Canadian nationality law

Canadian citizenshipCanadian citizenCanadianBritish subjectCanadian citizensCanadacitizensbecome citizenscitizencitizens of Canada
Canadian nationality law (Nationalité canadienne) is promulgated by the Citizenship Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29) since 1977.wikipedia
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Canadians

CanadianCanadian citizensCanada
Canadian citizenship is typically obtained by birth in Canada on the principle of jus soli, or birth abroad when at least one parent is a Canadian citizen or by adoption by at least one Canadian citizen under the rules of jus sanguinis.
Canada's nationality law closely mirrored that of the United Kingdom.

Permanent residency in Canada

permanent residentlanded immigrantpermanent residents
It can also be granted to a permanent resident who has lived in Canada for a period of time through naturalization.
Permanent residency in Canada is a status granting someone who is not a Canadian citizen the right to live and work in Canada without any time limit on their stay.

Jus sanguinis

ius sanguinisbirthjus sanguines
Canadian citizenship is typically obtained by birth in Canada on the principle of jus soli, or birth abroad when at least one parent is a Canadian citizen or by adoption by at least one Canadian citizen under the rules of jus sanguinis.
Many nations have a mixture of jus sanguinis and jus soli, including the United States, Canada, Israel, Greece, the Republic of Ireland, and recently Germany.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada

Citizenship and Immigration CanadaDepartment of Citizenship and Immigration CanadaCitizenship and Immigration
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly known as Citizenship and Immigration Canada, or CIC) is the department of the federal government responsible for citizenship-related matters, including confirmation, grant, renunciation and revocation of citizenship.
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) (English) or Immigration, Réfugiés et Citoyenneté Canada (French) is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for matters dealing with immigration to Canada, refugees, and Canadian citizenship.

Canadian Citizenship Test

The Canadian Citizenship Test is a test, administered by the Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, that is required for all applicants for Canadian citizenship who are aged between 18 and 54 and who meet the basic requirements for citizenship.

Kaitlyn Weaver

Kaitlin Weaver
Several notable athletes naturalized under this clause include Eugene Wang, Kaitlin Weaver and Piper Gilles.
She became a Canadian citizen on June 22, 2009.

Canadian Citizenship Act 1946

Canadian Citizenship ActCitizenship Actcreation of Canadian citizenship in 1946
The Act replaced the previous Canadian Citizenship Act (S.C. 1946, c. 15; cited after 1970 as R.S.C. 1970, c. C-19) in 1977 and has gone through four significant amendments, in 2007, 2009, 2015 and 2017.
The Act was replaced on 15 February 1977 by the Canadian Citizenship Act, 1976, now known as the Citizenship Act.

Lost Canadians

1946 Canadian Citizenship ActLost Canadian
The problem first arose in February 2007, when the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration held hearings on so-called Lost Canadians, who found out on applying for passports that, for various reasons, they may not be Canadian citizens as they thought.
Lost Canadians are individuals who have believed themselves to be Canadian citizens or to be entitled to citizenship, but who are not/were not officially considered citizens due to particular and often obscure aspects or interpretations of Canadian nationality law.

Citizenship

citizencitizensburgher
The Act determines who is, or is eligible to be, a citizen of Canada.

2006 Ontario terrorism plot

2006 Toronto terrorism case2006 Toronto terrorism arrestsToronto 18
Zakaria Amara, a dual Jordanian-Canadian citizen whose Canadian citizenship was revoked in 2015 because of his involvement in the 2006 Ontario terrorism plot, has had his citizenship reinstated when Bill C-6 became law.
Seven adults pleaded guilty including the two ringleaders, Fahim Ahmad who was sentenced to 16 years and Zakaria Amara who received a life sentence and had his Canadian citizenship revoked.

Zakaria Amara

Zakaria Amara, a dual Jordanian-Canadian citizen whose Canadian citizenship was revoked in 2015 because of his involvement in the 2006 Ontario terrorism plot, has had his citizenship reinstated when Bill C-6 became law.
A dual Canadian-Jordanian citizen at the time of his arrest, Amara was stripped of his Canadian citizenship on September 26, 2015.

Naturalization

naturalizednaturalized citizennaturalised
It can also be granted to a permanent resident who has lived in Canada for a period of time through naturalization.

Canadian passport

CanadianCanadaCanadian passports
Documents other than those listed above, including Canadian passports, are not considered as proof of citizenship, but a passport is issued only after review of other documentary proof, as noted above.
The Canadian passport (Passeport canadien) is the passport issued to citizens of Canada.

Global Affairs Canada

Department of External AffairsDepartment of Foreign Affairs and International TradeForeign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Subsection 3(2) of the Act states that Canadian citizenship by birth in Canada is not granted to a child born in Canada if neither parent is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, and either parent was recognized by Global Affairs Canada as employed by the following at the time of the child's birth:
This process was paralleled in other areas over this period, including the establishment of Canada's own supreme court as the court of last resort, the patriation of the constitution, and Canadian citizenship (Canadians had been British subjects, and no citizenship per se existed until 1947).

Immigration to Canada

immigrationimmigrantsCanadian immigration
The majority of these people become Canadian citizens.

Australian nationality law

Australian citizenshipAustralianAustralian citizen
In July 2017, Larissa Waters, an Australian Senator born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, was disqualified on the ground that she has dual Canadian and Australian citizenship.

Visa requirements for Canadian citizens

CanadaCanadianrequire visas for Canadian citizens
Visa requirements for Canadian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Canada.

Honorary Canadian citizenship

honorary Canadian citizenHonorary CitizenshipHonorary Citizenship of Canada
Honorary Canadian citizenship is purely symbolic; the recipient does not receive any of the rights, privileges, or duties typically held by a Canadian citizen.

Oath of Citizenship (Canada)

Oath of CitizenshipCanadian Oath of Citizenshipcitizenship ceremonies
With the enactment of the Citizenship Act that year, the Canadian Oath of Citizenship was established.

Canadians of convenience

Canadian passport-holders
It refers to people with multiple citizenship who immigrated to Canada, met the residency requirement to obtain citizenship, obtained Canadian citizenship, and moved back to their original home country while maintaining their Canadian citizenship, with those who support the term claiming they do so as a safety net.

Citizenship judge

Federal Citizenship Court Judgejudge
A citizenship judge is an official in Canada who assesses referred applications to ensure they meet the physical presence requirements for Canadian citizenship and presides over citizenship ceremonies to administer the Oath of Citizenship for successful applicants.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
Though she resides predominantly in the United Kingdom and it is uncertain whether a monarch is subject to his or her own citizenship laws, the Queen of Canada is considered Canadian.
Further, in addition to the five Canadian citizens in the Royal Family, the sovereign and those among her relations who do not meet the requirements of Canadian citizenship law are considered Canadian, which entitles them to Canadian consular assistance and the protection of the Queen's armed forces of Canada when they are in need of protection or aid outside of the Commonwealth realms, as well as to substantive appointment to Canadian orders or receipt of Canadian decorations.

New Zealand nationality law

New Zealand citizenshipNew Zealand citizenNew Zealand citizens
The nationality laws of Israel, Canada, the US (e.g. see List of denaturalized former citizens of the United States), UK and Spain have provisions to take away the locally acquired citizenship if it was obtained under a process similar to the one mentioned above for NZ nationality acquired via naturalization.