A report on Busan

View from Geumjeong Mountain
Gwangan Bridge
Administrative divisions
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Busan New Port
Seomyeon
Jagalchi Market
A panoramic view of Pusan National University.
Korea Maritime and Ocean University.
Dadaepo Beach
Nurimaru APEC House
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Beomeosa Temple
Haedong Yonggungsa Temple
Busan Exhibition and Convention Center
Museum of Contemporary Art Busan
Dongnae pajeon
Sajik Baseball Stadium
Busan Asiad Main Stadium.
Busan Port Pier 1 with the International Ferry Terminal (3 docked ferries shown)
Busan Metro Line 2

South Korea's second-most populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.4 million inhabitants.

- Busan

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South Korea

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Country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

Country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, also known as Koryŏ, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Changdeok Palace, one of the Five Grand Palaces built during the Joseon Dynasty and another UNESCO World Heritage Site
The War Memorial of Korea, built in remembrance of the Korean War (1950–1953)
Between 1962 and 1994, the South Korean economy grew at an average of 10% annually, fueled by annual export growth of 20%, in a period called the Miracle on the Han River.
President Park Chung-hee played a pivotal role in rapidly developing South Korea's economy through export-oriented industrialization.
President Kim Dae-jung, the 2000 Nobel Peace Prize recipient for advancing democracy and human rights in South Korea and East Asia and for reconciliation with North Korea, was sometimes called the "Nelson Mandela of Asia."
South Korea became the first non-G7 chair of the G-20 when it hosted the 2010 Seoul summit.
Topography of South Korea
Jeju Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cheonggyecheon river is a modern public recreation space in downtown Seoul.
Separation of powers and the election system of South Korea
The National Assembly of South Korea
Population pyramid of South Korea in 2021
Koreans in traditional dress
Seoul National University is considered to be the most prestigious university in South Korea.
KAIST main campus in Daejeon
Dialects of the Korean language
Buddha's Birthday celebration in Seoul
Development of life expectancy in North Korea and South Korea
Former Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007–2016), Ban Ki-moon
The Joint Security Area
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in shake hands inside the Peace House
South Korean president Moon Jae-in meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin
Liancourt Rocks have become an issue known as the Liancourt Rocks dispute.
President Moon Jae-in and U.S. President Joe Biden having lunch on 21 May 2021, on the Oval Office Patio of the White House
ROKN Sejong the Great, a King Sejong the Great -class guided-missile destroyer built by Hyundai Heavy Industries
The South Korean-developed K2 Black Panther, built by Hyundai Rotem
ROKAF FA-50, a supersonic combat aircraft developed by Korea Aerospace Industries
ROKS Dokdo, the lead ship of the, built by Hanjin Heavy Industries
Haeundae Beach in Busan
A 3D OLED TV made by Korean LG Display, the world's largest LCD and OLED maker
Naro-1 at the launch pad
Albert HUBO, developed by KAIST, can make expressive gestures with its five separate fingers.
A musician playing a gayageum
A blue and white porcelain peach-shaped water dropper from the Joseon Dynasty in the 18th century
Namdaemun
Bulguksa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bibimbap
BTS, one of the most successful K-pop groups
Psy became an international sensation with "Gangnam Style" in 2012.
Seoul Sports Complex, Korea's largest integrated sports center
Sajik Baseball Stadium in Busan. Baseball is one of the most popular sports in South Korea.
Taekwondo, a Korean martial art and Olympic sport

Other major cities include Incheon, Busan, and Daegu.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

19 links

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Busan, South Korea (Cwa)

Daegu

11 links

City in South Korea.

City in South Korea.

