Ruins of the Bulguksa Temple in 1914, before restoration
Cheongungyo and Baegungyo
National treasure No. 26
National treasure No. 27
Treasure No. 61
Map of the main complex
Daeungjeon, Main Hall
Museoljeon, Hall of No Words
Geuknakjeon, Hall of Supreme Bliss
Gwaneumjeon, Avalokitesvara's Shrine
a statue of Dhṛtarāṣṭra in the gate of Bulguksa temple
Bulguksa temple
temple's roof decoration
Drum at Bulguksa
Drum at Bulguksa, side view
a dragon-head decoration on temple roof's decoration
Dragon-head door-knocker on the gates of Bulguksa temple
sunset through a fountain on the premises of the temple
Wooden pig sculpture in Geukrakjeon. It was found 2007.

Located on the slopes of Mount Toham .

- Bulguksa

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Woodblock printing

Technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.

The intricate frontispiece of the Diamond Sutra from Tang Dynasty China, the world's earliest printed text containing a date of production, AD 868 (British Library)
A fragment of a dharani print in Sanskrit and Chinese, c. 650-670, Tang dynasty
Replica of The Great Dharani Sutra, the oldest printed text in Korea, c. 704-751
The Hyakumantō Darani, the oldest printed text in Japan, c. 770
Coloured woodcut Buddha, 10th century, China
Bronze plate for printing an advertisement for the Liu family needle shop at Jinan, Song dynasty (960-1279). The world's oldest extant print advertising medium.
Under the Wave off Kanagawa by Hokusai, a ukiyo-e artist
Zōjō-ji in Shiba. From series Twenty Views of Tōkyō by Hasui Kawase, a shin-hanga artist.
Three episodes from the block book Biblia pauperum illustrating typological correspondences between the Old and New Testaments: Eve and the serpent, the Annunciation, Gideon's miracle
A revolving table typecase with individual movable type characters arranged primarily by rhyming scheme, from Wang Zhen's Nong Shu, published 1313.
Jikji: Selected Teachings of Buddhist Sages and Seon Masters, the earliest known book printed with movable metal type, 1377. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Movable type used to print the earliest extant book, the Jikji (1377)
Woodcut press, engraving in Early Typography by William Skeen, Colombo, Ceylon, 1872
Mino province: Yoro-taki from the series Views of Famous Places in the Sixty-odd Provinces by Hiroshige, an ukiyo-e artist

The Great Dharani Sutra (무구정광대다라니경/無垢淨光大陀羅尼經) was discovered at Bulguksa, South Korea in 1966 and dated between 704 and 751 in the era of Later Silla.


The entrance to the grotto. The rotunda is covered by a grassy hill in the background.
The entrance to the grotto; the giant seated buddha is located inside.

The Seokguram Grotto is a hermitage and part of the Bulguksa temple complex.


Coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.

A portrait of the last king of Silla, King Gyeongsun (r. 927–935). After his surrender to King Taejo, Gyeongju lost its status as capital city.
Chilbulam (rock-engraving of seven Buddhas) on Namsan, Gyoengju.
Seokguram grotto on the slopes of Toham mountain.
Principal mountains and drainage patterns of Gyeongju. Mountains of 500 to 700 m are in green, those taller than 700 m in violet. The rest three in gray are under 500 m.
Gyeongju City Hall in Dongcheon-dong.
Gyeongju National Museum.
A gold crown excavated from Gold Crown Tomb. National Treasures of South Korea No. 87.
Divine Bell of King Seongdeok
Yi Je-hyeon (1287–1367)
Gyeongju bread, a local speciality.
Ssambap, a rice dish served with vegetable leaves, various small side dishes and condiments.
2008 Gyeongju Citizens' Athletics Festival held at Gyeongju Public Stadium.
Gampo Port
Paddy fields in Gyeongju
A fruit shop at Seongdong Market
Dabotap pagoda at Bulguksa temple
Bunhwangsa pagoda, National Treasure of Korea No. 30
Gyeongju Sinmun, a local newspaper company is housed in this building.
A building of the Gyeongju Hyanggyo
Campus of Dongguk University in Gyeongju at night
Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital
A view of Hyeongsan River from Dong Bridge. The river is one of water sources of Gyeongju.
Gyeongju train station

Among such historical treasures, Seokguram grotto, Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju Historic Areas and Yangdong Folk Village are designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

National Treasure (South Korea)

Tangible treasure, artifact, site, or building which is recognized by the South Korean government as having exceptional artistic, cultural and historical value to the country.

Crown of Baekje, the 154th national treasure of Korea.
No. 191 Gold and jade crown with pendants exhibited at National Museum of Korea.
Geumgangjeondo, the 217th national treasure of Korea
Geunjeongjeon Hall, the 223rd national treasure of Korea
No. 224 Gyeonghoeru Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace

Many of the national treasures are popular tourist destinations such as Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine, Bulguksa, Seokguram, and Tripitaka Koreana at Haeinsa.

Korean Buddhism

Distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what its early practitioners saw as inconsistencies within the Mahayana Buddhist traditions that they received from foreign countries.

An image of Gautama Buddha at Seokguram Grotto, Gyeongju, in South Korea
Monks going down to their rooms after evening prayers at Haeinsa.
A stone image of a Buddha, near Gyeongju, South Korea. 7th century Silla.
Korean painting of Water-Moon Avalokiteshvara, 1310 CE, ink on silk, painted by Umun Kim
Tripitaka Koreana at Haeinsa.
Dalmado by Gim Myeong-guk, 17th century
Statue of one of the Four Heavenly Kings
Typical interior of a Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple of Chongrungsa, near Pyongyang
Lotus Lantern Festival

Two crowning achievements were the temple Bulguksa and the cave-retreat of Seokguram (石窟庵).

