A report on Capability Brown

A portrait painting of Brown painted by Nathaniel Dance, c. 1773
Ha-ha and house at Berrington Hall, Brown's last big project, a new-build designed by his son-in-law, placed to exploit views in two directions
Badminton House: features of the Brownian landscape at full maturity in the 19th century
Brown's Pond at Sandleford, Berkshire. One of a string of former priory fish ponds adapted by Brown who was at Sandleford on behalf of Mrs Montagu from 1781.
At Blenheim Brown dammed the paltry stream flowing under Vanbrugh's Grand Bridge, drowning half the structure with improved results
Memorial to Capability Brown in the church of St Peter and St Paul, Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire
The grave of Capability Brown in the churchyard of St Peter and St Paul, Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire

English gardener and landscape architect, who remains the most famous figure in the history of the English landscape garden style.

- Capability Brown
A portrait painting of Brown painted by Nathaniel Dance, c. 1773

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Overall

Henry Holland with his home, Sloane Place, in the background

Henry Holland (architect)

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Architect to the English nobility.

Architect to the English nobility.

Henry Holland with his home, Sloane Place, in the background
Claremont House, c. 1771
Benham Park, Berkshire 1774–75
Trentham Hall, 1775–78, demolished
Cardiff Castle (Holland's work is the pale coloured stone)
Brook's
Broadlands House
Brighton Marine Pavilion (Royal Pavilion Brighton) as designed by Holland c. 1788
West front, Brighton Marine Pavilion (Royal Pavilion Brighton) as designed by Holland
Plan, Brighton Marine Pavilion(Royal Pavilion Brighton) as designed by Holland c. 1802
Entrance front, Dover House, Whitehall
Entrance front, Althorp House
Layout of Woburn Abbey 1816
East India House, City of London, demolished
Berrington Hall
Detail of portico, Berrington Hall
The stables, Berrington Hall
Entrance Arch, Berrington Hall
Carlton House
Carlton House, Portico
Garden front, Carlton House
Design for north front, Carlton House
Plan, Carlton House
Carlton House, Great Hall
Carlton House, Grand Staircase
Carlton House, Circular Dining Room
Carlton House, Crimson Drawing Room
Carlton House, Blue Velvet Closet
Carlton House, Ante Room
Carlton House, Throne Room
Carlton House, Golden Drawing Room
Carlton House, Gothic Dining Room
The Exterior, Theatre Royal Drury Lane, burnt down 1809
The Interior, Theatre Royal Drury Lane, burnt down 1809
Covent Garden Theatre, burnt down 1808
The Albany

He was born in Fulham, London, where his father, also Henry, ran a building firm constructing several of Capability Brown's designs.

Rotunda at Stowe Garden (1730-38)

English landscape garden

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Style of "landscape" garden which emerged in England in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe, replacing the more formal, symmetrical French formal garden which had emerged in the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe.

Style of "landscape" garden which emerged in England in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe, replacing the more formal, symmetrical French formal garden which had emerged in the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe.

Rotunda at Stowe Garden (1730-38)
The paintings of Claude Lorrain inspired Stourhead and other English landscape gardens.
Castle Howard (1699–1712), a predecessor of the English garden modelled on the gardens of Versailles
Ionic Temple at Chiswick House in west London
Garden of Rousham House in Oxfordshire
Palladian bridge at Stowe (1730–38)
The Palladian bridge and Pantheon at Stourhead
Lancelot "Capability" Brown
View of Wentworth Woodhouse, South Yorkshire by Humphry Repton, before proposed landscaping
View of Wentworth Woodhouse, South Yorkshire after proposed landscaping, with 'flap' opened to show new lake and bridge
The Gothic temple on Hawkwelle Hill at Stowe House
The Great Pagoda, Kew Gardens, West London (1761)
The English Grounds of Wörlitz in Germany were one of the largest English parks in 18th-century Europe
The monopteros or rotunda (left) in the Munich Englischer Garten
1803 painting of an English garden's elements by Johann Rombauer
Pinetum at Bowood House in Wiltshire
View from Capability Brown's grotto at Bowood House
Bridge and mausoleum at Castle Howard in North Yorkshire
Sheffield Park Garden in East Sussex
Hawkwell Hill with Gothic temple, Cobham monument and Palladian bridge at Stowe House in Buckinghamshire
Eyecatching pantheon at the Stourhead estate in Wiltshire
Villa Borghese gardens, Rome, showing the late 18th-century "Temple of Aesculapius", built as an eyecatcher in the manner of the lake at Stourhead
Palace of Laeken in Brussels, Belgium
The "Temple of Friendship" in Pavlovsk Park near Saint Petersburg, Russia
Felseninsel Stein and Villa Hamilton in Wörlitzer Park in Germany

