Cai Yuanpei

Cai Yuan PeiT'sai Yuan-p'eiTsai Yuan-peiYang QuanYuan-Pei Cai
Cai Yuanpei (11 January 1868 – 5 March 1940) was a Chinese philosopher and politician.wikipedia
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New Culture Movement

New CultureNew Cultural MovementMay Fourth school
At Peking University he assembled influential figures in the New Culture and May Fourth Movements.
Scholars such as Chen Duxiu, Cai Yuanpei, Li Dazhao, Lu Xun, Zhou Zuoren, He Dong, and Hu Shih, had classical educations but began to lead a revolt against Confucianism.

Peking University

Beijing UniversityUniversity of BeijingPeking
He was the president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica.
The noted scholar Cai Yuanpei was appointed president on January 4, 1917, and helped transform Peking University into the country's largest institution of higher learning, with 14 departments and an enrollment of more than 2,000 students.

Academia Sinica

Academic SinicaAcademica SinicaAcademia Sinica (Taiwan)
He was the president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica. Cai was frustrated in his efforts to remodel the national system of education to resemble the French system, but in 1927, he co-founded the National College of Music, which later became the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, and in April 1928, he helped to found and became the first president of the Academia Sinica.

Shaoxing

KuaijiShaoxing, ZhejiangYuezhou
Notable residents of Shaoxing include Wang Xizhi, the parents of Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, and Cai Yuanpei.

Guangfuhui

Guangfuhui (Restoration Society)Restoration SocietyGuangfu Hui
He established Guangfuhui in 1904 and joined Tongmenghui in Paris the next year, and became a member of the Chinese anarchist group led by Wu Zhihui, and Li Shizeng.
Guāngfùhuì (光復會 "Revive the Light Society"), or the Restoration Society, was an anti-Qing organization established by Cai Yuanpei in 1904.

Anarchism in China

Chinese anarchistChinese anarchistsanarchist
He established Guangfuhui in 1904 and joined Tongmenghui in Paris the next year, and became a member of the Chinese anarchist group led by Wu Zhihui, and Li Shizeng.
Wu introduced the group to his friend, Cai Yuanpei, who became a leader of the New Culture Movement.

Tongmenghui

Revolutionary AllianceChinese Revolutionary Alliancerevolutionaries
He established Guangfuhui in 1904 and joined Tongmenghui in Paris the next year, and became a member of the Chinese anarchist group led by Wu Zhihui, and Li Shizeng.
Among the Tongmenghui's members were Huang Xing, Li Zongren, Zhang Binglin, Chen Tianhua, Wang Jingwei, Hu Hanmin, Tao Chengzhang, Cai Yuanpei, Li Shizeng, Zhang Renjie, and Qiu Jin.

Hanlin Academy

Bureau of TranslatorsHanlin Imperial Hanlin Academy

May Fourth Movement

May 4th MovementMay FourthMay 4 Movement
At Peking University he assembled influential figures in the New Culture and May Fourth Movements.
Chancellors from thirteen universities arranged for the release of student prisoners, and Cai Yuanpei, the principal of Peking University resigned in protest.

Wu Zhihui

Woo Tsin-hangWu JinghengWoo Chih-hui
He established Guangfuhui in 1904 and joined Tongmenghui in Paris the next year, and became a member of the Chinese anarchist group led by Wu Zhihui, and Li Shizeng. Along with Wu Zhihui, Li Shizeng, and Zhang Renjie, he was known as one of the "Four Elders" of the Party, and a staunch anti-communist.
Wu became an Anarchist during his stay in France in the first decade of the 20th century, along with Li Shizeng, Zhang Renjie, and Cai Yuanpei.

Li Shizeng

Li YuyingLi Yu Ying
He established Guangfuhui in 1904 and joined Tongmenghui in Paris the next year, and became a member of the Chinese anarchist group led by Wu Zhihui, and Li Shizeng. Along with Wu Zhihui, Li Shizeng, and Zhang Renjie, he was known as one of the "Four Elders" of the Party, and a staunch anti-communist.
In the 1920s, Li, Zhang, Wu, and Cai Yuanpei were known as the fiercely anti-communist "Four Elders" of the Chinese Nationalist Party.

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
After studying philosophy, psychology, and art history in the Universität Leipzig of Germany in 1907 under Karl Lamprecht and Wilhelm Wundt, he served as the provisional Republic's Minister of Education in January 1912, but later resigned during Yuan Shikai's presidency.
Chancellor T'sai Yuan-p'ei introduced him at Peking University as a greater thinker than Confucius.

