Canton of Valais

ValaisWallisVSValais, Switzerlandcanton of WallisWallis Cantoncanton of Valais (VS)Canton ValaisKanton WallisMusées cantonaux du Valais
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis, ; Canton Vallese) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.wikipedia
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Rhône

RhoneRhone valleyRhône Valley
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis, ; Canton Vallese) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
The Rhône (, ; Rhone ; ; Rodano ; Rôno ; Ròse ) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.

Bernese Alps

BerneseBernese Alpine foothillsAlpes
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis, ; Canton Vallese) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
Although the name suggests that they are located in the Berner Oberland region of the canton of Bern, portions of the Bernese Alps are in the adjacent cantons of Valais, Fribourg and Vaud, the latter being usually named Fribourg Alps and Vaud Alps respectively.

Lake Geneva

Lake LémanGenevalake of Geneva
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis, ; Canton Vallese) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
59.53% (345.31 km2) of it comes under the jurisdiction of Switzerland (cantons of Vaud, Geneva, and Valais), and 40.47% (234.71 km2) under France (department of Haute-Savoie).

Verbier

Verbier VS
The canton of Valais is widely known for the Matterhorn and resort towns such as Crans-Montana, Saas Fee, Verbier and Zermatt.
Verbier is a village located in south-western Switzerland in the canton of Valais.

Sion, Switzerland

SionBishopric of SionSens
It is composed of 13 districts (hence the 13 stars on the flag) and its capital is Sion.
Sion (Sitten ; Seduno; Sedunum) is a Swiss town, a municipality, and the capital of the canton of Valais and of the district of Sion.

Matterhorn

CervinoThe MatterhornMatterhorn / Cervino
The canton of Valais is widely known for the Matterhorn and resort towns such as Crans-Montana, Saas Fee, Verbier and Zermatt.
The mountain overlooks the Swiss town of Zermatt, in the canton of Valais, to the north-east and the Italian town of Breuil-Cervinia in the Aosta Valley to the south.

Zermatt

resort of Zermattresort village of ZermattZermatt, Switzerland
The canton of Valais is widely known for the Matterhorn and resort towns such as Crans-Montana, Saas Fee, Verbier and Zermatt.
Zermatt is a municipality in the district of Visp in the German-speaking section of the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

Crans-Montana

CRACransCrans Montana
The canton of Valais is widely known for the Matterhorn and resort towns such as Crans-Montana, Saas Fee, Verbier and Zermatt.
Crans-Montana is a municipality in the district of Sierre in the canton of Valais, Switzerland.

Canton of Bern

BernBernecanton of Berne
In the same century the upper part of the valley was colonized by Germans from Hasli in the Canton of Bern. To the north the canton is bounded by the Swiss cantons of Vaud and Bern; the cantons of Uri and Ticino lie to its east.
To the south lies the canton of Valais.

Cantons of Switzerland

cantoncantonscantonal
The canton of Valais (Kanton Wallis, ; Canton Vallese) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
Geneva (formally République et canton de Genève "Republic and canton of Geneva"), Jura, Neuchâtel, Valais, Vaud and Ticino.

Sierre

SierraSierre, SwitzerlandSiders
In 1354 the liberties of several of the seven Zenden (Sion, Sierre, Leuk, Raron, Visp, Brig and Conches) were confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV.
Sierre (Siders) is the capital of the district of Sierre in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

Alpes Poeninae

Alpes GraiaeAlpes Atrectianae et PoeninaeAlpes Graies
The Vallis Poenina was won by the Romans after a great fight at Octodurus (Martigny) in 57 BC and became part of the Gallo-Roman cultural sphere.
It comprised the Val d'Aosta region (Italy) and the Canton Valais (Switzerland).