The work of Lancelot "Capability" Brown was particularly influential.

William Kent

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William Kent (c.

William Kent (c.

Holkham Hall
Cascade in gardens of Chiswick House
Temple of Venus, Stowe
Temple of British Worthies, Stowe
The Temple of Ancient Virtue, Stowe
Holkham Hall, North Front
Holkham Hall, Marble Hall
Obelisk, Holkham Hall
Triumphal Arch, Holkham Hall
Badminton House
Worcester Lodge, Badminton House
Chiswick House, The Gallery
Dome of saloon, Chiswick House
Saloon, Chiswick House
Bedroom, Chiswick House
Chiswick House table
Chiswick House, ceiling of Blue Velvet Room
Chiswick House gardens
Chiswick House gardens
Chiswick House gardens
Rousham Cascade
Eyecatcher, Rousham
'Praeneste', Rousham
Houghton Hall stableyard
Temple, Shotover House
Temple, Euston Park
Devonshire House, London
Painted Ceiling Chiesa di San Giuliano dei Fiamminghi Rome, The Apotheosis of St Julian 1717
Royal Mews
Horse Guards
Horse Guards
Horse Guards
Plan, Horse Guards
Horse Guards Parade, Kent's Treasury is the stone building just beyond the Horse Guards building
Former Treasury Building, on left
Gateway (on right), Clock Court, Hampton Court Palace
Kensington Palace Cupola Room
Kensington Palace Cupola Room
painted ceiling, Presence Chamber, Kensington Palace
mural & ceiling, Great Staircase, Kensington Palace
Westminster Hall, with Kent's screen in place
Choir York Minster, showing Kent's black & white marble floor
Chapel, Blenheim Palace, Marlborough tomb on right
Sir Isaac Newton's memorial, Westminster Abbey
Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, with the Shakespeare memorial

His projects included Chiswick House, Stowe, Buckinghamshire, from about 1730 onwards, designs for Alexander Pope's villa garden at Twickenham, for Queen Caroline at Richmond, and notably at Rousham House, Oxfordshire, where he created a sequence of Arcadian set-pieces punctuated with temples, cascades, grottoes, Palladian bridges and exedra, opening the field for the larger scale achievements of Capability Brown in the following generation.

William Chambers, painted in 1764 by Frances Cotes

William Chambers (architect)

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Swedish-Scottish architect, based in London.

Swedish-Scottish architect, based in London.

William Chambers, painted in 1764 by Frances Cotes
Courtyard, Somerset House, London
Treatise on Civil Architecture, second edition 1768
A treatise on civil architecture, second edition 1768
Door handle from Somerset House, about 1785, designed by Sir William Chambers V&A Museum no. 4013-1855
Richmond Palace, not executed
The Orangery, Kew Gardens
The Ruined Arch, Kew Gardens
The Pagoda, Kew Gardens
Peper Harrow House, Surrey
Wood Stock Town Hall
Former Dundas House, Edinburgh
Casino at Marino, Dublin
Casino at Marino, Dublin
Dunmore Pineapple, Falkirk, Scotland
The State Coach, Royal Mews, London
Strand front, Somerset House, London
Strand block from courtyard, Somerset House, London
Thames front, Somerset House, London
Centre of Thames front, Somerset House, London
Staircase in Strand Block, Somerset House, London
Room in Strand Block, Somerset House, London
The Exhibition Room, former Royal Academy, Somerset House, London
Former Exhibition Room (Now part of Courtauld Galleries), Somerset House, London
West front, Osterley House, rest of building by Robert Adam
Milton Abbey, Dorset, Chamber's house to left of church
Melbourne House (Later Albany), London
the Chapel, Trinity College, Dublin

He is also associated with Gothic additions to Milton Abbey in Dorset and the planning of the nearby rural village of Milton Abbas, sometimes considered the first planned settlement in England. This work was carried out in collaboration with landscape gardener Capability Brown in 1780 for Joseph Damer, the Earl of Dorchester, who wanted to relocate the existing village further away from his home at the Abbey.

Portrait of Humphry Repton

Humphry Repton

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Portrait of Humphry Repton
Business card for Humphry Repton by Thomas Medland
Illustration of Wentworth Woodhouse, South Yorkshire before proposed landscaping
Illustration of Wentworth Woodhouse, South Yorkshire after proposed landscaping
Repton's grave in Aylsham, Norfolk

Humphry Repton (21 April 1752 – 24 March 1818) was the last great English landscape designer of the eighteenth century, often regarded as the successor to Capability Brown; he also sowed the seeds of the more intricate and eclectic styles of the 19th century.

Kirkharle

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Village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Kirkwhelpington, in the county of Northumberland in Northern England located about 12 mi west of the town of Morpeth, just to the west of the crossroads of the A696 and B6342 roads.

Village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Kirkwhelpington, in the county of Northumberland in Northern England located about 12 mi west of the town of Morpeth, just to the west of the crossroads of the A696 and B6342 roads.

It is famous as the birthplace of Lancelot 'Capability' Brown in the early eighteenth century, Britain's most celebrated landscape gardener.

Charles Bridgeman

Charles Bridgeman

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English garden designer who helped pioneer the naturalistic landscape style.

English garden designer who helped pioneer the naturalistic landscape style.

Charles Bridgeman
Bridgeman, clutching a garden plan, behind the dancing-master in William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress, No. 2, 1732–1734

Although he was a key figure in the transition of English garden design from the Anglo-Dutch formality of patterned parterres and avenues to a freer style that incorporated formal, structural and wilderness elements, Bridgeman's innovations in English landscape architecture have been somewhat eclipsed by the work of his more famous successors, William Kent and Lancelot "Capability" Brown.

Milton Abbey School

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Independent school for day and boarding pupils in the village of Milton Abbas, near Blandford Forum in Dorset, in South West England.

Independent school for day and boarding pupils in the village of Milton Abbas, near Blandford Forum in Dorset, in South West England.

Milton Abbey School
Milton Abbey Chapel and main building
Milton Abbey in the late 19th century

The school has a rural campus, with facilities that include a gym, swimming pool, shooting range, golf course, a 320-seat theatre, art department and design block, an astro turf hockey pitch, an outward bound area, a 15th-century dining hall, an Abbey chapel that can be traced back to the 10th century and grounds designed by Lancelot "Capability" Brown.

Façade of the Claremont House

Claremont (country house)

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18th-century Palladian mansion less than a mile south of the centre of Esher in Surrey, England.

18th-century Palladian mansion less than a mile south of the centre of Esher in Surrey, England.

Façade of the Claremont House
Mausoleum of Princess Charlotte
Claremont House, ca. 1860

The extensive landscaped grounds of Claremont represents the work of some of the best known landscape gardeners, Charles Bridgeman, Capability Brown, William Kent (with Thomas Greening) and Sir John Vanbrugh.

Abbey Church of St Mary, St Sansom and St Bradwalader

Milton Abbas

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Village and civil parish in Dorset, England, lying around 5 mi southwest of Blandford Forum.

Village and civil parish in Dorset, England, lying around 5 mi southwest of Blandford Forum.

Abbey Church of St Mary, St Sansom and St Bradwalader

He commissioned architect Sir William Chambers and landscape gardener Capability Brown (both of whom had already worked on the Abbey building and grounds) to design a new village, Milton Abbas, in a wooded valley (Luccombe Bottom) to the southeast of the Abbey.