Cabinet of the United Kingdom

CabinetBritish Cabinetcabinet ministerthe CabinetUK Cabinetcabinet ministersBritish governmentCabinet-levelcabinetsCabinet meeting
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 22 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.wikipedia
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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterPrime Minister of Great Britain
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 22 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. Ministers of the Crown, and especially Cabinet ministers, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Commons, and from the House of Lords, by the Prime Minister. Cabinet ministers, like all ministers, are appointed and may be dismissed by the monarch without notice or reason, on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and, together with the Prime Minister's Cabinet, (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads), is accountable to the Monarch, to Parliament, to his or her's political party and, ultimately, to the electorate for the policies and actions of the executive and the legislature.

Government of the United Kingdom

British GovernmentUK GovernmentGovernment
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 22 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.
The prime minister and the other most senior ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet.

Secretary of State (United Kingdom)

Secretary of StateSecretaries of StateBritish Secretary of State
Cabinet ministers are usually heads of government departments, mostly with the office of "Secretary of State for [function; e.g., Defence]". Before then, the last Secretary of State for a major department drawn from the Lords was David Lord Young of Graffham, serving between 1985 and 1989 as Secretary of State for Employment until 1987 and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry until 1989.
In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department (though not all departments are headed by a secretary of state, e.g. HM Treasury is headed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer).

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
Some cabinet ministers can be ministers without portfolio, either directly as such or (more commonly) by holding sinecure posts such as Lord Privy Seal, or otherwise empty titles such as First Secretary of State.
Today, the holder of the office is invariably given a seat in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Michael Heseltine

Lord HeseltineMichael Heseltine, Baron HeseltineThe Lord Heseltine
Although generally the most powerful or prestigious members of the Cabinet head critical ministries such as the Foreign Office, ministers without portfolio can also be important components (for example Michael Heseltine as Deputy Prime Minister in the Second Major ministry).
Heseltine entered the Cabinet in 1979 as Secretary of State for the Environment, where he promoted the "Right to Buy" campaign that allowed two million families to purchase their council houses.

British government departments

government departmentsDepartments of the United Kingdom Governmentgovernment department
Cabinet ministers are usually heads of government departments, mostly with the office of "Secretary of State for [function; e.g., Defence]".
Most major departments are headed by a secretary of state, who sits in the cabinet, and typically supported by a team of junior ministers.

Lord President of the Council

Lord PresidentThe Lord President of the CouncilLord President of the Privy Council
Certain other cabinet ministers are in a somewhat hybrid position, where they have a portfolio, but do not head a government department; the Lord President of the Council being such an example, where that office has accreted a collection of responsibilities over time, but which does not have a Lord President's Department attached to it.
In the modern era, the holder is by convention always a member of one of the Houses of Parliament, and the office is normally a Cabinet post.

Leader of the House of Commons

Leader of the HouseDeputy Leader of the House of CommonsLeader
This does not, however, apply to the non-secretaries of state in the Cabinet such as the Leader of the House of Commons (when such office of Cabinet rank).
The Leader of the House of Commons is generally a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
Ministers of the Crown, and especially Cabinet ministers, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Commons, and from the House of Lords, by the Prime Minister.
Few major cabinet positions (except Lord Privy Seal, Lord Chancellor and Leader of the House of Lords) have been filled by a peer in recent times.

Westminster system

WestminsterWestminster-styleWestminster parliamentary system
The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory.
In the United Kingdom, the sovereign theoretically holds executive authority, even though the prime minister and the cabinet effectively implement executive powers.

Civil Service (United Kingdom)

Civil Servicecivil servantBritish Civil Service
The Cabinet Secretary does not have a political appointment such as Secretary of State and is not a member of the Cabinet, but is the professional Head of Her Majesty's Civil Service.
Her Majesty's Home Civil Service, also known as Her Majesty's Civil Service or the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy or secretariat of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government, which is composed of a cabinet of ministers chosen by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as two of the three devolved administrations: the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government, but not the Northern Ireland Executive.

