A report on CBRN defense

Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.
Toronto firefighters don CBRN suits at a HAZMAT incident
Members of the Irish Defence Forces and Dublin Fire Brigade (DFB) at a CBRNE training exercise
U.S. Marines training exercise for temporary critical support to enable community recovery after a CBRNE incident
Brazilian Marine Corps training for CBRN defense.
Brazilian troops prepared for biological warfare.
Special Forces training for chemical warfare.

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRN defence or CBRNE defence) are protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

- CBRN defense
Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.

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Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit

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The Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit (CJIRU) (Unité interarmées d'intervention du Canada, UIIC) of the Canadian Armed Forces was created "to provide timely and agile broad-based CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) support to the Government of Canada in order to prevent, control and mitigate CBRN threats to Canada, Canadians, and Canadian interests".

Badge of CANSOFCOM

Canadian Special Operations Forces Command

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Command of the Canadian Armed Forces.

Command of the Canadian Armed Forces.

Badge of CANSOFCOM

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) crisis response

A S6 respirator with a filter

S6 NBC Respirator

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Protective gas mask issued to the British Armed Forces.

Protective gas mask issued to the British Armed Forces.

A S6 respirator with a filter

It's usually worn in conjunction with the NBC No. 1 Mk III CBRN protective suit.

Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation

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Reorganization of government-controlled group of factories in Turkey that supplied the Turkish Armed Forces with military products.

Reorganization of government-controlled group of factories in Turkey that supplied the Turkish Armed Forces with military products.

MKEK munitions on IDEF 2007
40mm RPG by MKEK
120 and 155mm ammunition by MKEK
MK-84 and MK-82 by MKEK
Mkek THK 15 plane.
MKEK 155 mm tracked self-propelled howitzer T-155 Fırtına
MKE TAMGEÇ mine-clearing line charge system.
Bora-12 (MKEK JNG-90)
Rheinmetall MG 3 made by MKEK in Kırıkkale under license since 1974 for the Turkish Armed Forces and Turkish Gendarmerie.

The company's line of business includes the manufacturing of surgical appliances and supplies also CBRN masks and products, various masks are produced for the army and civilians.

Cap badge of the Army

Irish Army

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Land component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.

Land component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.

Cap badge of the Army
Rolls-Royce Armoured Cars pictured during the Civil War
Volunteer Force recruitment poster, 1930s
Irish ONUC troops (36 Bn) man a position over the Elizabeth road tunnel during the Congo Crisis, December 1961 (Image: Defence Forces)
Irish troops serving with UNIFIL in 2013
Two soldiers wearing ghillie suits for concealment while in sniper training
Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) training
Structure of the Irish Army
105mm L118 light gun crewed by the Artillery Corps (Army Reserve)
Cavalry Corps MOWAG Piranha
A member of an Irish Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) team
Army parade (march past) with Steyr AUG service rifles in service dress
The RG Outrider, in use with the Irish Army in various roles

This includes more advanced training of everything covered by recruit training plus riot training, navigation, CBRN, helicopter drills, survival, FIBUA, ATCP training, live fire tactical training, etc. They also receive further weapons training on the M203 Grenade Launcher and Short Range Anti-Armour Weapon.

Cap badge of the Defence Forces

Army Reserve (Ireland)

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Airm) is the reserve land component of the Irish Defence Forces.

Airm) is the reserve land component of the Irish Defence Forces.

Cap badge of the Defence Forces
Army reservists on a training exercise in the Glen of Imaal carrying a FN MAG GPMG and a Steyr AUG assault rifle
Members of the FCA, early 1960s
A Sergeant from the Army Reserve leading a tactical exercise
Officers of the Army Reserve upon receiving their commission

All soldiers are taught to operate radio communications, map reading, CBRN warfare defence and the light machine gun, and can move on to courses such as reconnaissance ("recce course"), driving courses, Regimental Signallers course, Physical Training Leader and Specialist Instructor Course.

John Singer Sargent's iconic World War I painting: Gassed, showing blind casualties on a battlefield after a mustard gas attack

Chemical warfare

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Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.

Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.

John Singer Sargent's iconic World War I painting: Gassed, showing blind casualties on a battlefield after a mustard gas attack
Fritz Haber is considered the "father of chemical warfare" for his years of pioneering work developing and weaponizing chlorine and other poisonous gases during World War I.
A Swedish Army soldier wearing a chemical agent protective suit (C-vätskeskydd) and protection mask (skyddsmask 90)
Dispersion of chlorine in World War I
Aerial photograph of a German gas attack on Russian forces circa 1916
An American-made MC-1 gas bomb
Soviet chemical weapons canisters from a stockpile in Albania
Israel Defense Forces "Yanshuf" battalion soldiers at chemical warfare defense exercise
Members of the Ukrainian Army's 19th Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Battalion practice decontamination drill, at Camp Arifjan, Kuwait
Disabled children in Vietnam, most of them victims of Agent Orange, 2004

This type of warfare is distinct from nuclear warfare, biological warfare and radiological warfare, which together make up CBRN, the military acronym for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (warfare or weapons), all of which are considered "weapons of mass destruction" (WMDs), a term that contrasts with conventional weapons.

Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005

Improvised explosive device

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Bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

Bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019

The presence of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) material in an IED requires additional precautions.

Logo of the Mobile Brigade Corps

Mobile Brigade Corps

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Special operations, paramilitary, and tactical unit of the Indonesian National Police (Polri).

Special operations, paramilitary, and tactical unit of the Indonesian National Police (Polri).

Logo of the Mobile Brigade Corps
Badge of Brimob
Brimob riot control personnel
A Brimob Headquarters in Pekanbaru, Riau
Brimob personnel
Pelopor troops
Gegana Bomb Disposal
Gegana
Pelopor
Search and Rescue (SAR) unit

Gegana is tasked with carrying out more specific special police operations tasks such as: Bomb Disposal, CBR Handling (Chemistry, Biology, and Radioactivity), Anti-Terror (Counter Terrorism), and Intelligence.

ERU emblem

Garda Emergency Response Unit

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Police tactical unit of the Garda Síochána, Ireland's national police and security service.

Police tactical unit of the Garda Síochána, Ireland's national police and security service.

ERU emblem
Garda Síochána Emergency Response Unit (ERU) tactical team disembarking from a helicopter
Garda Emergency Response Unit members conducting anti-terror maritime operations on the River Liffey, Dublin
ERU patch worn by operators
Garda ERU operator in Dublin following a shooting incident (shown holding IMI Uzi, no longer in service)

Tactical armed responses to counter serious crime, subversion, insurgency and terrorism (including CBRNe)