Leuk

Susten
In 1354 the liberties of several of the seven Zenden (Sion, Sierre, Leuk, Raron, Visp, Brig and Conches) were confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV.
Leuk (Loèche-Ville) is a municipality in the district of Leuk in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

Agaunum

St Maurice en ValaisAbbey of Saint Maurice-en-ValaisAgaune
According to a tradition which can be traced back to the middle of the 8th century, the Theban legion was martyred at Agaunum (now Saint Maurice) about 285 or 302.
Roman Agaunum, the modern Saint-Maurice in the canton Valais in southwesternmost Switzerland, was a minor post confined between the Rhône and the mountains along the well-travelled road that led from Roman Genava, modern Geneva, over the Alps by the Great St. Bernard Pass [?] to Italy.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion

Bishop of SionSionDiocese of Sion
In 999, King Rudolph III of Burgundy gave all temporal rights and privileges to the Bishop of Sion, who was later styled praefect and count of Valais and is still a prince of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Diocese of Sion (Dioecesis Sedunensis, Évêché de Sion, Bistum Sitten) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in the canton of Valais, Switzerland.

Raron

In 1354 the liberties of several of the seven Zenden (Sion, Sierre, Leuk, Raron, Visp, Brig and Conches) were confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV.
Raron (Rarogne) is a municipality in the district of Raron in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

Raron affair

rebellion of 1415–1420
During the Raron affair rebellion in 1414 to 1420, some cantons of the Swiss Confederation took sides in the conflict.
The Raron affair (German: Raronhandel) was a 15th-century rebellion in the Valais (the prince-bishopric of Sion) against the power of a local noble family, the Raron family.

Visp

EyholzVisp VS
In 1354 the liberties of several of the seven Zenden (Sion, Sierre, Leuk, Raron, Visp, Brig and Conches) were confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV.
Visp (French Viège) is the capital of the district of Visp in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
Starting in 1384 the Morge stream (a little below Sion) was recognized as the boundary between Savoyard, French-speaking Lower Valais and German-speaking episcopal Upper Valais.
It is spoken as a first language (in descending order of the number of speakers) in France, Canadian provinces of Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick as well as other Francophone regions, Belgium (Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region), western Switzerland (cantons of Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel, Vaud, Valais), Monaco, parts of the United States (Louisiana, Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont), partly in Luxembourg and in northern Italy (region of Aosta Valley), and by various communities elsewhere.

Valais witch trials

witch-trials in Valais
Following the violence of the Raron affair, the canton was the location of the Valais witch trials between 1428 and 1447 in which at least 367 men and women were put to death.
The Valais witch trials consisted of a witch-hunt including a series of witch trials which took place in the Valais (the prince-bishopric of Sion, today part of Switzerland) beginning in 1428.

Monthey

In March 1476, after the victory of Grandson, they advanced and captured St Maurice, Évian, Thonon and Monthey.
Monthey is the capital of the district of Monthey in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

République des Sept-Dizains

ValaisrepublicRepublic of the Seven Tithings
In 1354 the liberties of several of the seven Zenden (Sion, Sierre, Leuk, Raron, Visp, Brig and Conches) were confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV.
The République des Sept-Dizains (German Republik der Sieben Zenden "Republic of the Seven Tithings") was a state in the Upper Valais, in what is now the Swiss canton of Valais, during the Early Modern period.

Canton of Ticino

TicinoTICanton Ticino
To the north the canton is bounded by the Swiss cantons of Vaud and Bern; the cantons of Uri and Ticino lie to its east.
Ticino borders the canton of Uri to the north, the canton of Valais to the west (through the Novena Pass), the canton of Graubünden to the northeast, Italy's regions of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south and it surrounds the small Italian enclave of Campione d'Italia.

Aosta Valley

AostaVal d'AostaValle d'Aosta
To its south lies Italy (Aosta Valley and Piedmont), to the southwest France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes).
It is bordered by Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France to the west, Valais, Switzerland to the north and by the Metropolitan City of Turin in the region of Piedmont, Italy, to the south and east.

Canton of Vaud

VaudVDCanton de Vaud
To the north the canton is bounded by the Swiss cantons of Vaud and Bern; the cantons of Uri and Ticino lie to its east.
It is located in Romandy, the French-speaking western part of the country; and borders the canton of Neuchâtel to the north, the cantons of Fribourg and Bern to the east, Valais and Lake Geneva to the south, the canton of Geneva to the south-west and France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) to the west.