Bush Tower

Bush Tower, also called the Bush Terminal International Exhibit Building and formerly as the Bush Terminal Sales Building, is a historic 30-story, 433 ft skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, just east of Times Square.wikipedia
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Irving T. Bush

It was built in 1916–1918 for Irving T. Bush's Bush Terminal Company, which operated Bush Terminal in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City.
Bush also commissioned Manhattan's landmark Bush Tower skyscraper on 42nd Street near New York City's Times Square and funded the construction of Bush House in London.

Harvey Wiley Corbett

CorbettCorbett, Harvey W.Harvey Corbett
The New York firm of Helmle and Corbett (also designers of Bush House in London and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial (1922–1932) in Alexandria, Virginia)—and specifically, architect Harvey Wiley Corbett—gave Bush Tower a Neo-Gothic appearance, in some ways similar in style to New York's landmark Woolworth Building, a skyscraper that had been completed just three years earlier.
As part of the firm of Helmle & Corbett, Harvey Wiley Corbett designed Bush Tower, a 30-story Neo-Gothic skyscraper built for the Bush Terminal Company on 42nd St. near Times Square, Manhattan.

42nd Street (Manhattan)

42nd StreetWest 42nd Street42nd
The building occupies a plot at 130-132 West 42nd Street between Broadway and Sixth Avenue.

Industry City

Bush TerminalBush Terminal CompanyBush Terminal Yard
It was built in 1916–1918 for Irving T. Bush's Bush Terminal Company, which operated Bush Terminal in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City.
The company also funded construction of Bush Tower, a 30-story skyscraper near Times Square in Manhattan, where tenants of Bush Terminal were offered display space to showcase their goods, above a club for buyers visiting New York.

Bush House

Bush House, LondonBush
The Bush Terminal Company attempted a similar melding of commercial displays and social space at Bush House in London, built in three phases during the 1920s, but that concept was not fully carried through.

Old London Inc.

Old London Restaurant
The Buyers' Club on the lower floors was quickly replaced by a bank in the early 1920s, then by the Old London Restaurant in 1931.
The second restaurant, Old London, was in a former Chase National Bank branch inside Bush Tower at 130 West 42nd St., next to Times Square, where Childs leased the bottom two floors and basement in March 1931.

Skyscraper

skyscraperssupertallsupertall skyscraper
Bush Tower, also called the Bush Terminal International Exhibit Building and formerly as the Bush Terminal Sales Building, is a historic 30-story, 433 ft skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, just east of Times Square.

Midtown Manhattan

MidtownEast MidtownMidtown East
Bush Tower, also called the Bush Terminal International Exhibit Building and formerly as the Bush Terminal Sales Building, is a historic 30-story, 433 ft skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, just east of Times Square.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Bush Tower, also called the Bush Terminal International Exhibit Building and formerly as the Bush Terminal Sales Building, is a historic 30-story, 433 ft skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, just east of Times Square.

Times Square

Time SquareLongacre SquareNew York Times Square
Bush Tower, also called the Bush Terminal International Exhibit Building and formerly as the Bush Terminal Sales Building, is a historic 30-story, 433 ft skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, just east of Times Square.

Broadway (Manhattan)

BroadwayGreat White WayCanyon of Heroes
The building occupies a plot at 130-132 West 42nd Street between Broadway and Sixth Avenue.

Sixth Avenue

Avenue of the AmericasSixth6th Avenue
The building occupies a plot at 130-132 West 42nd Street between Broadway and Sixth Avenue.

Sunset Park, Brooklyn

Sunset Park Sunset Park, Brooklyn, NYCentral Sunset Park Historic District
It was built in 1916–1918 for Irving T. Bush's Bush Terminal Company, which operated Bush Terminal in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City.

Brooklyn

Brooklyn, New YorkBrooklyn, NYKings
It was built in 1916–1918 for Irving T. Bush's Bush Terminal Company, which operated Bush Terminal in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City.

Gothic Revival architecture

Gothic RevivalNeo-GothicGothic
The New York firm of Helmle and Corbett (also designers of Bush House in London and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial (1922–1932) in Alexandria, Virginia)—and specifically, architect Harvey Wiley Corbett—gave Bush Tower a Neo-Gothic appearance, in some ways similar in style to New York's landmark Woolworth Building, a skyscraper that had been completed just three years earlier. Its notable design combined narrowness, height, and Neo-Gothic architecture.

1916 Zoning Resolution

first zoning regulationsZoning Resolution of 19161916 Zoning Act
In addition, it played a large role in the evolution of Times Square and of New York skyscrapers after the 1916 Zoning Resolution.

Bush family

BushBush political familyDorothy Walker Bush
Under Irving T. Bush (who has no relation to the Bush political family ) the Bush Terminal Co. created Bush Tower to bring buyers, manufacturers, and designers together.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
The Bush Terminal Company attempted a similar melding of commercial displays and social space at Bush House in London, built in three phases during the 1920s, but that concept was not fully carried through.

City block

blockblockssuperblock
The architects remarked that they wanted to make the building "a model for the tall, narrow building in the center of a city block".

George Washington Masonic National Memorial

George Washington National Masonic MemorialAlexandria lodgeAlexandria Lodge No. 22
The New York firm of Helmle and Corbett (also designers of Bush House in London and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial (1922–1932) in Alexandria, Virginia)—and specifically, architect Harvey Wiley Corbett—gave Bush Tower a Neo-Gothic appearance, in some ways similar in style to New York's landmark Woolworth Building, a skyscraper that had been completed just three years earlier.

Woolworth Building

WoolworthWoolworth Building, First Floor InteriorWoolworth tower
The New York firm of Helmle and Corbett (also designers of Bush House in London and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial (1922–1932) in Alexandria, Virginia)—and specifically, architect Harvey Wiley Corbett—gave Bush Tower a Neo-Gothic appearance, in some ways similar in style to New York's landmark Woolworth Building, a skyscraper that had been completed just three years earlier.

Lightwell

light welllight-wellAir well (ventilation)
With the exception of a recessed mid-facade lightwell on the east facade, the east and west walls were left largely blank.

Trompe-l'œil

trompe l'oeiltrompe-l'oeiltrompe l’oeil
Instead, Trompe-l'œil brickwork creates vertical "ribs" with a false "shade" pattern to enhance the verticality.

Mansard roof

mansardmansard-roofedmansard roofs
Even the water tower was hidden behind a mansard roof at the tower's peak.

Gentlemen's club

private social clubgentleman's clubprivate club
These floors were modeled after a traditional large metropolitan private club and housed the newly created International Buyers Club, which contained "that mysterious element called 'atmosphere' and 'social standing'", yet representatives of any "reputable" firm could join for free.