Canadian Caper

ArgoSix American diplomats escapeThe Canadian Caper1980 CIA Iranian hostage extraction operationa plot to sneak American hostages out of Tehranexfiltrationexfiltration of six American diplomatsfreeing American diplomats trapped in Iranjoint CIA–Canadian effortsix Americans escape from Iran
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.wikipedia
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Iran hostage crisis

Iranian hostage crisishostage crisisAmerican hostages
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.
Six American diplomats who had evaded capture had been rescued by a joint CIA–Canadian effort on January 27, 1980.

Tony Mendez

Antonio J. MendezAntonio Mendez
The "caper" involved CIA agents (Tony Mendez and his colleague known as "Julio" for this event) joining the six diplomats in Tehran to form a fake film crew.
Mendez was decorated, and is now widely known, for his on-the-scene management of the "Canadian Caper" during the Iran hostage crisis.

Argo (2012 film)

ArgoArgo'' (2012 film)film
It was used loosely as the basis of the film Argo (2012), which dramatized these events.
The latter deals with the "Canadian Caper", in which Mendez led the rescue of six U.S. diplomats from Tehran, Iran, under the guise of filming a science fiction film during the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis.

Kenneth D. Taylor

Ken TaylorKenneth D. Taylor OCKenneth Douglas Taylor
Robert Anders, Cora Amburn-Lijek, Mark Lijek, Joseph Stafford, Kathleen Stafford and Lee Schatz were the six American diplomats who were harboured by Canadian diplomats Ken Taylor and John Sheardown and exfiltrated from Tehran in 1980. In 1981, a television movie about the Canadian Caper was made, Escape from Iran: The Canadian Caper, directed by Lamont Johnson, with Kenneth D. Taylor played by Gordon Pinsent.
Kenneth Douglas "Ken" Taylor, (October 5, 1934 – October 15, 2015) was a Canadian diplomat, educator and businessman, best known for his role in the 1979 covert operation called the "Canadian Caper" when he was the Canadian ambassador to Iran.

John Sheardown

Robert Anders, Cora Amburn-Lijek, Mark Lijek, Joseph Stafford, Kathleen Stafford and Lee Schatz were the six American diplomats who were harboured by Canadian diplomats Ken Taylor and John Sheardown and exfiltrated from Tehran in 1980.
John Vernon Sheardown (October 11, 1924 – December 30, 2012) was a Canadian diplomat who played a leading role in the "Canadian Caper".

Extraction (military)

exfilexfiltrationextraction
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.
An example of a friendly extraction was the joint U.S. Central Intelligence Agency-Canadian government operation to smuggle six fugitive American diplomatic personnel out of revolutionary Iran in 1980 in an operation later known as the Canadian Caper.

Canadian passport

CanadianCanadaCanadian passports
They decided to smuggle the six Americans out of Iran on an international flight by using Canadian passports for them.
While not a case of misuse, as it was conducted with secret approval of the Canadian government, six American diplomats were smuggled out of Iran using authentic Canadian passports containing forged Iranian visas in 1980.

Zena Sheardown

Zena
In addition to seeing John and Zena Sheardown, they were greeted by Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor.
Zena Sheardown is a Guyanese-Canadian woman, who together with her husband John Sheardown, sheltered six Americans in their home for months during the Iran Hostage Crisis, in what has come to be known as "the Canadian Caper".

Flora MacDonald (politician)

Flora MacDonaldFlora Isabel MacDonaldFlora: Scenes From A Leadership Convention
Ambassador Taylor contacted Flora MacDonald, Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, and Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark for assistance.
The successful operation became known as the Canadian Caper, and it was later dramatized in the Academy Award-winning film ''Argo.

John Chambers (make-up artist)

John Chambers
To make the cover believable, Mendez enlisted the help of John Chambers, a veteran Hollywood make-up artist.
Chambers was awarded CIA's Intelligence Medal of Merit for his involvement in the Canadian Caper, in which six American hostages escaped during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis.

List of films based on actual events

true storyBased on actual eventsbased on true events
Winning three Academy Awards and three BAFTA awards, including Best Picture, it is a fictionalized account of the operation.

Intelligence Medal of Merit

CIA Intelligence Medal of Merit
Chambers was later awarded CIA's Intelligence Medal of Merit for his help in the operation.

Office of Technical Service

Technical Services StaffOffice of Technical ServicesTechnical Services Division
Julio and Mendez had previously worked together in the CIA's Office of Technical Service (OTS) branch.

Escape from Iran: The Canadian Caper

In 1981, a television movie about the Canadian Caper was made, Escape from Iran: The Canadian Caper, directed by Lamont Johnson, with Kenneth D. Taylor played by Gordon Pinsent.
Escape from Iran: The Canadian Caper is a Canadian-American television film from 1981 about the "Canadian Caper" during the Iranian Revolution and hostage crises.

Laverna Katie Dollimore

Laverna "Verna" Katie Dollimore (January 22, 1922 – October 24, 2011) was one of six Canadians awarded the Order of Canada for her participation in the Canadian Caper, in which the Canadian government and the CIA orchestrated the cover rescue of six American diplomats in Iran (1979).

Lord of Light

The script used was based on the 1967 Roger Zelazny science fiction novel Lord of Light, adapted and set on a planet with a Middle-Eastern feel, to justify their desire to scout filming locations in Iran.
Parts of the unmade film project—the script and Kirby's set designs—were subsequently acquired by the CIA as cover for the "Canadian Caper": the exfiltration of six US diplomatic staff trapped by the Iranian hostage crisis (in Tehran but outside the embassy compound).

Our Man in Tehran

Historian Robert Wright also covered these events in his book Our Man in Tehran (2010).
Our Man in Tehran is a 2013 Canadian documentary film, profiling the role of Kenneth D. Taylor, Canada's ambassador to Iran in the 1970s, in helping six American hostages escape from Iran during the Iran hostage crisis of 1979-1980 by engineering the Canadian Caper.

Government of Canada

Canadian governmentfederal governmentfederal
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.

Central Intelligence Agency

CIAC.I.A.Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.

Diplomat

diplomatic representativestatesmanemissary
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Shah of IranShahMohammad Reza Shah
The "Canadian Caper" was the joint covert rescue by the Canadian government and the CIA of six American diplomats who had evaded capture during the seizure of the United States embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, after the Iranian Revolution, when Islamist students took most of the American embassy personnel hostage, demanding the return of the US-backed Shah for trial.

Location scouting

location scoutscouting locationsscouted
It was purportedly made up of six Canadians, one Irishman and one Latin American, who were finishing scouting for an appropriate location to shoot a scene for the nominal science-fiction film Argo.

Mehrabad International Airport

Mehrabad AirportTehran Mehrabad International AirportMehrabad
On the morning of Sunday, January 27, 1980, the full eight-person party passed through passport control, at the Mehrabad Airport in Tehran, boarded a Swissair flight to Zürich and escaped Iran.

Swissair

SAirGroupSwiss AirSwissair Asia
On the morning of Sunday, January 27, 1980, the full eight-person party passed through passport control, at the Mehrabad Airport in Tehran, boarded a Swissair flight to Zürich and escaped Iran.