Buffalo, New York

BuffaloBuffalo, NYBuffalo, United StatesBuffalo, N.Y.City of BuffaloBuffalo Baseball ParkBuffalo NYBuffalo areaDowntown BuffaloBuffalo Fiscal Stability Authority
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the largest city in Upstate New York., the population was 256,304.wikipedia
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Erie County, New York

Erie CountyErieErie County Department of Parks, Recreation and Forestry
The city is the county seat of Erie County and a major gateway for commerce and travel across the Canada–United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region.
The county seat is Buffalo.

Upstate New York

upstateNew YorkUpstate, New York
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the largest city in Upstate New York.
Major cities in Upstate New York, from east to west, include Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Binghamton, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.

Erie Canal

Eriecanalcanals
The city grew significantly in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, and its close proximity to Lake Erie.
Originally, it ran 363 mi from the Hudson River in Albany to Lake Erie in Buffalo.

Buffalo Sabres

BuffaloBUFSabres
Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two professional sports teams (Buffalo Bills and Buffalo Sabres), and a thriving and progressive music and arts scene.
The Buffalo Sabres are a professional ice hockey team based in Buffalo, New York.

Western New York

Westernwestern portionWestern New York State
While it is possible its name originated from French fur traders and Native Americans calling the creek Beau Fleuve (French for "Beautiful River"), it is also possible Buffalo Creek was named after the American buffalo, whose historical range may have extended into western New York.
It includes the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Niagara Falls, Jamestown and the surrounding suburbs, as well as the outlying rural areas of the Great Lakes lowlands, the Genesee Valley, and the Southern Tier.

Buffalo River (New York)

Buffalo RiverBuffalo CreekBuffalo
The city of Buffalo received its name from a nearby creek called Buffalo Creek.
The Buffalo River drains a 447 sqmi watershed in New York state, emptying into the eastern end of Lake Erie at the City of Buffalo.

Niagara Falls

NiagaraFallsNIA
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls.
The falls are 27 km north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, and 121 km south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.

Frederick Law Olmsted

OlmstedFrederick OlmstedFrederick Law Olmsted, Sr.
The city is also famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works.
Other projects that Olmsted was involved in include the country's first and oldest coordinated system of public parks and parkways in Buffalo, New York; the country's oldest state park, the Niagara Reservation in Niagara Falls, New York; one of the first planned communities in the United States, Riverside, Illinois; Mount Royal Park in Montreal, Quebec; the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut; the Emerald Necklace in Boston, Massachusetts; Highland Park in Rochester, New York; Belle Isle Park, in the Detroit River for Detroit, Michigan; the Grand Necklace of Parks in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Cherokee Park and entire parks and parkway system in Louisville, Kentucky; the 735 acre Forest Park in Springfield, Massachusetts, featuring America's first public "wading pool"; the George Washington Vanderbilt II Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina; the master plans for the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Maine, and Stanford University near Palo Alto, California, as well as for The Lawrenceville School; and Montebello Park in St. Catharines, Ontario.

List of cities in New York (state)

CityList of cities in New Yorkcities
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the largest city in Upstate New York.

Taste of Buffalo

Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two professional sports teams (Buffalo Bills and Buffalo Sabres), and a thriving and progressive music and arts scene.
The festival is centered in the heart of Downtown Buffalo, New York along Delaware Avenue from Niagara Square by City Hall to Chippewa Street, featuring numerous restaurants and food trucks from the Buffalo region and other cities in Western New York, in addition to some national sponsors.

Seneca people

SenecaSeneca nationSenecas
Later, during the Beaver Wars of the 1640s-1650s, the combined warriors of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy conquered the populous Neutrals and their peninsular territory, while the Senecas alone took out the Wenro and their territory, c. 1651 –1653.
Two are in New York: the Seneca Nation of New York, with two reservations in western New York near Buffalo; and the Tonawanda Band of Seneca Native Americans.

Lafayette Square (Buffalo)

Lafayette SquareLafayette Square, BuffaloSoldiers and Sailors Monument
Lafayette Square also lies one block to the north, which was then bounded by streets bearing Iroquois names.
Lafayette Square (formerly Court House Park or Courthouse Square) is a park in the center of downtown Buffalo, Erie County, New York, United States that hosts a Civil War monument.

