Canada

CanadianCANCanadiansCADominion of CanadaCanadian provinceCanadian-bornCanadian-bredCanadian governmentCanadia
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America.wikipedia
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Provinces and territories of Canada

ProvinceCanadian provinceprovincial
Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 e6km2, making it the world's second-largest country by total area.
The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution.

Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, CanadaOttawa, ON
Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

Canada–United States border

Canada–US borderCanadian borderInternational Boundary
Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8891 km, is the world's longest bi-national land border.
It is shared between Canada and the United States, the second- and fourth- largest countries by area, respectively.

Montreal

Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.

Temperature in Canada

Canada's climatetemperatures across Canada
Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.
The following tables show the average maximum and minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest and highest average temperature months, but not in every case).

Territorial evolution of Canada

North West TerritoriesNorth-West TerritoriesNWT
This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom.
The history of post-colonial Canada began on July 1, 1867, when the British North American colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were united to form a single Dominion within the British Empire.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government.
The monarchy of Canada is at the core of Canada's constitutional federal structure and Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.

Canadian Confederation

ConfederationConfederation of CanadaFather of Confederation
In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one federation, Canada (formally the Dominion of Canada), on July 1, 1867.

Federalism

federalfederalistfederal system
In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.
Leading examples of the federation or federal state include the United States, India, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Germany, Canada, Switzerland, Argentina, and Australia.

Immigration to Canada

immigrationimmigrantsCanadian immigration
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries.
Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside there.

Canada–United States relations

Canada-United States relationsCanada – United States relationsCanada
Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
Canada–United States relations refers to the bilateral relations between the adjacent countries of Canada and the United States.

Statute of Westminster 1931

Statute of WestminsterStatute of Westminster, 1931Statute of Westminster (1931)
This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom whose modified versions are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly in former Dominions that are no longer Commonwealth realms.

Government of Canada

Canadian governmentfederal governmentfederal
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), officially Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the corporation responsible for the federal administration of Canada.

Culture of Canada

Canadian culturecultureCanadian
Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
The culture of Canada embodies the artistic, culinary, literary, humour, musical, political and social elements that are representative of Canada and Canadians.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level.
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.

Official bilingualism in Canada

bilingualofficial bilingualismbilingualism
The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level.
"Official bilingualism" is the term used in Canada to collectively describe the policies, constitutional provisions, and laws that ensure legal equality of English and French in the Parliament and courts of Canada, protect the linguistic rights of English and French-speaking minorities in different provinces, and ensure a level of government services in both languages across Canada.

North American Free Trade Agreement

NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act
Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

Economy of Canada

Canadian economyeconomyCanada
Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
Canada has the fourth highest total estimated value of natural resources, valued at US$33.2 trillion in 2016.

Group of Seven

G7G-7Group of Six
Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
The Group of Seven (G7) is an international intergovernmental economic organization consisting of the seven largest IMF- advanced economies in the world: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.

British colonization of the Americas

BritishEnglishEnglish colonization of the Americas
Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled along the Atlantic coast.
Most of these colonies joined the Confederation of Canada in the 1860s or 1870s, though Newfoundland would not join Canada until 1949.

Canada Act 1982

Canada Actpatriationpatriation of the Canadian constitution in 1982
This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada fully under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, and later that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The Canada Act 1982 (1982 c. 11; Loi de 1982 sur le Canada) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which was passed (as stated in the preamble) at the request of the Parliament of Canada, to "patriate" Canada's constitution, ending the power of the British Parliament to amend the Constitution of Canada.

Canada (New France)

CanadaColony of CanadaNew France
From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River.
Canada, in this historical context (as distinct from the present day country of Canada), was a French colony within New France first claimed in the name of the King of France in 1535 during the second voyage of Jacques Cartier.

International rankings of Canada

ranks among the highest
It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
These are various international rankings of Canada.

Inuit

InukInuit peopleEskimos
Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers.
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.

Canada Day

Dominion DayJuly 1Canada
In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada fully under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, and later that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
Canada Day (Fête du Canada) is the national day of Canada.