A report on Cameroon

Bamum script is a writing system developed by King Njoya in the late 19th century.
Former president Ahmadou Ahidjo ruled from 1960 until 1982.
Paul Biya has ruled the country since 1982.
Unity Palace – Cameroon Presidency
A statue of a chief in Bana, West Region
President Paul Biya with U.S. President Barack Obama in 2014
Military vehicles during a parade
Cameroon is divided into 10 regions.
Volcanic plugs dot the landscape near Rhumsiki, Far North Region.
Elephants in Waza National Park
School children in Cameroon
Life expectancy in Cameroon
Dutch bulls and cows at Wallya community during the rainy season in Cameroon
Douala seaport
Cameroonian women on Women's Day Celebration
The homes of the Musgum, in the Far North Region, are made of earth and grass.
Map of the region's indigenous languages
Dancers greet visitors to the East Region.
Plantains and "Bobolo" (made from cassava) served with Ndolè (meat and shrimp)
Cameroonian fashion is varied and often mixes modern and traditional elements. Note the wearing of sun glasses, Monk shoes, sandals, and a Smartwatch.
A woman weaves a basket near Lake Ossa, Littoral Region. Cameroonians practise such handicrafts throughout the country.
Cameroon faces Germany at Zentralstadion in Leipzig, 17 November 2004.
Our Lady of Victories Cathedral, catholic church in Yaoundé

Country in west-central Africa.

- Cameroon

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Country in West Africa.

Country in West Africa.

Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Climate map of Nigeria
Palm plantation in Delta State
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west.


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Landlocked country at the crossroads of North and Central Africa.

Landlocked country at the crossroads of North and Central Africa.

Group of Kanem-Bu warriors. The Kanem–Bornu Empire controlled almost all of what is today Chad.
A Chadian soldier fighting for Free France during World War II. The Free French Forces included 15,000 soldiers from Chad.
Despite internal political opposition, coup attempts, and a civil war, Idriss Déby continuously ruled Chad from 1990 until his death in 2021.
Chad is divided into three distinct zones, the Sudanian Savanna in the south, the Sahara Desert in the north, and the Sahelian belt in the center.
An African bush elephant
Toubou nomads in the Ennedi Mountains
Mboum girls dancing in Chad
Chadian woman voting during the 2016 presidential election
Embassy of Chad in Washington, D.C.
A proportional representation of Chad exports, 2019
GDP per capita development of Chad, since 1950
Women in Mao, where water is provided by a water tower. Access to clean water is often a problem in Chad.
A Chadian tailor sells traditional dresses.
Criquets grillés ou fris

It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.


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The German corvette at the bombardment of Hickorytown, Cameroon (today Duala) on December 21, 1884
Lake parcour vita douala Cameroon
Société Camerounaise de dépôt pétrolier douala Cameroon
Bridge over the Wouri River
Palace of the Kings Bell
Statue of King Akwa in front of the King Akwa Museum
Temple of Centeneire
Gare de Bessengué, Douala's train station
Douala International Airport
Douala seaport
Mboppi market
Bonamousadi douala Cameroon
Akwa Kings Monument
Palais Dika Akwa
Akwa King tomb
Bonalembe Baptist church
Akwa Palace
Church of Our Lady of Victories
central mosque
Lycée de New-Bell Classrooms
Lycée Joss Entrance
Interior of Lycée Joss
Lycée de New-Bell Entrance
Interior of Lycée de New-Bell
Female Mechanic
Car washing
Mobile trader
Taxi driving
Drug selling
Street Vendor
Bread Baking
Carpenter at work
Shoe making
Hand made shoes for sale
Fruits Seller
Pot Making
Chicken seller at Makepe market
Motorbike drivers

Douala is the largest city in Cameroon and its economic capital.

