Canopus

α Carinaea first magnitude starCanopeanCanopus (α Carinae)rangesee belowThe star Alpha Carinae
Canopus, also designated α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius.wikipedia
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Sirius

SothisDog StarSirius B
Canopus, also designated α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius.
With a visual apparent magnitude of −1.46, it is almost twice as bright as Canopus, the next brightest star.

Carina (constellation)

Carinaconstellation CarinaCar
Canopus, also designated α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius.
Carina contains Canopus, a white-hued supergiant that is the second brightest star in the night sky at magnitude −0.72, 313 light-years from Earth.

List of brightest stars

brightest starsbrightest starone of the brightest stars
Canopus, also designated α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius.

Agastya

AgathiyarAgasthyaAgasthyar
In Indian Vedic literature, the star Canopus is associated with the sage Agastya, one of the ancient rishis (the others are associated with the stars of the Big Dipper).
One theory states that the root is Aj or Anj, which connotes "brighten, effulgent one" and links Agastya to "one who brightens" in darkness, and Agastya is traditionally the Indian name for Canopus, the second most brilliantly shining star found in South Asian skies, next to Sirius.

Old Man of the South Pole

Nánjílǎorén (南极老人)
Called the Old Man of the South Pole (in ) in Chinese, Canopus appears (albeit misplaced northwards) on the medieval Chinese manuscript the Dunhuang star chart, although it cannot be seen from the Chinese capital of Chang'an.
The Old Man of the South Pole (in or 南極老人) is the Taoist deification of Canopus, the brightest star of the constellation Carina.

Alpha Centauri

α CentauriAlphaα Centauri A
English explorer Robert Hues brought it to the attention of European observers in his 1592 work Tractatus de Globis, along with Achernar and α Centauri, noting: "Now, therefore, there are but three Stars of the first magnitude that I could perceive in all those parts which are never seene here in England. The first of these is that bright Star in the sterne of Argo which they call Canobus. The second is in the end of Eridanus. The third is in the right foote of the Centaure."
Alpha Centauri A and B are Sun-like stars (Class G and K), and together they form the binary star Alpha Centauri AB. To the naked eye, the two main components appear to be a single star with an apparent magnitude of −0.27, forming the brightest star in the southern constellation of Centaurus and the third-brightest in the night sky, outshone only by Sirius and Canopus.

Bright giant

bright giant stargiant
Canopus is a bright giant of spectral type A9, so it is essentially white when seen with the naked eye.
Alpha Carinae (Canopus): a white (A-type) bright giant

Atutahi

They also named it Atutahi, Aotahi or Atuatahi, "Stand Alone".
In Māori mythology, Atutahi is the name of Canopus, (Alpha Carinae).

Argo Navis

ArgoArgosSouth Pole Star
English explorer Robert Hues brought it to the attention of European observers in his 1592 work Tractatus de Globis, along with Achernar and α Centauri, noting: "Now, therefore, there are but three Stars of the first magnitude that I could perceive in all those parts which are never seene here in England. The first of these is that bright Star in the sterne of Argo which they call Canobus. The second is in the end of Eridanus. The third is in the right foote of the Centaure." Canopus traditionally marked the rudder of the ship Argo Navis.
This includes its brightest 1st-magnitude star, Canopus or α Carinae.

Chaxiraxi

In the Guanche mythology of the island of Tenerife (Spain), the star Canopus was linked with the goddess Chaxiraxi.
She was associated with the star Canopus.

First magnitude star

brightestfirst magnitudefirst magnitude stars
English explorer Robert Hues brought it to the attention of European observers in his 1592 work Tractatus de Globis, along with Achernar and α Centauri, noting: "Now, therefore, there are but three Stars of the first magnitude that I could perceive in all those parts which are never seene here in England. The first of these is that bright Star in the sterne of Argo which they call Canobus. The second is in the end of Eridanus. The third is in the right foote of the Centaure."

Apparent magnitude

apparent visual magnitudemagnitudevisual magnitude
Canopus' visual magnitude is −0.74, and it has an absolute magnitude of −5.71.

Bayer designation

Bayerdesignationdesignations
α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae) is the star's Bayer designation.
(Constellations with no alpha include Vela and Puppis – both formerly part of Argo Navis, whose alpha is Canopus in Carina.)

