Cape Breton Island

Cape BretonCape Breton, Nova ScotiaC'''ape Breton IslandC.B.Île RoyaleCape Breton Island, Nova ScotiaColony of Cape BretonUnamaꞌkikC'''ape BretonCap Breton
Cape Breton Island (île du Cap-Breton—formerly Île Royale; Ceap Breatainn or Eilean Cheap Breatainn; ; or simply Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.wikipedia
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Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
Cape Breton Island (île du Cap-Breton—formerly Île Royale; Ceap Breatainn or Eilean Cheap Breatainn; ; or simply Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. During the Anglo-French War of 1627 to 1629, under Charles I, the Kirkes took Quebec City; Sir James Stewart of Killeith, Lord Ochiltree planted a colony on Unama'ki at Baleine, Nova Scotia; and Alexander's son, William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling, established the first incarnation of "New Scotland" at Port Royal.
Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi), including Cape Breton and another 3,800 coastal islands.

Cape Breton Regional Municipality

Cape BretonCape Breton, Nova ScotiaCBRM
Approximately 75% of the island's population is in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality (CBRM) which includes all of Cape Breton County and is often referred to as Industrial Cape Breton, given the history of coal mining and steel manufacturing in this area, which was Nova Scotia's industrial heartland throughout the 20th century.
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, often referred to as simply CBRM, is the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's second largest municipality and the economic heart of Cape Breton Island.

Canso Causeway

Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1385 m long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia.
The causeway crosses the Strait of Canso, connecting Cape Breton Island by road to the Nova Scotia peninsula.

Cape Breton County

County of Cape BretonCape BretonMunicipality of the County of Cape Breton
The island is divided into four of Nova Scotia's eighteen counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria.
It is located on Cape Breton Island.

Industrial Cape Breton

General Mining Association
Approximately 75% of the island's population is in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality (CBRM) which includes all of Cape Breton County and is often referred to as Industrial Cape Breton, given the history of coal mining and steel manufacturing in this area, which was Nova Scotia's industrial heartland throughout the 20th century.
It refers to the eastern portion of Cape Breton County fronting the Atlantic Ocean on the southeastern part of Cape Breton Island.

Newfoundland (island)

Newfoundlandisland of NewfoundlandNewfoundland Island
However, European histories and maps of the period are of too poor quality to be sure whether Cabot first visited Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island. After the French ceded their claims to Newfoundland and the Acadian mainland to the British by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the French relocated the population of Plaisance, Newfoundland, to Île Royale and the French garrison was established in the central eastern part at Sainte Anne.
The island is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait.

Gulf of Saint Lawrence

Gulf of St. LawrenceGulf of St LawrenceGulf
The island is east-northeast of the mainland with its northern and western coasts fronting on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; its western coast also forms the eastern limits of the Northumberland Strait. As the harbour at Sainte Anne experienced icing problems, it was decided to build a much larger fortification at Louisbourg to improve defences at the entrance to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and to defend France's fishing fleet on the Grand Banks.
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence is bounded on the north by the Labrador Peninsula and Quebec, to the east by Saint-Pierre and Newfoundland, to the south by the Nova Scotia peninsula and Cape Breton Island, and to the west by the Gaspe Peninsula, New Brunswick, and Quebec.

Inverness County, Nova Scotia

Inverness CountyInvernessMunicipality of the County of Inverness
The island is divided into four of Nova Scotia's eighteen counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria.
The boundaries of Inverness County had been previously defined when Cape Breton Island was divided by statute into three districts in 1823.

Cabot Strait

The eastern and southern coasts front the Atlantic Ocean; its eastern coast also forms the western limits of the Cabot Strait.
Cabot Strait (détroit de Cabot, ) is a strait in eastern Canada approximately 110 kilometres wide between Cape Ray, Newfoundland and Cape North, Cape Breton Island.

Cape (geography)

capecapesgeographic cape
Its name may derive from Capbreton near Bayonne, or more probably from Cape and the word Breton, the French demonym for Bretagne, the French historical region.

Nova Scotia peninsula

mainland Nova Scotiapeninsular Nova Scotiamainland portion of southwestern Nova Scotia
Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1385 m long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia.
The narrow and deep waters of the Strait of Canso separate the peninsula from Cape Breton Island, the second largest land mass constituting the province of Nova Scotia.

Richmond County, Nova Scotia

Richmond CountyRichmondGrand River
The island is divided into four of Nova Scotia's eighteen counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria.
Richmond County comprises that territory known as the Southern District which was established in 1824 at the time of the dividing of Cape Breton Island into three districts.