Biya in 2014

Paul Biya

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Biya in 2014
Biya and U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell in September 2002
Biya with U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1986
Biya with U.S. President George W. Bush in 2003
Biya with U.S. President Barack Obama in 2014
Secretary Kerry greets President Biya 2014
Ahidjo in July 1982, three months before he resigned.
US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama pose for a photo during a reception at the Metropolitan Museum in New York with Biya and his wife Chantal, 2009
Bayero Fadil with Paul Biya, 2020
Biya and his wife Chantal at the opening of CAN 2021 on January 09, 2022

Paul Biya (born Paul Barthélemy Biya'a bi Mvondo; 13 February 1933) is a Cameroonian politician who has served as the president of Cameroon since 6 November 1982.

Central African Republic

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Landlocked country in Central Africa.

Landlocked country in Central Africa.

The Bouar Megaliths, pictured here on a 1967 Central African stamp, date back to the very late Neolithic Era (c. 3500–2700 BCE).
The Sultan of Bangassou and his wives, 1906
Charles de Gaulle in Bangui, 1940.
Jean-Bédel Bokassa, self-crowned Emperor of Central Africa
Rebel militia in the northern countryside, 2007.
Refugees of the fighting in the Central African Republic, January 2014
Current military situation in Central African Republic
Falls of Boali on the Mbali River
A village in the Central African Republic
Dzanga-Sangha Reserve
Central African Republic map of Köppen climate classification.
Central African Republic President Faustin Touadera with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, 11 April 2019
President Faustin Touadera with Russian President Vladimir Putin, 23 May 2018
The Aka Pygmies living in the Dzanga-Sangha Special Reserve
Fula women in Paoua
A Christian church in the Central African Republic.
A proportional representation of Central African Republic exports, 2019
GDP per capita development in the Central African Republic
Bangui shopping district
Trucks in Bangui
Classroom in Sam Ouandja
Mothers and babies aged between 0 and 5 years are lining up in a Health Post at Begoua, a district of Bangui, waiting for the two drops of the oral polio vaccine.
A Central African woman

It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the DR Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and Cameroon to the west.

Membership of ECCAS

Central Africa

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Subregion of the African continent comprising various countries according to different definitions.

Subregion of the African continent comprising various countries according to different definitions.

Membership of ECCAS
Congo Basin
The Kanem and Bornu Empires in 1810
Abéché, capital of Wadai, in 1918 after the French had taken over
Lunda town and dwelling
Kongo in 1711
French explorer Paul Du Chaillu confirmed the existence of Pygmy peoples of central Africa
Fishing in Central Africa
UN Macroregion of Central Africa
Art from Cameroon
ECCAS/CEMAC state, part of Middle Africa
ECCAS state, part of Middle Africa
ECCAS state only

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe are members of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).


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Country on the west coast of Central Africa.

Country on the west coast of Central Africa.

A map of West Africa in 1670
The Battle of Gabon resulted in the Free French Forces taking the colony of Gabon from Vichy French forces, 1940
President George W. Bush welcomes President Omar Bongo to the Oval Office, May 2004
Independence Day celebration in Gabon
Ali Bongo Ondimba, President of the Gabonese Republic, his wife Sylvia Bongo Ondimba, US president Barack Obama and his wife Michelle Obama in 2014
Prime Minister of Gabon Julien Nkoghe Bekale and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the Russia-Africa Summit in Sochi in October 2019
U.S. Navy Captain is greeted by Gabonese Army
Gabon map of Köppen climate classification
Beach scene in Gabon
A proportional representation of Gabon exports, 2019
Change in per capita GDP of Gabon, 1950–2018. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
Crowd on beach in Gabon
People in Libreville
A Gabonese mask

Located on the equator, it is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west.

Equatorial Guinea

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Country on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28000 km2.

Country on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28000 km2.

