Bushfires in Australia

bushfirebushfiresfirefiresAustralian bushfirebush firesBush firewildfires1962 and again in 19681962 Melbourne bushfires
Bushfires in Australia are common, impact extensive areas, and can cause property damage and loss of human life.wikipedia
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Firestorm

fire stormfirestormscyclone of fire
Major firestorms that result in severe loss of life are often named based on the day on which they occur, such as Ash Wednesday and Black Saturday.
It is most commonly a natural phenomenon, created during some of the largest bushfires and wildfires.

Black Saturday bushfires

2009 Victorian bushfiresBlack SaturdayVictorian Bushfire Crisis
Major firestorms that result in severe loss of life are often named based on the day on which they occur, such as Ash Wednesday and Black Saturday.
The Black Saturday bushfires were a series of bushfires that ignited or were burning across the Australian state of Victoria on and around Saturday, 7 February 2009 and were among Australia's all-time worst bushfire disasters.

South Australian Country Fire Service

Country Fire ServiceCFSSouth Australia Fire Services
The Country Fire Service is a volunteer based fire service in the state of South Australia.
Many parts of Australia are sparsely populated whilst at the same time they are under significant risk of bushfire.

New South Wales Rural Fire Service

Rural Fire ServiceNSW Rural Fire ServiceRFS
The New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFS) is a volunteer-based firefighting agency and statutory body of the Government of New South Wales.
The NSW RFS is the primary agency for responding to bushfires in the state.

Fire-stick farming

firestick farmingburned the landaction by early humans
It is assumed that a good deal of this change came about as the result of deliberate action by early humans, setting fires to clear undergrowth or drive game.
The study shows higher bushfire activity from about 70,000 to 28,000 years ago.

Black Friday bushfires

Black FridayBlack Friday (1939)1939 Black Friday bushfires
The Black Friday bushfires of 13 January 1939, in Victoria, Australia, were among the worst natural bushfires (wildfires) in the world.

1943–44 Victorian bushfire season

1943-44 Victorian bushfires season1943–44 Victorian bushfires season1944
The 1943–44 Victorian bushfire season was marked by a series of major bushfires following severe drought conditions in the state of Victoria in Australia.

Epicormic shoot

epicormic budsepicormicepicormic bud
Plants have evolved a variety of mechanisms to survive or even require bushfires (possessing epicormic shoots or lignotubers that sprout after a fire, or developing fire-resistant or fire-triggered seeds), or even encourage fire (eucalypts contain flammable oils in the leaves) as a way to eliminate competition from less fire-tolerant species.
As one of their responses to frequent bushfires which would destroy most other plants, many Eucalypt trees found widely throughout Australia have extensive epicormic buds which sprout following a fire, allowing the vegetative regeneration of branches from their trunks.

1925–26 Victorian bushfire season

Black Sunday1925-26 Australian bushfire season1926 bushfires
During the 1925–26 Victorian bushfire season a series of major bushfires occurred between 26 January and 10 March 1926 in the state of Victoria in Australia.

Black Sunday bushfires

Black SundayBlack Sunday bushfires of 1955Black Sunday (1955)
The Black Sunday bushfires were a series of bushfires that broke out across South Australia on 2 January 1955.

1961 Western Australian bushfires

Dwellingup fires of 19611961 bushfires1961 Jarrahdale fires
In early 1961, a series of bushfires burned in the south-west region of Western Australia.

Firefighting

fire fightingfire-fightingfire warden
An outdoor fire is always fed with air, and the risk to people is limited as they can move away from it, except in the case of wildfires or bushfires where they risk being easily surrounded by the flames.

1967 Tasmanian fires

1967 Tasmanian bushfiresBlack Tuesday bushfires1967 bush fires
They were the most deadly bushfires that Tasmania has ever experienced, leaving 62 people dead, 900 injured and over seven thousand homeless.

Chatsbury bushfires

Chatsbury bushfireChatsbury/Bungonia BushfireSouthern Highlands (1965)
The Chatsbury/Bungonia bushfires of 1965 was a series of bushfires that burned from March 5 to March 14, 1965.

Ash Wednesday bushfires

Ash Wednesday firesAsh Wednesday1980 Ash Wednesday bushfires
Major firestorms that result in severe loss of life are often named based on the day on which they occur, such as Ash Wednesday and Black Saturday.
The Ash Wednesday bushfires, known in South Australia as Ash Wednesday II, were a series of bushfires that occurred in south-eastern Australia on 16 February 1983, which was Ash Wednesday in the Christian calendar.

Eyre Peninsula bushfire, 2005

Eyre Peninsula bushfire2005 Eyre Peninsula bushfireBlack Tuesday (2005)
The Eyre Peninsula bushfire of 2005, an event also known locally as Black Tuesday and by South Australian Government agencies as the Wangary bushfire, was a bushfire that occurred during January 2005 on the lower part of the Eyre Peninsula, a significant part of South Australia's wheat belt, where most of the land is either cropped or grazed.

2003 Canberra bushfires

Canberra bushfires of 2003Canberra bushfires2003 bushfires
After burning for a week around the edges of the ACT, the fires entered the suburbs of Canberra on 18 January 2003.

Tasmania Fire Service

TASTasmanian Fire Service
The Tasmania Fire Service manages bushfires in Tasmania with the help of Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service and Forestry Tasmania.

Eucalypt

eucalyptseucalypt foresteucalypt trees
Plants have evolved a variety of mechanisms to survive or even require bushfires (possessing epicormic shoots or lignotubers that sprout after a fire, or developing fire-resistant or fire-triggered seeds), or even encourage fire (eucalypts contain flammable oils in the leaves) as a way to eliminate competition from less fire-tolerant species. Fires became more frequent, and fire-loving species—notably eucalypts—greatly expanded their range.
Their seeds are often held in an insulated capsule, which opens only in response to and after the devastation of a bushfire.

2006–07 Australian bushfire season

bushfires2006-07 Australian bushfire season2006 – 07 Australian bushfire season
These seasons are commonly grouped into years such as "2006-07 Australian bushfire season" and typically run from June one year until May the next year.
The 2006–07 Australian bushfire season was one of the most extensive bushfire seasons in Australia's history.

Controlled burn

prescribed burnprescribed burningprescribed fire
Common causes of bushfires include lightning, arcing from overhead power lines, arson, accidental ignition in the course of agricultural clearing, grinding and welding activities, campfires, cigarettes and dropped matches, sparks from machinery, and controlled burn escapes.

Kangaroo Island bushfires

2007 Kangaroo Island bushfires
The Kangaroo Island bushfires were a series of bushfires caused by lightning strikes on 6 December 2007 on Kangaroo Island, South Australia, resulting in 95,000 ha of land being destroyed.

2013 Tasmanian bushfires

Tasmanian Bushfiresbushfires in January 2013bushfires on 4 January 2013
The 2013 Tasmanian bushfires were a series of bushfires which occurred in south-eastern Tasmania between November 2012 and late April 2013.

Country Fire Authority

CFACountry Fire Authority (CFA)Victoria Fire Services
In Victoria, the Country Fire Authority (CFA) provides firefighting and other emergency services to country areas and regional townships within the state, as well as large portions of the outer suburban areas and growth corridors of Melbourne not covered by the Metropolitan Fire Brigade.
The CFA is responsible for combatting all fires on private land in Victoria outside of the Metropolitan Fire District, including Structure Fires and Bushfires.

Black Thursday bushfires

Black Thursday1851 Black ThursdayBlack Thursday (1851)
Within the last two hundred years, the area has experienced and documented at least twenty-five major fires, beginning with Black Thursday in 1851.