Reliquary from eighth-century Silla, Daegu National Museum
Daegu in the 18th century
Daegu City Hall
Administrative divisions
View of both the city of Daegu, with Jisan-dong and Beommul-dong
View of both the city of Daegu Suseong District, with Gosan Area
Daegu Metro Line 3.
Daegu International Future Auto EXPO 2017
Korean ICT Convergence Expo
Korean Brain Research Center - Advanced Equipment Center
2017 Green Energy Expo
Daegu skyline as seen from KNU's Technopark
Scenery of Donghwasa
Dalgubeol-daejong, a city bell at the Gukchae Bosang Park
Daegu Botanical Garden bridge
The sign of the Seomun Market
Daegu Art Museum
A home stadium of the Samsung Lions, one of the most popular sports teams in the city
DGB Daegu Bank Park
Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine
Keimyung University, main building
Dongdaegu Station
Map of the rapid transit of Daegu. The red line is line 1, and the green is line 2.
Daegu International Airport
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It is the third-largest urban agglomeration in South Korea after Seoul and Busan; it is the third-largest official metropolitan area in the nation with over 2.5 million residents; and the second-largest city after Busan in the Yeongnam region in southeastern Korean Peninsula.

Seoul

8 links

Capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.

Capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.

"Seoul" in hangul
The Fortress Wall of Seoul
The Han River at sunrise
According to the Environmental Performance Index 2016, South Korea ranked 173rd out of 180 countries in terms of air quality. More than 50 percent of the populations in South Korea are exposed to dangerous levels of fine dust.
Seoul City Hall
Districts of Seoul
Gangnam Commercial Area
Yeouido, the main financial district of Seoul.
Myeong-dong is one of the most popular destinations in Seoul.
Bukchon Hanok Village, a traditional Seoul village built during the Joseon era
Sungnyemun (commonly known as Namdaemun)
Lotte World Tower
The National Museum of Korea
The War Memorial of Korea
Myeongdong Cathedral
Seoul Botanic Park
Han River Park
KBS headquarters in Yeouido, Seoul
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Fireworks at the closing ceremonies of the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul
Seoul buses
Seoul Station
KTX Sancheon
Entrance of Seoul National University
Gyeongbokgung, the main royal palace during Joseon Dynasty.
Changdeok Palace, one of the five royal palaces during Joseon Dynasty.

The capital was temporarily relocated to Busan.

Clockwise from top:A column of the U.S. 1st Marine Division's infantry and armor moves through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir

UN landing at Incheon harbor, starting point of the Battle of Incheon

Korean refugees in front of a U.S. M46 Patton tank

U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, landing at Incheon

F-86 Sabre fighter aircraft

Korean War

9 links

Fought between North Korea and South Korea from 1950 to 1953.

Fought between North Korea and South Korea from 1950 to 1953.

Clockwise from top:A column of the U.S. 1st Marine Division's infantry and armor moves through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir

