Bytown

CorktownBytown, Upper CanadaRichmond Landingtown
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.wikipedia
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Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, CanadaOttawa, ON
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada.

John Scott (Canadian politician)

John Scott
Bytown's first mayor was John Scott, elected in 1847.
John Scott (1822 – May 1, 1857) was the first mayor of Bytown, later Ottawa, in 1847.

Rideau Canal

Rideau WaterwayRideauRideau Canal Festival
Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal and grew largely due to the Ottawa River timber trade.
To ensure safe passage between Montreal and Kingston, a new route was planned that would proceed westward from Montreal along the St. Lawrence, north along the Ottawa River to Bytown (now Ottawa), then southwest via canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario.

Parliament Hill

Parliament BuildingsParliamentCanadian Parliament Buildings
Upper Town, situated to the west of the canal, was situated in the area of the current downtown and Parliament Hill.
After Ottawa,then called Bytown, was founded, the builders of the Rideau Canal used the hill as a location for a military base, naming it Barrack Hill.

Wellington Street (Ottawa)

Wellington StreetWellington
Wellington Street, Rideau Street, Sussex and Sparks Street were some of the earliest streets in use.
It is one of the first two streets laid out in Bytown in 1826 (the other being the eastern leg of Wellington, Rideau Street).

Nicholas Sparks (politician)

Nicholas Sparks
Nicholas Sparks owned Bytown's land west of the canal, except for the lands north of Wellington, which were considered "Ordnance" lands.
Nicholas Sparks (1794–February 27, 1862) was an early landholder of Bytown, Upper Canada who owned most of the lands in the present day commercial core of Downtown Ottawa.

Royal Engineers

Corps of Royal EngineersRoyal EngineerRE
The town took its name from John By who, as a Colonel in the British Royal Engineers, was instrumental in the construction of the canal.
Westward from Montreal, travel would proceed along the Ottawa River to Bytown (now Ottawa), then southwest via the canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario.

Stony Monday Riot

Stoney Monday' riot
Bytown had seen some trouble in the early days, first with the Shiners' War in 1835 to 1845, and the Stony Monday Riot in 1849.
The Stony Monday Riot took place in Bytown (now Ottawa), Ontario on Monday September 17, 1849.

Rideau Street

Rideau2016 Ottawa sinkhole97-105 Rideau Street
Wellington Street, Rideau Street, Sussex and Sparks Street were some of the earliest streets in use.
Along with Wellington Street and Sussex Drive it was among the first streets in Ottawa to be host to businesses; it was created with the founding of the early town.

Plaza Bridge

Sappers BridgePlaza Bridge (Ottawa)
The two areas of town were connected over the Rideau Canal by the Sappers Bridge, constructed in 1827.
Sappers Bridge was one of Ottawa's first bridges (Bytown at the time), built in 1827 over the Rideau Canal connecting Rideau Street in Lower Town with Upper Town.

Rideau Hall

Government Househer closing of the Rideau Hall estate to the publicresidence
McKay also built Rideau Hall (which has since been expanded), and parts of the Union Bridge connecting LeBreton Flats to Hull.
It was said that the watercolours of Barrack Hill (now Parliament Hill) painted by the latter governor's wife, Lady Head, while she was visiting Rideau Hall, had influenced Queen Victoria to choose Bytown (now Ottawa) as the national capital.

Shiners' War

Bytown had seen some trouble in the early days, first with the Shiners' War in 1835 to 1845, and the Stony Monday Riot in 1849.
The Shiners' War was a conflict between Irish Catholic immigrants and French Canadians in Bytown from 1835 to 1845.

University of Ottawa

OttawaOttawa CollegeUniversité d'Ottawa
The University of Ottawa had its 1846 origins as a college, and it received its present location in 1856.
The college was renamed College of Ottawa in 1861, following the city's name change from Bytown to Ottawa.

Thomas McKay

Thomas MacKay
In 1826, Thomas McKay was contracted to build the commissariat building, now the Bytown Museum.
He became partners with John Redpath and their firm did the masonry work on the Lachine Canal near Montreal, they then went on to build the locks on the lower section of the Rideau Canal, between the Rideau River and the Ottawa River at Bytown.

Bytown Museum

By-Town
In 1826, Thomas McKay was contracted to build the commissariat building, now the Bytown Museum.
Housed in the Commissariat Building, Ottawa's oldest remaining stone building, the museum provides a comprehensive overview of the origins of Bytown and its development and growth into the present city of Ottawa.

John By

Colonel ByColonel John ByLieutenant-Colonel John By
The town took its name from John By who, as a Colonel in the British Royal Engineers, was instrumental in the construction of the canal. The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By to divide up the town into lots.
Lieutenant-Colonel John By (7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and founding Bytown in the process, which would become the Canadian capital, Ottawa.

Hull, Quebec

HullHull sectorHull, Québec
Wright's Town (Hull, Quebec), just across the Ottawa River, also near the Chaudiere Falls, had already been founded by this time.
Originally named Bytown, Ottawa did not become the Canadian capital until the mid-19th century after the original parliament in Montreal was torched by a rioting mob of English-speaking citizens on April 25, 1849.

Richmond, Ontario

Richmond
The settlement was named Bellows Landing until the fall of 1818, when a group of settlers responsible for the creation of a new road to Richmond, Ontario stayed there.
In the case of Richmond, the rising importance of Bytown and the building of the Rideau Canal several kilometres east of Richmond significantly contributed to its failure to thrive.

Ottawa River timber trade

timber tradeOttawa Valley timber tradelumber industry
Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal and grew largely due to the Ottawa River timber trade.
The trade in squared timber and later sawed lumber led to population growth and prosperity to communities in the Ottawa Valley, especially the city of Bytown (now Ottawa, the capital of Canada).

ByTowne Cinema

On October 1, 1988, Bruce White and Jean Cloutier reopened the cinema, renamed the ByTowne, in honour of Bytown, Ottawa's original name until January 1, 1855, and because it was the second cinema for the owners of the Towne Cinema on Beachwood Avenue.

Bytown Mechanics' Institute

In the 1830s, newsrooms were beginning to open in Bytown, Upper Canada.

Bytownite

The mineral was first described in 1836 and named for an occurrence at Bytown (now Ottawa), Canada.

Richmond Road (Ontario)

Richmond RoadOld Richmond RoadRichmond
The road became Richmond Road and Richmond Landing acquired its name.
Richmond Road was built in 1818 to connect the military settlement at Richmond with Richmond Landing just below the Chaudière Falls on the Ottawa River in Bytown.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie

Lord DalhousieGeorge RamsayDalhousie
The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By to divide up the town into lots.