Panchatantra

Kalila wa DimnaBidpaiFables of Bidpai
Kalīla o Damna, an influential Pahlavi (Middle Persian) book of animal fables was later known as Anvar-i-Suhayli or The Lights of Canopus.
This became the basis for a Syriac translation as Kalilag and Damnag and a translation into Arabic in 750 CE by Persian scholar Abdullah Ibn al-Muqaffa as Kalīlah wa Dimnah. A New Persian version by Rudaki in the 12th century became known as Kalīleh o Demneh and this was the basis of Kashefi's 15th-century Anvār-i Suhaylī (The Lights of Canopus), which in turn was translated into Humayun-namah in Turkish.

USS Canopus (AS-9)

USS ''Canopus'' (AS-9)USS ''CanopusCanopus
Two U.S. Navy submarine tenders have been named after Canopus, the first serving from 1922 to 1942 and the second serving from 1965 to 1994.
USS Canopus (AS-9) was a submarine tender in the United States Navy, named for the star Canopus.

Kaaba

Ka‘bahKa'bahKa'aba
A third is its possible origin from the Semitic root G(C)-N-B (Gimmel-Nun-Beth), from which the Arabic word for south, janūb, is derived. The southeastern wall of the Kaaba in Mecca is aligned with the rising point of Canopus, and is also named Janūb.
1) Al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, "the Black Stone", is located on the Kaaba's eastern corner. Its northern corner is known as the Ruknu l-ˤĪrāqī, "the Iraqi corner", its western as the Ruknu sh-Shāmī, "the Levantine corner", and its southern as Ruknu l-Yamanī, "the Yemeni corner" taught by Imam Ali. The four corners of the Kaaba roughly point toward the four cardinal directions of the compass. Its major (long) axis is aligned with the rising of the star Canopus toward which its southern wall is directed, while its minor axis (its east-west facades) roughly align with the sunrise of summer solstice and the sunset of winter solstice.

Circumpolar star

circumpolarcircumpolar stars(astral) square
It is a circumpolar star when seen from points with latitude south of 37°18' S; for example, Victoria and Tasmania, Australia; Auckland and south of it, New Zealand; Bahía Blanca, Argentina; and Valdivia, Chile and south of these cities in South America.
Thus, Canopus is invisible from such locations as San Francisco and Louisville, if marginally visible from Fresno, Tulsa, and Virginia Beach.

Eta Carinae

η Carinaeη CarEta Carinae A
His wife was Collowgullouric War (Eta Carinae).
Herschel did not observe the star after this, but received correspondence from the Reverend W.S. Mackay in Calcutta, who wrote in 1843, "To my great surprise I observed this March last (1843), that the star Eta Argus had become a star of the first magnitude fully as bright as Canopus, and in colour and size very like Arcturus."

Xhosa calendar

In the traditional Xhosa calendar, May is named UCanzibe (the month of Canopus).

Canopus (mythology)

Canopuslegendary commander
Its name is generally considered to originate from the mythological Canopus, who was a navigator for Menelaus, king of Sparta (see below).
Also named for Canopus is Canopus, the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina (the keel of the ship Argo) and the second-brightest star in the night sky after Sirius.

Flag of Brazil

Brazilian flagnational flagBrazil
Canopus appears on the flag of Brazil, symbolising the state of Goiás.
). 4. Spica (α Virginis). 5. Hydra: two stars, the largest depicting Alphard. 6. Crux Australis: five stars, the largest depicting Alpha Crucis. 7. Sigma Octantis (σ Octantis, south pole star). 8. Triangulum Australe: three stars of similar size. 9. Scorpius: eight stars, the largest depicting Antares.

Light-year

light yearlight yearsly
Before the launch of the Hipparcos satellite telescope, distance estimates for Canopus varied widely, from 96 light-years to 1200 light-years.

Giant star

giantorange giantgiants
Its position in the H-R diagram indicates that it is a massive giant star currently in the core-helium burning phase.
Alpha Carinae (α Car), an F-type bright giant, Canopus, also sometimes classed as a supergiant.

Stars and planetary systems in fiction

47 Ursae Majoris in fictionArcturus61 Cygni
* Canopus in fiction
"The Kidnappers" (1967), episode 28 of the television series The Time Tunnel created by Irwin Allen. The time travelers are transported to a planet orbiting Canopus to rescue Dr. Ann MacGregor, whose abductor left behind a metallic computer card providing the coordinates. In the episode, the distance from the Earth to Canopus is given as 98 light-years, a value within the broad range of distances considered possible by astronomers in 1967. With data provided by the Hipparcos satellite telescope (1989–1993) this distance is now known to be 310 light-years.

Sanxing (deities)

Three StarsFú, Lù, ShòuLu star
It is also personified as the Shou star.
The star of Shou, Shouxing 寿星, is α Carinae (Canopus), the star of the south pole in Chinese astronomy, and is believed to control the life spans of mortals.