Northumberland Strait

Northumberland StraightNorthumberland Strait Peninsula
The island is east-northeast of the mainland with its northern and western coasts fronting on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; its western coast also forms the eastern limits of the Northumberland Strait.
While the western shores of Cape Breton Island and northeastern shores of the Nova Scotia peninsula are dominated by granite, sedimentary rocks along the central and western parts of the strait, as well as the entire south shore of Prince Edward Island, consist of sandstone, lending to beautiful sandy beaches with minimal coastal development.

Cabot Trail

Trunk 30Nova Scotia Trunk 30
This discovery is commemorated by Cape Breton's Cabot Trail, and by the Cabot's Landing Historic Site & Provincial Park, near the village of Dingwall.
The Cabot Trail is a highway and scenic roadway in northern Victoria County and Inverness County on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Strait of Canso

Gut of CansoCanso Strait
Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1385 m long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia.
It divides the Nova Scotia peninsula from Cape Breton Island.

Ingonish

Ingonish, Nova ScotiaIngonish BeachCape Smokey Provincial Park
As many as two hundred settlers lived in a village, the name of which is not known, located according to some historians at what is now Ingonish on the island's northeastern peninsula.
Located along the northeast coast of Cape Breton Island, Ingonish is situated on the Cabot Trail approximately 60 kilometres from the shire town of Baddeck.

St. Peter's, Nova Scotia

St. PeterSt. PetersPort Toulouse
The French quickly defeated the Scots at Baleine, and established the first European settlements on Île Royale: present day Englishtown (1629) and St. Peter's (1630).
St. Peter's (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Pheadair; formerly known as "Santo Pedro", "Saint-Pierre", "Port Toulouse", and "St. Peters") is a small incorporated village located on Cape Breton Island in Richmond County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Île-Royale (New France)

Île-RoyaleÎle RoyaleIle Royale
After the French ceded their claims to Newfoundland and the Acadian mainland to the British by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the French relocated the population of Plaisance, Newfoundland, to Île Royale and the French garrison was established in the central eastern part at Sainte Anne.
Its territory is known now as Cape Breton Island (part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia) and Prince Edward Island.

Miꞌkmaq

Mi'kmaqMicmacMi'kmaq people
The island has five reserves of the Mi'kmaq Nation: Eskasoni, Membertou, Wagmatcook, Waycobah, and Potlotek/Chapel Island.
The Grand Council met on a little island on the Bras d'Or lake in Cape Breton called Mniku. Today the site is within the reserve called Chapel Island or Potlotek.

Fortress of Louisbourg

LouisbourgFortress LouisbourgLouisburg
As the harbour at Sainte Anne experienced icing problems, it was decided to build a much larger fortification at Louisbourg to improve defences at the entrance to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and to defend France's fishing fleet on the Grand Banks.
The Fortress of Louisbourg (Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a National Historic Site of Canada and the location of a one-quarter partial reconstruction of an 18th-century French fortress at Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.

Baleine, Nova Scotia

BaleineBaleine CoveSiege of Baleine
The French quickly defeated the Scots at Baleine, and established the first European settlements on Île Royale: present day Englishtown (1629) and St. Peter's (1630). During the Anglo-French War of 1627 to 1629, under Charles I, the Kirkes took Quebec City; Sir James Stewart of Killeith, Lord Ochiltree planted a colony on Unama'ki at Baleine, Nova Scotia; and Alexander's son, William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling, established the first incarnation of "New Scotland" at Port Royal.
Baleine (formerly Port aux Baleines) is a community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality on Cape Breton Island.

Englishtown, Nova Scotia

Englishtown
The French quickly defeated the Scots at Baleine, and established the first European settlements on Île Royale: present day Englishtown (1629) and St. Peter's (1630).
Englishtown (Scottish Gaelic: Baile nan Gall; formerly known as Grand Cibou, Saint Anne, Port Dauphin) is a small coastal community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located partially on St. Ann's Harbour as well as St. Ann's Bay in Victoria County on Cape Breton Island.

Prince Edward Island

PEPEIP.E.I.
In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Île Royale also included Île Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine.
Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.

Siege of Louisbourg (1745)

Siege of Louisbourg1745 expeditionBattle of Louisburg
Louisbourg was captured by New Englanders with British naval assistance in 1745 and by British forces in 1758.
The Siege of Louisbourg took place in 1745 when a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies.

New France

FrenchCanadaNouvelle-France
Île Royale remained formally part of New France until it was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
France established the colony of Île Royale, now called Cape Breton Island, where they built the Fortress of Louisbourg.