UN landing at Incheon harbor, starting point of the Battle of Incheon

Korean refugees in front of a U.S. M46 Patton tank

U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, landing at Incheon

F-86 Sabre fighter aircraft
Territory often changed hands early in the war, until the front stabilized.
Hundreds of thousands of South Koreans fled south in mid-1950 after the North Korean army invaded.
A U.S. howitzer position near the Kum River, 15 July
Man of the Year, the American soldier on Time magazine cover, 1951
G.I. comforting a grieving infantryman
M24 Chaffee light tanks of the US Army's 25th Infantry Division wait for an assault of North Korean T-34-85 tanks at Masan
Crew of an M-24 tank along the Nakdong River front, August 1950
Pershing and Sherman tanks of the 73rd Heavy Tank Battalion at the Pusan Docks, Korea.
General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC (seated), observes the naval shelling of Incheon from USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7), 15 September 1950
Combat in the streets of Seoul
Pershing tanks in downtown Seoul during the Second Battle of Seoul in September 1950. In the foreground, United Nations troops round up North Korean prisoners-of-war.
US Air Force attacking railroads south of Wonsan on the eastern coast of North Korea
Chinese forces cross the frozen Yalu River.
Three commanders of PVA during the Korean War. From left to right: Chen Geng (1952), Peng Dehuai (1950–1952) and Deng Hua (1952–1953)
Soldiers from the US 2nd Infantry Division in action near the Ch'ongch'on River, 20 November 1950
A column of the US 1st Marine Division move through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir.
Map of the UN retreat in the wake of Chinese intervention
B-26 Invaders bomb logistics depots in Wonsan, North Korea, 1951
US Marines move out over rugged mountain terrain while closing with North Korean forces.
British UN troops advance alongside a Centurion tank, March 1951
US M46 Patton tanks, painted with tiger heads thought to demoralize Chinese forces
New Zealand artillery crew in action, 1952
Men from the Royal Australian Regiment, June 1953
Delegates sign the Korean Armistice Agreement in P'anmunjŏm.
A U.S. Army officer confers with South Korean soldiers at Observation Post (OP) Ouellette, viewing northward, in April 2008
The DMZ as seen from the north, 2005
Korean War memorials are found in every UN Command Korean War participant country; this one is in Pretoria, South Africa.
A soldier of the Dutch detachment of the UN forces in North Korea prepares to return sniper fire, 1952
To disrupt North Korean communications, USS Missouri (BB-63) fires a salvo from its 16-inch guns at shore targets near Chongjin, North Korea, 21 October 1950
A B-29 Superfortress bomber dropping its bombs
A US Navy Sikorsky HO4S flying near USS Sicily (CVE-118)
Pyongyang in May 1951
A USAF Douglas B-26B Invader of the 452nd Bombardment Wing bombing a target in North Korea, 29 May 1951
Mark 4 bomb, seen on display, transferred to the 9th Bombardment Wing, Heavy
South Korean soldiers walk among the bodies of political prisoners executed near Daejon, July 1950
Civilians killed during a night battle near Yongsan, August 1950
A US Marine guards North Korean prisoners of war aboard an American warship in 1951.
Two Hill 303 survivors after being rescued by US units, 17 August 1950
Bob Hope entertained X Corps in Korea on 26 October 1950.
The Korean Peninsula at night, shown in a 2012 composite photograph from NASA
North Koreans touring the Museum of American War Atrocities in 2009

By September, UN forces were hemmed into a small corner of southeast Korea, near Pusan.

Nakdong River

6 links

Andong dam
Hahoe Folk Village

The Nakdonggang River or Nakdonggang is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.

South Gyeongsang Province

5 links

Province in the southeast of South Korea.

Province in the southeast of South Korea.

Yeongnamnu in Miryang, South Gyeongsang Province. A pavilion from the Joseon.
Gimhae
Tongyeong
Yangsan
Changnyeong Temple at the base of Mount Hwawang

It is adjacent to the major metropolitan center and port of Busan.

Ulsan

4 links

South Korea's seventh-largest metropolitan city and the eighth-largest city overall, with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants.

South Korea's seventh-largest metropolitan city and the eighth-largest city overall, with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants.

Planned industrial development for the Ulsan Industrial Zone 1962.
Ulsan Central market entrance.
Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium.
Twilight view of Taehwa River and downtown area
Industrial Complex area in Ulsan

It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north.

UN soldiers from the 27th US Infantry await North Korean attacks across the Naktong River from positions on the Pusan Perimeter, September 1950.

Battle of Pusan Perimeter

5 links

Large-scale battle between United Nations Command (UN) and North Korean forces lasting from August 4 to September 18, 1950.

Large-scale battle between United Nations Command (UN) and North Korean forces lasting from August 4 to September 18, 1950.

