A report on Cannabis (drug) and Hashish

Close-up of flowering cannabis plant
Hashish (shown next to a U.S. penny for scale)
Main short-term physical effects of cannabis
1.5 grams pressed hashish
A joint prior to rolling, with a paper handmade filter on the left
Blood-shot eyes are a sign of cannabis use.
Addiction experts in psychiatry, chemistry, pharmacology, forensic science, epidemiology, and the police and legal services engaged in delphic analysis regarding 20 popular recreational drugs. Cannabis was ranked 11th in dependence, 17th in physical harm, and 10th in social harm.
Sebsi, a Moroccan long-drawtube one-hitter
Types of cannabis
Trichomes isolated with ice-water extraction method
A macro cannabis bud
Present-day map of the Jirzankal Cemetery, site of the earliest evidence of cannabis smoking
Cannabis sativa from Vienna Dioscurides, c. 512 CE
Anti-Cannabis propaganda from 1935
Cannabis indica fluid extract, American Druggists Syndicate (pre-1937)
Process of making bhang in a Sikh village in Punjab, India. On the Hindu and Sikh festival of colors called Holi, it is a customary addition to some intoxicating drinks.
countries that have legalized medical use of cannabis
Example of a container and the recreational cannabis purchase in Canada.
Woman selling cannabis and bhang in Guwahati, Assam, India
Dried flower buds (marijuana)
A gram of kief
Hashish
Hash oil
Infusion (dairy butter)

Hashish (حشيش, ), also known as hash, "dry herb, hay" is a drug made by compressing and processing parts of the cannabis plant, typically focusing on flowering buds (female flowers) containing the most trichomes.

- Hashish

Extracts such as hashish and hash oil typically contain more THC than high potency cannabis infructescences.

- Cannabis (drug)
Close-up of flowering cannabis plant

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Cannabis

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Genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae.

Genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae.

Cannabis growing as weeds at the foot of Dhaulagiri, Nepal.
A thicket of wild cannabis in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Cannabis female flower with visible trichomes
Male Cannabis flower buds
Underside of Cannabis sativa leaf, showing diagnostic venation
Top of Cannabis plant in vegetative growth stage
Relative size of varieties of Cannabis
Cannabis ruderalis
Comparison of physical harm and dependence regarding various drugs
A dried bud, typical of what is sold for recreational use
Commercial cannabis extract
Cannabis sativa stem longitudinal section
Cannabis Museum in Amsterdam
Cannabis leaf pictured in the coat of arms of Kanepi Parish
A male hemp plant
Dense raceme of female flowers typical of drug-type varieties of Cannabis
Root system side view
Root system top view
Micrograph C. sativa (left), C. indica (right)

Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug.

Various compounds, including hashish and hash oil, are extracted from the plant.

One form of hash oil

Hash oil

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One form of hash oil
Dabbing hash oil. The clear quartz bucket has been heated using a torch and the hash rosin placed within (seen melted as the small amber puddle). The glass cap (upper left of frame) is placed on top and creates a low pressure zone in the bucket, allowing the material to vaporize at a lower temperature than the ambient atmosphere. The vapor is then directed through a water pipe to further cool before inhalation.
Full extract oil in an oral syringe.
Hash oil produced using a hydrocarbon like butane in California, referred to as shatter, due to its very thick and glass-like consistency
Full spectrum hash rosin that has been placed in a jar for sale.
Hash oil being purged of excess butane which forms bubbles as the solvent evaporates
Butane honey oil

Hash oil, also known as honey oil or cannabis oil, is an oleoresin obtained by the extraction of cannabis or hashish.

Hash oil is produced by solvent extraction (maceration, infusion or percolation) of marijuana or hashish.

Photo of bhang drinkers, from the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission report,1893

Bhang

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Photo of bhang drinkers, from the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission report,1893
Bhang
Bhang seller in Varanasi
Process of making bhang in a village in Punjab, India. On the Hindu festival of colors called Holi, it is a customary addition to some intoxicating drinks.
Bhang eaters from India (c. 1790)
A bhang shop in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India.

Bhang (IAST: Bhāṅg) is an edible preparation made from the leaves of the cannabis plant originating from the Indian subcontinent.

He also mentioned the Egyptian hashish, the Turkish boza, Turkish bernavi and the Arabic bursj forms of consumption.

The Hasheesh Eater

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Autobiographical book by Fitz Hugh Ludlow describing the author's altered states of consciousness and philosophical flights of fancy while he was using a cannabis extract.

Autobiographical book by Fitz Hugh Ludlow describing the author's altered states of consciousness and philosophical flights of fancy while he was using a cannabis extract.

Ludlow describes the marijuana user as one who is reaching for "the soul’s capacity for a broader being, deeper insight, grander views of Beauty, Truth and Good than she now gains through the chinks of her cell."

Conversely, he says of hashish users: "Ho there! pass by; I have tried this way; it leads at last into poisonous wildernesses."

Kief collected from a grinder with a screen

Kief

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Kief collected from a grinder with a screen
Kief collected from a sieve
Approximately one gram of screen-sifted cannabis trichomes, commonly referred to as kief
Kief collected from a coffee grinder

Kief (from Moroccan Arabic كيف kīf, "Joy, pleasure" ), sometimes transliterated as keef, also known as ‘’Dust’’ and "Chief" a.k.a cannabis crystals among other names, refers to the pure and clean collection of loose cannabis trichomes, which are accumulated by being sifted from cannabis flowers or buds with a mesh screen or sieve.

Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form.