Cabinet of Canada

CabinetCanadian Cabinetfederal cabinetcabinet ministerCabinet ministersfederal cabinet ministercabinetsCabinet MemberGovernmentFederal Cabinet Ministers
The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.wikipedia
894 Related Articles

Prime Minister of Canada

Prime MinisterCanadian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.
The prime minister of Canada (premier ministre du Canada) is the primary Minister of the Crown, chair of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government.

29th Canadian Ministry

29Trudeau government29th Ministry
The current cabinet is the Cabinet of Justin Trudeau, which is part of the 29th Ministry.
The Twenty-Ninth Canadian Ministry is the combined Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Ministers that began governing Canada shortly before the opening of the 42nd Parliament.

Queen's Privy Council for Canada

PCPrivy CouncilPrivy Council of Canada
Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.
Responsible government, though, requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to almost always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet: a committee within the Privy Council composed usually of elected Members of Parliament.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.
Thus, within a constitutional monarchy the sovereign's direct participation in any of these areas of governance is limited, with the sovereign normally exercising executive authority only on the advice of the executive committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, and the sovereign's legislative and judicial responsibilities largely carried out through parliamentarians as well as judges and justices of the peace.

Government of Canada

Canadian governmentfederal governmentfederal
The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.
However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament.

House of Commons of Canada

House of CommonsMPMember of Parliament
However, the Privy Council—composed mostly of former members of parliament, current and former chief justices of Canada, and other elder statesmen—rarely meets in full; as the stipulations of responsible government require that those who directly advise the monarch and governor general on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative be accountable to the elected House of Commons of Canada, the day-to-day operation of government is guided only by a sub-group of the Privy Council made up of individuals who hold seats in parliament.
Moreover, the Cabinet is responsible solely to the House of Commons.

Senate of Canada

SenatorSenateCanadian Senator
For instance, there is typically a minister from each province in Canada, ministers from visible minority groups, female ministers and, while the majority of those chosen to serve as ministers of the Crown are Members of Parliament, a Cabinet sometimes includes a senator, especially as a representative of a province or region where the governing party won few or no ridings.
The prime minister and Cabinet are responsible solely to the House of Commons and remain in office only so long as they retain the confidence of that chamber.

Structure of the Canadian federal government

federal government departmentsCanadaCanadian federal department
Each minister of the Crown is responsible for the general administration of at least one government portfolio and heads a corresponding ministry or ministries, known in Canada as departments or agencies.
Cabinet-level departments, agencies and other units are denoted in bold with the corresponding Minister listed alongside them.

Minister of Finance (Canada)

Minister of FinanceFinance MinisterCanadian Minister of Finance
The most important minister, following the first minister, is the Minister of Finance, while other high-profile ministries include foreign affairs, industry, justice, and health.
The Minister of Finance (Ministre des Finances) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible each year for presenting the federal government's budget.

Priorities and Planning Committee

Planning and Priorities CommitteePolicy and Priorities Committee
The Treasury Board, overseeing the expenditure of the sovereign's state funds within every department, is one of the most important of these, as is the Priorities and Planning Committee, often referred to as the inner Cabinet, which is the body that sets the strategic directions for the government, approves key appointments, and ratifies committee memberships.
The Priorities and Planning Committee is a key organ of the Cabinet of Canada.

Treasury Board

Treasury Board of Canadathe Treasury Board Secretariat
The Treasury Board, overseeing the expenditure of the sovereign's state funds within every department, is one of the most important of these, as is the Priorities and Planning Committee, often referred to as the inner Cabinet, which is the body that sets the strategic directions for the government, approves key appointments, and ratifies committee memberships.
The President of the Treasury Board is a member of the federal Cabinet.

Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (Canada)

Leader of the Government in the House of CommonsGovernment House LeaderHouse Leader
Unique positions in Cabinet are those such as Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and President of the Queen's Privy Council, who have no corresponding department, and some ministers (such as the Minister for International Cooperation) head agencies under the umbrella of a department run by another minister.
The Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (Leader du gouvernement à la Chambre des communes), more commonly known as the Government House Leader, is the Cabinet minister responsible for planning and managing the government's legislative program in the House of Commons of Canada.

President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada

President of the Privy CouncilPresident of the Queen's Privy CouncilPrivy Council
Unique positions in Cabinet are those such as Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and President of the Queen's Privy Council, who have no corresponding department, and some ministers (such as the Minister for International Cooperation) head agencies under the umbrella of a department run by another minister.
In the Canadian cabinet, the President of The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (Président du Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is nominally in charge of the Privy Council Office.

