Cantons of France

cantoncantonsadministrative divisionFrench administrative and electoral grouping of communesFrench canton2015 cantonal re-organisationcantonalFrench former administrative and electoral grouping of communesadministrative subdivision2014 cantonal re-organisation
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's departments and arrondissements.wikipedia
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Arrondissements of France

arrondissementarrondissementsdepartmental arrondissements
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's departments and arrondissements.
Arrondissements are further divided into cantons and communes.

Administrative centre

administrative centerSeatchef-lieu
In the latter case, administrative services, the gendarmerie headquarters for example, are often situated in the principal town (chef-lieu) of the canton, although there are exceptions, such as cantons Gaillon-Campagne and Sarreguemines-Campagne, which have in common a "chief-town" which does not belong to either canton.
The chef-lieu of a canton is usually the biggest city or town within the canton, but has only a nominal role.

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's departments and arrondissements. The cantons were created in 1790 at the same time as the départements by the Revolutionary Committee for the Division of Territory (Comité de division).
Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Administrative divisions of France

Administrative division of Franceadministrative division in Franceadministrative entity

2015 French departmental elections

20152015 departmental electionsdepartmental elections
This law came into effect at the French departmental elections in March 2015.

Arrondissements of Paris

arrondissementsarrondissement20 arrondissements
For statistical (INSEE) purposes, the twenty arrondissements of Paris – the administrative subdivisions of that city – are sometimes considered cantons, but they serve no greater electoral function.

Territoire de Belfort

Territory of BelfortTerritoire-de-Belfort90
The number of cantons varies from one département to another; the Territoire de Belfort, for example, has 9, while Nord has 41.

Nord (French department)

NordNord departmentdépartement du Nord
The number of cantons varies from one département to another; the Territoire de Belfort, for example, has 9, while Nord has 41.

Electoral district

constituencyconstituenciesdistrict magnitude
Apart from their role as organizational units in relation to certain aspects of the administration of public services and justice, the chief purpose of the cantons today is to serve as constituencies for the election of members of the representative assemblies (Departmental councils, formerly General councils) established in each of France's territorial departments.

Communes of France

communecommunesintercommunal
Most of them group together a number of communes (the lowest administrative division of the French Republic), although larger communes may be included in more than one canton, since the cantons – in marked contrast to the communes, which have between more than two million inhabitants (Paris) and just one person (Rochefourchat) – are intended to be roughly equal in size of population.

Rochefourchat

Rochefourchat, Drôme
Most of them group together a number of communes (the lowest administrative division of the French Republic), although larger communes may be included in more than one canton, since the cantons – in marked contrast to the communes, which have between more than two million inhabitants (Paris) and just one person (Rochefourchat) – are intended to be roughly equal in size of population.

Gendarmerie

gendarmegendarmesgendarmery
In the latter case, administrative services, the gendarmerie headquarters for example, are often situated in the principal town (chef-lieu) of the canton, although there are exceptions, such as cantons Gaillon-Campagne and Sarreguemines-Campagne, which have in common a "chief-town" which does not belong to either canton.

Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

INSEENational Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies1999 census
For statistical (INSEE) purposes, the twenty arrondissements of Paris – the administrative subdivisions of that city – are sometimes considered cantons, but they serve no greater electoral function.

Tribunal d'instance

Tribunal de Grande InstanceCourtDistrict Court
Cantons also form legal districts, as seats of Tribunaux d'instance or "Courts of First Instance" (also, "TI"...).

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
The cantons were created in 1790 at the same time as the départements by the Revolutionary Committee for the Division of Territory (Comité de division).

French Consulate

First ConsulConsulateConsulat
After the abolition of the district in 1800, they were reorganized by the Consulate into arrondissements.

Prefect

prefectsPrefeitopraefectus
The département prefects were told by the government to group the communes within newly established cantons.

Bulletin des lois

Bulletin of Laws
The département lists, once approved by the government, were published in the Bulletin des lois in 1801 and 1802; these lists were the basis of the administrative divisions of France from then until 2015, although cantons with small populations were eliminated and new cantons created in areas of strong demographic growth.

Departmental council (France)

General CouncilConseil généralDepartmental council
Apart from their role as organizational units in relation to certain aspects of the administration of public services and justice, the chief purpose of the cantons today is to serve as constituencies for the election of members of the representative assemblies (Departmental councils, formerly General councils) established in each of France's territorial departments.

Canton of Le Saulnois

Le Saulnois
The canton of Le Saulnois is an administrative division of the Moselle department, northeastern France.

Canton of Bagnères-de-Luchon

Bagnères-de-Luchon
The canton of Bagnères-de-Luchon is an administrative division of the Haute-Garonne department, southern France.

Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin

Parc Naturel Régional de Périgord-LimousinPérigord Limousin Regional Nature ParkPérigord-Limousin