Camellia

camelliasTheaCaméliastea treesTsubakiWhite Camelliawhite camellias
Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.wikipedia
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Theaceae

CamelliaceaecamelliasTheaceae sp.
Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.
Theaceae is a family of flowering plants, composed of shrubs and trees, including the camellias.

Camellia sinensis

teatea planttea plants
Of economic importance in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, leaves of C. sinensis are processed to create the popular beverage tea.
It is of the genus Camellia of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.

Georg Joseph Kamel

Georg KamelCamellus
The genus was named by Linnaeus after the Jesuit botanist Georg Joseph Kamel, who worked in the Philippines and described a species of camellia (although Linnaeus did not refer to Kamel's account when discussing the genus).
Carl Linnaeus named the well known genus of flowering plants Camellia in Kamel's honour.

Camellia sasanqua

sasanquaC. sasanquaSazanka
The ornamental C. japonica, C. sasanqua and their hybrids are the source of hundreds of garden cultivars.
Camellia sasanqua, with common name sasanqua camellia, is a species of Camellia native to China and Japan.

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
The ornamental C. japonica, C. sasanqua and their hybrids are the source of hundreds of garden cultivars. Today camellias are grown as ornamental plants for their flowers; about 3,000 cultivars and hybrids have been selected, many with double or semi-double flowers.
Popular ornamental garden plants like roses, camellias, daffodils, rhododendrons, and azaleas are cultivars produced by careful breeding and selection for floral colour and form.

Tea

tea plantationtea gardentea leaves
Of economic importance in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, leaves of C. sinensis are processed to create the popular beverage tea.
The earliest known physical evidence of tea was discovered in 2016 in the mausoleum of Emperor Jing of Han in Xi'an, indicating that tea from the genus Camellia was drunk by Han Dynasty emperors as early as the 2nd century BC. The Han dynasty work, "The Contract for a Youth", written by Wang Bao in 59 BC, contains the first known reference to boiling tea.

Camellia oleifera

C. oleiferatea-oil Camellia
C. oleifera produces tea seed oil, used in cooking and cosmetics.
It is commonly known as the oil-seed camellia or tea oil camellia, though to a lesser extent other species of camellia are used in oil production too.

Shrub

shrubssubshrubbushes
Camellias are evergreen shrubs or small trees up to 20 m tall.
Camellia (Camellia, Tea) *

List of Lepidoptera that feed on Camellia

LepidopteranList of Lepidoptera that feed on ''Camellia
Camellia plants are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species; see List of Lepidoptera that feed on Camellia.
Camellia species like tea (Camellia sinensis) are used as food plants by the caterpillars of a number of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths).

Camellia japonica

camelliaJapanese camelliaC. japonica
The ornamental C. japonica, C. sasanqua and their hybrids are the source of hundreds of garden cultivars.
Camellia japonica, known as common camellia, Japanese camellia, or Tsubaki in Japanese, is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia.

James Gordon (botanist)

James Gordon
His gardener James Gordon was the first to introduce camellias to commerce, from the nurseries he established after Lord Petre's untimely death in 1743, at Mile End, Essex, near London.
James Gordon (1708–1780) was a gardener who became a nurseryman, and later a seed merchant in London, specializing in exotics such as camellia and rhododendron; he is also credited with the introduction of the American Elm, Ulmus americana, in 1752.

Emodepside

This is used to produce emodepside, an anthelmintic drug.
Emodepside is synthesised by attaching a morpholine ring “at the paraposition of each of the two D-phenyllactic acids” to PF1022A, a metabolite of Mycelia sterile, a fungus that inhabits the leaves of Camellia japonica – a flowering shrub.

La Dame aux Camélias

CamilleLady of the CamelliasThe Lady of the Camellias
The Parisian courtesan Marie Duplessis, who died young in 1847, inspired Dumas' La Dame aux camélias and Verdi's La Traviata.
Marguerite is nicknamed la dame aux camélias because she wears a red camellia when she is menstruating and unavailable for making love and a white camelia when she is available to her lovers.

Camellia crapnelliana

Camellia crapnelliana – Crapnell's camellia
Camellia crapnelliana, Crapnell's camellia, is a flowering Camellia native to Hong Kong and China.

Robert Petre, 8th Baron Petre

Lord PetreLord Robert PetreRobert
The first living camellias seen in England were a single red and a single white, grown and flowered in his garden at Thorndon Hall, Essex, by Robert James, Lord Petre, among the keenest gardeners of his generation, in 1739.
From these stoves came the first camellia to flower in this country and, in 1739, a gift of bananas sent to Sir Hans Sloane (along with ‘2 uncommon fowls of the widgeon kind’).

Double-flowered

doubledouble flowerdouble flowers
Today camellias are grown as ornamental plants for their flowers; about 3,000 cultivars and hybrids have been selected, many with double or semi-double flowers.
The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations.

Camellia hongkongensis

Camellia hongkongensis – Hong Kong camellia
Camellia hongkongensis, the Hong Kong camellia, is a species of camellia.

Camellia granthamiana

Camellia granthamiana – Grantham's camellia
Camellia granthamiana (Chinese: 葛量洪茶), or Grantham's camellia, is a rare, endangered species of Camellia, which was first discovered in Hong Kong in 1955.

Camellia chrysanthoides

Camellia chrysanthoides
Camellia chrysanthoides is a species of camellia endemic to Longzhou and Pingxiang counties in Guangxi province, China.

Camellia reticulata

Camellia reticulata
C. heterophylla ) is a species of Camellia native to southwestern China, in Yunnan Province.

Camellia lutchuensis

Camellia lutchuensis
Camellia lutchuensis is a species of camellia that is widespread in southeastern China, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

Thorndon Hall

Thorndon ParkThorndon
The first living camellias seen in England were a single red and a single white, grown and flowered in his garden at Thorndon Hall, Essex, by Robert James, Lord Petre, among the keenest gardeners of his generation, in 1739.
The first recorded camellia – a cousin of the tea plant, camellia sinensis – to grow in Great Britain was at Thorndon Hall in the 1730s.

Camellia nitidissima

Camellia nitidissima – yellow camellia (formerly C. chrysantha)
Camellia nitidissima is a species of Camellia endemic to the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China and northern Vietnam.

Alabama

ALState of AlabamaAlabamian
The camellia is the state flower of Alabama.
The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia.

Engelbert Kaempfer

KaempferEngelbert KämpferKaempf.
The German botanist Engelbert Kaempfer reported that the "Japan Rose", as he called it grew wild in woodland and hedgerow, but that many superior varieties had been selected for gardens.
Among many other Japanese plants, it included an illustration of a camellia and introduced 23 varieties.