Jogye Order

Representative order of traditional Korean Buddhism with roots that date back 1200 years to the Later Silla National Master Doui, who brought Seon (known as Zen in the West) and the practice taught by the Sixth Patriarch, Huineng, from China around 820 CE.

The Priory of St. Wigbert is a Lutheran monastery in the Benedictine tradition

11. Bulguksa: Jinhyeon Provinceng, Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province


"Five-storied pagoda" redirects here.

Wood five-story pagoda of Hōryū-ji in Japan, built in the 7th century, one of the oldest wooden buildings in the world.
The Liuhe Pagoda (Six Harmonies Pagoda) of Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, built in 1165 AD during the Song dynasty.
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda of Xi'an in China, built in the 7th century, made of brick.
Thiên Mụ Pagoda in Vietnam, built in 1601 on the order of the first Nguyễn lords, Nguyễn Hoàng, who at that time was the governor of Thuận Hóa (now known as Huế).
Seokgatap of Bulguksa in South Korea, built in the 8th century, made of granite. In 1966, the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra, the oldest extant woodblock print and several other treasures were found in the second story of this pagoda.
Prashar Lake, An ancient Pagoda style temple dedicated to the Rishi Prashar, the patron God of Mandi region (India), stands besides the lake. The temple has been constructed by the King Ban Sen in 13-14th century with the Rishi being present in the form of a Pindi (stone).
Kek Lok Si pagoda tiers labelled with their architectural styles
The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei, built in 1045 AD during the Song dynasty, with little change in later renovations.
The nine-story Xumi Pagoda, Hebei, China, built in 636
Floor-support structure in a corner of the Horyuji temple
The 40 m Songyue Pagoda of 523 AD, the oldest existent stone pagoda in China.
The brick-constructed Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, built by 652 and rebuilt in 704, during the Tang dynasty.
Jade Buddha Temple in Shanghai follows the Song Dynasty multi-courtyard design, and does not feature a pagoda. The main hall is at the center.
Taleju Temple, a 16th-century temple in Kathmandu Durbar Square
Changu Narayan Temple, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Ancient Chinese model of two residential towers, made of earthenware during the Han dynasty, 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD, excavated by archaeologists in 1993
Side view of a Han pottery tower model with a mid-floor balcony and a courtyard gatehouse flanked by smaller towers; the dougong support brackets are clearly visible.
A Western-Han model of a watchtower with human figures on its balconies (including crossbowmen) and a gatehouse and courtyard on the first floor
Among a large set of architectural models, three Eastern Han Dynasty watchtowers stand in the rear of this display
Four Gates Pagoda, built in 611.
The Daqin Pagoda, built in 640.
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, built in 709.
Pagoda of the Baoguang Temple, built between 862 and 888.
The Three Pagodas, 9th and 10th centuries.
The Huqiu Tower, built in 961.
Longhua Pagoda, built in 977.
Pagoda of Fogong Temple, built in 1056.
The Liaodi Pagoda, built in 1055
Pizhi Pagoda, built by 1063.
Haotian Pagoda, built in 1103.
Pagoda of Tianning Temple in Beijing, 1120.
The Chengling Pagoda, built in 1189.
Wuying Pagoda, built in 1270.
Pagoda of Bailin Temple, built by 1330.
The Square Tower of Songjiang, Shanghai, built in 1884.
Photographer unknown, "Flower Pagoda Guangzhou," n.d., Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
Zhenjue Temple, built in 1473.
The Pagoda of Cishou Temple, built in 1576.
The Sarira Stupa of Tayuan Temple, built in 1582
The Fragrant Hills Pagoda, built in 1780.
The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049
Five-story pagoda of Mount Haguro, Japan
Wooden three-story pagoda of Ichijō-ji in Japan, built in 1171
Yingde pagoda, Qingyuan, Guangdong Province, China, from Johan Nieuhof (1618–1672); Jean-Baptiste Le Carpentier (1606 – c. 1670): L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665
One Pillar Pagoda, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Nyatapola Temple located in Bhaktapur, Nepal, built in 1701–1702
Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan
The Bombardier Pagoda at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Shwedagon Pagoda located in Yangon, Myanmar. The whole structure is coated with 60 tons of pure gold
Pagoda Mumbai
Peace Pagoda - Sri Lanka
The Sun and Moon Pagodas lighted at night and reflected in Lake Shanhu in November 2017.

Seokgatap on Bulguksa, Gyeongju, Korea, built in 751.

Gyeongdeok of Silla

The 35th ruler of Silla and son of King Seongdeok (reigned 702–737).

Pre-Later Silla at its height in 576

The construction of Seokguram Grotto also began under his reign headed by Prime Minister Kim Dae-seong in 751, who also oversaw the construction of the Bulguksa Temple and the Dabotap Pagoda which began construction in the same year.


Korean kingdom located on the southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula.

Pre-Later Silla at its height in 576
Earthenware Funerary Objects in the Shape of a Shilla Warrior on Horseback
The Temple of the Golden Dragon, also known as Hwangryongsa, would later be destroyed during the Mongol Invasions.
(left to right) A Baekje, Goguryeo, and Shilla envoy depicted in a 6th-century painting.

With the support of the government, massive temples like the Temple of the Golden Dragon, Temple of the Buddhist Realms and hermitages like Seokguram were built across the nation.


This refers to a pagoda containing the relics of Dabo Yeorae.

A larger image of the pagoda.

Dabo Pagoda, also known as pagoda of many treasures, is located in the temple of Bulguksa in Gyeongju, South Korea.