Minister of Health (Canada)

Minister of HealthMinister of National Health and WelfareHealth Minister
The most important minister, following the first minister, is the Minister of Finance, while other high-profile ministries include foreign affairs, industry, justice, and health.
The Minister of Health (Ministre de la Santé) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing health-focused government agencies including Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada, as well as enforcing the Canada Health Act (the law governing Canada's universal health care system).

Minister of State (Canada)

Minister of StateMinisters of StateMinister of State (Foreign Affairs and Consular)
Further, the prime minister may recommend the governor general appoint to Cabinet some ministers without portfolio, though this has not been done since 1978, and, unlike in many other Westminster model governments, ministers of state in Canada are considered full members of Cabinet, rather than of the ministry outside it, which has the effect of making the Canadian Cabinet much larger than its foreign counterparts.
A Minister of State is a junior cabinet minister in the Cabinet of Canada, usually given specific responsibilities to assist a senior cabinet minister in a specific area.

Royal prerogative

prerogative powersprerogativeprerogative power
However, the Privy Council—composed mostly of former members of parliament, current and former chief justices of Canada, and other elder statesmen—rarely meets in full; as the stipulations of responsible government require that those who directly advise the monarch and governor general on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative be accountable to the elected House of Commons of Canada, the day-to-day operation of government is guided only by a sub-group of the Privy Council made up of individuals who hold seats in parliament.
As foreign affairs are a matter of royal prerogative, the power to declare war and deploy the armed forces belongs to the Crown, though only in its federal Cabinet (the federal government), as outlined in sections 9 and 15 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

List of Canadian royal commissions

Royal CommissionRoyal CommissionsCanadian Royal Commission
Public inquiries and Royal Commissions are also called through a Royal Warrant issued by the Queen or Governor-in-Council.
When this task is complete, the findings of the commission are then reported to the Cabinet for appropriate action.

Michael Chong

Mike ChongMichael D. Chong
If any of these rules are violated, the offending minister is usually removed by the prime minister and, if the disagreement within the Cabinet is strong, a minister may resign, as did John Turner in 1975, over the subject of wage and price controls, and Michael Chong in 2006, over a parliamentary motion recognising "the Québécois" as a nation within Canada.
He served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper as Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of Sport, as well as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada from February 6, 2006, to November 27, 2006.

Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (Canada)

Official Opposition Shadow Cabinetshadow cabinetOfficial Opposition critic
The Official Opposition's shadow cabinet comprises members of the party not in government holding the largest number of seats and is appointed by the Leader of the Opposition; it is generally regarded as a "government in waiting".
The Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (Cabinet d'Ombre de l'Opposition Officielle) in Canada is composed of members of the main opposition party, Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition, and is responsible for holding the Government to account and for developing and disseminating the party's policy positions.

Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

Deputy Prime MinisterActing Prime MinisterActing Prime Minister of Canada
Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (Vice-premier ministre du Canada) is an honorary position in the Cabinet, conferred at the discretion of the prime minister.

Minister responsible for La Francophonie (Canada)

Minister responsible for La FrancophonieLa FrancophonieFrancophonie
These were the Ministers of Science, Small Business and Tourism, Sport and Persons with Disabilities, Status of Women, and La Francophonie.
The Minister responsible for La Francophonie is a member of the Canadian Cabinet who handles relations with the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, an international community of francophone nations considered the French equivalent of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Canadian order of precedence

order of precedence14th in order of precedencenational order of precedence
The official order of precedence does not follow the same pattern, however, with ministers being listed in the order of their appointment to the Privy Council or, if appointed to the Privy Council on the same day, in order of election or appointment to parliament.

Justin Trudeau

J. TrudeauTrudeauJustin
The current cabinet is the Cabinet of Justin Trudeau, which is part of the 29th Ministry.
Trudeau and the rest of the Cabinet were sworn in by Governor General David Johnston on November 4, 2015.

Associate Minister of National Defence

Associate Defence MinisterAssociate MinisterAssociate Minister of Defence
The Associate Minister of National Defence (Ministre associé de la Défense nationale) is a member of the Canadian cabinet who is responsible for various files within the defence department as assigned by the Prime Minister or Defence Minister.

Minister of Veterans Affairs (Canada)

Minister of Veterans AffairsVeterans AffairsVeterans Affairs Minister
The position was created in the Canadian Cabinet in 1944.