Leader of the House of Lords

Deputy Leader of the House of LordsLeaderLeaders of the House of Lords
The Leader of the House of Lords is a member of the House of Lords.
The Leader of the House of Lords is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Lords.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom

Privy CouncilPCPrivy Counsellor
The Cabinet is the executive committee of Her Majesty's Privy Council, a body which has legislative, judicial and executive functions, and whose large membership includes members of the Opposition. In formal constitutional terms, the Cabinet is a committee of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.
Otherwise, the Privy Council's powers have now been largely replaced by its executive committee, the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Constitution of the United Kingdom

British constitutionconstitutionEnglish constitution
In formal constitutional terms, the Cabinet is a committee of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.
The Prime Minister appoints a cabinet of people who lead each department, and form Her Majesty's Government.

Peter Mandelson

Lord MandelsonThe Lord MandelsonMandelson
Until the re-appointment to the cabinet of Peter Mandelson on 3 October 2008, the old Leader of the Lords, Valerie Amos, was the last peer to sit in any other Cabinet post, as Secretary of State for International Development from May to October 2003.
He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hartlepool from 1992 to 2004 and held a number of Cabinet positions under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

Lord Chancellor

Lord High Chancellor of Great BritainLord Chancellor of EnglandChancellor
The Lord Chancellor was formerly the presiding officer of the House of Lords, but since 2007 need not be a member of the Lords, and members of the House of Commons have been appointed.
The Lord Chancellor is a member of the Cabinet and, by law, is responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts.

Secretary of State for Employment

Minister of LabourDepartment of EmploymentMinister of Labour and National Service
Before then, the last Secretary of State for a major department drawn from the Lords was David Lord Young of Graffham, serving between 1985 and 1989 as Secretary of State for Employment until 1987 and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry until 1989.
The Secretary of State for Employment was a position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Secretary of State for International Development

International Development SecretaryMinister for Overseas DevelopmentMinister of Overseas Development
Until the re-appointment to the cabinet of Peter Mandelson on 3 October 2008, the old Leader of the Lords, Valerie Amos, was the last peer to sit in any other Cabinet post, as Secretary of State for International Development from May to October 2003.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for International Development is a British cabinet minister responsible for the Department for International Development and for promoting development overseas, particularly in developing countries.

The Right Honourable

The Rt Hon.The Rt. Hon.Right Honourable
MPs and peers in the Cabinet use the style "the Right Honourable" (abbr.
The Privy Council thus includes all current and former members of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, excepting those who have resigned from the Privy Council.

Monarchy of the United Kingdom

MonarchBritish monarchQueen of the United Kingdom
Cabinet ministers, like all ministers, are appointed and may be dismissed by the monarch without notice or reason, on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Patrick Gordon Walker

Patrick Gordon-WalkerGordon WalkerLord Gordon-Walker
Harold Wilson appointed Frank Cousins and Patrick Gordon Walker to the 1964 cabinet despite their not being MPs at the time.
He was a Member of Parliament for nearly thirty years, and served twice as a Cabinet Minister.

Cabinet Secretary (United Kingdom)

Cabinet SecretarySecretary of the CabinetSecretary of the Cabinet and Head of the Home Civil Service
The Cabinet Secretary does not have a political appointment such as Secretary of State and is not a member of the Cabinet, but is the professional Head of Her Majesty's Civil Service.
The person in this role acts as the senior policy adviser to the Prime Minister and Cabinet and as the Secretary to the Cabinet, is responsible to all Ministers for the efficient running of Cabinet Government.

Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos

Valerie AmosBaroness AmosThe Baroness Amos
Until the re-appointment to the cabinet of Peter Mandelson on 3 October 2008, the old Leader of the Lords, Valerie Amos, was the last peer to sit in any other Cabinet post, as Secretary of State for International Development from May to October 2003.
When Amos was appointed Secretary of State for International Development on 12 May 2003, following the resignation of Clare Short, she became the first black woman to sit in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Attorney General for England and Wales

Attorney GeneralAttorney-GeneralAttorney-General for England and Wales
The Attorney General for England and Wales together with the chair of the governing political party, are customarily included, and other members of the Government can be invited at the Prime Minister's discretion, either regularly or ad hoc.
The Attorney General serves as the chief legal adviser to the Crown and the Government in England and Wales, and though they maintain their own office, they are still subordinate to the Cabinet-level Secretary of State for Justice (Lord Chancellor).

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
This centralisation enhanced the power of the Prime Minister, who moved from being the primus inter pares of the Asquith Cabinets of 1906 onwards, to the dominating figures of David Lloyd George, Stanley Baldwin and Winston Churchill.
When Asquith succeeded Campbell-Bannerman in 1908, Churchill was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade.