Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerousmalignant tumormalignantcancer therapyanti-cancermalignancymalignant tumorsmalignant tumour
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.wikipedia
9,043 Related Articles

Cancer signs and symptoms

side effects of cancersigns and symptoms
Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss and a change in bowel movements.
Cancer symptoms are changes in the body caused by the presence of cancer.

Benign tumor

benignbenign tumourbenign tumors
These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread to other parts of the body.
Benign tumors generally have a slower growth rate than malignant tumors and the tumor cells are usually more differentiated (cells have normal features).

Obesity

obesemorbidly obeseoverweight
Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity or excessive drinking of alcohol.
Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, and depression.

Cancer screening

screeningpreventative screeningdetection
Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or screening tests. Early detection through screening is useful for cervical and colorectal cancer.
Cancer screening aims to detect cancer before symptoms appear.

HIV

human immunodeficiency virusHIV positiveHIV-positive
In the developing world, 15% of cancers are due to infections such as Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus infection, Epstein–Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.

Cervical cancer

cervicalcervical carcinomacervix
Early detection through screening is useful for cervical and colorectal cancer.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix.

Colorectal cancer

colon cancerbowel cancerintestinal cancer
Early detection through screening is useful for cervical and colorectal cancer. The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and stomach cancer. For example, mass effects from lung cancer can block the bronchus resulting in cough or pneumonia; esophageal cancer can cause narrowing of the esophagus, making it difficult or painful to swallow; and colorectal cancer may lead to narrowing or blockages in the bowel, affecting bowel habits.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).

Breast cancer

breastbreast carcinomacancer
The benefits of screening in breast cancer are controversial.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer, which is called medical oncology.

Targeted therapy

targeted therapiestargeted cancer therapyMolecular Targeted Therapy
Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the major modalities of medical treatment (pharmacotherapy) for cancer, others being hormonal therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Cancer staging

stagestagingstage IV
The chance of survival depends on the type of cancer and extent of disease at the start of treatment.
Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed by growing and spreading.

Prostate cancer

prostatehormone-refractory prostate cancermetastatic prostate cancer
The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and stomach cancer.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.

Melanoma

malignant melanomametastatic melanomamelanomas
If skin cancer other than melanoma were included in total new cancer cases each year, it would account for around 40% of cases.
Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

acute lymphocytic leukemiaacute lymphoblastic leukaemiaALL
In children, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors are most common, except in Africa where non-Hodgkin lymphoma occurs more often.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the lymphoid line of blood cells characterized by the development of large numbers of immature lymphocytes.

Lung cancer

lungbronchogenic carcinomalungs
The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and stomach cancer.
Most cancers that start in the lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas.

Metastasis

metastaticmetastasesmetastasized
Invasion of tissue and formation of metastases
Metastasis is a pathogenic agent's spread from an initial or primary site to a different or secondary site within the host's body; it is typically spoken of as such spread by a cancerous tumor.

Esophageal cancer

throat canceroesophageal canceresophageal
For example, mass effects from lung cancer can block the bronchus resulting in cough or pneumonia; esophageal cancer can cause narrowing of the esophagus, making it difficult or painful to swallow; and colorectal cancer may lead to narrowing or blockages in the bowel, affecting bowel habits.
Esophageal cancer is cancer arising from the esophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.

List of causes of death by rate

causes of deathleading cause of deathcause of death
It caused about 8.8 million deaths (15.7% of deaths).

Hodgkin's lymphoma

Hodgkin's diseaseHodgkinHodgkin’s disease
Hodgkin disease, leukemias and cancers of the liver or kidney can cause a persistent fever.
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is a type of lymphoma in which cancer originates from a specific type of white blood cells called lymphocytes.

Liver cancer

livercancer of the liverliver tumour
Hodgkin disease, leukemias and cancers of the liver or kidney can cause a persistent fever.
Liver cancer, also known as hepatic cancer and primary hepatic cancer, is cancer that starts in the liver.

Radiation therapy

radiotherapyradiationradiation oncology
Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
The majority of epithelial cancers are only moderately radiosensitive, and require a significantly higher dose of radiation (60-70 Gy) to achieve a radical cure.

Kidney cancer

renal cancerkidneyrenal
Hodgkin disease, leukemias and cancers of the liver or kidney can cause a persistent fever.
Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney.

Biopsy

biopsiestissue biopsybiopsied
It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.
Pathologic examination of a biopsy can determine whether a lesion is benign or malignant, and can help differentiate between different types of cancer.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

non-Hodgkin's lymphomanon-Hodgkin’s lymphomanon-Hodgkin
In children, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors are most common, except in Africa where non-Hodgkin lymphoma occurs more often.
Lymphomas are types of cancer that develop from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.

The Hallmarks of Cancer

hallmarks of cancerHallmark of Cancercharacteristics of cancer cells
All tumor cells show the six hallmarks of cancer.
The paper argues that all cancers share six common traits ("hallmarks") that govern the transformation of normal cells to cancer (malignant or tumor) cells.