A report on Calliphoridae and Maggot

Maggots feeding on an opossum carrion
Close-up of the head of Calliphora vomitoria
Maggots on a porcupine carcass
A Calliphora livida fly specimen
Maggots from a rabbit.
Calliphora hilli
Calliphora augur
A close-up of the head of a Calliphora

A maggot is the larva of a fly (order Diptera); it is applied in particular to the larvae of Brachycera flies, such as houseflies, cheese flies, and blowflies, rather than larvae of the Nematocera, such as mosquitoes and crane flies.

- Maggot

The maggot larvae, often used as fishing bait, are known as gentles.

- Calliphoridae

6 related topics with Alpha

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Cutaneous myiasis in the shoulder of a human

Myiasis

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Cutaneous myiasis in the shoulder of a human
Myiasis in a cat's flesh
Myiasis in a dog's flesh
Ultrasound showing maggot infestation

Myiasis is the parasitic infestation of the body of a live animal by fly larvae (maggots) which grow inside the host while feeding on its tissue.

Although flies are most commonly attracted to open wounds and urine- or feces-soaked fur, some species (including the most common myiatic flies—the botfly, blowfly, and screwfly) can create an infestation even on unbroken skin and have been known to use moist soil and non-myiatic flies (such as the common housefly) as vector agents for their parasitic larvae.

Fly

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Flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wing".

Flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wing".

An Anthomyiidae species showing characteristic dipteran features: large eyes, small antennae, sucking mouthparts, single pair of flying wings, hindwings reduced to clublike halteres
Fossil brachyceran in Baltic amber. Lower Eocene, c. 50 million years ago
Fossil nematoceran in Dominican amber. Sandfly, Lutzomyia adiketis (Psychodidae), Early Miocene, c. 20 million years ago
Gauromydas heros is the largest fly in the world.
Head of a horse-fly showing large compound eyes and stout piercing mouthparts
A head of a fly, showing the two compound eyes and three simple eyes clearly.
A cranefly, showing the hind wings reduced to drumstick-shaped halteres
Tabanid fly in flight
Mating anthomyiid flies
Life cycle of stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans, showing eggs, 3 larval instars, pupa, and adult
A calliphorid "bubbling"
The large bee-fly, Bombylius major, is a Batesian mimic of bees.
Petrus Christus's 1446 painting Portrait of a Carthusian has a musca depicta (painted fly) on a trompe-l'œil frame.
An Anopheles stephensi mosquito drinking human blood. The species carries malaria.
Diptera in research: Drosophila melanogaster fruit fly larvae being bred in tubes in a genetics laboratory
Casu marzu is a traditional Sardinian sheep milk cheese that contains larvae of the cheese fly, Piophila casei.

Other species like Metopia argyrocephala are ovoviviparous, opportunistically depositing hatched or hatching maggots instead of eggs on carrion, dung, decaying material, or open wounds of mammals.

Blowfly larvae, known as gentles, and other dipteran larvae, known more generally as maggots, are used as fishing bait and as food for carnivorous animals.

Phormia regina

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Sanitary entomology; the entomology of disease, hygiene and sanitation (1921)
Another phormia
Decomposing possum
Decomposition00
Severe myasis hen
Maggot debridement therapy on a diabetic foot

Phormia regina, the black blow fly, belongs to the blow fly family Calliphoridae and was first described by Johann Wilhelm Meigen.

Black blow fly larvae like many other blow flies exhibit the maggot mass effect: a raise in temperature due to the aggregation of maggots.

Flesh fly on decomposing flesh

Forensic entomology

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Scientific study of the colonization of a dead body by arthropods.This includes the study of insect types commonly associated with cadavers, their respective life cycles, their ecological presences in a given environment, as well as the changes in insect assemblage with the progression of decomposition.

Scientific study of the colonization of a dead body by arthropods.This includes the study of insect types commonly associated with cadavers, their respective life cycles, their ecological presences in a given environment, as well as the changes in insect assemblage with the progression of decomposition.

Flesh fly on decomposing flesh
Timeline of postmortem changes (stages of death), including house fly eggs, larvae and pupae.

Within minutes, a mass of blow flies gathered around one sickle and none other, attracted to the scent of traces of blood unseen by the naked eye.

The accepted theory of Redi's day claimed that maggots developed spontaneously from rotting meat.

Maggot debridement therapy on a wound from a diabetic foot

Maggot therapy

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Maggot debridement therapy on a wound from a diabetic foot
Maggots in medical packaging
Lucilia sericata, Green Bottle Fly
Protophormia terraenovae, Northern blowfly

Maggot therapy (also known as larval therapy) is a type of biotherapy involving the introduction of live, disinfected maggots (fly larvae) into non-healing skin and soft-tissue wounds of a human or other animal for the purpose of cleaning out the necrotic (dead) tissue within a wound, (debridement) and disinfection.

The flies used most often for the purpose of maggot therapy are blow flies of the Calliphoridae: the blow fly species used most commonly is Lucilia sericata, the common green bottle fly.

A wedge-tailed eagle and carrion (roadkill kangaroo) in the Pilbara region of Western Australia

Carrion

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Decaying flesh of dead animals, including human flesh.

Decaying flesh of dead animals, including human flesh.

A wedge-tailed eagle and carrion (roadkill kangaroo) in the Pilbara region of Western Australia
Flies settling on a sheep carrion
A coyote feeding on elk carrion in Yellowstone National Park's Lamar Valley during winter.

Many invertebrates, such as the carrion and burying beetles, as well as maggots of calliphorid flies (such as one of the most important species in Calliphora vomitoria) and flesh-flies, also eat carrion, playing an important role in recycling nitrogen and carbon in animal remains.