Canada (AG) v Bedford

Bedford v. CanadaCanada (Attorney General) v. BedfordTerri-Jean BedfordBedfordBondage BungalowCanada v Bedfordstruck down several prostitution-related lawsSupreme Court decision
is a ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada relating to Canada's laws relating to sex work.wikipedia
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Procuring (prostitution)

pimppimpingmadam
In Canada, there was a legal challenge to prostitution laws, which ended in the 2013 ruling of Bedford v. Canada.

Dominatrix

femdomFemale dominancedominatrices
Terri-Jean Bedford, born 15 October 1959, was formerly a prostitute and now works as a professional dominatrix.
The Canadian dominatrix Terri-Jean Bedford, who was one of three women who initiated an application in the Ontario Superior Court seeking invalidation of Canada's laws regarding brothels, sought to differentiate for clarity her occupation as a dominatrix rather than a prostitute to the media, due to frequent misunderstanding and conflation by the public of the two terms.

Prostitution Reference

Many of these prohibitions were found constitutional by the Supreme Court of Canada in 1990 in the Prostitution Reference.
The decision was later upheld in Canada (AG) v Bedford.

Sex Professionals of Canada

The three applicants all work or worked in the sex trade and Amy Lebovitch and Valerie Scott are members of Sex Professionals of Canada (SPOC), an organization which campaigns for the rights of sex workers and the full decriminalization of prostitution. In a television discussion of Bedford v. Canada, Nikki Thomas, executive director of Sex Professionals of Canada, made reference to Robert Pickton, who murdered several sex workers, and said that the deaths could have been avoided if sex work was permitted to occur in escort agencies or red-light districts, where clients can be asked to show identification.
On March 20, 2007, Valerie Scott, Amy Lebovitch and Terri-Jean Bedford initiated an application ("Bedford v. Canada") in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice seeking the constitutional invalidation of s.210 (bawdy house), s.212(1)(j) (living on the avails) and s.213(1)(c) (communicating for the purpose of prostitution) of the Criminal Code.

Natasha Falle

Natasha Falle, a former prostitute who helped the Crown formulate their appeal of the decision of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, was angered by this statement by Marzel, responding that 97% of prostitutes are not engaging in prostitution by choice, and that "the voices of the overwhelming majority of women who want to get out of prostitution are being drowned out by a vocal few."
Falle was one of the main proponents of Member of Parliament (MP) Joy Smith's private member's bill, Bill C-268, which was passed in June 2010 as [[An Act to amend the Criminal Code (minimum sentence for offences involving trafficking of persons under the age of eighteen years)]], and she helped the Canadian government formulate their appeal of the decision of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Bedford v. Canada to strike down various prostitution laws.

Nikki Thomas

Nikki Thomas (activist)Nikki Thomas (Canada)
In a television discussion of Bedford v. Canada, Nikki Thomas, executive director of Sex Professionals of Canada, made reference to Robert Pickton, who murdered several sex workers, and said that the deaths could have been avoided if sex work was permitted to occur in escort agencies or red-light districts, where clients can be asked to show identification.
In Bedford v. Canada, Thomas supported the decision to legalize brothels, saying that "any form of criminalization pushes the industry underground and gives opportunities to predators."

Prostitution in Canada

CanadaprostitutionCanada’s prostitution laws
The new laws came in response to the Canada (AG) v Bedford ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada, which found to be unconstitutional the laws prohibiting brothels, public communication for the purpose of prostitution and living on the profits of prostitution.

Carter v Canada (AG)

Carter v CanadaCarter v Canada (Attorney General)Carter
However, Carter v Canada (AG) has subsequently suggested that "in some [s. 7] situations the state may be able to show that the public good ... justifies depriving an individual of life, liberty or security of the person under s. 1 of the Charter. More particularly, in cases such as this where the competing societal interests are themselves protected under the Charter, a restriction on s. 7 rights may in the end be found to be proportionate to its objective."
The Court expanded on their discussion of the issue in Canada (AG) v Bedford by ruling trial judges may reconsider the decisions of higher courts if there is a new legal issue at bar, and if circumstances or evidence have "fundamentally shift[ed] the parameters of the debate".

Ron Marzel

In Bedford v. Canada, lawyer Ron Marzel supported the striking down of Canada's anti-prostitution laws as unconstitutional, saying that "there are consenting adults who want to go into" prostitution.
In Bedford v. Canada, Marzel sought to have Canada's anti-prostitution laws declared unconstitutional, saying that "there are consenting adults who want to go into" prostitution.

Supreme Court of Canada

Supreme CourtCanadian Supreme CourtSupreme Court Justice
Many of these prohibitions were found constitutional by the Supreme Court of Canada in 1990 in the Prostitution Reference. is a ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada relating to Canada's laws relating to sex work.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
is a ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada relating to Canada's laws relating to sex work.

Criminal Code (Canada)

Criminal CodeCriminal Code of CanadaCanadian Criminal Code
The Criminal Code includes a number of provisions, such as outlawing public communication for the purposes of prostitution, operating a bawdy house or living off of the avails of prostitution, even though prostitution itself is legal.

Sex worker

sex workerssex workfemale sex workers
The applicants argued that the laws deprive sex workers of their right to security by forcing them to work secretly.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Charter of Rights and FreedomsCharterCharter of Rights
In 2012, the Court of Appeal for Ontario ruled that some, but not all, of these prohibitions violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and were unconstitutional.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
In 2007, court proceedings began in Ontario to re-challenge the constitutionality of these prohibitions, on the basis that it created significant harm to prostitutes and other sex workers.

Brothel

brothelsbordellowhorehouse
The Criminal Code includes a number of provisions, such as outlawing public communication for the purposes of prostitution, operating a bawdy house or living off of the avails of prostitution, even though prostitution itself is legal.

Sex industry

adult entertainmentadult industrysex trade
The three applicants all work or worked in the sex trade and Amy Lebovitch and Valerie Scott are members of Sex Professionals of Canada (SPOC), an organization which campaigns for the rights of sex workers and the full decriminalization of prostitution.

Prostitution law

regulateddecriminalization of prostitutionprostitution
The three applicants all work or worked in the sex trade and Amy Lebovitch and Valerie Scott are members of Sex Professionals of Canada (SPOC), an organization which campaigns for the rights of sex workers and the full decriminalization of prostitution.

BDSM

sadomasochisticsado-masochismsado-masochistic
Bedford formerly operated an S&M dungeon in Thornhill, Ontario, called Madame de Sade's House of Erotica, but dubbed the Bondage Bungalow by the press.

Thornhill, Ontario

ThornhillThornhill, ON Thornhill
Bedford formerly operated an S&M dungeon in Thornhill, Ontario, called Madame de Sade's House of Erotica, but dubbed the Bondage Bungalow by the press.

Crop (implement)

riding cropwhipcrop
Throughout the Superior Court trial, Bedford's appearance was notable, dressing all in leather and always appearing with a black leather riding crop.

University of Ottawa

OttawaOttawa CollegeUniversité d'Ottawa
She has also studied criminology and psychology at the University of Ottawa and social work at Ryerson University in Toronto.

Ryerson University

Ryerson Polytechnical InstituteRyersonRyerson Polytechnic Institute
She has also studied criminology and psychology at the University of Ottawa and social work at Ryerson University in Toronto.

Massage parlor

massage parlourmassage parlorsmassage parlours
She worked on the street, independent indoor, escort and in massage parlours.

Toronto

Toronto, OntarioToronto, CanadaToronto, ON
The trial took place in Toronto over seven days in October 2009 in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.