Cahuachi

Cahuachi, in Peru, was a major ceremonial center of the Nazca culture, based from 1 AD to about 500 AD in the coastal area of the Central Andes.wikipedia
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Nazca culture

NazcaNascaIca-Nazca culture
Cahuachi, in Peru, was a major ceremonial center of the Nazca culture, based from 1 AD to about 500 AD in the coastal area of the Central Andes.
Early Nazca society was made up of local chiefdoms and regional centers of power centered around Cahuachi, a non-urban ceremonial site of earthwork mounds and plazas.

Giuseppe Orefici

The Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Orefici has been excavating at the site for the past few decades. *Lasaponara, Rosa, Nicola Masini, Enzo Rizzo, and Giuseppe Orefici – 2011 – New discoveries in the Piramide Naranja in Cahuachi (Peru) using satellite, Ground Probing Radar and magnetic investigations.
The most important research, still on going, is the archaeological excavation and conservation of Cahuachi.

Nazca Lines

Nasca linesLines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de JumanaNazca line
It overlooked some of the Nazca lines.
Nicola Masini and Giuseppe Orefici have conducted research in Pampa de Atarco (at about 10 km south of Pampa de Nasca), which they believe reveals a spatial, functional and religious relationship between these geoglyphs and the temples of Cahuachi.

Nicola Masini

Masini N.
*Lasaponara, Rosa, Nicola Masini, Enzo Rizzo, and Giuseppe Orefici – 2011 – New discoveries in the Piramide Naranja in Cahuachi (Peru) using satellite, Ground Probing Radar and magnetic investigations.
From 2007 to 2015, he directed several scientific investigations at the Nasca ceremonial center of Cahuachi, Pachacamac, Tiwanaku, Machu Picchu and a number of archaeological sites in the Nasca Province and Lambayeque region, working with Rosa Lasaponara, and archaeologists Giuseppe Orefici, Walter Alva, Ignacio Alva, and Denise Pozzi-Escot.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
Cahuachi, in Peru, was a major ceremonial center of the Nazca culture, based from 1 AD to about 500 AD in the coastal area of the Central Andes.

Adobe

mudadobe houseadobe brick
The site contains over 40 mounds topped with adobe structures.

Looting

plunderlootedpillage
Looting is the greatest problem facing the site today.

Highland

highlandsuplanduplands
The area is ecologically classified as “pre-mountain desert formation.” There is a very important ecological transition going on within the Río Grande de Nazca drainage system, transitioning from pre-mountain desert zone of the coast, to chuapiyunga (meaning "between hot and cold") up towards the highlands, and east of the town Nasca begins the transition to true yunga.

Potato

potatoesSolanum tuberosumIrish potato
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Sweet potato

sweet potatoesIpomoea batataskumara
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Cassava

maniocyucaManihot esculenta
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Bean

beansdry beandry beans
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Cucurbita

squashsquashesmarrow
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Canna (plant)

CannaCannaceaecannas
Other edible foods found at Cahuchi include potato, sweet potato, manioc, beans, squash, and achira.

Llama

llamasLama glamacamelids
Materials recovered include: huarango seed, pacae leaf, guayaba seed, and llama excrement.

Guinea pig

guinea pigsCavia porcelluscuy
Another excavation at the Unit 16 wall of five circular and roughly circular depressions contained, among other things, guinea pig hair, and gourd fragments.

Double spout and bridge vessel

double spout-and-bridge vesseldouble-spout bottlesvessels
Small storage facilities and vessels that would have contained food and drink only sufficient for short visits to the ceremonial center both support the fact that Cahuachi was not permanently inhabited at all times and therefore most likely did not have intensive agriculture at the site itself.

Pottery

potterceramicspotters
16 whole pots and hundreds of sherds-all dating to Nasca 8 style- were also found in the room, along with a cache of blue-painted ají peppers, four portable looms, pyroengraved gourd rattles, and plain gourd containers.

Long pepper

Piper longumIndian long pepperPepper, long
16 whole pots and hundreds of sherds-all dating to Nasca 8 style- were also found in the room, along with a cache of blue-painted ají peppers, four portable looms, pyroengraved gourd rattles, and plain gourd containers.

Warehouse

warehousingwarehousesgodown
The majority of plain ware that was found at the site were mainly those used for small-scale storage and burials, then those used for food service.

Maize

cornZea mayscorn (maize)
Another interesting addition to the fills contents were the presence of offerings like a cache of corn, a large plainware, oxidized olla.

Pit cave

pitpotholepits
At Unit 6 Strong originally classified the construction as a Middle Nasca temple that was built over a Late Paracas domestic dwelling, but the association of the circular pits also dug there with Paracas 10-Nasca pottery and the dwellings should not necessarily be classified as Late Paracas.

Obsidian

dragonglassa mysterious black substanceglasses
Unit 7 was also originally classified by Strong as a residential space, but Silverman points out that there is an extraordinary amount of decorated pottery and special artifacts, such as an obsidian knife, embroidered fringed borders, a comb of cactus spines and cane, and a fine engraved gourd, and at best was perhaps the living space for priests.

Cactus

Cactaceaecacticactus family
Unit 7 was also originally classified by Strong as a residential space, but Silverman points out that there is an extraordinary amount of decorated pottery and special artifacts, such as an obsidian knife, embroidered fringed borders, a comb of cactus spines and cane, and a fine engraved gourd, and at best was perhaps the living space for priests.

Pan flute

panpipespan pipespanpipe
It is debatable whether or not that this construction is the one and only “Great Temple” at Cahuachi, but it truly did have a ceremonial purpose which is obvious by the large amounts of Nasca 3 pottery, panpipe fragments, llama remains, bird plumage, and other offertory materials recovered.