a traditional costume worn to dance the Mestizaje dance. The costume demonstrates the Spanish influence upon Nicaraguan clothing.
Diego Rivera's mural depicting Mexico's history at the National Palace in Mexico City
Mural by Santiago Martinez Delgado at the Colombian Congress
The Guadalajara International Film Festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latin America.
In 2015, Alejandro González Iñárritu became the second Mexican director in a row to win both the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. He won his second Oscar in 2016 for The Revenant.
President Cristina Fernández with the film director Juan José Campanella and the cast of The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in 1772 by Andrés de Islas
Argentine Jorge Luis Borges in L'Hôtel, Paris in 1969
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, first Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude
Salsa dancing in Cali, Colombia
Traditional Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatío
Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda helped popularize samba internationally.
A couple dances tango.
Simón Bolívar, Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Panama
José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins, hero of Chilean independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, with the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Vicente Guerrero, insurgent hero of Mexican independence, who joined with Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide, former royal military officer who brought about Mexican independence and was crowned emperor

An example of the new consciousness was the dismantling of the Christopher Columbus monument in Buenos Aires, one of many in the hemisphere, mandated by leftist President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

Immigration to Argentina

Immigration to Argentina

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Immigration to Argentina began in several millennia BC with the arrival of cultures from Asia to the Americas through Beringia, according to the most accepted theories, and were slowly populating the Americas.

Immigration to Argentina began in several millennia BC with the arrival of cultures from Asia to the Americas through Beringia, according to the most accepted theories, and were slowly populating the Americas.

Immigration to Argentina
Immigrants' Hotel, Buenos Aires. Built in 1906, it could accommodate up to 4,000.
Copy of a colonization contract in the history museum of San José, Entre Ríos
European-born Argentines by provinces and territories (1914 Argentine Census).
A large immigration was experienced all over the country (except for the Northwest), which consisted overwhelmingly by Europeans in a 9/10 ratio. However, Neuquén and Corrientes had a small European population but a large South American immigration (particularly the former), mainly from Chile and Brazil, respectively. The Chaco region (North) had a moderate influx from Bolivia and Paraguay as well.
A statue honoring the immigrants, in Rosario

Spanish colonization between the 16th and 18th century, mostly male, largely assimilated with the natives through a process called miscegenation. Although, not all of the current territory was effectively colonized by the Spaniards. The Chaco region, Eastern Patagonia, the current province of La Pampa, the south zone of Córdoba, and the major part of the current provinces of Buenos Aires, San Luis, and Mendoza were maintained under indigenous dominance—Guaycurúes and Wichís from the Chaco region; Huarpes in the Cuyana and north Neuquino; Ranqueles in the east of Cuyo and north from the Pampean region; Tehuelches and Mapuches in the Pampean and Patagonian regions, and Selknam and Yámanas in de Tierra del Fuego archipelago—which were taken over by the Mapuches; first to the east of Cordillera de los Andes, mixing interracially with the Pehuenches in the middle of the 18th century and continuing until 1830 with the indigenous Pampas and north from Patagonia, which were conquered by the Argentine State after its independence.

Belgrano, Buenos Aires

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Washerwomen in Bajo Belgrano, painting by Prilidiano Pueyrredón, 1865.
Alberti Sq.
The front of Universidad de Belgrano
Many older single-family homes have been replaced by high-rise residential structures in the denser sections of Belgrano.
Highrise apartment buildings overlooking Barrancas de Belgrano.
River Plate Stadium
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Domingo Sarmiento Historical Museum.
Gazebo at Barrancas Park.
The Rogelio Yrurtia museum.
Larreta museum.
Entrance to Chinatown.
Inmaculada Concepción parish.

Belgrano is a northern and leafy barrio or neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Above: William Beresford surrenders to Santiago de Liniers (1806)

British invasions of the River Plate

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The British invasions of the River Plate were two unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of areas in the Spanish colony of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata that were located around the Río de la Plata in South America – in present-day Argentina and Uruguay.

The British invasions of the River Plate were two unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of areas in the Spanish colony of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata that were located around the Río de la Plata in South America – in present-day Argentina and Uruguay.

Above: William Beresford surrenders to Santiago de Liniers (1806)
River Plate, 1806
Portrait of Don Santiago de Liniers. Naval Museum of Madrid.
Sir William Beresford, commander of the British troops.
Lieutenant-General John Whitelocke, commander of the British forces in the second invasion.

A detachment from the British army occupied Buenos Aires for 46 days in 1806 before being expelled.

List of mayors and chiefs of government of Buenos Aires City

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This is a list of mayors and chiefs of government of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina's capital, since its federalization.

Lima

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Capital and the largest city of Peru.

Capital and the largest city of Peru.

