A report on Bulgarian language

The Codex Zographensis is one of the oldest manuscripts in the Old Bulgarian language, dated from the late 10th or early 11th century
Cyrillic
Map of the Bulgarian dialects within Bulgaria
Extent of Bulgarian dialects according to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences shown encompassing the Eastern South Slavic dialects. Subregions are differentiated by pronunciation of man and tooth.
Areas of Eastern South Slavic languages.
Bulgarian cursive alphabet

South Slavic language spoken in Southeastern Europe, primarily in Bulgaria.

- Bulgarian language
The Codex Zographensis is one of the oldest manuscripts in the Old Bulgarian language, dated from the late 10th or early 11th century

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Pomaks in the early 20th century

Pomaks

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Pomaks (Помаци; Πομάκοι; Pomaklar) are Bulgarian-speaking Muslims inhabiting northwestern Turkey, Bulgaria and northeastern Greece.

Pomaks (Помаци; Πομάκοι; Pomaklar) are Bulgarian-speaking Muslims inhabiting northwestern Turkey, Bulgaria and northeastern Greece.

Pomaks in the early 20th century
Ethnographic map of European Turkey from the late 19th century, showing the regions largely populated by Pomaks in brown.
Tuhovishta's Mosque
Medusa Pomak village, Xanthi, Thrace, Greece

Within Macedonian academia, their language has been regarded as Macedonian, while within Bulgarian academia, their dialect is considered as part of the Bulgarian language.

Bulgarian grammar

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Bulgarian grammar is the grammar of the Bulgarian language.

Dipylon inscription, one of the oldest known samples of the use of the Greek alphabet, c. 740 BC

Greek alphabet

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The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BCE.

The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BCE.

Dipylon inscription, one of the oldest known samples of the use of the Greek alphabet, c. 740 BC
Early Greek alphabet on pottery in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens
Distribution of "green", "red" and "blue" alphabet types, after Kirchhoff.
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A 16th-century edition of the New Testament (Gospel of John), printed in a renaissance typeface by Claude Garamond
Theocritus Idyll 1, lines 12–14, in script with abbreviations and ligatures from a caption in an illustrated edition of Theocritus. Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer: Carmina bucolica, Leiden 1779.
The earliest Etruscan abecedarium, from Marsiliana d'Albegna, still almost identical with contemporaneous archaic Greek alphabets
A page from the Codex Argenteus, a 6th-century Bible manuscript in Gothic
18th-century title page of a book printed in Karamanli Turkish

Various South Slavic dialects, similar to the modern Bulgarian and Macedonian languages, have been written in Greek script. The modern South Slavic languages now use modified Cyrillic alphabets.

Sign at Aberystwyth University in Welsh displaying use of the vocative case – 'myfyrwyr (students) mutated to 'fyfyrwyr'

Vocative case

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Grammatical case which is used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed, or occasionally for the determiners of that noun; the comma that should be applied in such a context is referred to as a vocative comma.

Grammatical case which is used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed, or occasionally for the determiners of that noun; the comma that should be applied in such a context is referred to as a vocative comma.

Sign at Aberystwyth University in Welsh displaying use of the vocative case – 'myfyrwyr (students) mutated to 'fyfyrwyr'

Unlike other Slavic languages except Macedonian, Bulgarian has lost case marking for nouns.

Charts of the six systems.

Kinship terminology

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System used in languages to refer to the persons to whom an individual is related through kinship.

System used in languages to refer to the persons to whom an individual is related through kinship.

Charts of the six systems.
The Bi-relational and Tri-relational meanings of the word nakurrng in Bininj Gun-Wok.

Some languages, such as Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Turkish, Sinhalese, Chinese (see Chinese kinship), Japanese, Korean, Khmer, Malayalam, Vietnamese, Tagalog (Filipino), Hungarian, Bulgarian, Nepalese, and Nahuatl add another dimension to some relations: relative age.

Dental click

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Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

It is also used in some languages spoken in regions closer to, or in, Europe, such as Turkish, Albanian, Greek, Bulgarian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian or Serbo-Croatian to denote a negative response to a "yes or no" question.

Present tense

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Grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.

Grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.

In Bulgarian, the present indicative tense of imperfective verbs is used in a very similar way to the present indicative in English.