By-law

bylawsbylawby-lawsbyelawbyelawsbye-lawordinancesbye-lawsby lawcorporate bylaws
A by-law (bylaw, bye-law, byelaw) is a rule or law established by an organization or community to regulate itself, as allowed or provided for by some higher authority.wikipedia
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Bylaw enforcement officer

Municipal Law Enforcement OfficerOrdnungsamtbylaw officers
Accordingly, a bylaw enforcement officer is the Canadian equivalent of the American Code Enforcement Officer or Municipal Regulations Enforcement Officer.
A Bylaw Enforcement Officer is a law enforcement employee of a municipality, county or regional district, charged with the enforcement of bylaws, rules, laws, codes or regulations enacted by local governments.

Zoning

zonedrezoningzoning laws
Legally, a zoning plan is usually enacted as a by-law with the respective procedures.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
By-laws may be established by entities such as a business corporation, a neighborhood association, or depending on the jurisdiction, a municipality.
Once the articles are approved, the corporation's directors meet to create bylaws that govern the internal functions of the corporation, such as meeting procedures and officer positions.

Board of directors

Board of Trusteesdirectorboard
It describes who can amend them (usually the membership, but it could be the organization's board of directors), how much notice is needed, and how much of a vote is needed.
Such a board's powers, duties, and responsibilities are determined by government regulations (including the jurisdiction's corporations law) and the organization's own constitution and bylaws.

Robert's Rules of Order

Robert's Rules of Order Newly RevisedRobert's RulesRoberts Rules of Order
Organizations may use a book such as Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised for guidelines on the content of their by-laws.
An organization may have rules which could include a corporate charter, a constitution or bylaws, rules of order (special rules of order and parliamentary authority), standing rules, and customs.

Local ordinance

ordinanceordinancescity ordinance
As a result, terms such as code, ordinance, or regulation, if not simply law are more common.

Parliamentary procedure

standing ordersrules of orderparliamentary law
In parliamentary procedure, including Robert's Rules of Order, the by-laws are generally the supreme governing document of an organization, superseded only by the charter of an incorporated society.
Rules of order consist of rules written by the body itself (often referred to as bylaws), but also usually supplemented by a published parliamentary authority adopted by the body.

Articles of incorporation

corporate charterAct of Incorporationarticles of association
Corporate by-laws are drafted by a corporation's founders or directors under the authority of its Charter or Articles of Incorporation.
The articles of incorporation outline the governance of a corporation along with the corporate bylaws and the corporate statutes in the state where articles of incorporation are filed.

Incorporation (business)

incorporatedincorporationincorporate
In parliamentary procedure, including Robert's Rules of Order, the by-laws are generally the supreme governing document of an organization, superseded only by the charter of an incorporated society.
Usually, there are also corporate bylaws which must be filed with the state.

Articles of association

deed of settlementarticlesMemorandum and Articles of Association
This is either determined by the 'by-laws' or is a statutory requirement.

Constitutional documents

constitutional documentconstitutive documentsCorporate constitutional documents

Neighborhood association

block clubneighbourhood associationcivic associations
By-laws may be established by entities such as a business corporation, a neighborhood association, or depending on the jurisdiction, a municipality.

Municipality

municipalitiesmunicipalmunicipal division
By-laws may be established by entities such as a business corporation, a neighborhood association, or depending on the jurisdiction, a municipality.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
In the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries, the local laws established by municipalities are referred to as bye-laws because their scope is regulated by the central governments of those nations.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
In the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries, the local laws established by municipalities are referred to as bye-laws because their scope is regulated by the central governments of those nations.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
In the United States, the federal government and most state governments have no direct ability to regulate the single provisions of municipal law.

Code of law

legal codecodelaw code
As a result, terms such as code, ordinance, or regulation, if not simply law are more common.

Danelaw

DanesAnglo-DanishDanish
The earliest use of the term, which originates from the Viking town law in the Danelaw, wherein by is the Old Norse word for a larger settlement as in Whitby and Derby (compare with the modern Danish-Norwegian word by meaning town, or the modern Swedish word by, meaning village).

Old Norse

NorseOld IcelandicOld West Norse
The earliest use of the term, which originates from the Viking town law in the Danelaw, wherein by is the Old Norse word for a larger settlement as in Whitby and Derby (compare with the modern Danish-Norwegian word by meaning town, or the modern Swedish word by, meaning village).

Whitby

Whitby, North YorkshireWhitby, YorkshireWhitby, England
The earliest use of the term, which originates from the Viking town law in the Danelaw, wherein by is the Old Norse word for a larger settlement as in Whitby and Derby (compare with the modern Danish-Norwegian word by meaning town, or the modern Swedish word by, meaning village).

Derby

Derby, EnglandCity of DerbyDerby, Derbyshire
The earliest use of the term, which originates from the Viking town law in the Danelaw, wherein by is the Old Norse word for a larger settlement as in Whitby and Derby (compare with the modern Danish-Norwegian word by meaning town, or the modern Swedish word by, meaning village).

Byway (road)

bywayrestricted bywaybyways
However, it is also possible that this usage was forgotten and the word was "reinvented" in modern times through the use of the adverbial prefix by- giving the meaning of subsidiary law or side-law (as in byway).

Local government in the United Kingdom

local governmentlocal authoritieslocal council
A local council or municipal government derives its power to pass laws through a law of the national or regional government which specifies what things the town or city may regulate through by-laws.

Primary and secondary legislation

primary legislationsecondary legislationdelegated legislation
As a result, terms such as code, ordinance, or regulation, if not simply law are more common.

Crime

criminalcriminalscriminal offence
Municipal by-laws are often enforcable through the public justice system, and offenders can be charged with a criminal offence for breach of a by-law.