Buyoya, pictured at Chatham House in 2013
President Ndadaye in 1993
Buyoya in 1990
Ndadaye speaking at a FRODEBU rally following his electoral victory in 1993
Ndadaye greeting Prime Minister Sylvie Kinigi at Bujumbura airport, 1993
Flag of the Kingdom of Burundi (1962–1966).
Ndadaye's casket lowered into his grave
Independence Square and monument in Bujumbura.
Belligerents of the Second Congo War. Burundi backed the rebels.
View of the capital city Bujumbura in 2006.
Pierre Nkurunziza, President of Burundi in 2005–2020.
Embassy of Burundi in Brussels
Map of Burundi.
Hippos at Kibira National Park in the Northwest of Burundi
A proportional representation of Burundi exports, 2019
Historical development of GDP per capita
Graphical depiction of Burundi's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories in 2009.
Fishermen on Lake Tanganyika.
Bujumbura International Airport terminal in Bujumbura
Bicycles are a popular means of transport in Burundi
Men in colourful dresses and drums
Children in Bujumbura, Burundi
Drums from Gitega.
Football in Burundi.
Carolus Magnus School in Burundi. The school benefits from the campaign "Your Day for Africa" by Aktion Tagwerk.

Pierre Buyoya (24 November 1949 – 17 December 2020) was a Burundian army officer and politician who served two terms as President of Burundi in 1987 to 1993 and 1996 to 2003 as de facto military dictator.

- Pierre Buyoya

Melchior Ndadaye (28 March 1953 – 21 October 1993) was a Burundian intellectual and politician.

- Melchior Ndadaye

Running as a candidate in the 1993 Burundian presidential election, he was defeated by Hutu candidate Melchior Ndadaye of the FRODEBU opposition party.

- Pierre Buyoya

On 13 March 1992, Tutsi coup leader Pierre Buyoya established a constitution, which provided for a multi-party political process and reflected multi-party competition.

- Burundi

That year Burundi became beset by ethnic violence, and on 23 October he criticised the government of President Pierre Buyoya in a meeting called by the governor of Gitega Province.

- Melchior Ndadaye

In June 1993, Melchior Ndadaye, leader of the Hutu-dominated Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU), won the first democratic election.

- Burundi
Buyoya, pictured at Chatham House in 2013

2 related topics with Alpha


People fleeing during 1993 Burundian genocide that marked the civil war's start

Burundian Civil War

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People fleeing during 1993 Burundian genocide that marked the civil war's start
Location of Burundi in Central Africa
The death of President Melchior Ndadaye (pictured 1993) was one of the civil war's main causes
Building torched during the 1993 genocide
Ex-President Pierre Buyoya took over the Burundian government in the 1996 coup
Hutu rebels regularly attacked Bujumbura (center of the map) from the forested mountains around it
Pierre Nkurunziza was elected president in 2005
Burundian government soldiers in 2006, shortly after the conflict's end.

The Burundian Civil War was a civil war in Burundi lasting from 1993 to 2005.

The last of the coups was in 1987 and installed Tutsi officer Pierre Buyoya.

Thus, FRODEBU leader Melchior Ndadaye became Burundi's first democratically elected Hutu president.

Ntibantunganya in 1994

Sylvestre Ntibantunganya

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Ntibantunganya in 1994

Sylvestre Ntibantunganya (born 8 May 1956) is a Burundian politician.

UBU developed two factions, with the first advocating armed revolution and the second—led by Ntibantunganya and Melchior Ndadaye—advocating democracy and political freedom.

In 1988, President Pierre Buyoya decreed the creation of a 24-person commission to study ethnic divisions in Burundi and create a plan for national unity.