UN soldiers from the 27th US Infantry await North Korean attacks across the Naktong River from positions on the Pusan Perimeter, September 1950.
A map showing successive North Korean advance. The Pusan Perimeter is the border of the green portion of the peninsula.
UN troops unload in Korea
An M4 Sherman tank being loaded onto a barge at the port of Oakland, California, prior to shipment to Pusan, 1950.
US aircraft attack a North Korean train with rockets and napalm, 1950.
The main Seoul-Pusan railway and road was integral in bringing supplies to the front
Map of the Pusan Perimeter, August 1950.
Saddle Ridge near Taegu, one of the positions along Pusan Perimeter defended by the UN.
Troops of the 24th Infantry move to the Masan battleground
US Armor advances west of Masan
US Marines sit on a newly captured position overlooking the Naktong River, August 19
US Navy Corpsman treats US Marine casualty from the front line of the battle, August 17.
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US artillery near Waegwan fires at North Korean troops attempting to cross the Naktong River
US Air Force post-strike picture of a 3.5 by area near Waegwan, in which 99 bombers dropped 3500, 500lb bombs
Map of the Naktong Defensive line, September 1950.
The Pusan Perimeter on September 15. The blue arrow indicated the Battle of Inchon, which had ended the attack on the perimeter
Bodies of Hill 303 massacre victims gathered near Waegwan, South Korea, many with their hands still bound.
North Korean T-34 tanks destroyed by US Air Force bombs near Waegwan

UN forces, having been repeatedly defeated by the advancing KPA, were forced back to the "Pusan Perimeter", a 140 mi defensive line around an area on the southeastern tip of South Korea that included the port of Busan.

Korea under Japanese rule

5 links

Ruled as a part of the Empire of Japan.

Ruled as a part of the Empire of Japan.

1945 National Geographic map of Korea, showing Japanese placenames and provincial boundaries.
Japanese marines landing from the Unyo at Yeongjong Island which is near Ganghwa
1945 National Geographic map of Korea, showing Japanese placenames and provincial boundaries.
Major battles and troop movements during the First Sino-Japanese War
Flag of the Japanese Resident General of Korea (1905–1910)
General power of attorney to Lee Wan-yong sealed and signed, by the last emperor, Sunjong (李坧) on 22 August 1910 (융희4년; 隆熙4年)
A soldier of the Anti-Japanese Volunteer Armies
Terauchi Masatake, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea
Headquarters of the Oriental Development Company in Keijō
Chinese anti-Japanese poster published after reprisals by Koreans
Japan-Korea. Teamwork and Unity. Champions of the World. – The notion of racial and imperial unity of Korea and Japan gained widespread following among the literate minority of the middle and upper classes.
Kuniaki Koiso, Governor-General of Korea from 1942 to 1944, implemented a draft of Koreans for wartime labor.
A news article showing that Park Chung-hee had submitted an oath of allegiance to Japan in his own blood with his application form to serve in the Manchukuo Imperial Army, 31 March 1939
Crown Prince Lieutenant General Yi Un, Prince Captain Yi Geon and Captain Yi Wu in 1938
Lieutenant Park Chung-hee, Manchukuo, 1944
Korean volunteers in the Imperial Japanese Army, January 1943
A kidnapped girl sold into China by ethnic Korean brokers – 30 June 1933 The Dong-a Ilbo
Korean Comfort Women recorded by U.S. Marine Corps
Photo memorialising the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, 1919
Three Koreans shot for pulling up rails as a protest against seizure of land without payment by the Japanese
Provinces of Chosen Korea under Japanese rule
Groundbreaking for the Keijō–Fuzan railway
Production in Korea under Japanese rule
Industrialization of Korea under Japanese rule
Population of Korea under Japanese rule
Km of railway in Korea under Japanese rule
Telephone subscribers in Korea under Japanese rule
Keijō Imperial University, Keijō
The number of public regular schools (公立普通学校) and students
Enrollment rate of public regular schools (公立普通学校)
Japan-Korea Cooperative Unity, World Leader. – The notion of racial and imperial unity of Korea and Japan gained widespread following among the literate minority of the middle and upper classes.

As a result of the treaty, Japanese merchants came to Busan, which became the center for foreign trade and commerce.