Cajamarca

KashamarkaThe Historic Centre of Cajamarca
Cajamarca, also known by the Cajamarca Quechua name, Kashamarka, is the capital and largest city of the Cajamarca Region as well as an important cultural and commercial center in the northern Andes.wikipedia
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Battle of Cajamarca

ambush at CajamarcaAtahualpaAtahualpa captured by the Spaniards
The history of the city is highlighted by the Battle of Cajamarca, which marked the defeat of the Inca Empire by Spanish invaders as the Incan emperor Atahualpa was captured and murdered here.
The Spanish killed thousands of Atahualpa's counselors, commanders, and unarmed attendants in the great plaza of Cajamarca, and caused his armed host outside the town to flee.

List of cities in Peru

Cities of Peru13th largest city in Peru3rd
Cajamarca had an estimated population of about 226,031 inhabitants in 2015, making it the 13th largest city in Peru.

Cumbemayo

Cumbe Mayo
Traces of pre-Chavín cultures can be seen in nearby archaeological sites, such as Cumbe Mayo and Kuntur Wasi.
Cumbemayo or Cumbe Mayo is an archaeological site located 20 kilometers southwest of the city of Cajamarca in Peru at 3,500 meters of elevation.

Atahualpa

AtahuallpaAtawallpaAtaulpa
The history of the city is highlighted by the Battle of Cajamarca, which marked the defeat of the Inca Empire by Spanish invaders as the Incan emperor Atahualpa was captured and murdered here.
Atahualpa had remained behind in the Andean city of Cajamarca, where he encountered the Spanish, led by Pizarro.

Inca Empire

IncaIncasIncan
The history of the city is highlighted by the Battle of Cajamarca, which marked the defeat of the Inca Empire by Spanish invaders as the Incan emperor Atahualpa was captured and murdered here.
Hernando de Soto was sent inland to explore the interior and returned with an invitation to meet the Inca, Atahualpa, who had defeated his brother in the civil war and was resting at Cajamarca with his army of 80,000 troops, that were at the moment armed only with hunting tools (knives and lassos for hunting llamas).

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
It is located in the northern highlands of Peru at approximately 2,750 m (8,900 ft) above sea level in the valley of the Mashcon river.

Los Baños del Inca District

Baños del IncaInca BathsLos Baños del Inca
Among its tourist attractions, Cajamarca has numerous examples of Spanish colonial religious architecture, beautiful landscapes, pre-Hispanic archeological sites and hot springs at the nearby town of Baños del Inca (Baths of the Inca). After arriving to Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro receives news that Atahualpa is resting in Pultumarca, a nearby hot springs complex, Pizarro soon sent some of representatives under command of the young captain Hernando De Soto to invite the Inca to a feast.
The capture of the Inca king took place in the city of Kashamarka (modern-day Cajamarca).

Sican culture

LambayequeSicanNaylamp
However, the rise of the Middle Sican state on the north coast around C.E. 900-1000 saw a notable reduction in the distribution of Late Cajamarca ceramics back to the extent seen during Moche Phase IV.
Similar groups include Cajamarca, Wari and Pachacamac.

Kuntur Wasi

Kuntur Wasi (House of the Condor)
Traces of pre-Chavín cultures can be seen in nearby archaeological sites, such as Cumbe Mayo and Kuntur Wasi.
Kuntur Wasi is located in the Northern Mountain Range of Peru, specifically at the headwaters of the Jequetepeque River, in the region of the city of Cajamarca near the small town of San Pablo.

Ransom Room

ransomroom with golda large room
Atahualpa offered his captors a ransom for his freedom: a room filled with gold and silver (possibly the place now known as El Cuarto del Rescate or "The Ransom Room"), within two months.
The Ransom Room (El Cuarto del Rescate) is a small building located in Cajamarca, Peru.

