Bureau of Corporations

The Bureau of Corporations, predecessor to the Federal Trade Commission, was created as an investigatory agency within the Department of Commerce and Labor in the United States.wikipedia
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Federal Trade Commission

FTCU.S. Federal Trade CommissionUnited States Federal Trade Commission
The Bureau of Corporations, predecessor to the Federal Trade Commission, was created as an investigatory agency within the Department of Commerce and Labor in the United States.
The new Federal Trade Commission would absorb the staff and duties of Bureau of Corporations, previously established under the Department of Commerce and Labor in 1903.

Joseph E. Davies

Joseph DaviesAmbassador Joseph E. DaviesDavies
Commissioner of Corporations, Joseph E. Davies, became the FTC's first Chairman and Davies' deputy Francis Walker became the chief economist of the FTC
As a reward for being critical in winning Wilson the election, Wilson named Davies head of the Bureau of Corporations.

United States Department of Commerce and Labor

Department of Commerce and LaborSecretary of Commerce and LaborUnited States Secretary of Commerce and Labor
The Bureau of Corporations, predecessor to the Federal Trade Commission, was created as an investigatory agency within the Department of Commerce and Labor in the United States.
Investigations were the province of its Bureau of Corporations.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
The Bureau of Corporations, predecessor to the Federal Trade Commission, was created as an investigatory agency within the Department of Commerce and Labor in the United States.

Progressive Era

ProgressiveProgressive movementProgressives
The Bureau and the Department were created by Congress on February 14, 1903, during the Progressive Era.

Hepburn Act

1906Hepburn Bill
Its 1906 report on petroleum transportation made recommendations that became part of the Hepburn Act of 1906, and was used when the Justice Department successfully prosecuted and broke up Standard Oil in 1911.

Standard Oil

Standard Oil CompanyStandard Oil TrustStandard Oil Co.
Its 1906 report on petroleum transportation made recommendations that became part of the Hepburn Act of 1906, and was used when the Justice Department successfully prosecuted and broke up Standard Oil in 1911.

Hydroelectricity

hydroelectrichydroelectric powerhydroelectric dam
In 1912 the Bureau issued a report on the development of water power in the United States, including its ownership or control, and fundamental economic principles involved in utilization of this new and rapidly growing energy source.

Federal Power Act

Federal Water Power ActFederal Water Power Act of 1920Federal Power Act of 1920
The various concerns expressed would initially be regulated by the Federal Water Power Act of 1920.

Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935

Public Utility Holding Company ActPublic Utility Actbreaking up utility holding companies
The business, managerial, and financial practices of these early utility holding companies would proliferate, but remain largely unregulated until the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935.

Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt

presidencyTheodore Rooseveltconservationist
After the 1902 elections, Roosevelt called for a ban on railroad rebates to large industrial concerns, as well as for the creation of a Bureau of Corporations to study and report on monopolistic practices.

Theodore Roosevelt

Teddy RooseveltPresident Theodore RooseveltRoosevelt
Bolstered by his party's winning large (but slightly smaller) majorities in the 1902 elections, Roosevelt proposed the creation of the United States Department of Commerce and Labor, which would include the Bureau of Corporations.

Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914

Federal Trade Commission ActFTC Actdeceptive practices
Soon after, Roosevelt created the Bureau of Corporations, an agency that reported on the economy and businesses in the industry.

Interstate Commerce Act of 1887

Interstate Commerce ActMotor Carrier ActMotor Carrier Act of 1935
Over time the courts would further narrow the agency's authority, and in 1903 congress established the Department of Commerce and Labor and its Bureau of Corporations to study and report on wider industries and their monopolistic practices.

John Warne Gates

John W. GatesJ. W. GatesJohn Bet-a-Million Gates
His assessment of the open-hearth process for steel production was confirmed by a report from the US Bureau of Corporations.