Cairo

Cairo, EgyptCaireneAbbaseyaCairo (Fatimid Caliphate)QāhirahAbdeenAl-Qahirahal-QāhirahHistory of CairoMedieval Cairo
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world.wikipedia
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Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world.
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Lima, Seoul and Tokyo.

Al-Azhar University

Al-AzharAzhar UniversityAl Azhar
Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University.
Al-Azhar University,, "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.

Cinema of Egypt

Egyptian cinemaEgyptian filmEgyptian
Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University.
The cinema of Egypt refers to the flourishing film industry based in Cairo.

List of urban agglomerations in Africa

List of metropolitan areas in Africa11th-largest metropolitan area in AfricaAfrica
Its metropolitan area, with a population of over 20 million, is the largest in Africa and the 14th-largest in the world.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world.
About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Arab League

League of Arab StatesArab StatesArab
Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.
The Arab League was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 initially with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.

List of largest cities in the Arab world

eighth-largestfifth-largest cityfourth-largest
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world.

Nile Delta

DeltaEgyptian DeltaNile River Delta
Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo.
The Nile Delta (دلتا النيل ' or simply الدلتا '

Old Cairo

Old EgyptOld CityCairo
Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo.
Old Cairo (Arabic: مصر القديمة, Misr al-Qadīma), also known as "Historic Cairo", or "Islamic Cairo", is a part of Cairo, Egypt, which pre-dates the Fatimid city of Cairo, founded in 969 A.D.

Heliopolis (ancient Egypt)

HeliopolisIunuOn
The location of the ancient city of Heliopolis is the suburb of Ain Shams (عين شمس, "Eye of the Sun").
It is now located in Ayn Shams, a northeastern suburb of Cairo.

Giza pyramid complex

Pyramids of GizaGiza NecropolisGiza pyramids
Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area.
The site is at the edges of the Western Desert, approximately 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile River in the city of Giza, and about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of the city centre of Cairo.

Egyptian Arabic

EgyptianArabicEgyptian dialect
Egyptians often refer to Cairo as, the Egyptian Arabic name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's importance for the country.
It originated in the Nile Delta in Lower Egypt around the capital Cairo.

Memphis, Egypt

MemphisMemphiteMit Rahina
Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area.
The city of Memphis is 20 km south of Cairo, on the west bank of the Nile.

Algiers Metro

Algiersthe other
Cairo's metro, one of two in Africa (the other being in Algiers, Algeria), ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world, with over 1 billion annual passenger rides.
The Algiers Metro then opened to passengers on the following day, 1 November 2011, making Algiers only the second capital city in Africa (after Cairo) to have a metro system.

Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah

al-Mu'izzAl-Muizz LideenillahAl-Muizz
Its official name means "the Vanquisher" or "the Conqueror", supposedly due to the fact that the planet Mars, an-Najm al-Qāhir (النجم القاهر, "the Conquering Star"), was rising at the time when the city was founded, possibly also in reference to the much awaited arrival of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Mu'izz who reached Cairo in 973 from Mahdia, the old Fatimid capital.
The Fatimids founded the city of al-Qāhirah (Cairo) "the Victorious" in 969 as the new capital of the Fatimid caliphate in Egypt.

Al-Azhar Mosque

Al-AzharAl AzharAzhar
During that time, Jawhar also commissioned the construction of the al-Azhar Mosque by order of the Caliph, which developed into the third-oldest university in the world.
It was the first mosque established in Cairo, a city that has since gained the nickname "the City of a Thousand Minarets".

Ain Shams

Ayn ShamsEin ShamsAin-Shemesh
The location of the ancient city of Heliopolis is the suburb of Ain Shams (عين شمس, "Eye of the Sun").
Ain, Ayn, or Ein Shams is a suburb of Cairo, Egypt.

Fatimid Great Palaces

caliphal palacesFatimid palaceFatimid palaces
Continuing a practice started by the Ayyubids, much of the land occupied by former Fatimid palaces was sold and replaced by newer buildings.
The Great Palaces of the Fatimid Caliphs (or Great Fatimid Palaces, among other name variants) were a vast and lavish palace complex built in the late 10th century in Cairo, Egypt, to house the Fatimid caliphs, their households, and the administration of their state.

Globalization and World Cities Research Network

GaWCGlobalization and World Cities Study Group and NetworkGlobalization and World Rankings Research Institute
Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC.

Middle East

Middle Easternthe Middle EastMiddle-East
The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East in 2005, and 43rd globally on Foreign Policy 2010 Global Cities Index.
In the late 1930s, the British established the Middle East Command, which was based in Cairo, for its military forces in the region.

Fatimid conquest of Egypt

conquered Egyptinvaded and conquered Egyptanother serious invasion
In 969, the Fatimids conquered Egypt from their base in Ifriqiya and a new fortified city northeast of Fustat was established.
For the next four years, Jawhar served as viceroy of Egypt, quelling rebellions and beginning the construction of a new capital, Cairo.

Fustat

al-FustatFostatFustat Plain
In 969, the Fatimids conquered Egypt from their base in Ifriqiya and a new fortified city northeast of Fustat was established. Following the Muslim conquest in 640 AD, the conqueror Amr ibn As settled to the north of the Babylon in an area that became known as al-Fustat.
The remains of the city were eventually absorbed by nearby Cairo, which had been built to the north of Fustat in 969 when the Fatimids conquered the region and created a new city as a royal enclosure for the Caliph.

Abbasid Caliphate

AbbasidAbbasidsAbbasid dynasty
In 750, following the overthrow of the Umayyad caliphate by the Abbasids, the new rulers created their own settlement to the northeast of Fustat which became their capital. As the first Sultan of Egypt, Saladin established the Ayyubid dynasty, based in Cairo, and aligned Egypt with the Abbasids, who were based in Baghdad.
The Abbasid line of rulers, and Muslim culture in general, re-centred themselves in the Mamluk capital of Cairo in 1261.

Al-Qata'i

al-Qatta'i
This was al-Qatta'i ("the Quarters"), to the north of Fustat and closer to the river.
All three settlements were later incorporated into the city of Cairo, founded by the Fatimids in 969 CE.

Ayyubid dynasty

AyyubidAyyubidsAyyubid Sultanate
As the first Sultan of Egypt, Saladin established the Ayyubid dynasty, based in Cairo, and aligned Egypt with the Abbasids, who were based in Baghdad.
Saladin consolidated his control in Egypt after ordering Turan-Shah to put down a revolt in Cairo staged by the Fatimid army's 50,000-strong Nubian regiments.