Caniformia

caniformcaniformsCanoideacaniform carnivoranscaniform suborderCaninesdog
Caniformia (also Canoidea, literally "dog-like" carnivorans) is a suborder within the order Carnivora.wikipedia
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Carnivora

carnivorescarnivorancarnivorans
Caniformia (also Canoidea, literally "dog-like" carnivorans) is a suborder within the order Carnivora.
Carnivorans are split into two suborders: Feliformia ("catlike") and Caniformia ("doglike").

Canidae

canidcanidscanine
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).
The cat-like feliformia and dog-like caniforms emerged within the Carnivoramorpha Around 45–42 Mya (million years ago).

Walrus

OdobenuswalrusesOdobenus rosmarus
The Pinnipedia (seals, walruses and sea lions) are also assigned to this group.
While there has been some debate as to whether all three lineages are monophyletic, i.e. descended from a single ancestor, or diphyletic, recent genetic evidence suggests all three descended from a caniform ancestor most closely related to modern bears.

Sea lion

sea lionssealionOtariinae
The Pinnipedia (seals, walruses and sea lions) are also assigned to this group.

Feliformia

feliformfeliformsFeloidea
They typically possess a long snout and nonretractile claws (in contrast to the "cat-like" carnivorans, the Feliformia, or Feloidea). Relative to body size, the baculum is usually longer in the Canoidea than in the Feloidea. This contrasts with the feliforms, the center of diversification of which was in Africa and southern Asia.
Feliformia stands in contrast to the other suborder of Carnivora, Caniformia (also Canoidea, "dog-like" carnivorans).

Pinniped

sealsealsPinnipedia
The Pinnipedia (seals, walruses and sea lions) are also assigned to this group.
Pinnipeds belong to the order Carnivora and the suborder Caniformia (known as dog-like carnivorans).

Baculum

baculapenis boneos penis
Relative to body size, the baculum is usually longer in the Canoidea than in the Feloidea.

Marine mammal

marine mammalssea mammalssea mammal
Pinnipedia (seals, sea lions, and walruses clade) is a widely distributed and diverse group of semiaquatic marine mammals which is closely related to an extinct group of pinnipeds, Enaliarctos.

Gustafsonia

Miacis cognitusGustafsonia cognita
Miacis cognitus was probably an early caniform.
It was subsequently considered to be the only species of the diverse genus Miacis that belonged to the crown-group Carnivora, within the Caniformia, and it was ultimately assigned to the family Amphicyonidae.

Bear

Ursidaebearsursine
They are classified as caniforms, or doglike carnivorans.

Mustelidae

mustelidmustelidsweasel family
Puijila has been assigned to a clade of mustelids.
Mustelids are a diverse group and form the largest family in the order Carnivora, suborder Caniformia.

Bear dog

AmphicyonidaeAmphicyonidbear-dog
Amphicyonidae is an extinct family of large terrestrial carnivorans belonging to the suborder Caniformia which inhabited North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa from the Middle Eocene subepoch to the Pliocene epoch 42–2.6 Mya, existing for about.

Order (biology)

ordersuborderorders
Caniformia (also Canoidea, literally "dog-like" carnivorans) is a suborder within the order Carnivora.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
The center of diversification for Caniformia is North America and northern Eurasia.

Eurasia

EurasianEurasian continentWestern Eurasia
The center of diversification for Caniformia is North America and northern Eurasia.

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
This contrasts with the feliforms, the center of diversification of which was in Africa and southern Asia.

South Asia

SouthSouth AsianSouthern Asia
This contrasts with the feliforms, the center of diversification of which was in Africa and southern Asia.

Fisher (animal)

fisherfishersPekania
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).

Marten

MartesmartensHimalayan yellow-throated marten
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).

Red panda

red pandasAiluruslesser panda
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).

Ring-tailed cat

ringtailBassariscus astutusringtail cat
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).

Plantigrade

plantigrade locomotionsemiplantigradeflat-footed
Most members of this group have non-retractile claws (the fisher, marten, red panda, and ringtail have retractile or semi-retractile claws ) and tend to be plantigrade (with the exception of the Canidae).

Jaw

jawsgnathicjaw bone
Other traits that separate Caniformia from Feliformia is that caniforms have longer jaws and have more teeth, with less specialized carnassial teeth.

Omnivore

omnivorousomnivoresomnivory
They also tend more towards omnivory and opportunistic feeding, while the feliforms, other than the viverrids, are more specialized for eating meat.

Tympanic part of the temporal bone

auditory bullaauditory bullaetympanic bulla
Caniforms have single-chambered or partially divided auditory bullae, composed of a single bone, while in feliforms, the auditory bullae are double-chambered, composed of two bones joined by a septum.