Inca road system

Qhapaq Ñanroad systemCamino Real
Ccapac Yupanqui left part of his troops garrisoned at Cajamarca, and then he returned to Tawantinsuyu in order to ask for reinforcements and conducted a more extensive campaign in the territories of central Peru, building a great quantity of infrastructure (such as tambos, colcas, pukaras, etc.) along the Inca road.
It is not coincidental that this path goes through and organizes the most important administrative centers of the Tawantinsuyu outside Cusco like Vilcashuamán, Xauxa, Tarmatambo, Pumpu, Huánuco Pampa, Cajamarca and Huancabamba, in current territories of Peru; and Ingapirca, Tomebamba or Riobamba in Ecuador.

Hernando de Soto

de Sotode Soto expeditionHernando DeSoto
After arriving to Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro receives news that Atahualpa is resting in Pultumarca, a nearby hot springs complex, Pizarro soon sent some of representatives under command of the young captain Hernando De Soto to invite the Inca to a feast.
When Pizarro and his men first encountered the army of Inca Atahualpa at Cajamarca, Pizarro sent de Soto with fifteen men to invite Atahualpa to a meeting.

Yanacocha

Minera YanacochaYanacocha District
Yanacocha is an active gold mining site 45 km north of Cajamarca, which has boosted the economy of the city since the 1990s.
The 251-square kilometer open pit mine is situated about 30 kilometers (14 km straight line) north of Cajamarca, in high pampa, straddling the watershed.

Francisco Pizarro

PizarroFrancisco PizzaroFrancisco
After arriving to Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro receives news that Atahualpa is resting in Pultumarca, a nearby hot springs complex, Pizarro soon sent some of representatives under command of the young captain Hernando De Soto to invite the Inca to a feast.
Following the defeat of his brother, Huáscar, Atahualpa had been resting in the Sierra of northern Peru, near Cajamarca, in the nearby thermal baths known today as the Inca Baths.

Mariano Iberico Rodríguez

Mariano Ibérico RodríguezMariano Iberico
Mariano Iberico Rodríguez (* Cajamarca, 1892 - died Lima, 1974) was a Peruvian philosopher.

National University of Cajamarca

Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca
The city hosts two local universities: Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca (National University of Cajamarca), a public university, while Universidad Antonio Guillermo Urrelo is a private one.
The National University of Cajamarca (Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca), or UNC for short, is a major public university located in Cajamarca, Peru; capital of the department of Cajamarca.

Mario Urteaga Alvarado

Mario Urteaga
Urteaga Alvarado, Mario (April 1, 1875 in Cajamarca – June 12, 1957 in Cajamarca) was a Peruvian painter.

Mayor General FAP Armando Revoredo Iglesias Airport

Major General FAP Armando Revoredo Iglesias AirportArmando Revoredo AirportCajamarca
The only airport in Cajamarca is Armando Revoredo Airport located 3.26 km northeast of the main square.
Gral.''), is an airport serving Cajamarca, capital of the Cajamarca Region in Peru.

Amalia Puga de Losada

Amalia Natividad Puga y Puga
Amalia Natividad de las Mercedes Puga y Puga, best known as Amalia Puga de Losada (Cajamarca, September 8, 1866 -

Department of Cajamarca

CajamarcaCajamarca RegionCajamarca, Peru
Cajamarca, also known by the Cajamarca Quechua name, Kashamarka, is the capital and largest city of the Cajamarca Region as well as an important cultural and commercial center in the northern Andes.
The capital is the city of Cajamarca.

Carnival

CarnavalcarnivalsCarnevale
Cajamarca is home to the annual celebration of Carnaval, a time when the locals celebrate Carnival before the beginning of Lent.
The town of Cajamarca is considered the capital of Carnival in Peru.

Fernando Silva Santisteban

Silva attended school at the San Ramon Sesquicentennial School in Cajamarca (Promoción 1949).

Köppen climate classification

ClimateKöppenKöppen-Geiger climate classification system
Cajamarca has a subtropical highland climate (Cwb, in the Köppen climate classification) which is characteristic of high elevations at tropical latitudes.