CERN

European Organization for Nuclear ResearchEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)European Laboratory for Particle PhysicsCERN InstituteEuropean Center for Nuclear ResearchEuropean Council for Nuclear ResearchOrganisation Européenne pour la Recherche NucléairePhysics communitySERNArts at CERN
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.wikipedia
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Particle accelerator

particle acceleratorsacceleratoraccelerators
CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN through international collaborations.
The most powerful accelerator currently is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva, Switzerland, built by the European collaboration CERN.

Meyrin

Meyrin GEMeyrin-Geneva
The main site at Meyrin hosts a large computing facility, which is primarily used to store and analyse data from experiments, as well as simulate events.
The main site of the CERN, a European particle physics research organisation is in Meyrin.

World Wide Web

WebWWWthe web
CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web. The World Wide Web began as a CERN project named ENQUIRE, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 and Robert Cailliau in 1990.
He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland.

Felix Bloch

BlochBloch, FelixF. Bloch
Edoardo Amaldi was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, while the first Director-General (1954) was Felix Bloch.
In 1954–1955, he served for one year as the first Director-General of CERN.

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

SFR YugoslaviaYugoslaviaFPR Yugoslavia
The convention was gradually ratified by the 12 founding Member States: Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia.
It was a founding member of CERN, the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, OSCE, IFAD, WTO, Eutelsat, and BTWC.

Ben Lockspeiser

Benjamin LockspeiserSir Ben LockspeiserSir Benjamin Lockspeiser
CERN's first president was Sir Benjamin Lockspeiser.
Sir Ben (Benjamin) Lockspeiser KCB, FRS, MIMechE, FRAeS (9 March 1891 – 18 October 1990) was a British scientific administrator and the first President of CERN.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGeneve
Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border and has 23 member states.
CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is probably the best known of Geneva's educational and research facilities, most recently for the Large Hadron Collider.

Carlo Rubbia

C. RubbiaDr Carlo RubbiaProfessor Carlo Rubbia
The 1984 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer for the developments that resulted in the discoveries of the W and Z bosons.
Carlo Rubbia, (born 31 March 1934) is an Italian particle physicist and inventor who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984 with Simon van der Meer for work leading to the discovery of the W and Z particles at CERN.

Gargamelle

were discoveredGargamelle experiment
Gargamelle was a heavy liquid bubble chamber detector in operation at CERN between 1970 and 1979.

Simon van der Meer

The 1984 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer for the developments that resulted in the discoveries of the W and Z bosons.
Simon van der Meer (24 November 1925 – 4 March 2011) was a Dutch particle accelerator physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984 with Carlo Rubbia for contributions to the CERN project which led to the discovery of the W and Z particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter.

Large Electron–Positron Collider

LEPLarge Electron-Positron ColliderAleph
It uses the 27 km circumference circular tunnel previously occupied by the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP), which was shut down in November 2000.
It was built at CERN, a multi-national centre for research in nuclear and particle physics near Geneva, Switzerland.

Peter Higgs

HiggsPeter W. HiggsHiggs boson
The 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to François Englert and Peter Higgs for the theoretical description of the Higgs mechanism in the year after the Higgs boson was found by CERN experiments.
On 4 July 2012, CERN announced the discovery of the boson at the Large Hadron Collider.

UA1 experiment

UA1UA1 collaborationUA1 detector
Other sites are the ones which were used for the UA1, UA2 and the LEP experiments (the latter are used by LHC experiments).
The UA1 experiment (an abbreviation of Underground Area 1) was a high-energy physics experiment that ran at CERN's Proton-Antiproton Collider (SpS), a modification of the one-beam Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS).

UA2 experiment

UA2UA2 collaboration
Other sites are the ones which were used for the UA1, UA2 and the LEP experiments (the latter are used by LHC experiments).
The Underground Area 2 (UA2) experiment was a high-energy physics experiment at the Proton-Antiproton Collider (SpS) — a modification of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) — at CERN.

OPERA experiment

OPERAOPERA CollaborationCNGS1
In September 2011, CERN attracted media attention when the OPERA Collaboration reported the detection of possibly faster-than-light neutrinos.
The experiment is a collaboration between CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, and the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Gran Sasso, Italy and uses the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso (CNGS) neutrino beam.

Faster-than-light neutrino anomaly

a recent experimentfaster-than-light neutrinosneutrinos apparently traveling faster than light
In September 2011, CERN attracted media attention when the OPERA Collaboration reported the detection of possibly faster-than-light neutrinos.
The experiment created a form of neutrinos, muon neutrinos, at CERN's older SPS accelerator, on the Franco–Swiss border, and detected them at the LNGS lab in Gran Sasso, Italy.

ENQUIRE

The World Wide Web began as a CERN project named ENQUIRE, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 and Robert Cailliau in 1990.
ENQUIRE was a software project written in 1980 by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN, which was the predecessor to the World Wide Web.

Edoardo Amaldi

EdoardoAmaldi
Edoardo Amaldi was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, while the first Director-General (1954) was Felix Bloch.
He was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, before September's 1954 official foundation.

Worldwide LHC Computing Grid

LHC Computing GridLHC Computing Grid (LCG)WLCG
More recently, CERN has become a facility for the development of grid computing, hosting projects including the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE (EGEE) and LHC Computing Grid.
It was designed by CERN to handle the prodigious volume of data produced by Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments.

Particle physics

high energy physicsparticle physicisthigh-energy physics
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
The World Wide Web and touchscreen technology were initially developed at CERN.

Proton Synchrotron

PSCERN PSProtonSynchroton Booster
The Proton Synchrotron (PS) is a particle accelerator at CERN.

Robert Cailliau

The World Wide Web began as a CERN project named ENQUIRE, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 and Robert Cailliau in 1990.
He designed the historical logo of the WWW, organized the first International World Wide Web Conference at CERN in 1994 and helped transfer Web development from CERN to the global Web consortium in 1995.

Low Energy Ion Ring

LEIR
The Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) is a particle accelerator at CERN used to accelerate ions from the LINAC 3 to the Proton Synchrotron (PS) to provide ions for collisions within the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

Low Energy Antiproton Ring

LEAR
The Low Energy Anti-Proton Ring (LEAR) was a particle accelerator at CERN which operated from 1982 until 1996.

Wire chamber

drift chambermultiwire proportional chamberMWPC
The 1992 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to CERN staff researcher Georges Charpak "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber".
In 1968, Georges Charpak, while at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), invented and developed the multi-wire proportional chamber (MWPC).