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SD card

microSDSDmicroSDHC
In 2006, digital recording became the norm, with tape replaced by storage media such as mini-HD, microDVD, internal flash memory and SD cards.
But only early in 2010 did compatible host devices come onto the market, including Sony's Handycam HDR-CX55V camcorder, Canon's EOS 550D (also known as Rebel T2i) Digital SLR camera, a USB card reader from Panasonic, and an integrated SDXC card reader from JMicron.

Betamovie

Sony released the first consumer camcorder in 1983, the Betamovie BMC-100P.
Betamovie is the brand name for a range of consumer grade camcorders developed by Sony for the Betamax format.

Betacam

Digital BetacamBetacam SPDigiBeta
In 1983, Sony released the first camcorder, the Betacam system, for professional use.
The Betacam camcorder can only load S magnetic tapes, while television studio sized video tape recorders (VTR) designed for video editing can play both S and L tapes.

List of Panasonic camcorders

Panasonic HVX200HVX200Panasonic AG-HVX200
That year, Panasonic, RCA and Hitachi began producing camcorders using a full-size VHS cassette with a three-hour capacity.
This is a list of Panasonic camcorders.

Video camera

video camerasdigital video cameraVideo
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.

HDV

HDHDV 720phigh definition
In 2003 Sony, JVC, Canon and Sharp introduced HDV as the first affordable HD video format, due to its use of inexpensive MiniDV cassettes.
Conceived as an affordable high definition format for digital camcorders, HDV quickly caught on with many amateur and professional videographers due to its low cost, portability, and image quality acceptable for many professional productions.

AVCHD

AVCHD LiteNXCAMAVCCAM
In 2006 Panasonic and Sony introduced AVCHD as an inexpensive, tapeless, high-definition video format.
Developed jointly by Sony and Panasonic, the format was introduced in 2006 primarily for use in high definition consumer camcorders.

Editcam

That year, Ikegami introduced Editcam (the first tapeless video recording system).
Editcam is a professional digital camera system manufactured by Ikegami and first introduced in 1995, available both as professional camcorders and modular dock recorders.

Micro Four Thirds system

Micro Four ThirdsMFTMicro Four-Thirds
Panasonic only announced details regarding their Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Digital Camera called the LUMIX GH5, capable of shooting 4K in 60p.
The is a standard released by Olympus and Panasonic in 2008, for the design and development of mirrorless interchangeable lens digital cameras, camcorders and lenses.

Professional Disc

Professional Disc for DATAPDDProfessional Disc (PFD)
Sony introduced the XDCAM tapeless video format in 2003, introducing the Professional Disc (PFD).
Professional Disc (PFD) is a digital recording optical disc format introduced by Sony in 2003 primarily for XDCAM, its tapeless camcorder system.

Sony

Sony CorporationSony ElectronicsSony Corp.
Specialized videocassette recorders were introduced by JVC (VHS) and Sony (U-matic, with Betamax) releasing a model for mobile work.
There are also a variety of Camcorders which are manufactured by Sony.

Professional video camera

TV cameracameratelevision camera
Video cameras originally designed for television broadcast were large and heavy, mounted on special pedestals and wired to remote recorders in separate rooms. Inexpensive pocket video cameras use flash memory cards, while some more expensive camcorders use solid-state drives or SSD; similar flash technology is used on semi-pro and high-end professional video cameras for ultrafast transfer of high-definition television (HDTV) content.
While they have some similarities to the smaller consumer camcorder, they differ in several regards:

VHS

videoVHS tapeVHS tapes
Specialized videocassette recorders were introduced by JVC (VHS) and Sony (U-matic, with Betamax) releasing a model for mobile work. Camcorders are often classified by their storage device; VHS, VHS-C, Betamax, Video8 are examples of late 20th century videotape-based camcorders which record video in analog form.
Another variant is VHS-Compact (VHS-C), originally developed for portable VCRs in 1982, but ultimately finding success in palm-sized camcorders.

DVD

DVD-ROMDVDsDVD-9
Digital video camcorder formats include Digital8, MiniDV, DVD, hard disk drive, direct to disk recording and solid-state, semiconductor flash memory.
DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material (often in conjunction with AVCHD format camcorders).

Discrete cosine transform

DCTiDCTinverse discrete cosine transform
In 1992 Ampex introduced DCT, the first digital video format with data compression using the discrete cosine transform algorithm present in most commercial digital video formats.

Charge-coupled device

CCDCCD cameraCCDs
The imager (usually a CCD or CMOS sensor; earlier models used vidicon tubes) converts incident light into an electrical signal.
Eventually, Sony managed to mass-produce CCDs for their camcorders.

DVD-RAM

/RAM 4.707GB=4.384GiBDVD RAMDVDs
Older digital camcorders record video onto tape digitally, microdrives, hard drives, and small DVD-RAM or DVD-Rs.
DVD-RAM media have been used in computers as well as camcorders and personal video recorders since 1998.

Digital8

D8Digital 8digital video
Digital video camcorder formats include Digital8, MiniDV, DVD, hard disk drive, direct to disk recording and solid-state, semiconductor flash memory.
Digital8 (or Di8) is a consumer digital recording videocassette for camcorders based on the 8 mm video format developed by Sony, and introduced in 1999.

Betamax

BetaBeta TapeBeta-Max
Specialized videocassette recorders were introduced by JVC (VHS) and Sony (U-matic, with Betamax) releasing a model for mobile work. Camcorders are often classified by their storage device; VHS, VHS-C, Betamax, Video8 are examples of late 20th century videotape-based camcorders which record video in analog form.
For more information, see the article on camcorders.

Videocassette recorder

VCRvideo cassette recorderVCRs
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder. Specialized videocassette recorders were introduced by JVC (VHS) and Sony (U-matic, with Betamax) releasing a model for mobile work.
Most camcorders produced in the 20th century also feature an integrated VCR.

Videotape

videocassettevideo tapevideo
Camcorders are often classified by their storage device; VHS, VHS-C, Betamax, Video8 are examples of late 20th century videotape-based camcorders which record video in analog form.
Videotape is used in both video tape recorders (VTRs) or, more commonly, videocassette recorders (VCRs) and camcorders.

Pocket video camera

pocket camcorders
Inexpensive pocket video cameras use flash memory cards, while some more expensive camcorders use solid-state drives or SSD; similar flash technology is used on semi-pro and high-end professional video cameras for ultrafast transfer of high-definition television (HDTV) content.
A pocket video camera is a tapeless camcorder that is small enough to be carried in one's pocket.

XDCAM

XDCAM EXEX1MPEG HD422
Sony introduced the XDCAM tapeless video format in 2003, introducing the Professional Disc (PFD).
Tapeless camcorders that record onto solid-state memory cards, use MP4 container for high definition audio/video, and DV-AVI container for DV video.

P2 (storage media)

P2P2 cardDVCPRO P2
Panasonic followed in 2004 with its P2 solid state memory cards as a recording medium for DVCPRO-HD video.
Panasonic has also announced the P2-based AG-HPX170 handheld HD tapeless camcorder.

HDMI

High-Definition Multimedia InterfaceHDMI 1.4HDMI 2.0
Professional models include other options like Serial digital interface (SDI) or HDMI.
HDMI began to appear on consumer HDTVs in 2004 and camcorders and digital still cameras in 2006.