Cannabis (drug)

marijuanacannabispotweedganjadopemarihuanarecreational cannabisjointgrass
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.wikipedia
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Medical cannabis

medical marijuanamedicalmedicinal
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana (MMJ), is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients.

Tetrahydrocannabinol

THCdelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolΔ 9 -THC
The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis.

Cannabis smoking

smokingsmoked marijuanasmoking cannabis
Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.
Cannabis smoking is the inhalation of smoke or vapors released by heating the flowers, leaves, or extracts of cannabis and releasing the main psychoactive chemical, Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug userecreational drugs
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
Recreational drugs include alcohol (as found in beer, wine, and distilled spirits); cannabis (legal nationally in certain countries and state/province-wide or locally in others) and hashish; nicotine (tobacco); caffeine (coffee, tea, and soft drinks); prescription drugs; and the controlled substances listed as illegal drugs in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961) and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971) of the United Nations.

Effects of cannabis

stonedHealth issues and the effects of cannabisCannabis withdrawal
Cannabis has mental and physical effects, such as creating a "high" or "stoned" feeling, a general change in perception, heightened mood, and an increase in appetite.
Chemical compounds in the Cannabis plant, including 400 different cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), allow its drug to have various psychological and physiological effects on the human body.

Cannabis

marijuanahemppot
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug.

Entheogenic use of cannabis

Spiritual use of cannabissmoking of cannabisspiritual
Cannabis is mostly used for recreation or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes.
Cannabis has served as an entheogen—a chemical substance used in religious or spiritual contexts —in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE.

Legality of cannabis

legalization of marijuanamarijuana legalizationLegality of cannabis by country
The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world.
The legality of cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and (in regards to medical) how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for.

Tincture of cannabis

tinctureas an extractCannabis tincture
Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.
Tincture of cannabis, sometimes known as green dragon, is an alcoholic extract of cannabis.

Cannabis and time perception

distortions in the perception of timeeffect of cannabis on time perceptiondisorientation in the sense of time
The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido and distortions in the perception of time and space.
The effect of cannabis on time perception has been studied with inconclusive results.

Bong

water pipeWater pipe percolatorbongs
A bong (also water pipe, billy, bing, or moof) is a filtration device generally used for smoking cannabis, tobacco, or other herbal substances.

Joint (cannabis)

jointspliffjoints
A joint, spliff, jay, doink, reefer, Schnansch, doobsken, zoot, kuda or jazz cigarette is a rolled cannabis cigarette.

Vaporizer (inhalation device)

vaporizervaporizersvaporized
Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.
Plant substances can be used, commonly cannabis, tobacco, or other herbs or blends of essential oil.

Bhang

bhaangmangBangue
The plant was used in China before 2800 BC, and found therapeutic use in India by 1000 BC, where it was used in food and drink, including bhang.
Bhang is an edible preparation of cannabis originating from the Indian subcontinent.

Long-term effects of cannabis

effects of smoking cannabisassociated with comorbid mental health problemsCannabis and memory
Short-term side effects may include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.
Because cannabis is illegal in most countries, research presents a challenge; as such, there remains much to be concluded.

Cannabis tea

Cannabis tea (also known as weed tea, pot tea, ganja tea or a cannabis decoction) is a cannabis-infused drink prepared by steeping various parts of the cannabis plant in hot or cold water.

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome

Scromiting
Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is recurrent nausea, vomiting, and cramping abdominal pain due to cannabis use.

Cocaine

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According to DSM-V criteria, 9% of those who are exposed to cannabis develop cannabis use disorder, compared to 20% for cocaine, 23% for alcohol and 68% for nicotine.
Cocaine is the second most frequently used illegal drug globally, after cannabis.

Psychosis

psychoticpsychosespsychotic break
Some users may experience an episode of acute psychosis, which usually abates after six hours, but in rare instances, heavy users may find the symptoms continuing for many days.
Drugs commonly alleged to induce psychotic symptoms include alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, cathinones, psychedelic drugs (such as LSD and psilocybin), κ-opioid receptor agonists (such as enadoline and salvinorin A) and NMDA receptor antagonists (such as phencyclidine and ketamine).

Cannabinoid receptor type 1

CB 1 CB 1 receptorCB1
Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB 1 receptors.
It is activated by: endocannabinoids, a group of retrograde neurotransmitters that include anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG); plant phytocannabinoids, such as the compound THC which is an active ingredient of the psychoactive drug cannabis; and, synthetic analogs of THC.

Anxiety

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Short-term side effects may include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.
[10][49] Other problems that may result in similar symptoms include hyperthyroidism, heart disease, caffeine, alcohol, or cannabis use, and withdrawal from certain drugs, among others.

Xerostomia

dry mouthdryness of the mouthhyposalivation
Short-term side effects may include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.
Other recreational drugs such as methamphetamine, cannabis, hallucinogens, or heroin, may be implicated.

Hookah

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In the Philippines, hookah is called "Hitboo" and normally used in smoking flavored marijuana.

Rastafari

Rastafari movementRastafarianRastafarians
In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation.
The principle ritual of Rastafari is the smoking of ganja, or cannabis.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDpulmonary emphysema
The available evidence does not support a causal relationship between cannabis use and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Other types of smoke, such as, marijuana, cigar, and water-pipe smoke, also confer a risk.