Map showing the original boundaries of Cambridge and other Massachusetts cities and towns
Boston Manufacturing Company
George Washington in Cambridge, 1775
Waltham, 1793
Map of Cambridge from 1873
Map of Waltham, 1877
1852 Map of Boston area showing Cambridge and regional rail lines and highlighting the course of the Middlesex Canal. Cambridge is toward the bottom of the map and outlined in yellow, and should not be confused with the pink-outlined and partially cropped "West Cambridge", now Arlington.
The Charles River in Waltham
A view from Boston of Harvard's Weld Boathouse and Cambridge in winter. The Charles River is in the foreground.
Age Distribution
Buildings of Kendall Square, center of Cambridge's biotech economy, seen from the Charles River
Waltham Supermarket on Main Street, established in 1936, was a large historic grocery store that closed in the 1990s. The building continues to be a supermarket, occupied subsequently by Shaw's, then Victory, and now Hannaford.
Fogg Museum, Harvard
Brandeis University
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site
Deena (Drossin) Kastor
Stata Center, MIT
Simmons Hall, MIT
Alewife Brook Reservation
Cambridge City Hall in the 1980s
Aerial view of part of MIT's main campus
Dunster House, Harvard
The 1888 part of the Cambridge Public Library
Massachusetts Avenue in Harvard Square
Central Station on the MBTA Red Line
The Weeks Bridge provides a pedestrian-only connection between Boston's Allston-Brighton neighborhood and Cambridge over the Charles River.
Engine 2, Paramedic Squad 2, Ladder 3 firehouse
Central Square
Harvard Square
Inman Square

1755 – Part of Cambridge annexed to Waltham.

- Waltham, Massachusetts

The second area is the larger Hobbs Brook and Stony Brook watersheds, which share borders with neighboring towns and cities including Lexington, Lincoln, Waltham and Weston.

- Cambridge, Massachusetts

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Watertown, Massachusetts

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City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and is part of Greater Boston.

City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and is part of Greater Boston.

Saltonstall's landing spot in Watertown, also known as Elbridge Gerry Landing
Edmund Fowle House, built in the 1700s and used by the Massachusetts government during the Revolutionary War
Browne House, built c. 1694
St. Stephen Armenian Apostolic Church
Hairenik Association building – Watertown, Mass.
Benjamin Robbins Curtis
Eliza Dushku

The first buildings were upon land now included within the limits of Cambridge known as Gerry's Landing.

Thrice portions have been added to Cambridge, and it has contributed territory to form the new towns of Weston (1712), Waltham (1738), Lincoln (1754) and Belmont (1859).

Middlesex County, Massachusetts

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Located in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the United States.

Located in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the United States.

It is included in the Census Bureau's Boston–Cambridge–Newton, MA–NH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Waltham

Newton, Massachusetts

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City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

Emily Lavan, Heartbreak Hill, 2005 Boston Marathon
Union Street, Newton Centre
The Jackson Homestead
Chestnut Hill Reservoir
Newton Public Library
A panoramic view of Newton North High School

Newton was settled in 1630 as part of "the newe towne", which was renamed Cambridge in 1638.

The city is bordered by Waltham and Watertown on the north, Needham and the West Roxbury neighborhood of Boston on the south, Wellesley and Weston on the west, and Brookline and the Brighton neighborhood of Boston on the east.

Weston, Massachusetts

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Town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts United States, about 15 miles west of downtown Boston.

Town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts United States, about 15 miles west of downtown Boston.

The town is bordered by Newton and Waltham on the east; Wellesley to the south; Natick and Wayland to the west; and Lincoln to the north.

However, as of December 2019, only 10 inbound trips depart from the Cedarwood bus stop on weekdays—all during rush hour periods—with no weekend service. Bus Route 70 travels from Cedarwood to Central Square in Cambridge to connect with the MBTA Red Line.

Belmont, Massachusetts

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Town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

Town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

Boston & Maine Railroad Station at Belmont Center; the platforms are now used for MBTA Commuter Rail, but the building itself is now privately owned
A small Wellington Hill Station building has been carefully preserved, having been relocated and repurposed several times after it was constructed in the 1840s.
Topography of Belmont and environs
Belmont Town Hall c. 1913, architects Hartwell and Richardson
Belmont Town Hall (2007)

Belmont was established on March 10, 1849, by former citizens of, and land from the bordering towns of Watertown, to the south; Waltham, to the west; and Arlington, then known as West Cambridge, to the north.

Belmont is bordered by Cambridge on the east, Arlington on the north, Lexington on the northwest, Waltham on the west, and Watertown on the south.

Lexington, Massachusetts

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Suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

Suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Painting of the Battle of Lexington
Engraved memorial bricks lining the Lexington Depot sidewalk
Historic Mullikan Oak Tree, September 2012
Old Belfry in Belfry Hill Park, Clarke Street

In 1639, the Massachusetts General Court purchased the land that would become present day Lexington, then within the boundaries of Cambridge, from the Naumkeag Squaw Sachem of Mistick.

