The Cape Fear River at Smith Creek in Wilmington, NC.
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting North Carolina (green).
Center tile of floor of the Market House which served as a town market until 1906
The port in Wilmington on the Cape Fear River estuary
The Province of Carolina before and after the split into north and south
Liberty Point in Fayetteville, where the "Liberty Point Resolves" were signed in June 1775
Lock and Dam No. 1 on the Cape Fear River in Bladen County
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting North Carolina (green).
The Cool Spring Tavern, built in 1788, is the oldest structure in Fayetteville. Most earlier structures were destroyed by the "great fire" of 1831.
U.S. Coast Guard vessel on the Cape Fear, photographed from the USS North Carolina
The Granville District
The Confederate arsenal in Fayetteville was destroyed in March 1865 by Union Gen. William T. Sherman during the Civil War.
A cargo ship navigating the mouth of the Cape Fear River at Southport
The Great Valley Road
Children working in the Tolar, Hart and Holt Mills in Fayetteville, 1914. Photo by Lewis Hine.
Sunset over the Cape Fear River flowing under the S. Thomas Rhodes Bridge.
The Governor's Palace, Newbern, seat of both houses of the General Assembly of North Carolina
Entrance sign to Fort Bragg
Cape Fear Memorial Bridge in Wilmington is the highest in North Carolina.
FORSCOM & USARC headquarters
Fayetteville becomes the first "Sanctuary for Soldiers".
82D Airborne Division 4-mile Run
Hay Street United Methodist Church
Festival Park
The Cape Fear River Trail is designated as part of the East Coast Greenway, a series of urban trails and greenways that will eventually connect from Maine to Key West, Florida.
One of the downtown side streets with shops and restaurants
Holmes store
Hay Street in Downtown Fayetteville
Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum in the restored 1890 Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad Depot
The historic Fayetteville Amtrak station

Fayetteville is in the Sandhills in the western part of the Coastal Plain region, on the Cape Fear River.

- Fayetteville, North Carolina

After the violent upheavals of the Yamasee War and Tuscarora Wars during the second decade of the 18th century, the colonial government of North Carolina encouraged colonial settlement along the upper Cape Fear River, the only navigable waterway entirely within the colony.

- Fayetteville, North Carolina

It flows southeast past Lillington, Fayetteville, and Elizabethtown, then receives the Black River approximately 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Wilmington.

- Cape Fear River

During the colonial era, the river provided a principal transportation route to the interior of North Carolina.

- Cape Fear River

Major towns during this period included: Bath (chartered in 1705), Brunswick (founded after 1726, destroyed during the Revolution), Campbellton (established in 1762), Edenton (chartered in 1712), Halifax (chartered in 1757), Hillsborough (1754), Newbern (settled in 1710, chartered in 1723), Salisbury (chartered in 1753), and Wilmington (founded in 1732, chartered in 1739 or 1740).

- Province of North Carolina

The provincial council met for the last time onboard HMS Cruizer in the Cape Fear River on July 18, 1775, they believed that the "deluded people of this Province" would see their error and return to their allegiance to the King.

- Province of North Carolina

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North Carolina

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State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Ceremony of Secotan warriors in North Carolina. Watercolour painted by English colonist John White in 1585.
1st Maryland Regiment holding the line at the Battle of Guilford Court House, 1781
Map of the roads and railroads of North Carolina, 1854
Union troops capture Fort Fisher, 1865
Bennett Place historic site in Durham
Segregated drinking fountain during the Jim Crow era in Halifax
First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, near Kitty Hawk, 1903
North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh, 2008
Deer in the Eno River as it flows through the Piedmont region of North Carolina
Köppen climate types of North Carolina
Cullasaja Falls in Macon County
Graveyard Fields in the fall
The Blue Ridge Mountains of the Shining Rock Wilderness Area
North Carolina population density map (2010)
majority-minority counties in North Carolina (2020 Census)
Fiddlin' Bill Hensley, mountain fiddler, Asheville, 1937
2008 Lexington Barbecue Festival
USS North Carolina on permanent display in Wilmington
Troopers of the 82nd Airborne Division training on Fort Bragg, March 2011
Biltmore Estate, Asheville
A lesson at New Kituwah Academy on the Qualla Boundary in North Carolina. This bilingual language immersion school, operated by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, teaches the same curriculum as other state elementary schools
A North Carolina license plate
North Carolina State Legislative Building
John White returns to find the colony abandoned
Map of the coast of Virginia and North Carolina, drawn 1585–1586 by Theodor de Bry, based on map by John White of the Roanoke Colony
Reconstructed royal governor's mansion Tryon Palace in New Bern
3D Topographical Map of North Carolina

North Carolina became one of the English Thirteen Colonies and with the territory of South Carolina was originally known as the Province of North Carolina.

In mid-century, the state's rural and commercial areas were connected by the construction of a 129 mi wooden plank road, known as a "farmer's railroad", from Fayetteville in the east to Bethania (northwest of Winston-Salem).

Of the 17 basins, 11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the state's border—the Cape Fear, the Neuse, the White Oak, and the Tar–Pamlico basin.

Wilmington, North Carolina

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Port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.

Port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.

Mitchell-Anderson House (built 1738)
The Bellamy Mansion draws many tourists annually to downtown.
U.S. Courthouse, the backdrop of Andy Griffith's Matlock television series
U. S. Post Office in downtown Wilmington
Cannon firing at a reenactment of the Battle of Forks Road near the Cameron Art Museum in February 2009
Wilmington National Cemetery has markers dating to the American Revolution and the American Civil War.
Wilmington in 1898
1918 panorama of downtown Wilmington
1918 panorama of Wilmington's waterfront
"Welcome to Wilmington" sign
Cypress Trees in Greenfield Lake
Wilmington theater and banking area
Downtown north
PPD building in Northern downtown Wilmington
Across from the Bellamy Mansion is the First Baptist Church, established in 1808.
Grace United Methodist Church, established in 1797
Barstow, California, distance sign, as seen from I-40 in Wilmington
The Cape Fear Memorial Bridge (foreground) carries US 17 Business, US 76 and US 421 across the Cape Fear River
The State Port of Wilmington
Wilmington City Hall, with movie crews filming in July 2012
The Graystone Inn, a bed and breakfast with colonial architecture, is located in downtown Wilmington
Iconic arches on the campus of University of North Carolina at Wilmington (UNCW)
The USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial, seen from downtown Wilmington across the Cape Fear River
The Railroad Museum is located behind the Hilton Hotel.
The battleship USS North Carolina from the Wilmington Riverwalk

In September 1732, a community was founded on land owned by John Watson on the Cape Fear River, at the confluence of its northwest and northeast branches.

Governor Gabriel Johnston soon after established his government there for the North Carolina colony.

Regular boat lines served Fayetteville, and packet lines traveled to northern ports.