"The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Peru" created in 1590 by Guamán Poma and Martín de Murúa. (J. Paul Getty Museum).
The colonial Lima's coat of arms official since 7 December 1537.
Pachacámac, built 3,000 years ago, was one of the most important pre-Columbian centres of pilgrimage on the Peruvian Coast.
"The City of the Kings of Lima, royal high court, principal city of the kingdom of the Indies, residence of the viceroy, and archbishopric of the church", painting of 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark.
Renaissance Lima Metropolitan Cathedral, built between 1602 and 1797.
Baroque Basilica of San Francisco, built between 1657 and 1672.
José de San Martín during the Declaration of Independence of Peru in the Plaza Mayor de Lima, on July 28, 1821.
Lima as seen from the International Space Station
Lima at night from space
220x220px
Government Palace of Perú
Palace of Justice, Lima
Lima City Hall
People of Lima.
Market in the Plaza of the Inquisition (Lima) by Johann Moritz Rugendas, ca. 1843.
Pueblos jóvenes on the outskirts of Lima in 2015. Today, many of them are consolidated.
Financial center of San Isidro
The Lima Stock Exchange building.
The Catacombs of the Basilica of San Francisco was the Old cemetery of the city during all the colonial times, until 1810. It contain bones of some 70,000 colonial people.
Huaca Pucllana, pre-Columbian archaeological site located in the district of Miraflores.
The Rococo Casa de Osambela completed in 1805.
Balconies were a common colonial architectural feature in the historic center. In the image the Palacio de Torre Tagle completed in 1735.
Causa limeña
Rococo Basilica of Santo Domingo, built between 1678 and 1766. It holds the tombs of the saints Rose of Lima, Martín de Porres and John Macias.
Northern Lima 
 Southern Lima 
 Eastern Lima
Colonial Casona and Chapel of the National University of San Marcos, it is the second oldest university in the Americas.
Edificio Ministerio de Educación (Ministry of Education), San Borja.
Jorge Chávez International Airport
The Port of Callao.
Sistema Integrado de Transporte Bus System in Arequipa Avenue (Route 301)
El Metropolitano.
Lima Metro.
Traffic Jam in Javier Prado Avenue
San Isidro, Lima from above.
Francisco Pizarro and Diego Almagro portrayed in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/44/en/text/?open=idm46287306358272|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=17|year=1615|author=Guamán Poma|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
Captain Luis de Ávalos de Ayala kills Manco Inca Yupanqui in the conquest of Lima. Chronicle made in 1615 by the Inca painter Guamán Poma. Royal Library, Denmark. <ref>{{cite book|url=http://www5.kb.dk/permalink/2006/poma/394/en/text/?open=idm46287306144304|title=Nueva corónica y buen gobierno|page=157|author=Guamán Poma|year=1615|website=Royal Library, Denmark website}}</ref>
View of Lima and the Tapada limeña (a colonial women fashion) in a painting of 1842 by d'Orbigny and Benoît. Museum of the Americas, Spain. <ref>{{cite book|url=https://bvpb.mcu.es/es/consulta/registro.do?id=469709|website=Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage (Spain) site|title=Viaje pintoresco a las dos Américas, Asia y África : resúmen jeneral de todos los viajes y descubrimientos de... (1842)|series=Viaje pintoresco alrededor del mundo, a las dos Américas, Asia y Africa,4-6|year=1842|publisher=Imprenta y libreria de Juan Oliveres}}</ref>
Lima as seem from the Rímac District, painting of 1850 by Batta Molinelli.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/blog/juanluisorrego/2010/04/09/la-flora-de-lima-introduccion/|title=La flora de Lima: introducción|date=9 April 2010|author=Juan Luis Orrego Penagos|publisher=Pontifical Catholic University of Peru}}</ref>
Colonial Calle de los Judíos (Jewish quarter) (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Colonial Calles de la Oca and de Bodegones (Lima) in 1866 by Manuel A. Fuentes and Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co. University of Chicago Library.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NhpEAQAAMAAJ&dq=Lima+or+Sketches+of+the+Capital+of+Peru%2C+Historical%2C+Statistical%2C+Administrative%2C+Commercial+and+Moral+Paris%3A+Firmin+Didot%2C+Brothers%2C+Son&pg=PP13|title=Lima or Sketches of the Capital of Peru, Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial and Moral|author1=Manuel A. Fuentes|author2=Firmin Didot, Brothers, Sons & Co.|year=1866|location=University of Chicago Library}}</ref>
Puente de Piedra Bridge, the former Arco del Puente Gate and the Walls of Lima in 1878 by El Viajero Ilustrado. Old Fund of the University of Seville.<ref>{{cite web|title=Puente De Piedra, Lima|website=Old Fund of the University of Seville|url=https://www.flickr.com/people/37667416@N04}}</ref>
The Museo de la Nación houses thousands of artifacts spanning the entire span of human occupation in Peru.
Museum of Italian Art It's the only European arts museum in Peru, under the administration of the National Culture Institute.
Larco Museum is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art that is housed in an 18th-century vice-royal building built over a 7th-century pre-Columbian pyramid.
National Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru is the largest and oldest museum in Peru.
Plaza de toros de Acho, the plaza is classified as a national historic monument. It is the oldest bullring in the Americas.
Estadio Nacional of Peru Its current capacity is 40,000 seats as stated by the Peruvian Football Federation.
Estadio Monumental "U" It is the highest capacity soccer stadium in South America and one of the largest in the world.
Lima Golf Club (San Isidro District)
Campo de Marte is one of the largest parks in the metropolitan area of Lima.
Lima City Hall

The 1687 earthquake marked a turning point in the history of Lima, since it coincided with a recession in trade due to economic competition with other cities such as Buenos Aires.