Diligent Work-Frugal Study Movement

Diligent Work Frugal StudyDiligent Work-Frugal StudyDiligent-Work Frugal Study program
There he resumed his support, begun in his Paris years with Li Shizeng, for the Diligent Work-Frugal Study Movement, which sent worker-students to France.
Wang Jingwei, Wu Yuzhang, and Cai Yuanpei—supported Sun Yat-sen but urged him to add a social and cultural aspect to his program of political revolution.

Shanghai Conservatory of Music

Shanghai ConservatoryNational Music CollegeShanghai
Cai was frustrated in his efforts to remodel the national system of education to resemble the French system, but in 1927, he co-founded the National College of Music, which later became the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, and in April 1928, he helped to found and became the first president of the Academia Sinica.
It grew out of the Shanghai National Conservatory of Music, which was established by Cai Yuanpei on November 27, 1927.

Zhang Renjie

Zhang JingjiangChang Ching-chiang
Along with Wu Zhihui, Li Shizeng, and Zhang Renjie, he was known as one of the "Four Elders" of the Party, and a staunch anti-communist.
In the 1920s, he, Li, Wu and the educator Cai Yuanpei were known as the fiercely anti-Communist Four Elders of the Chinese Nationalist Party.

Li Dazhao

Li Ta-chao
It was during his tenure at Peking University that he recruited such famous thinkers (and future Chinese Communist Party leaders) to the school as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, as well as quite different thinkers as Hu Shih, a close friend, Liang Shuming and the painter Xu Beihong.
As a leading intellectual in the New Culture Movement, Li was recruited by Cai Yuanpei to head the library at Peking University.

Chen Duxiu

Ch'en Tu-hsiuanti-Confucianism
It was during his tenure at Peking University that he recruited such famous thinkers (and future Chinese Communist Party leaders) to the school as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, as well as quite different thinkers as Hu Shih, a close friend, Liang Shuming and the painter Xu Beihong.
Chen joined the faculty of Peking University in 1917 as the university's dean, at the invitation of Cai Yuanpei, who also paid for moving Chen's journal to Beijing.

Liang Shuming

It was during his tenure at Peking University that he recruited such famous thinkers (and future Chinese Communist Party leaders) to the school as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, as well as quite different thinkers as Hu Shih, a close friend, Liang Shuming and the painter Xu Beihong.
In 1917 he was recruited by Cai Yuanpei to the philosophy department of Beijing University, where he produced an influential book based on his lectures entitled Eastern and Western Cultures and their Philosophies, which expounded some of the doctrines of a modern Confucianism.

Xu Beihong

Xu Bei-hong
It was during his tenure at Peking University that he recruited such famous thinkers (and future Chinese Communist Party leaders) to the school as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, as well as quite different thinkers as Hu Shih, a close friend, Liang Shuming and the painter Xu Beihong.
When he returned to China, he began to teach at Peking University's Arts school at the invitation of Cai Yuanpei.

Control Yuan

Control
He was appointed president of the Control Yuan, but soon resigned.

Hu Shih

Hu Shi胡适Shih Hu
It was during his tenure at Peking University that he recruited such famous thinkers (and future Chinese Communist Party leaders) to the school as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, as well as quite different thinkers as Hu Shih, a close friend, Liang Shuming and the painter Xu Beihong.
Cai Yuanpei, president of Peking University where Hu was teaching at the time, wrote the preface for Outline and pointed out four key features that make Hu's work distinct:

Leipzig University

University of LeipzigLeipzigKarl Marx University
After studying philosophy, psychology, and art history in the Universität Leipzig of Germany in 1907 under Karl Lamprecht and Wilhelm Wundt, he served as the provisional Republic's Minister of Education in January 1912, but later resigned during Yuan Shikai's presidency.

Karl Lamprecht

Karl Gotthard LamprechtKarl Gottfried LamprechtLamprecht
After studying philosophy, psychology, and art history in the Universität Leipzig of Germany in 1907 under Karl Lamprecht and Wilhelm Wundt, he served as the provisional Republic's Minister of Education in January 1912, but later resigned during Yuan Shikai's presidency.
One of his students was Cai Yuanpei, who later served as the chancellor of Beijing University and had an enormous influence on modern Chinese thought.

Chinese culture

ChinesecultureCulture of China
He was known for his critical evaluation of Chinese culture and synthesis of Chinese and Western thinking, including anarchism.

Anarchism

anarchistanarchistsanarchistic
He was known for his critical evaluation of Chinese culture and synthesis of Chinese and Western thinking, including anarchism.