Lexington borders Burlington, Woburn, Winchester, Arlington, Belmont, Waltham, Lincoln, and Bedford.

Map of the 5th congressional district (in purple), from 2013 to 2023

Massachusetts's 5th congressional district

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Congressional district in eastern Massachusetts.

Congressional district in eastern Massachusetts.

Map of the 5th congressional district (in purple), from 2013 to 2023
Map of Cambridge, noting Wards, Precincts and congressional districts, including the 5th district (in green) and the 7th district (in orange), starting in 2013.
The district from 2003 to 2013

Arlington, Ashland, Belmont, Cambridge: Ward 3 Precinct 2A, Ward 4 Precincts 2 and 3, Wards 6, 7, 8, and 9, Ward 10 Precincts 1 and 2, Framingham, Holliston, Lexington, Lincoln, Malden, Medford, Melrose, Natick, Sherborn, Stoneham, Sudbury: Precincts 1A, 2, 3, 4, and 5, Waltham, Watertown, Wayland, Weston, Winchester and Woburn.

Charles River

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80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

View of the bridge over Charles River, New York Public Library
View of the Charles River, Memorial Drive in Cambridge(foreground), and the Back Bay skyline at night
A sunny day on the Charles River Esplanade
Sailboats moored on the Charlestown side of the Charles River with Bunker Hill Monument in the distance
Sunset at Charles River in December 2010
American Shad (Alosa Sapidissima)
View of the Charles River, Community Rowing, Inc. and Boston from Nonantum.
The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Weld Boathouse and the main campus of Harvard University in Cambridge.
View of Charles River at Newton Upper Falls
Charles River under Echo Bridge in Newton
Charles River at Medfield-Millis town line
Charles River basin from an office tower in Boston.
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
View of the Charles River and Downtown Boston from the Boston University Bridge
John W. Weeks Bridge

Near its mouth, it forms the border between downtown Boston and Cambridge and Charlestown.

Waltham was the site of the first fully integrated textile factory in America, built by Francis Cabot Lowell in 1814, and by the 19th century the Charles River was one of the most industrialized areas in the United States.

Greater Boston

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Metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston and its surrounding areas.

Metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston and its surrounding areas.

Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents the City of Boston.
Cambridge and Boston; MIT and Kendall Square in the foreground, and Boston's Financial District in the background
Winthrop, MA
St. Patrick's Day Parade in Scituate, Massachusetts, in Plymouth County, the municipality with the highest percentage identifying Irish ancestry in the United States, at 47.5% in 2010. Irish Americans constitute the largest ethnicity in Greater Boston.
Boston's Chinatown, with its paifang gate, is home to many Chinese and also Vietnamese restaurants.
Boston gay pride march, held annually in June
Harvard University, a leading global university, is located in Cambridge, MA in Greater Boston
The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple
The Salem Ferry, 92 ft. Catamaran is photographed approaching its dock off Blaney Street at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem, Massachusetts, United States.

Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, and whose Law School has spawned a contemporaneous majority of United States Supreme Court Justices.

AstraZeneca, in Waltham (R&D)

Approaching the former West Stockbridge toll plaza traveling eastbound, January 2008

Massachusetts Turnpike

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Toll highway in the U.S. state of Massachusetts that is maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT).

Toll highway in the U.S. state of Massachusetts that is maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT).

Approaching the former West Stockbridge toll plaza traveling eastbound, January 2008
The "Weston tolls" that separated the Western Turnpike from the Boston Extension, October 2006
The eastern terminus of the turnpike in the state, and I-90 nationally, at Route 1A in Boston
Now-demolished toll plaza on an exit ramp, January 2016
Toll ticket used prior to conversion to open road tolling
Fare collection gantry in Newton
A map of the proposed highway put forth in the 1948 Massachusetts Highway Master Plan. These proposed roadways would become some of the state's most important transportation routes in the eastern portion of the state.
Billboard advertising the construction of the Turnpike, c. 1956
New York Central Railroad (Boston and Albany parent company) employee magazine Headlights from February 1965 showing an aerial photograph of the completed Boston Extension of the Massachusetts Turnpike
Diagram of the highway system in downtown Boston before and after completion of the Big Dig
Boston traffic crawling over the closed Ted Williams Tunnel entrance during rush hour, one day after the ceiling collapse
Star Market (briefly Shaw's Supermarket) was built over the turnpike in Newtonville
The Massachusetts Turnpike near the Chicopee exit
Ludlow Service Plaza westbound
Lee Service Plaza eastbound

The turnpike enters Suffolk County in Boston before reaching the "Allston–Brighton tolls", depositing traffic towards the Boston neighborhoods of Allston and Brighton, and the nearby city of Cambridge.

Complicating the matter, Callahan's planned extension route was not universally accepted by others within the state, such as newly elected Governor John A. Volpe and Newton Mayor Donald Gibbs, who sought to construct a freeway that would follow a different route between the Borders of Newton, Waltham and Watertown along the Charles River and U.S. Route 20 and be constructed using the funds now being provided by the Federal Highway Administration.