Cap gun

cap pistolcaptoy gunscap firingCap Gunscapsring capToy Caps
A cap gun, cap pistol, or cap rifle is a toy gun that creates a loud sound simulating a gunshot and a puff of smoke when a small percussion cap is exploded.wikipedia
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Toy gun

toy weapontoy gunstoy
A cap gun, cap pistol, or cap rifle is a toy gun that creates a loud sound simulating a gunshot and a puff of smoke when a small percussion cap is exploded.
From hand-carved wooden replicas to factory-produced pop guns and cap guns, toy guns come in all sizes, prices and materials such as wood, metal, plastic or any combination thereof.

Percussion cap

primer typepercussionprimer
A cap gun, cap pistol, or cap rifle is a toy gun that creates a loud sound simulating a gunshot and a puff of smoke when a small percussion cap is exploded. Cap guns get their name from the small discs of shock-sensitive explosive and dangerous compounds (roughly 1.4 to 1.6 mm in diameter) that provide the noise and smoke, effectively the same as the Maynard tape primer and percussion caps used in real firearms of the mid to late 1800s but usually smaller and made from cheap plastic or paper.
The "Maynard tape primer", for example, used a roll of paper "caps" much like today's toy cap gun.

Hubley Manufacturing Company

Hubley
The "Golden Age" of cap guns was roughly a 20-year period following World War II when television became popular and such companies as Nichols, Hubley, Kenton, Kilgore, Wyandotte, Classy, Mattel, Actoy, Esquire, George Schmidt, and Stevens in the USA and companies like Lone Star Toys in the UK made millions of cap guns in various versions.
Toys, particularly motor vehicles and cap guns, were also produced in zinc alloy and plastic.

Nichols Industries, Inc.

Nichols
The "Golden Age" of cap guns was roughly a 20-year period following World War II when television became popular and such companies as Nichols, Hubley, Kenton, Kilgore, Wyandotte, Classy, Mattel, Actoy, Esquire, George Schmidt, and Stevens in the USA and companies like Lone Star Toys in the UK made millions of cap guns in various versions.
In 1946 Talley Nichols and Lewis W. Nichols started a cap gun company in Pasadena, Texas, which eventually became one of the world's largest cap gun manufacturing companies.

Gun

gunsgunnery officerfirearms
Cap guns were originally made of cast iron, but after World War II were made of zinc alloy, and most newer models are made of plastic.

Armstrong's mixture

incendiary materialspaper caps
Armstrong's mixture is often used today as the explosive, but previously the tiny powder charge was a simple mixture of potassium perchlorate, sulfur, and antimony sulfide sandwiched between two paper layers which hold in the gases long enough to give a sound report when the cap is struck.
Commercially, Armstrong's mixture is used in milligram quantities on the paper caps in toy cap guns and in party poppers.

All Metal Products Company

Wyandotte ToysWyandotte
The "Golden Age" of cap guns was roughly a 20-year period following World War II when television became popular and such companies as Nichols, Hubley, Kenton, Kilgore, Wyandotte, Classy, Mattel, Actoy, Esquire, George Schmidt, and Stevens in the USA and companies like Lone Star Toys in the UK made millions of cap guns in various versions.
Wyandotte Toys stopped manufacturing air rifles in 1929, but continued to dominate the toy gun market throughout the remainder of their history by producing pop guns, clicker pistols, dart guns and pistols, cap guns and a variety of plastic pistols.

Maynard tape primer

Maynard Tape Primer system
Cap guns get their name from the small discs of shock-sensitive explosive and dangerous compounds (roughly 1.4 to 1.6 mm in diameter) that provide the noise and smoke, effectively the same as the Maynard tape primer and percussion caps used in real firearms of the mid to late 1800s but usually smaller and made from cheap plastic or paper.
Variations of the Maynard tape system are still used today in modern toy guns.

Modelguns

Model guns
The early toy guns were imported cap guns (mainly Mattel, Hubley and Nichols) from the United States from late 1950s.

Airsoft gun

Airsoft gunsAutomatic Electric Gunsairsoft

Cast iron

cast-ironcastiron
Cap guns were originally made of cast iron, but after World War II were made of zinc alloy, and most newer models are made of plastic.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Cap guns were originally made of cast iron, but after World War II were made of zinc alloy, and most newer models are made of plastic.

Zinc

ZnZn 2+ zinc alloy
Cap guns were originally made of cast iron, but after World War II were made of zinc alloy, and most newer models are made of plastic.

Plastic

plasticsadditivesadditive
Cap guns were originally made of cast iron, but after World War II were made of zinc alloy, and most newer models are made of plastic.

Shock sensitivity

shock-sensitiveimpactshock sensitive
Cap guns get their name from the small discs of shock-sensitive explosive and dangerous compounds (roughly 1.4 to 1.6 mm in diameter) that provide the noise and smoke, effectively the same as the Maynard tape primer and percussion caps used in real firearms of the mid to late 1800s but usually smaller and made from cheap plastic or paper.

Fireworks

fireworkfireworks displayfirework display
There are also single caps, roll caps (of 50 to 500), disk caps, and cap strips all of which are actually extremely small versions of percussion fireworks.

Potassium perchlorate

KClO 4 perchloratePerchloracap
Armstrong's mixture is often used today as the explosive, but previously the tiny powder charge was a simple mixture of potassium perchlorate, sulfur, and antimony sulfide sandwiched between two paper layers which hold in the gases long enough to give a sound report when the cap is struck.

Sulfur

sulphurSbrimstone
Armstrong's mixture is often used today as the explosive, but previously the tiny powder charge was a simple mixture of potassium perchlorate, sulfur, and antimony sulfide sandwiched between two paper layers which hold in the gases long enough to give a sound report when the cap is struck.

Antimony sulfide

Antimony (III) sulfideantimony sulphidesulphide of antimony
Armstrong's mixture is often used today as the explosive, but previously the tiny powder charge was a simple mixture of potassium perchlorate, sulfur, and antimony sulfide sandwiched between two paper layers which hold in the gases long enough to give a sound report when the cap is struck.

Roy Rogers

The Roy Rogers ShowLeonard SlyeRogers
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.

Gene Autry

The Gene Autry ShowGolden West BroadcastersGene
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.

Hopalong Cassidy

Bill "Hop-Along" CassidyHop-a-long CassidyHop-Along Cassidy
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.

The Lone Ranger (TV series)

The Lone RangerLone Rangertelevision series
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.

Tonto

& TontocompanionFamous Native American Sidekick
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.

Dale Evans

Dale Evans RogersDale Evans Comics
Many cap guns were named after or endorsed by leading matinee idols like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, Dale Evans, Marshal Matt Dillon, or any of countless others.