Calvinism

CalvinistReformedCalvinistsReformed ChurchCalvinisticReformed churchesReformed traditionReformed theologyFive Points of CalvinismReformed Protestant
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.wikipedia
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John Calvin

CalvinJean CalvinCalvinist
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions.

Regulative principle of worship

regulative principleaversionbanning musical instruments during the church service
Calvinists differ from Lutherans on the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, theories of worship, and the use of God's law for believers, among other things.
The regulative principle of worship is a Christian doctrine, held by some Calvinists and Anabaptists, that God commands churches to conduct public services of worship using certain distinct elements affirmatively found in scripture, and conversely, that God prohibits any and all other practices in public worship.

Martin Bucer

BucerMartin ButzerButzer
Very soon, Zwingli was joined by Martin Bucer, Wolfgang Capito, William Farel, Johannes Oecolampadius and other early Reformed thinkers. The most important Reformed theologians include Calvin, Zwingli, Martin Bucer, William Farel, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Theodore Beza, and John Knox.
Martin Bucer (early German: Martin Butzer; 11 November 1491 – 28 February 1551) was a German Protestant reformer in the Reformed tradition based in Strasbourg who influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices.

Peter Martyr Vermigli

Peter MartyrPietro Martire VermigliPietro Martire
The most important Reformed theologians include Calvin, Zwingli, Martin Bucer, William Farel, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Theodore Beza, and John Knox.
Peter Martyr Vermigli (8 September 149912 November 1562) was an Italian-born Reformed theologian.

Protestant Reformers

Protestant reformerreformerReformers
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
In 1519, Huldrych Zwingli became the first reformer to express a form of the Reformed tradition.

Theodore Beza

Théodore de BèzeBezaTheodore de Beze
The most important Reformed theologians include Calvin, Zwingli, Martin Bucer, William Farel, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Theodore Beza, and John Knox.
Theodore Beza (Theodorus Beza; Théodore de Bèze or de Besze; June 24, 1519 – October 13, 1605) was a French Reformed Protestant theologian, reformer and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation.

Reformation

Protestant Reformationthe ReformationProtestant
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
During Reformation-era confessionalization, Western Christianity adopted different confessions (Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Anabaptist, Unitarian, etc.).

Karl Barth

BarthBarthianFritz Barth
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
Karl Barth (May 10, 1886 – December 10, 1968) was a Swiss Reformed theologian who is most well known for his landmark The Epistle to the Romans, involvement in the Confessing Church, authorship of the Barmen Declaration, and especially his five volume theological summa the Church Dogmatics (published in twelve part-volumes between 1932-1967).

Law and Gospel

God's Lawknowledge of sinLaw and the Gospel
Calvinists differ from Lutherans on the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, theories of worship, and the use of God's law for believers, among other things.
In Protestant Christianity, the relationship between Law and Gospel—God's Law and the Gospel of Jesus Christ—is a major topic in Lutheran and Reformed theology.

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsProtestant church
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians. Since the Arminian controversy, the Reformed tradition—as a branch of Protestantism distinguished from Lutheranism—divided into two separate groups: Arminians and Calvinists.
Reformed (or Calvinist) denominations spread in Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Scotland, Switzerland and France by reformers such as John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and John Knox.

Theology of Huldrych Zwingli

ZwinglianZwinglianismZwinglians
His followers were instantly labeled Zwinglians, consistent with the Catholic practice of naming heresy after its founder.
Zwinglianism is the Reformed confession based on the Second Helvetic Confession promulgated by Zwingli's successor Heinrich Bullinger in the 1560s.

Gordon Clark

Gordon H. ClarkGordon Haddon ClarkClark, Gordon
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
Gordon Haddon Clark (August 31, 1902 – April 9, 1985) was an American philosopher and Calvinist theologian.

Huldrych Zwingli

ZwingliUlrich ZwingliZwinglian
In the context of the Reformation, Huldrych Zwingli began the Reformed tradition in 1519 in the city of Zürich.
His legacy lives on in the confessions, liturgy, and church orders of the Reformed churches of today.

Wolfgang Capito

Wolfgang Fabricius CapitoCapitoWolfangus Faber Capito
Very soon, Zwingli was joined by Martin Bucer, Wolfgang Capito, William Farel, Johannes Oecolampadius and other early Reformed thinkers.
1478 – November 1541) was a German Protestant reformer in the Reformed tradition.

Cornelius Van Til

Van TilVan TillianTranscendental argument
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
Cornelius Van Til (May 3, 1895 – April 17, 1987) was a Dutch-American Christian philosopher and Reformed theologian, who is credited as being the originator of modern presuppositional apologetics.

Martyn Lloyd-Jones

D. Martyn Lloyd-JonesMartyn Lloyd JonesDavid Martyn Lloyd-Jones
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
David Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899–1981) was a Welsh Protestant minister and medical doctor who was influential in the Reformed wing of the British evangelical movement in the 20th century.

World Communion of Reformed Churches

WCRCReformedReformed Church
The biggest Reformed association is the World Communion of Reformed Churches with more than 100 million members in 211 member denominations around the world.
The World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC) is the largest association of Reformed churches in the world.

J. I. Packer

J.I. PackerJames I. Packer
Contemporary Reformed theologians include J. I. Packer, John MacArthur, Timothy J. Keller, David Wells, and Michael Horton.
I. Packer''', is an English-born Canadian evangelical theologian in the low-church Anglican and Calvinist traditions.

List of Reformed denominations

Reformed denominationsindependent churchesList of Reformed churches
There are more conservative Reformed federations such as the World Reformed Fellowship and the International Conference of Reformed Churches, as well as independent churches.
The Reformed churches are a group of Protestant Christian denominations connected by a common Calvinist system of doctrine.

John Knox

KnoxKnox’sMartha Knox
The most important Reformed theologians include Calvin, Zwingli, Martin Bucer, William Farel, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Theodore Beza, and John Knox.
In Geneva, he met John Calvin, from whom he gained experience and knowledge of Reformed theology and Presbyterian polity.

International Conference of Reformed Churches

ICRC
There are more conservative Reformed federations such as the World Reformed Fellowship and the International Conference of Reformed Churches, as well as independent churches.
The International Conference of Reformed Churches (ICRC) is a federation of Reformed or Calvinist churches across the world.

World Reformed Fellowship

International Reformed FellowshipWorld Fellowship of Reformed ChurchesWRF
There are more conservative Reformed federations such as the World Reformed Fellowship and the International Conference of Reformed Churches, as well as independent churches.
The World Reformed Fellowship (WRF) is an ecumenical Christian organization which promotes unity between conservative Reformed churches around the world.

John Gresham Machen

J. Gresham MachenJ Gresham MachenMachen
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
Machen is considered to be the last of the great Princeton theologians who had, since the formation of the college in the early 19th century, developed Princeton theology: a conservative and Calvinist form of Evangelical Christianity.

Herman Bavinck

BavinckHerman Bavinc
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. C. Sproul were influential.
Herman Bavinck (13 December 1854, Hoogeveen, Drenthe – 29 July 1921, Amsterdam) was a Dutch Reformed theologian and churchman.

History of the Calvinist–Arminian debate

History of Calvinist-Arminian debateCalvinist–Arminian debateCalvinist-Arminian debate
Since the Arminian controversy, the Reformed tradition—as a branch of Protestantism distinguished from Lutheranism—divided into two separate groups: Arminians and Calvinists.
While the debate was given its Calvinist–Arminian form in the 17th century, issues central to the debate have been discussed in Christianity in some form since Augustine of Hippo's disputes with the Pelagians in the 5th century.