Cambodia

🇰🇭KhmerCambodianKingdom of CambodiaKampucheaCambodian borderCambodia’sCambodjaKHCambodian coup d'état of 1970
Cambodia (also Kampuchea ; កម្ពុជា ; Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, ; Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Vietnam

🇻🇳Viet NamSocialist Republic of Vietnam
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, part of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast.

Thailand

🇹🇭ThaiSiam
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.

Laos

LaotianLaoLao People's Democratic Republic
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
Laos (, ; ລາວ, Lāo ), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh, CambodiaChatomok eraPhnom Penh Municipality
The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia.
Phnom Penh ( or ; ភ្នំពេញ phnum pɨñ, ), formerly known as Krong Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk Serimongkul, is the capital and most populous city in Cambodia.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
Cambodia (also Kampuchea ; កម្ពុជា ; Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, ; Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
1) Mainland Southeast Asia, also known historically as Indochina, comprising parts of Eastern India (India stretches from South Asia to Southeast Asia), Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, and West Malaysia.

Politics of Cambodia

Cambodian governmentRoyal Government of CambodiaCambodian
The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, currently Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Throne Council as head of state.
The Kingdom of Cambodia is a unitary state that is governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the monarch serves as the head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government.

Hun Sen

HunPrime MinisterSamdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen
The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985. The 1997 factional fighting resulted in the ousting of the government by Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who remain in power.
Samdech Hun Sen (សម្តេច ហ៊ុន សែន; born 5 August 1952) is a Cambodian politician and the Prime Minister of Cambodia, President of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) and Member of Parliament (MP) for Kandal.

Angkor Wat

AngkorAngkor civilizationAngkor site
Angkor Wat is the most famous of these structures and is designated as a World Heritage Site.
Angkor Wat (អង្គរវត្ត, "Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and one of the largest

Jayavarman II

JayavarmanKing Jayavarman II
In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, uniting the warring Khmer princes of Chenla under the name "Kambuja".
Jayavarman II (c. 770–835) was a 9th-century king of Cambodia, widely recognized as the founder of the Khmer Empire, the dominant civilisation on the Southeast Asian mainland until the mid 15th century.

Prime Minister of Cambodia

Prime MinisterPrime MinistersPrime Minister of the Khmer Republic
The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985.
The Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia (នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Premier ministre du Royaume du Cambodge) is the head of government of Cambodia.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in Vietnamwar
The Vietnam War extended into the country with the US bombing of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, with U.S. involvement ending in 1973.

Cambodian coup of 1970

1970 coupMarch 1970 coupCambodian coup
Following the Cambodian coup of 1970 which installed the right-wing pro-US Khmer Republic, the deposed king gave his support to his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge.
The Cambodian coup of 1970 refers to the removal of the Cambodian Head of State, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, after a vote in the National Assembly on 18 March 1970.

Operation Menu

Operation Breakfastsecret bombing of Cambodiabombings in Cambodia
The Vietnam War extended into the country with the US bombing of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973.
Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970 as part of both the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.

Cambodian genocide

Khmer Rouge genocideCambodiagenocide
The Khmer Rouge emerged as a major power, taking Phnom Penh in 1975 and later carrying out the Cambodian genocide from 1975 until 1979, when they were ousted by Vietnam and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea, supported by the Soviet Union in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1979–91).
The Cambodian genocide was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime under the leadership of Pol Pot, inflicting a population loss between 1.671 and 1.871 million people from 1975 to 1979, or 21 to 24 percent of Cambodia’s 1975 population.

Indochina

IndochineseMainland Southeast AsiaIndo-China
Cambodia (also Kampuchea ; កម្ពុជា ; Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, ; Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
It corresponds to the present-day areas of Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, and (variably) peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.

Cambodian People's Party

CPPSecretary-General of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary PartyKampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
The 1997 factional fighting resulted in the ousting of the government by Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who remain in power.
The Cambodian People's Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា, Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa; CPP; Parti du peuple cambodgien), founded as the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនបដិវត្តន៍កម្ពុជា, KPRP), is the current ruling political party of Cambodia.

1993 Cambodian general election

19931993 general elections1'' (1993)
The UN withdrew after holding elections in which around 90 percent of the registered voters cast ballots.
General elections were held in Cambodia between 23 and 28 May 1993.

Gulf of Thailand

Gulf of SiamGulfSiam Gulf
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
The Gulf of Thailand is bordered by Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

List of current longest-ruling non-royal national leaders

second longest-ruling non-royal head of statecling to powerlong serving
The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985.

Ayutthaya Kingdom

AyutthayaSiamKingdom of Siam
After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the 15th century, a reduced and weakened Cambodia was then ruled as a vassal state by its neighbours.
By 1550, the kingdom's vassals included some city-states in the Malay Peninsula, Sukhothai, Lan Na and parts of Burma and Cambodia.

Khmer Republic

CambodiagovernmentRepublican
Following the Cambodian coup of 1970 which installed the right-wing pro-US Khmer Republic, the deposed king gave his support to his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge.
The Khmer Republic (Khmer: សាធារណរដ្ឋខ្មែរ, République khmère) was the pro–United States military-led republican government of Cambodia that was formally declared on 9 October 1970.

Angkor

Angkor templesAngkor KingdomAngkor period
The Indianised kingdom facilitated the spread of first Hinduism and then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia and undertook many religious infrastructural projects throughout the region, including the construction of more than 1,000 temples and monuments in Angkor alone.
The Angkorian period may have begun shortly after 800 AD, when the Khmer King Jayavarman II announced the independence of Kambujadesa (Cambodia) from Java and established his capital of Hariharalaya (now known as Roluos) at the northern end of Tonlé Sap.

Democratic Kampuchea

CambodiaKampucheaKhmer Rouge
Led by Pol Pot, they changed the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea.
The state of Kampuchea (កម្ពុជា; Kâmpŭchéa; Kampuchéa), officially Democratic Kampuchea (DK; កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ; Kâmpŭchéa Prâcheathippadey; Kampuchéa démocratique), existed between 1975 and 1979 in present-day Cambodia.

Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–1970)

CambodiaKingdom of Cambodia1950s
The Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Royaume du Cambodge), informally known as the first Kingdom of Cambodia and the Sangkum Reastr Niyum era (សម័យសង្គមរាស្ត្រនិយម "People's Socialist Community"; Communauté socialiste populaire), referred to Norodom Sihanouk's first administration of Cambodia from 1953 to 1970, an especially significant time in the country's history.

Operation Freedom Deal

American bombing campaigns1973bombing of
The Vietnam War extended into the country with the US bombing of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973.
Operation Freedom Deal was a United States Seventh Air Force interdiction and close air support campaign waged in Cambodia between 19 May 1970 and 15 August 1973, as an expansion of the Vietnam War, as well as the Cambodian Civil War.