CL 9

CL 9 CORE
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.wikipedia
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Steve Wozniak

WozniakStephen WozniakWoz Way
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.
After permanently leaving Apple in 1985, Wozniak founded CL 9 and created the first programmable universal remote, released in 1987.

Universal remote

universal remote controluniversal remote controlsuniversal television remote
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.
It was called the "CORE" and was created by CL 9, a startup founded by Steve Wozniak, the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II computers.

Apple Inc.

AppleApple ComputerApple Inc
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers. Wozniak was working at Apple Computer as an Apple II engineer.

Inventor

inventedToy inventorairplane manufacturer
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.

Apple I

Apple 1Apple I ComputerApple computer
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.

Apple II

Apple 2AppleApple II Plus
CL 9 was a universal remote company started by Steve Wozniak, Apple Inc. co-founder and the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II personal computers.

MOS Technology 6502

6502MOS 6502M6502
The company was in business for three years, from 1985 to 1988, coming out with the 6502-based CL 9 CORE remote control in 1987, the first universal programmable remote. It had an LCD, a 4-bit and an 8-bit 6502-based microprocessor, and 16 keys (plus a few more control buttons).

Engineer

engineersconsulting engineerIr.
Wozniak was working at Apple Computer as an Apple II engineer.

Santa Cruz Mountains

Coast RangeEl SombrosoSanta Cruz Mountain Range
At the same time, Wozniak had a myriad of electronic entertainment devices in his Santa Cruz mountain home, each controlled with a different remote control.

Wayne Rosing

He told his boss' boss, Wayne Rosing, about his decision to leave, but not Apple co-founder and friend, Steve Jobs.

Steve Jobs

JobsSteven Jobsdied
He told his boss' boss, Wayne Rosing, about his decision to leave, but not Apple co-founder and friend, Steve Jobs.

The Wall Street Journal

Wall Street JournalWSJWall St. Journal
In fact, the first Jobs heard about him leaving was from a piece in The Wall Street Journal.

Los Gatos, California

Los GatosLos Gatos, CAMulberry School
Two weeks later, they instead settled into an older area of nearby Los Gatos.

United States dollar

US$$USD
As a result, several of the investor's friends invested also, bringing in two to three million dollars.

Commodore International

CommodoreCommodore Business MachinesCommodore 64
About this time, Wozniak asked an old friend from Commodore, Sam Bernstein, to be president.

Frog Design Inc.

Frog DesignFrogdesign
They were frustrated in some of their early efforts by interference from Apple co-founder, Jobs: the enclosure was originally by FROG Design, but they also worked for Apple and Jobs would not allow them to do work for CL 9.

Patent

patentspatent lawpatented
Sale of the business, technology and patents was negotiated in 1988.

Infrared

IRnear-infraredinfra-red
The CORE generic universal remote control was able to learn (i.e. record) IR signal patterns from other remote controls.

Liquid-crystal display

LCDliquid crystal displayLCD screen
It had an LCD, a 4-bit and an 8-bit 6502-based microprocessor, and 16 keys (plus a few more control buttons).

Microprocessor

microprocessorsprocessorprocessors
It had an LCD, a 4-bit and an 8-bit 6502-based microprocessor, and 16 keys (plus a few more control buttons).

Serial communication

serialserial interfaceserial communications
A serial interface was included for connecting to a computer.

Home computer

home computershomehome computing
A serial interface was included for connecting to a computer.

AAA battery

AAA batteriesAAAAA batteries
The CORE uses both AAA batteries and a special internal battery soldered to the circuit board.

Printed circuit board

circuit boardPCBprinted circuit boards
The CORE uses both AAA batteries and a special internal battery soldered to the circuit board.

Firmware

BadUSBflashingflash
If the internal battery runs down, the firmware is lost.