Lake Erie

ErieLake Eirelake
The city grew significantly in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, and its close proximity to Lake Erie. Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls.
Major cities along Lake Erie include Buffalo, New York; Erie, Pennsylvania; Cleveland, Ohio, and Toledo, Ohio.

Williamsville, New York

WilliamsvilleWilliamsville, NYVillage of Williamsville
Before the east-to-west turnpike was completed, travelling from Albany to Buffalo would take a week, while even a trip from nearby Williamsville to Batavia could take upwards of three days.
It is part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway

Chicago LineMichigan Southern and Northern Indiana RailroadErie and Kalamazoo Railroad
Major ones were the Buffalo, Bradford and Pittsburgh Railroad (1859), Buffalo and Erie Railroad and the New York Central Railroad (1853).
The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, established in 1833 and sometimes referred to as the Lake Shore, was a major part of the New York Central Railroad's Water Level Route from Buffalo, New York, to Chicago, Illinois, primarily along the south shore of Lake Erie (in New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio) and across northern Indiana.

Niagara Square

Niagara Street
In the middle of the village was the intersection of eight streets, in what would become Niagara Square.
Niagara Square is a public square located at the intersections of Delaware Avenue, Court Street, Genesee Street, and Niagara Street in Buffalo, New York.

Fort Erie, Ontario

Fort ErieBertie TownshipFort Erie, ON
Buffalo was a terminus point of the Underground Railroad with many fugitive slaves crossing the Niagara River to Fort Erie, Ontario in search of freedom.
It is directly across the river from Buffalo, New York and is the site of Old Fort Erie which played a prominent role in the War of 1812.

Grain elevator

grain elevatorselevatorselevator
In 1843, the world's first steam-powered grain elevator was constructed by local merchant Joseph Dart and engineer Robert Dunbar.
It was invented by Joseph Dart, a merchant, and Robert Dunbar, an engineer, in 1842 and 1843, in Buffalo, New York.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Buffalo, New York

Buffalo places listed on the National Register of Historic PlacesErie: Buffalolisted on the NRHP in Buffalo, New York
The city is also famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Buffalo, New York, United States.

Niagara River

NiagaraGull IslandRiver Niagara
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls. Buffalo was a terminus point of the Underground Railroad with many fugitive slaves crossing the Niagara River to Fort Erie, Ontario in search of freedom.
Unity Island lies further upstream, alongside the city of Buffalo.

Lehigh Valley Railroad

Lehigh ValleyLVLehigh Valley Railway
Later, the Lehigh Valley Railroad would have its line terminate at Buffalo in 1867.
Serving as the main line for the Lehigh Valley Railroad, the rail line expanded past Allentown to Buffalo, New York and past Easton to New York City, bringing the Lehigh Valley Railroad to these metro areas.

Battle of Conjocta Creek

Conjocta CreekdefendedSkirmish at Conjocta Creek, New York
On August4, 1814, British forces under Lt. Colonel John Tucker and Lt. Colonel William Drummond, General Gordon Drummond's nephew, attempted to raid Black Rock and Buffalo as part of a diversion to force an early surrender at Fort Erie the next day, but were defeated by a small force of American riflemen under Major Lodwick Morgan at the Battle of Conjocta Creek, and withdrew back into Canada.
The Battle of Conjocta Creek was an attempt by British forces under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John Tucker to raid the American supply depots at the towns of Black Rock and Buffalo.

Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company

Pierce-ArrowPierce ArrowPierce
It was also part of the automobile revolution, hosting the brass era car builders Pierce Arrow and the Seven Little Buffaloes early in the century.
The Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company was an American motor vehicle manufacturer based in Buffalo, New York, which was active from 1901 to 1938.

New York Central Railroad

New York CentralHudson River RailroadNew York Central and Hudson River Railroad
Major ones were the Buffalo, Bradford and Pittsburgh Railroad (1859), Buffalo and Erie Railroad and the New York Central Railroad (1853).
The railroad primarily connected greater New York and Boston in the east with Chicago and St. Louis in the Midwest along with the intermediate cities of Albany, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Detroit.

Albany, New York

AlbanyAlbany, NYCity
Former slave Joseph "Black Joe" Hodges, and Cornelius Winney, a Dutch trader from Albany who arrived in 1789, were early settlers along the mouth of Buffalo Creek.
The construction of the turnpike across the state, in conjunction with canal and railroad systems, made Albany the hub of transportation for pioneers going to Buffalo and the Michigan Territory in the early- and mid-19th century.