Portuguese rule in Equatorial Guinea lasted from the arrival of Fernão do Pó (Fernando Pó) in 1472 until the 1778 Treaty of El Pardo.
Map of the Spanish possessions in 1897, before the Treaty of Paris (1900).
Borders after the agreement of 1900 on the land that would become Spanish Guinea, until the independence of 1968.
Corisco in 1910.
Inaugural flight with Iberia from Madrid to Bata, 1941.
Centro Cultural de España (Cultural Centre of Spain) in Malabo.
Signing of the independence of Equatorial Guinea by the then Spanish minister Manuel Fraga together with the new Equatorial Guinean president Macías Nguema on October 12, 1968.
Francisco Macías Nguema, first president of Equatorial Guinea in 1968 and became a dictator until he was overthrown in a coup d'état in 1979.
Obiang and U.S. president Obama with their wives in 2014.
Highway construction in Ciudad de la Paz in 2010. Ciudad de la Paz will be the future capital of Equatorial Guinea.
Presidential palace of Teodoro Obiang in Malabo.
According to the BBC, President Obiang Nguema "has been described by rights organisations as one of Africa's most brutal dictators."
An Antonov An-72P of the Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea on lift off.
Köppen climate classification of Equatorial Guinea
A proportional representation of Equatorial Guinea exports, 2019.
Gepetrol Tower in Malabo 2013.
Torre de La Libertad ("Freedom Tower").
Malabo International Airport (Aeropuerto de Malabo in Spanish), en Punta Europa, island of Bioko.
Evolution of the Equatoguinean population between 1960 and 2017. Population in thousands of inhabitants.
Equatorial Guinean children of Bubi descent.
Floral inscription with the name of the country in Spanish in Malabo.
Santa Isabel Cathedral in Malabo
Ministry of Education, Science and Sports (Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia y Deportes in Spanish).
The port of Malabo.
Edition of the television magazine Malabeando at the Cultural Centre of Spain in Malabo.
Estadio de Bata in Bata.

The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east.

Republic of the Congo

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Country located in the western coast of Central Africa to the west of the Congo river.

Country located in the western coast of Central Africa to the west of the Congo river.

The court of N'Gangue M'voumbe Niambi, from the book Description of Africa (1668)
Alphonse Massamba-Débat's one-party rule (1963–1968) attempted to implement a political economic strategy of "scientific socialism".
Marien Ngouabi changed the country's name to the People's Republic of the Congo, declaring it Africa's first Marxist–Leninist state. He was assassinated in 1977.
A pro-constitutional reform rally in Brazzaville during October 2015. The constitution's controversial reforms were subsequently approved in a disputed election which saw demonstrations and violence.
Denis Sassou Nguesso served as president from 1979 to 1992 and has remained in power ever since his rebel forces ousted President Pascal Lissouba during the 1997 Civil War.
Map of the Republic of the Congo exhibiting its twelve departments
Climate diagram for Brazzaville
GDP per capita development in the Republic of Congo, 1950 to 2018
A proportional representation of Republic of the Congo exports, 2019
Cassava is an important food crop in the Republic of the Congo.
Young women learning to sew, Brazzaville
Maya-Maya Airport in Brazzaville
Trois Pieces, a Congo-Brazzaville food
School children in the classroom, Republic of the Congo

It is bordered to the west by Gabon, to its northwest by Cameroon and its northeast by the Central African Republic, to the southeast by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to its south by the Angolan exclave of Cabinda and to its southwest by the Atlantic Ocean.

Adamawa Region

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Mountainous area near Tignère locality, Faro-et-Déo department
On the road between Ngaoundéré and Bélel
Hills and savanna near Ngaoundal
Hill road in Adamawa
Downtown Ngaoundéré
Territories of ethnic groups of the Adamawa Province
Running water from the Vina waterfall located in Ngaoundere
Departments of Adamawa
Ngaoundéré protestant hospital
Lake Mbalang near to Ngaoundere
Lake Tizon at Ngaoundere
Vina River located in Ngaoundéré
Logone River located between Cameroon and Chad
Sanaga River
Mbam River

The Adamawa Region (Région de l'Adamaoua) is a constituent region of the Republic of Cameroon.